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Prática 4

AMPLIFICADORES DIFERENCIAIS - parte 2

1. OBJETIVOS
a. Verificar o funcionamento do amplificador diferencial que utiliza uma fonte de corrente
b. Analizar a melhoria obtida com a inclusão da fonte de corrente

2. LISTA DE EQUIPAMENTOS, MATERIAIS E COMPONENTES


Quantidade Equipamento / Material
1 Multímetro Portátil com adaptador jacaré em ambas as pontas de prova
1 Osciloscópio com duas pontas de prova
1 Gerador de Funções com cabo BNC/jacaré
1 Fonte de tensão contínua variável
1 Proto-board
1 Par de cabos banana/banana
1 Par de cabos banana/jacaré
Quantidade Componente
3 2N2222A
1 Diodor Zener 6,8 V
3 Resistor de 47 kΩ
1 Resistor de 1 k  W)*

3. INTRODUÇÃO

Uma fonte de tensão CC produz uma tensão constante na carga para diferentes valores de resistências desta
carga. Uma fonte de corrente CC é diferente. Ela produz uma corrente constante na carga para diferentes
valores de resistências desta carga.

Figura 1: Simbologia de fontes de tensão e de corrente em circuitos simples.


Uma importante característica de uma fonte de corrente é sua resitência interna elevadíssima (~M).
Diferentemente das fontes de tensão que devem ter suas resistências internas reduzidas.
Em Amplificadores Diferencias as fontes de corrente são relevantes devido à melhoria de desempenho
obtida ao manter-se constante a corrente de cauda.

ESTA007-17 Eletrônica Analógica Aplicada – 2º Quadrimestre de 2018


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Prática 4

4. PROCEDIMENTO EXPERIMENTAL
Monte o circuito a seguir:

Figura 2: Amplificador Diferencial.

4.1 Medida das tensões elétricas de polarização


Aterre as entradas vi1 e vi2 e meça, com o voltímetro, as tensões de polarização CC nos resistores R1 e R2,

nos coletores de Q1 e de Q2 e no emissor em comum aos dois transistores. Complete a tabela a seguir:
VR1 VR2 Vc1 Vc2 Vee

4.2 Amplificação na configuração com uma entrada e uma saída


4.2.1 Deslique a entrada vi1 do terra e aplique um sinal senoidal com, no mínimo, 100 mVp e 1kHz de

frequência. Mantenha a entrada vi2 aterrada.

4.2.2 Compare os sinais vi1 e vo2 (usar dois canais do osciloscópio: canal 1 em vi1 e canal 2 em vo2).

ESTA007-17 Eletrônica Analógica Aplicada – 2º Quadrimestre de 2018


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Prática 4

4.3 Análise de modo comum e saída simples


4.3.1 Conecte as duas entradas do amplificador diferencial no gerador de sinais, ajustando as entradas de

modo que vi1 = vi2 = 100 mVp (ou superior) e frequência de 1 kHz (senoidal).

4.3.2 Observe as formas de onda de entrada (vi1 = vi2) e de saída vo2.

Explique, claramente, cada um dos resultados obtidos.

Questões:

1) Quais os valores dos ganhos teóricos?


2) Os resultados experimentais estão coerentes com o esperado?
3) Poderia ser utilizado um resistor R3 (Figura 2) com 1/4 W (ou 250 mW)? Justifique sua resposta.
4) Qual é a melhoria, em termos de desempenho, do circuito montado nesta Prática 4 com relação a aquele
montado na Prática 3.
5) Quais os valores, experimental e teórico, da corrente de cauda?

ATENÇÃO: APÓS A PRÁTICA, ORGANIZE SUA BANCADA.

ESTA007-17 Eletrônica Analógica Aplicada – 2º Quadrimestre de 2018


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Prática 4

AMPLIFICADORES DIFERENCIAIS – parte 2

PRÉ-RELATÓRIO (Entregar logo após a Realização da Experiência)

Data de Realização da Experiência: 12 / Julho / 2018

Nomes dos
Integrantes
do Grupo

PROCEDIMENTO EXPERIMENTAL
Apresente os ganhos teórico e experimental obtidos.
 



O que ocorre em Modo Comum?
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

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
Conclusões Prévias ou considerações que julgarem relevantes:
 




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