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Simple present

Sub+ [VERB] + s/es in third person

Examples:

You speak English.


Do you speak English?
You do not speak English.

Simple Past

Sub+[VERB+ed] or irregular verbs

Examples:

You called Debbie.


Did you call Debbie?
You did not call Debbie.

Present continuos

[am/is/are + present participle]

Examples:

You are watching TV.


Are you watching TV?
You are not watching TV.

Present perfect

Sub+ [has/have + past participle]

Examples:

You have seen that movie many times.


Have you seen that movie many times?
You have not seen that movie many times.

Past perfect

Sub+[had + past participle]

Examples:

You had studied English before you moved to New York.


Had you studied English before you moved to New York?
You had not studied English before you moved to New York.

Past continous

[was/were + present participle]

Examples:

You were studying when she called.


Were you studying when she called?
You were not studying when she called.
Quantifiers with countable and uncountable nouns

Adjecti ves a nd a djectival phrases that describe quantity a re s hown below. Some ca n only go with countable nouns
(fri ends, cups, people), and some ca n only go with uncountable nouns (sugar, tea, money, a dvice). The words in the
mi ddle column can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns.

Only with With uncountable Only with


uncountable nouns and countable nouns countable nouns
How much? How much? or How many? How many?
a l i ttle no/none a few
a bi t (of) not a ny a number (of)
- s ome (any) s everal
a grea t deal of a l ot of a l a rge number of
a l a rge amount of pl enty of a grea t number of

- l ots of -

Note: much a nd many a re used i n negative and question forms.

SOME ANY

1) In positive sentences:
I need some butter. 1) In questions:
Is there any cheese left?

2) In questions when offering or requesting 2) In negative sentences:


something that is there: There isn't any milk left.
Could I have some water, please?

MUCH MANY

MUCH + singular MANY + plural


There is much traffic. There are many cars.
Backup – Copia o respaldo

Bug – Error/defecto

CPU – Unidad central de procesamiento

Driver - Controlador

Electronic mail (email, e-mail) – Correo electronico

Folder (directory) - Carpeta

Font - Fuente

Format - Formato

Graphics card – Tarjeta Grafica

Hard disk – Disco duro

Icon - Icono

Memory - memoria

Operating System – Systema operativo

Parallel port – Puerto paralelo

PC card – Tarjeta de computadora

Peripheral – Dispositivo Periferico

Program -Programa

Resolution - Resolucion

Serial port – Puerto serial

Taskbar, Start button – Barra de tareas o de inicio


Countables Uncountable

-apple -accommodattion

-ball -advice

-bag -behaviour

-barrel -flour

-bottle -information

-bowl -milk

-box -music

-cartoon -news

-cake -progress

-chair -rice

-cup -sand

-elephant -blood

-egg -sky

-glass -snow

-hat -sugar

-pants -tea

-pecil -travel

-shirt -weather

-tomatoes -wine

-tube -work
Arrive - llegar

Forget - olvidar

Get - obtener

Give - regalar

Sleep - dormir

Run - correr

Send - enviar

Cut - cortar

Take - tomar

Play - jugar

Write - escribir

Know - conocer

Met - conocer

Read - leer

Fly - volar

Catch - atrapar

Live - vivir

Forgive - perdonar

Search - buscar

Buy - c omprar