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Science 8/ Q1

TEST I. Determine what Law of Motion is being
described from the following situation.
1. Jill crashed her bike into the fence. She was
thrown over it onto the lawn. That's
2. For every action there is an equal and opposite
reaction. That's:
3. Jim improved his lap timing by changing to a
lighter bicycle.
4. We run by pushing the ground withour feet in the
opposite direction. That's due to:
5. Acceleration of an object is proportionalto the net
force on it and inversely proportional to its mass.
6. Joey can throw the ball farther than Bill because
he is stronger and applies more force. That's:
7. An object will move at a constant speed in a
straight path until a netforce acts upon it. That's:
8. When a fireman turns on thefirehose, he is
knocked back. That's

9. A magician pulls a tablecloth out from under
dishes and glasses on a table without disturbing

10. A person is pushed forward into their seatbelt
when a car stops. Which of Newton's laws explains
this motion?

11. A person steps out of the boat and onto the
dock. As the person moves forward onto the dock,
the boat moves backward.

12. A person in car slides to the right when going
through a very sharp left turn on the highway.

13. A student leaves a pencil on a desk and it stays
there until I pick it up.

14. When you dive off the diving board, you push
down on the springboard. The board pushes back
on you and forces you up into the air.

II. Fill in the blank.

High Frictional Force Gravitational force
Force Motion

1. ____ is the rubbing force that acts against motion

between two contact surfaces.
2. Rough surfaces has _________ frictional force.
3. ___________ is a push or pull.
4. ___________ change of position over time.
5. __________Type of non-contact force, requiring mass
and distance between two objects.
III. Application/Analysis
1. Blue bumper car, traveling east with a force of
100 N, runs into a yellow bumper car traveling west
with a force of 300 N. Because the net force will be
-200 N, one of the cars will be pushed
backwards. Which one? (Blue bumper car or yellow
bumper car)
2. Which has more Inertia, Ant or Truck?
3. A force of 20 N acts upon a 5 kg block. What is it's
acceleration? (F = ma) Show solution.
a. 4 m/s2 b. 40 m/s2 c. 100 m/s2
4. You are pulling a loose rope with 50 N of force,
according to the third law of motion how much force
does the rope exerted towards you?
a. 0 N b. 100 N c. 50 N
5. A woman is pushing a 50 N of force on a grocery
cart, 15 meters across an aisle. How much work is
being applied? (W = Fd) Show solution.
a. 750 J b. 750 kg c. 750 m

IV. Determine if work is done or not done.

1. If you push a wall , but it does not move .
2. You sit on a chair for hours.
3. Shooting a bullet.
4. Walking upstairs.
5. A box on the floor is lifted above to be placed on a
6. A waiter carrying a tray of wine glass.
7. A boy carrying his bag walking down the street.
8. Mango fruit falling from the tree.
V. Problem Solving. Kinetic & Potential Energy
(Show solution)
1. A 25 kg bowling ball is lifted 0.5 m from the floor.
Calculate the potential energy. (PE = mgh)

2. A bullet can hit a target at 30 m/s, if the mass of

the bullet is 0.5 kg. What is the kinetic energy of the
bullet? (KE = ½ mv2)

3. A box resting at the top of a table has potential

energy of 15 J. If the mass of the box is 2 kg, what is
the distance of the box from the floor?