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# Question: 2

2. If a = −2, then a + a2 − a3 + a4 − a5 =
 B.
 A. −22
 C. 4
 B. −18
 D. 6
 C. 32
 D. 58

3. If 9−2 = x
, what is the value of x ?
 A. 1
 B. 2
 C. 4
 D. 6

4.
In the equation above, if a and b are positive

## integers and is in its simplest reduced form, what

is the value of a ?
 A. 2
 B. 9
 C. 18
 D. 40

Question: 5
1. If 7 times a number is 84, what is 4 times the
number?
 A. 16
 B. 28
 C. 48
 D. 56

Question: 6

## 2. If 3x = 12, what is the value of ?

 A.
Question: 8
4. If + 22 = 38, what is the value of x ?  C.
 A. 4
 B. 16  D.
 C. 32 Question: 12
2. For the equation = x + 3, the value of mis -
 D. 256 3. What is the solution set for the equation?
 A. {-3, 3}
Question: 9
5. If each number in the following sum were  B. {-2}
increased by t, the new sum would be 4.22. What is  C. {-2, -7}
the value of t ?  D. {3, 6}
Question: 13
3. If i = , what is the product of (4 + 7i)

and ?

 A. 16 - i
 A. 0.24
 B. 0.29
 B. 14 + i
 C. 0.33  C. 2 - 8i - 14i2
 D. 0.37
Question: 10
 D.
6. If 4x · n2 = 4x + 1 · n and x and n are both positive
integers, what is the value of n ?
 A. 2
 B. 4
 C. 6
 D. 8
Question: 11
1. y = 3x - 1

y+x=1
In the system of equations above, if (x, y) is the

## solution to the system, what is the value of ?

 A.

 B.

Question: 15
1. If x + 6 > 0 and 1 - 2x > -1, then x could equal  C. 2
each of the following EXCEPT  D. 3
 A. -6 Question: 20
 B. -4 6. The sum of three numbers, a, b, and c, is 400.
One of the numbers, a, is 40 percent less than the
 C. 0 sum of b and c. What is the value of b+ c ?
 A. 40
 D.  B. 60
 C. 150
Question: 16  D. 250
Question: 21
2. If , what is the value of x ? 1. The length of a certain rectangle is twice the
width. If the area of the rectangle is 128, what is the
length of the rectangle?
 A. -  A. 4
 B. 8
 B.  C. 16
 C. 0
 D. 2  D. 21
Question: 22
Question: 17 2. If xy < 0, which of the following must be true?
3. If the product of x and y is 76, and x is twice the I. x + y = 0
square of y, which of the following pairs of equations II. 2y - 2x < 0
could be used to determine the values of x and y ? III. x2 + y2 > 0
 A. xy = 76  A. I only
2
x = 2y
 B. xy = 76  B. III only
x = (2y)2  C. I and III
 C. x + y = 76  D. II and III
x = 4y2 Question: 23
 D. xy = 76
x = 2y
Question: 18 3. If =2 , what is the value of x ?
4. If - 6 < - 4r + 10 ≤ 2, what is the least possible  A. 4
value of 4r + 3 ?
 B. 16
 A. 2
 B. 5  C. 16
 C. 8  D. 32
Question: 24
 D. 11 4. If y = 3x and x and y are both integers, which of
Question: 19
the following is equivalent to 9x + 3x + 1 ?
5. How many solutions exist to the equation |x| =
 A. y3
|2x - 1| ?
 B. 3y + 3
 A. 0  C. y(y + 3)
 B. 1  D. y2 + 3
Question: 25
1. If Alex can fold 12 napkins in x minutes, how Question: 29
many napkins can he fold in y hours? 5. A gas station sells regular gasoline for \$2.39 per
gallon and premium gasoline for \$2.79 per gallon. If
the gas station sold a total of 550 gallons of both
 A. types of gasoline in one day for a total of \$1,344.50,
how many gallons of premium gasoline were sold?
 B.  A. 25
 B. 75
 C.  C. 175
 D. 475

 D.
Question: 26 Question: 30
2. Nails are sold in 8-ounce and 20-ounce boxes. If 6. There are k gallons of gasoline available to fill a
50 boxes of nails were sold and the total weight of tank. After d gallons have been pumped, in terms
the nails sold was less than 600 ounces, what is the of k and d, what percent of the gasoline has been
greatest possible number of 20-ounce boxes that pumped?
could have been sold?
 A.
 A. 33
 B. 25
 B.
 C. 17
 D. 16
Question: 27  C.

## 3. If a is 63% of x and c is of x, which of the  D.

following is the closest equivalent of the ratio Question: 31
of a to c ? 1. 20 - 2x
 A. 0.236 20 - x
20
 B. 0.381
20 + x
 C. 0.595 20 + 2x
 D. 1.68 What is the average (arithmetic mean) of the list of
Question: 28 numbers above?
 A. 20
4. If c = + and x > y > 0, then which of the  B. 100

following is equal to ?
 C. 20 +
 A. x + y
 B. x - y
 D.

 C. Question: 32

 D.
2.
A lapping slurry contains microbeads suspended in
a solution and is used to polish a silicon wafer by
abrasion of the surface. The distribution of the
particle size, in micrometers, is shown above. If the
particle size distribution ranges were changed to 0-
20 micrometers and 21-40 micrometers, which of the
following is the closest to the ratio of the number of
0-20 micrometer microbeads to the number of 21-40
 A. 3:01 4.
The populations and areas of five countries are
 B. 4:01
shown in the graphs above. If population density is
 C. 5:02
 D. 9:01 defined as , which of the five countries
Question: 33 has the highest population density?
3. Steve ran a 12-mile race at an average speed of  A. Ecuador
8 miles per hour. If Adam ran the same race at an
 B. Uruguay
average speed of 6 miles per hour, how many
minutes longer did Adam take to complete the race  C. Venezuela
than did Steve?  D. Chile
 A. 12 Question: 35
5. The amount of time that Amy walks is directly
 B. 16
proportional to the distance that she walks. If she
 C. 24 walks a distance of 2.5 miles in 50 minutes, how
 D. 30 many miles will she walk in 2 hours?
Question: 34  A. 4.5
 B. 5
 C. 6
 D. 6.5
Question: 36
6. A total of 140,000 votes were cast for two
candidates, Skinner and Whitehouse. If Skinner won
by a ratio of 4 to 3, how many votes were cast for
Whitehouse?
 A. 30,000
 B. 40,000
 C. 60,000
 D. 80,000  C. The gold content in the gneiss samples is
Question: 37 87% higher than the gold content in the granite
7. samples.
SPICE PRICES OF  D. The gold content in the granite samples is
DISTRIBUTOR D 87% higher than the gold content in the gneiss
samples.
Spice Price Per Question: 39
Pound 9. Of all the houses in a certain neighborhood, 80%
have garages. Of those houses with garages, 60%
Cinnamon \$8.00 have two-car garages. If there are 56 houses with
garages that are not two-car garages, how many
Nutmeg \$9.00 houses are there in the neighborhood?
Ginger \$7.00  A. 93
 B. 117
Cloves \$10.00
 C. 156
The owner of a spice store buys 3 pounds each of  D. 175
cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, and cloves from Question: 40
distributor D. She then sells all of the spices at \$2.00 10. On Tuesday, a watchmaker made 4 more
per ounce. What is her total profit, in dollars? watches than he made during the previous day. If he
(1 pound = 16 ounces) made 16% more watches on Tuesday than on
 A. \$192 Monday, how many watches did he make on
Tuesday?
 B. \$282
 A. 20
 C. \$384
 B. 21
 D. \$486
Question: 38  C. 25
 D. 29
Question: 41
1. Let the function f be defined such that f(x) = x2 - c,
where c is a constant. If f(-2) = 6, what is the value
of c ?
8.  A. -10
Five samples of each of three different rock types  B. -2
were collected on a hiking trip in Colorado. Each
 C. 0
sample was analyzed for its gold content. The
milligrams of gold found in each sample are  D. 2
presented in the table above. What is the percent
difference of the average gold content in the granite
samples when compared to the average gold
content of the gneiss samples?
 A. The gold content in the gneiss samples is 62%
higher than the gold content in the granite
samples.
 B. The gold content in the granite samples is
62% higher than the gold content in the gneiss
samples.
 B.
 C. 1
 D. 2
Question: 44
4.

## The figures above show the graphs of the

functions f and g. The function f is defined by f(x) =
2x3 + 5x2 - x. The function g is defined by g(x)
= f(x - h) - k, where hand k are constants. What is
the value of hk ?
 A. -2
 B. -1
 C. 0
 D. 1
Question: 45
1. If f (x) = , what is the smallest possible
value of f (x) ?
 A. 0

 B.
 C. 1
Question: 43  D. 2
3. The graph of line l in the xy-plane passes through Question: 46
the points (2, 5) and (4, 11). The graph of line m has 2.
a slope of -2 and an x-intercept of 2. If point (x, y) is
the point of intersection of lines l and m, what is the
value of y ?

 A.
Based on the chart above, which of the following  B. y = 25x
could express the relationship between x and y ?  C. y = 5x
 A. y = x - 4  D. y = (4x + 1)2 + 5
 B. y = 2x - 1 Question: 51
 C. y = 2x + 2
 D. y = 3x – 3
Question: 47
3. Line l contains points (3, 2) and (4, 5). If line m is
perpendicular to line l, then which of the following
could be the equation of line m ?
 A. x + 5y = 15
 B. x + 3y = 15 1.
 C. 3x + y = 5 In the figure above, circle O has a radius of 8, and

##  D. -5x + y = angle XOY measures π radians. What is the

Question: 48 measure of minor arc XY ?
4. If f(x) = 2x2 + 4 for all real numbers x, which of the
following is equal to f(3) + f(5) ?
 A. f(4)  A. π
 B. f(6)
 C. f(10)  B. π
 D. f(15)  C. 5π
Question: 49  D. 16π
Question: 52

5.
The graph of y = g(x) is shown in the figure above.
If g(x) = ax2 + bx + c for constants a, b, and c, and 2.
if abc ≠ 0, then which of the following must be true? What is the value of tan ∠XZY?
 A. ac > 1
 B. c > 1
 C. ac > 0  A.
 D. a > 0
Question: 50
6. Carlos and Katherine are estimating acceleration  B.
by rolling a ball from rest down a ramp. At 1 second,
the ball is moving at 5 meters per second (m/s); at 2
seconds, the ball is moving at 10 m/s; at 3 seconds,  C.
the ball is moving at 15 m/s; and at 4 seconds, it is
moving at 20 m/s. When graphed on an xy-plane,
which equation best describes the ball’s estimated
 D.
acceleration where yexpresses speed
Question: 53
and x expresses time?
 A. y = 5x + 5
2.
3. In the figure above, what is the length of ?
In the figure above, sin a = x. What is the value of
cos b?  A. 8
 A. x  B. 9
 C. 12
 B.  D. 15
 C. |1 - x| Question: 57

 D.
Question: 54

4. 3.
Note:Figure not drawn to scale. Martin wants to know how tall a certain flagpole is.
The circle above with center Ahas an area of Martin walks 10 meters from the flagpole, lies on the
21. BC is tangent to the circle with center A at ground, and measures an angle of 70° from the
point B. If AC = 2AB, then what is the area of the ground to the base of the ball at the top of the
shaded region? flagpole. Approximately how tall is the flagpole from
 A. 3.5 the ground to the base of the ball at the top of the
flagpole?
 B. 15.75
 A. 3 m
 C. 17.5
 B. 9 m
 D. 21
Question: 55  C. 27 m
1. If a rectangular swimming pool has a volume of  D. 29 m
16,500 cubic feet, a uniform depth of 10 feet, and a Question: 58
length of 75 feet, what is the width of the pool, in
feet?
 A. 22
 B. 26
 C. 32
 D. 110
Question: 56
term Lucite. The toy pyramid has a regular
hexagonal base of 15 cm2 and a height of 4 cm. In
the base of the pyramid, there is a semispherical
indentation 2 cm in diameter. If the pyramid weighs
21.129 g, then what is the density of Lucite? (Density
equals mass divided by volume.)
 A. 1.06 g/cm3
 B. 1.18 g/cm3
 C. 2.09 g/cm3
 D. 6.51 g/cm3
Question: 61
1. Which of the following equations has a vertex of
(3, -3) ?
 A. y = 5(x - 3)2 - 3
 B. y = 5(x + 3)2 - 3
4.  C. y = 5(x - 3)2 + 3
In the figure above, x || y. What is the value of a ?  D. y = 5(x + 3)2 + 3
 A. b + c Question: 62
 B. 2b - c 2. A beverage store charges a base price
 C. 180 - b + c of x dollars for one keg of root beer. A sales tax of a
 D. 180 - b - c certain percentage is applied to the base price, and
Question: 59 an untaxed deposit for the keg is added. If the total
5. amount, in dollars, paid at the time of purchase for
one keg is given by the expression 1.07x + 17, then
what is the sales tax, expressed as a percentage of
the base price?
 A. 0.07%
 B. 1.07%
 C. 7%
 D. 17%
Question: 63
3. Syed took out a cash advance of d dollars from a
financing company. The company deducts a fee

## of of the original advanced amount along with a

ΔABC is equilateral and ∠AEFis a right wire transfer fee of \$30.00. Which of the following
angle. D and F are the midpoints of ABand AC, represents the final advanced amount that Syed
respectively. What is the value of w ? receives after all applied fees, in dollars?
 A. 1
 A. d - 30
 B.
 C. 2
 B. (d - 30)
 D. 2
Question: 60  C. (d - 30)
6. A toy pyramid (not shown) is made from
poly(methyl methacrylate), better known by its trade
 A. c =
 D. d - 30
Question: 64
4. What is the equation of a line that contains the  B. c =
point (1, 6) and has a y-intercept of 4 ?  C. c = 3(b - 2)
 D. c = 3(b - 6)
Question: 68
 A. y = x + 4 8. The rotation rate of a mixing blade, in rotations per
 B. y = x + 4 second, slows as a liquid is being added to the
 C. y = 2x + 4 mixer. The blade rotates at 1,000 rotations per
 D. y = 4x + 2 second when the mixer is empty. The rate at which
Question: 65 the blade slows is four rotations per second less than
5. The number of bonus points, B(p), that a credit three times the square of the height of the liquid.
card holder receives is given by the function B(p) = If h is the height of liquid in the mixer, which of the
4p + 7, where prepresents the number of purchases following represents R(h), the rate of rotation?
made. If the number of purchases is increased by 3,  A. 4 - 9h2
by how much does the number of bonus points  B. 1,000 - (4 - 3h)
increase?  C. 1,000 - (9h - 4)
 A. 3  D. 1,000 - (3h2 - 4)
 B. 4
Question: 69
 C. 12
9. A dental hygiene company is creating a new 24-
 D. 19 ounce tube of toothpaste by combining its most
Question: 66 popular toothpastes, Cavity Crusher and Bad Breath
6. Jeff tests how the total volume occupied by a fluid Obliterator. Cavity Crusher contains 0.25% of
contained in a graduated cylinder changes when sodium fluoride as its active ingredient, and Bad
round marbles of various sizes are added. He found Breath Obliterator contains 0.30% of triclosan as its
that the total volume occupied by the fluid, V, in active ingredient for a total of 0.069 ounces of active
cubic centimeters, can be found using the equation ingredients in both toothpastes. Solving which of the
below, where x equals the number of identical following systems of equations yields the number of
marbles Jeff added, one at a time, to the cylinder, ounces of Cavity Crusher, c, and the number of
and r is the radius of one of the marbles. ounces of Bad Breath Obliterator, b, that are in the
new toothpaste?
 A. c + b = 0.069
0.25c + 0.3b = 24
 B. c + b = 24
If the volume of the graduated cylinder is 96π cubic 0.0025c + 0.003b = 0.069
centimeters, then, what is the maximum number of  C. c + b = 24
marbles with a radius of 3 centimeters that Jeff can 0.025c + 0.03b = 0.069
add without the volume of the fluid exceeding that of  D. c + b = 24
the graduated cylinder? 0.25c + 0.3b = 0.069
 A. 1 Question: 70
 B. 2
 C. 3
 D. 4 10.
Question: 67 In the equation above, what is the value of d ?
7. If b is two more than one-third of c, which of the  A. -4
following expresses the value of c in terms of b ?  B. 2
 C. 4
 D. 6
Question: 71
11. Which of the following is a possible equation for
a circle that is tangent to both the x-axis and the
line x = 4 ?
 A. (x + 2)2 + (y + 2)2 = 4
 B. (x + 2)2 + (y - 2)2 = 4
 C. (x - 2)2 + (y + 4)2 = 4
 D. (x - 6)2 + (y - 2)2 = 4

Question: 72
12. Reactant A is placed in a beaker, to which
Reactant B will be added. Reactants A and B will not
react unless B gets to a certain concentration. Once
the reaction starts, both concentrations decrease
until B has been consumed. Which of the following
graphs, showing concentration in moles as a
function of time in seconds, represents the reaction?

Question: 73
13. -2y ≤ 8
y-3≤x

- y+1≥x
Which of the following graphs shows the solution to
the system of inequalities above?
Question: 74

14.
If rectangle ABCD has an area of 324 and the

## tangent of ∠BCA (not shown) is , then which of the

following is closest to the length of BD (not shown)?
 A. 9.8
 B. 27
 C. 29.5
 D. It cannot be determined from the given
information.

Question: 75
15. Which of the following is equivalent

to ?

 A.

 B.

 C.
 D. m – 6
Question: 76
1. The population, P, of Town Y since 1995 can be
estimated by the equation P = 1.0635x + 3,250,
where x is the number of years since 1995 and 0
≤ x ≤ 20. In the context of this equation, what does
the number 1.0635 most likely represent?
 A. The estimated population of town Y in 1995
 B. The estimated population of town Y in 2015
 C. The factor by which the population of
town Y increased yearly
 D. The factor by which the population of
town Y decreased yearly
Question: 77
2. If x2 + 12x = 64 and x > 0, what is the value of x ?
 A. 2
 B. 4 is charged. Which of the following represents
 C. 8 Hannah's total cost for s shirts, in dollars?
 A. 0.07(24.50s + 6)
 D. 16  B. 1.07(24.50 + 6)s
Question: 78  C. 1.07(24.50s) + 6
3. Sai is ordering new shelving units for his store.  D. 1.07(24.50 + s) + 6
Each unit is 7 feet in length and extends from floor Question: 81
to ceiling. Sai's store has 119 feet of wall space that 6. Once a certain plant begins to grow, its height
includes 21 feet of windows along the walls. If the increases at a linear rate. After six weeks, the plant
shelving units cannot be placed in front of the is 54 centimeters tall. Which of the following
windows, which of the following inequalities includes functions best models the relationship
all possible values of r, the number of shelving units between h(w), the height, in centimeters, of the
that Sai could use? plant, and w, the number of weeks that the plant has
been growing?
 A. r ≤  A. h(w) = 6w
 B. h(w) = 9w
 B. r ≥  C. h(w) = 54w
 C. r ≤ 119 - 21 + 7r  D. h(w) = 54 + w
 D. r ≥ 119 + 21 - 7r Question: 82
Question: 79 7. Which of the following is equivalent to (12x2 + 4x +
5y) + (3x2 - 2x + 3y) ?
 A. 2x2 - 2x + 8y
 B. 2x2 + 15x + 8y
 C. 15x2 - 2x + 8y
 D. 15x2 + 2x + 8y
Question: 83
out of 8 veterinarians recommend Royal Rat Rations
data is provided by the company.
Based on this data, which of the following inferences
is most valid?
 A. Royal Rat Rations provides the best nutrition
for fancy rats.
4.
 B. If you do not feed your rat Royal Rat Rations,
The scatterplot above shows the weight, in ounces,
of the fruits on a certain truffula tree from days 55 to your rat will be unhealthy.
85 after flowering. According to the line of best fit in  C. Only one veterinarian does not recommend
the scatterplot above, which of the following is the Royal Rat Rations for your fancy rat.
closest approximation of the number of days after  D. Of the veterinarians surveyed by Royal Rat
flowering of a truffula fruit that weighs 5.75 ounces? Rations, the majority recommend Royal Rat
 A. 63 Rations for your fancy rat.
 B. 65 Question: 84

 C. 77
 D. 81 9. t + 4 = t - 5
Question: 80 In the equation above, what is the value of t ?
5. Hannah placed an online order for shirts that cost  A. 4
\$24.50 per shirt. A tax of 7% is added to the cost of  B. 9
the shirts, before a flat, untaxed shipping rate of \$6
 C. 18
 D. 36
 C. w - 10
Question: 85
10. Dogs need 8.5 to 17 ounces of water each day
for every 10 pounds of their weight. Everett has two  D.
dogs-Ringo is a 35-pound black lab mix, and Elvis is Question: 88
a 55-pound beagle. Which of the following ranges 13. In the 1990s, the park rangers at Yellowstone
represents the approximate total number of ounces National Park implemented a program aimed at
of water, w, that Elvis and Ringo need in a week? increasing the dwindling coyote population in
 A. 77 ≤ w ≤ 153 Montana. Results of studies of the coyote population
 B. 109 ≤ w ≤ 218 in the park are shown in the scatterplot below.
 C. 536 ≤ w ≤ 1,071
 D. 765 ≤ w ≤ 1,530
Question: 86
11. Priya is planning to send her favorite dry rub
recipe to a friend who lives in France. Before
sending the recipe, Priya wants to convert the
American customary units in the instructions into
metric units so that her friend will easily be able to
understand the measurements. If the recipe calls for
a ratio of four ounces of paprika to every seven
ounces of chili powder, and if Priya's friend is
planning to make a large batch of dry rub with 91
total ounces of chili powder, approximately how
many total grams of paprika and chili powder will the Based on the line of best fit in the scatterplot above,
recipe require? (1 ounce = 28.3 grams) which of the following is the closest to the average
annual increase in coyotes in Yellowstone Park
 A. 4,047 grams between 1995 and 2000 ?
 B. 4,521 grams  A. 22
 C. 4,925 grams  B. 24
 D. 5,149 grams  C. 26
Question: 87
12. Luciano measured the amount of water that  D. 28
evaporated over a period of time from a container Question: 89
holding w ounces of water, where w is greater than 14. In the 1990s, the park rangers at Yellowstone
12. By the end of the first day, the cup had lost 2 National Park implemented a program aimed at
ounces of water. By the end of the 7th day, the cup increasing the dwindling coyote population in
had lost an additional 8 ounces of water. By the end Montana. Results of studies of the coyote population
of the 11th day, the cup had lost half of the water that in the park are shown in the scatterplot below.
remained after the 7th day. Which of the following
represents the remaining amount of water, in
ounces, in Luciano's container at the end of the 11th
day?

 A.

 B. - 10
to broker sales of \$5,000.00 worth of jewelry during
that same two-week period. If Bryan's earnings for
the two-week period were \$850.00, what percent
commission on sales does Bryan earn?
 A. 1%
 B. 2%
 C. 3%
 D. 4%
Question: 92

According to the data in the scatterplot, which of the 2. If , which of the following
following best represents the percent increase could be an expression of C in terms of x ?
between the median of the results of the studies from  A. 3(1 + x)
1995 and the median of the results of the studies  B. x2 + 2x - 24
from 1996 ?
 A. 50%
 C. (x + 6)(x - 4)
 B. 100%
 C. 150%
 D. 200%  D. (x - 3)(x + 8)
Question: 90 Question: 93
15. Bailey's Boutique Clothing is having a 20% off 3. Lennon has 6 hours to spend in Ha Ha Tonka
sale during which shirts cost \$30.00 and pants cost State Park. He plans to drive around the park at an
average speed of 20 miles per hour, looking for a
good trail to hike. Once he finds a trail he likes, he
\$60.00. On the day of the sale, Bailey's sells a will spend the remainder of his time hiking it. He
total of 60 shirts and pants and earned a total of hopes to travel more than 60 miles total while in the
\$2,250. On a regular day, Bailey's sellsthe number park. If he hikes at an average speed of 1.5 miles
of shirts and pants sold during the sale and earns a per hour, which of the following systems of
total of \$1,875. Solving which of the following inequalities can be solved for the number of hours
systems of equations yields the number of shirts, s, Lennon spends driving, d, and the number of hours
and the number of pants, p, sold during a regular he spends hiking, h, while he is at the park?
day?  A. 1.5h + 20d > 60
 A. s + p = 40 h+d≤6
37.5s + 75p = 1,875  B. 1.5h + 20d > 60
 B. s + p = 40 h+d≥6
30s + 60p = 2,250  C. 1.5h + 20d < 60
 C. s + p = 60 h + d ≥ 360
30s + 60p = 2,250  D. 20h + 1.5d > 6
 D. s + p = 2,250 h + d ≤ 60
30s + 60p = 60 Question: 94
Question: 91 4. In a certain sporting goods manufacturing
1. Bryan, who works in a high-end jewelry store, company, a quality control expert tests a randomly
earns a base pay of \$10.00 per hour plus a certain selected group of 1,000 tennis balls in order to
percent commission on the sales that he helps to determine how many contain defects. If this quality
broker in the store. Bryan worked an average of 35 control expert discovered that 13 of the randomly
hours per week over the past two weeks and helped
selected tennis balls were defective, which of the relative investment in 2017 given current trends. The
following inferences would be most supported? total projected investment in alternative energy in
 A. 98.7% of the company's tennis balls are 2017 is \$254 million. Suppose that a new source of
defective alternative energy, Cold Fusion, is perfected. It is
projected that by 2017 that \$57 million will be
 B. 98.7% of the company's tennis balls are not invested in Cold Fusion in the United States, without
defective any corresponding reduction in investment for any
 C. 9.87% of the company's tennis balls are other form of alternative energy. What portion of the
defective total investment of alternative energy in the United
 D. 9.87% of the company's tennis balls are not States will be spent on biofuels?
defective  A. 0.18
Question: 95  B. 0.22
 C. 0.28
5. If - < -3z + 6 < - , what is the greatest
possible integer value of 9z - 18 ?  D. 0.34
Question: 98
 A. 6 8. (x - 2)2 + y2 = 36
 B. 7 y = -x + 2
 C. 8 The equations above represent a circle and a line
that intersects the circle across its diameter. What is
 D. 9 the point of intersection of the two equations that lies
6. -24 - 8j = 12k
 A. (-3 ,3 )
3+ k=- j  B. (-4, 2)
Which of the following ordered pairs (j, k) is the
solution to the system of equations above?  C. (2 + , 2)
 A. (6, -6)
 D. (2 - 3 ,3 )
 B. (3, 0) Question: 99
 C. (0, 2)
 D. (-4, 1)
Question: 97
7. United States Investment in
Alternative Energy Sources

9.
The graph of f(x) is shown above in the xy-plane.
The points (0, 3), (5b, b), and (10b, -b) are on the
line described by f(x). If b is a positive constant,
The table above shows the relative investment in what are the coordinates of point C ?
alternative energy sources in the United States by  A. (5, 1)
type. One column shows the relative investment in
2007 of \$75 million total invested in alternative  B. (10, -1)
energy. The other column shows the projected  C. (15, -0.5)
 D. (20, -2) projectile travels from the launch site, in feet. Which
Question: 100 of the following gives the value of v, in terms of R, t,
10. Melanie puts \$1,100 in an investment account and θ ?
that she expects will make 5% interest for each
three-month period. However, after a year she  A. v =
realizes she was wrong about the interest rate and
she has \$50 less than she expected. Assuming the  B. v =
interest rate the account earns is constant, which of
the following equations expresses the total amount
of money, x, she will have after t years using the  C. v =
actual rate?
 A. x = 1,100(1.04)4t
 B. x = 1,100(1.05)4t - 50  D. v =
 C. x = 1,100(1.04)t/3 Question: 103
 D. x = 1,100(1.035)4t 13. If (i413)(ix) = 1, then what is one possible value
Question: 101 of x ?
 A. 0
 B. 1
 C. 2
 D. 3
Question: 104
14. The function g is defined by g(x) = 2x2 - dx - 6,
where dis a constant. If one of the zeros of g is 6,
what is the value of the other zero of g ?
11.
If the radius of the circle above is x, ∠AOB = 120°,  A. 2
and O is the center of the circle, what is the length of
chord AB in terms of x ?
 B.
 A. x
 B. x
 C. -
 C.  D. -2
Question: 105
 D. 15. The flu shot for a flu season is created from four
Question: 102 strains of the flu virus, named Strain A, B, C, and D,
12. Students in a physics class are studying how the respectively. Medical researchers use the following
angle at which a projectile is launched on level data to determine the effectiveness of the vaccine
ground affects the projectile's hang time and over the flu season. Table 1 shows the effectiveness
horizontal range. Hang time can be calculated using of the vaccine against each of these strains
individually. The graph below the table shows the
the formula t = ,where t is the hang time in prevalence of each of these strains during each
seconds, v is the initial launch velocity, θ is the month of the flu season, represented as a
projectile angle with respect to level ground, and g is percentage of the overall cases of flu that month.
the acceleration due to gravity, defined as 9.8 m/s2. Table 1
Horizontal range can be calculated using the

## formula R = , where R is the distance the

Question: 108
Strain Effectiveness

A 35%

B 13%

C 76%

D 68%

3.
In the figure above, the graph of y = f(x) is shown.
Which of the following could be the equation of f(x)
?

 A. f(x) = - x+3

 B. f(x) = - x-3
For the strain against which the flu shot was the most
effective, approximately how effective was the shot  C. f(x) = x-3
overall when that strain was least prevalent?
 A. 13%
 D. f(x) = x + 3
 B. 20% Question: 109
 C. 27% 4. If x + y = 0, which of the following must be
 D. 48% equivalent to x- y ?
 A. -2y
Question: 106
1. If two times a number is equal to that number
minus 4, what is the number?  B.
 A. -7  C. x
 B. -6  D. x2
Question: 110
 C. -4 5. Which of the following is equivalent to 2x2 - 6x - 8
 D. -3 ?
Question: 107  A. 2(x - 4)(x + 1)
2. The number of soil samples, s, that Sonal needs  B. 3(x + 4)(x - 1)
for an experiment must be greater than 6 but less  C. 2(x - 3)(x + 2)
than or equal to 13. Which of the following  D. 3(x - 4)(x - 2)
represents an acceptable number of soil samples for Question: 111
Sonal's experiment? 6. Ryan and Allison build a ramp to help their elderly
 A. 6 < s < 13 cat, Simms, walk up to their bed. They need the
 B. 6 ≤ s < 13 ramp to make a 35° angle with their bedroom floor.
 C. 6 < s ≤ 13 How long must the ramp be to reach the top of their
 D. 6 ≤ s ≤ 13 bed that is exactly three feet off the ground?
 B. 1
 A.  C. 4
 D. 13
Question: 116
 B. 11. If x2 + 2xy + y2 = 64 and y - x = 12, which of the
following could be the value of x ?
 C.  A. -10
 B. -4
 D.  C. 2
Question: 112  D. 10
7. If 3a + 2b = 24 and 4a + 5b = 53, what is the value Question: 117
of a + b ? 12. Samantha offers two different packages of yoga
 A. 2 classes at her yoga studio. She offers two hot yoga
sessions and three zero gravity yoga sessions at a
 B. 7 total cost of \$400. She also offers four hot yoga
 C. 9 sessions and two zero gravity sessions at a price of
 D. 11 \$440. Samantha wants to offer a larger package for
long-time clients in which the cost must exceed
Question 113: \$800. If Samantha does not wish to include more
8. Given the equation y = 3x2 + 4, what is the than 13 sessions for the long-time client package,
function of the coefficient of 3 ? will she be able to create this package for her
clients?
 A. It moves the graph of y = 3x2 + 4 three units
higher than the graph of y = x2 + 4.  A. No, because the closest package that she can
 B. It moves the graph of y = 3x2 + 4 three units offer consists of three hot yoga and three zero
lower than the graph of y = x2 + 4. gravity yoga sessions.
 C. It makes the graph of y = 3x2 + 4 wider than  B. No, because the closest package that she can
the graph of y = x2 + 4. offer consists of four hot yoga and four zero
 D. It makes the graph of y = 3x2 + 4 narrower gravity yoga sessions.
than the graph of y = x2 + 4.  C. Yes, because she can offer five hot yoga and
Question: 114 five zero gravity yoga sessions.
9. Steven needs to buy t theme park tickets for
himself and his family. Each ticket costs \$80, and the  D. Yes, because she can offer six hot yoga and
number of tickets he needs to buy can be modeled six zero gravity yoga sessions.
by the expression t2 - 4t - 90 = 6 when t > 0. What is Question: 118
the total cost of the theme park tickets that Steven 13. Cuthbert is conducting a chemistry experiment
purchased? that calls for a number of chemicals to be mixed in
various quantities. The one amount of which he is
 A. \$640 unsure is grams of potassium, p . If Cuthbert is
 B. \$800 certain that (3p2 + 14p + 24) - 2(p2 + 7p + 20) = 0,
 C. \$960 what is one possible value of 3p + 6, the exact
number of grams of potassium that Cuthbert would
 D. \$1,120 like to use for this experiment?
Question: 115
10. 2c + 3d = 17  A. 20
6c + 5d = 39  B. 18
In the system of linear equations above, what is the  C. 12
value of 4c - 4d ?
 D. 10
 A. -4 Question: 119
14. What is the value of (2 + 8i)(1 - 4i) - (3 - 2i)(6 +  B. It accounts for his favorite guitar, which Rob
4i) ? was bringing from the beginning.
(Note: i = )  C. It accounts for the number of additional
 A. 8 guitars that Rob decided to bring.
 B. 26  D. It accounts for an additional non-guitar
musical instrument that Rob decided to bring.
 C. 34
 D. 50 Question: 124
Question: 120 4. A group of 24 students was polled as to whether
they enjoy biology class, chemistry class, both, or
15. If 2 = x - 3, which of the following is the neither. The results are shown in the table below:
solution set for x ?
 A. {-1, 9} Biology Chemistry
 B. {1, -9}
 C. {9} Enjoy 14 18
 D. {1, 9}
Don't Enjoy 10 6
Question: 121
Given the above data, which of the following
1. If 3y = y + 2, what is the value of 2y ?
conclusions is true?
 A. 1
 A. The ratio of those who enjoy biology class to
 B. 2 those who enjoy chemistry class is 7:8.
 C. 3  B. The ratio of those who enjoy chemistry class
 D. 4 to those who don't enjoy chemistry class is 9:4.
Question: 122  C. The ratio of those who enjoy biology class to
2. Merry joined an online community that charges a those who don't enjoy chemistry class is 7:2.
monthly fee of \$15. A one-time enrollment fee of \$50
 D. The ratio of those who don't enjoy biology
was charged when she joined. Which of the following
class to those who enjoy chemistry class is 5:9.
represents the total amount of fees that Merry has
Question: 125
paid to the community organizers after m months, in
5. Dr. Goldberg, a noted dietician, mixes different
dollars?
solutions as part of her research into sugar
 A. 15m + 50
substitutes. By weight, she mixes 40% of a sample
 B. 15 + 50m
of substitute A and 70% of a sample of substitute B
 C. 15m - 50
to create substitute C. If Dr. Goldberg initially had 60
 D. (15 + 50)m
grams of substitute A and 110 grams of substitute B,
Question: 123
then what would be the weight, in grams, of
3. Rob has his favorite guitar tuned up and ready to
substitute C ?
bring to a performance by his cover band at a local
venue Saturday. He decides at the last minute to  A. 24
bring x additional guitars, just in case his favorite  B. 77
guitar has an issue. If the total number of guitars that
 C. 101
Robert brings to the performance can be modeled
as x + 1, what does the "+ 1" account for in the  D. 170
expression? Question: 126
6. Which of the following is equivalent to the
 A. It accounts for an additional guitar that Rob
expression x4 - x3 - x2 ?
returns to his house and picks up in the middle
 A. x(x2 - x - 1)
of the performance.
 B. x(x - x2 - x3)
 C. x(x3 - x2)
 D. x2(x2 - x - 1) 1 foot = 12 inches, what is the measurement, in
Question: 127 inches, of the tallest hill Adam will have on his map?
7. Officer Blake drives his squad car 1 mile per  A. 660
minute while patrolling local highways during his
shift. If he has driven 480 miles by the end of his  B. 600
shift, how many total hours did he drive his car at the  C. 576
above rate?  D. 456
 A. 8 Question: 131
 B. 12
 C. 16
 D. 20
Question: 127
7. Officer Blake drives his squad car 1 mile per
minute while patrolling local highways during his
shift. If he has driven 480 miles by the end of his
shift, how many total hours did he drive his car at the
above rate?
 A. 8 11.
 B. 12 In the figure above, if y = 40 and = 8, which of
 C. 16 the following most closely approximates the length
of ?
 D. 20
Question: 127  A. 0.1
7. Officer Blake drives his squad car 1 mile per  B. 9.53
minute while patrolling local highways during his
 C. 10.44
shift. If he has driven 480 miles by the end of his
shift, how many total hours did he drive his car at the  D. 12.45
above rate? Question: 132
 A. 8 12. McCoy Max Speed, Inc. makes custom
skateboards for its customers. Two wooden
 B. 12 skateboards and three composite skateboards cost
 C. 16 \$650. Three wooden skateboards and one
composite skateboard cost \$450. How much would
 D. 20
McCoy Max Speed charge a customer who
Question: 129
purchases five wooden skateboards and four
9. What is the value of (2x2 + 4x + 8) - (2x2 - 4x + 7)
composite skateboards?
?
 A. 4x2 + 8x + 15  A. \$500
 B. 2x2 + x + 1  B. \$600
 C. 8x + 1
 C. \$1,000
 D. 8x + 15
Question: 130  D. \$1,100
10. As part of a project for his cartography elective, Question: 133
Adam climbs several hills to create a relief map for 13. The chart below shows data about the number
the woods surrounding his house. He records the of employees at Cuda Cola, a popular beverage
vertical heights of the five hills he climbed at 55 feet, company.
42 feet, 38 feet, 50 feet, and 48 feet. For his project,
Adam must convert his measurements to inches. If
Question: 136

## Assuming the employee total grows at the same rate

each year, and male and female percentages
continue to decrease and increase by 5%,
respectively, approximately how many male
employees will work at Cuda Cola in 2015 ?
 A. 1515
1.
 B. 1398 Given the scatterplot graph above, ten students at
usage of the school's new physics-centered social
 D. 1165
media app, E = MC Shared. The app was developed
Question: 134
to encourage students to discuss physics curricula
14. John Croxley, the mayor of Black Rock, NY, is
and concepts in ways that mirrored social media
counting the number of restaurants that have
trends in 2013. Students were asked how many
opened in his town per month for the last seven
times they logged into the app each day as well as
months. He compiles the seven numbers into Set F,
how many posts they actually made using the app.
which contains the elements 4, 5, 11, 13, 16, 18,
With the given data, what conclusions can be drawn
and x. If both the median and average (arithmetic
mean) of Set F equal 11, what must be the value
of x, the unknown number of restaurants that A. The majority of students polled logged in more
opened in Mayor Croxley's town last month? times per day than they posted.
 A. 9 B. The majority of students polled posted more
times per day than they logged in.
 B. 10
C. The majority of students polled logged in and
 C. 11
posted an equal number of times.
 D. 12
D. No relationship can be drawn between logins
Question: 135
per day and posts per day.
15. 17s + 20t = 59
Question: 137
30s + 40t = 110
In the system of equations above, what is the value
of t in terms of s ?

 A.

 B.

 C.

 D.

2.
Two graphs, f(x) and h(x), are shown above. If f(x) =  C. The total meal output by the fastest chef, who
3x + 4 and f(x) and h(x) are perpendicular, which of made 80 meals.
the following could be the equation of h(x) ?  D. The difference between the output between
the slowest and fastest chef, which would be 120
meals.
 A. h(x) = x+9 Question: 141

 B. h(x) = - x + 9
 C. h(x) = 3x + 9
 D. h(x) = -3x + 9
Question: 138
3. The number of eggs that Farmer Jones has in his
chicken coop will grow exponentially as Farmer
Jones buys more chickens to increase production.
The number of eggs Farmer Jones has in the coop
can be modeled by the equation y = 3x beginning on
Day 1, where x is given by x = 1, and y is the
number of eggs currently in the coop. If the coop can
support only 4,000 eggs, and Farmer Jones empties
the coop every day, on which day will the chickens
produce too many eggs for the coop to support?
6.
 A. Day 6 The graph, y = f(x), shown above models the
 B. Day 7 performance of a certain crop, where x is the
nutrients subtracted or added to the soil and y is the
 C. Day 8
gain or loss of pieces of fruit added to the total
 D. Day 9 harvest. A more powerful fertilizer that is used
Question: 139 causes the graph y = f(x) to be reflected over the
line y = x. Which of the following best describes the
4. If a = and a is a nonzero integer, which of the behavior of the crop with the new fertilizer?
following is equivalent to a ?  A. For every three nutrients added to the soil, the
 A. 4a crop loses two additional fruits for the total
harvest.
 B. 4
 B. For every two nutrients added to the soil, the
 C. crop loses two additional fruits for the total
harvest.
 D. 2  C. For every three nutrients added to the soil, the
5. Three different chefs work together to prepare harvest.
meals for 280 dinner guests. Each works at a
 D. For every two nutrients added to the soil, the
different speed, and their combined output
throughout the night is modeled by the equation 8x + crop adds three additional fruits to the total
4x + 2x = 280. If x is a positive integer, which of the harvest.
following could 8x represent in the equation? Question: 142
7. George and Joe both interview the same 20 fellow
 A. The total meal output by the slowest chef, who students regarding their interest in their school's new
 B. The total meal output by the fastest chef, who respond with Interested, Sort of Interested, and Not
interest on a scale of 1 to 5. The results of the polls daily rate per pair of skis and a flat daily rate per
are below. snowboard. Five pairs of skis and two snowboards
will cost a family \$370. Three pairs of skis and four
George's Poll snowboards will cost a family \$390. During a
particularly slow season, Captain Dan announces a
Response Number of Students 10% discount on all skis and snowboards. What
would be the cost of renting two pairs of skis and two
snowboards if they were rented during this discount
Interested 8 period?
 A. \$99
Sort of Interested 5
 B. \$110
 C. \$198
Not Interested 7
 D. \$220
Joe's Poll Question: 144
Rating Number of Students
9. If 8x + 8y = 18 and x2 - y2 = - , what is the value
1 5 of 2x - 2y ?

2 4
 A. -

3 3
 B. -
4 4

5 4  C.

## After reviewing the data, the Model UN advisors

determine that Joe neglected to include whether a 1
 D.
or 5 was the best rating in his report. What additional
Question: 145
piece of information would most help the advisor
10. Shaun is developing a weight loss regimen,
determine whether a 1 or 5 was the best rating?
which includes both a workout plan and a calorie-
 A. Requesting that George redo his poll with the restriction plan. Shaun wants to work out for no less
same rating system as Joe's poll. than 30 minutes and no more than 60 minutes a day
 B. Requesting that Joe redo his poll with the and consume no less than 2,000 and no more than
same rating system as George's poll. 2,500 calories. If each minute, m, of his workout time
burns 50 calories, which of the following inequalities
 C. Polling all of the students who said
represents the number of minutes, m, that Shaun
"Interested" in George's Poll and asking them to
can work out each day to burn off as many calories
choose between "Extremely Interested" and
as he consumes?
"Very Interested."
 A. 30 ≤ m ≤ 60
 D. Polling all of the students who gave a "1"  B. 30 ≤ m ≤ 50
rating in Joe's poll and ask them if they are  C. 40 ≤ m < 50
interested in Model UN.  D. 40 ≤ m ≤ 50
Question: 143 Question: 146
8. Each winter, Captain Dan's Ski Lodge rents both 11. A professional baseball team wishes to average
pairs of skis and snowboards to its guests for a flat 45,500 ticket purchases per game for the entire 162-
game season. Through the first 60 games of the
season, the team has averaged 43,000 ticket
purchases per game. Which of the following most
closely approximates how many ticket purchases
per game the team must average for the remainder
of the season in order to hit its overall goal of an
average of 45,500 ticket purchases per game for the
season?
 A. 46970
 B. 47880
 C. 48000
 D. 48220
Question: 147
12. A certain polynomial, P, has a degree of 2.
Polynomial Phas zeros of 2 and -3, and a > 0 when
the function of polynomial P is written in the form
of y = ax2 + bx + c. Given this information, which of
the following could be the graph of polynomial P ?

Question: 148
13. Circle O (not shown) is divided into three
sectors. Points P, Q, and R are on the
circumference of the circle. Sector POR has an area
of 8π, and sector ROQ has an area of 6π. If the
radius of circle O is 4, what is the measure of the
central angle of sector QOP, in degrees?
 A. 45
 B. 90
 C. 135
 D. 180
Question: 149
14. Medical residents at Lakewood Hospital are
choosing their individual specialties. Among them,
40% choose cardiology, 16% choose oncology, 34%
choose endocrinology, and the remaining x%
choose hematology. Once the doctors pick their first
specialty, they are then each asked to choose a
second specialty from the previous four options in
case their original specialty is already filled. They
may not pick their original specialty again. 20% of
those who originally picked cardiology choose
oncology as their second choice. If no other field
chooses oncology as their second choice, and the
hospital boasts 200 medical residents, then what is
the total number of residents who named oncology Question: 151
as either their first or second choice, in terms of x ? 1. Marco is ordering salt, which is only sold
 A. 8x - 128
 B. 8x - 144
in 30-pound bags. He currently has 75
 C. x2 + 24x - 188 pounds of salt, and he needs to have a
 D. x2 - 24x + 188 minimum of 200 pounds. Which of the
Question: 150 following inequalities shows all possible
15. Mr. Lastorka's science class is running values for the number of bags, b, that
experiments with an energy-efficient model electric Marco needs to order to meet his minimum
car. As the initial rate of energy delivered to the car,
measured in watts, increases, the number of requirement?
millimeters moved by the car from its starting  A. b ≥ 4
position increases exponentially. The results of  B. b ≥ 5
several trial runs are shown on the scatterplot graph  C. b ≥ 6
below.  D. b ≥ 7

## Based on the data, the students in Mr. Lastorka's

class determine the exact equation involving
Watts, x, and total distance from start, y . They call
the function y = f(x). Mr. Lastorka then instructs his
class to reflect y = f(x) over the x-axis. He
challenges each student to determine the new
function and what it would mean from a physics
perspective. Four student pairs gave their answers
below. Who is correct, and for what reasons?
 A. Charles and Shannon, who identify the new
equation as y = -2x and explain that the new
graph indicates that the car is still moving
forward at the same rate as before.
 B. Michael and Lauren, who identify the new
equation as y = -2x and explain that the new
graph indicates the car is now moving in reverse
at the same rate as before.
 C. Matthew and Karen, who identify the new
equation as y = 2-x and explain that the new