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UML Component Diagrams Reference

The major elements of UML component diagram - component, provided interface, required interface, port, connectors.

Notation Description
Component
Component is notated by a classifier symbol with «component» keyword. This notation was introduced
in UML 2.0.

WeatherServices component

Optionally, a component icon that is similar to the UML 1.4 icon can be used in the upper right corner of
the component rectangle. If the icon symbol is shown, the keyword «component» may be omitted.

UserServices component

External view or black box component notation - showing a listing of the properties of a component -
the interfaces and/or individual operations and attributes listed in the compartments of a component
box.

External view of User Services component - it


provides IUserServices interface and requires
IOrderServices interface.

For backward compatibility reasons, the UML 1.x notation with protruding rectangles may still be used
in UML 2.5.

CustomerEJB Component in UML 1.x notation

Provided Interface

A provided interface is the one that is either


realized directly by the component itself, or
realized by one of the classifiers realizing component, or
is provided by a public port of the component.
Weather Services component provides (implements)
Weather Forecast interface.

Required Interface

A required interface is either


designated by usage dependency from the component itself, or
designated by usage dependency from one of the classifiers realizing component, or
is required by a public port of the component.

User Services component requires IOrderServices


interface.

Component Realization
A component realization is notated in the same way as the realization dependency i.e., as a general
dashed line from implementing classifiers to realized component having hollow triangle as an
arrowhead.

Component UserService realized by UserServlet and


UserDAO.

Internal classifiers that realize the behavior of a component may be listed in the additional
«realizations» compartment - internal, or white box view of a Component. Compartments may also
be used to display a listing of any parts and connectors, or any implementing artifacts.
White box view of User Services component - it is
realized by UserServlet and UserDAO and
manifested by UserService.jar artifact.

Internal classifiers that realize the behavior of a component may be displayed nested within the
component shape.

Component UserService realized by UserServlet and


UserDAO.

Delegation Connector

A delegation connector is a connector that links the external contract of a component (as specified by
its ports) to the realization of that behavior. It represents the forwarding of events (operation requests
and events): a signal that arrives at a port that has a delegation connector to one or more parts or ports
on parts will be passed on to those targets for handling.
A delegation connector is notated as a connector from the delegating port to the handling port or part.

Delegation connector from the delegating port to the


UserServlet part.

If the delegation is handled by a simple port, then the delegation connector may optionally be shown
connected to the single lollipop of the realizing component.

Delegation connector from the delegating port to the


simple port of SearchEngine.

If the delegation is handled by a simple port, then the delegation connector may optionally be shown
connected to the single socket of the component that requires the interface.

Delegation connector from the simple port of


Authentication component to the delegating port.

Assembly Connector

An assembly connector is a connector between two or more parts or ports on parts that defines that
one or more parts provide the services that other parts use.

Assembly connector is notated as a connector between two or more parts or ports on parts.
Assembly connector between ports of Authentication
and Customers components.

When an assembly connector connects simple ports (ports that provide or require a single interface), it
may be notated by a "ball-and-socket" connection between a provided interface and a required
interface.

Assembly connector between simple ports of


Authentication and Customers components.

Where multiple components have simple ports that provide or require the same interface, a single
symbol representing the interface can be shown, and lines from the components can be drawn to that
symbol. This presentation option is applicable whether the interface is shown using "ball-and-socket"
notation, or just using a required or provided interface symbol.

Assembly connector that assembles three parts.

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