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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

College & Career

Readiness A B C D E
GLE K-1 2-3 4-5 6-8 9-12
Beginning ABE Beginning LOW High
Literacy Basic Intermediate Intermediate Low Adult High Adult
NRS Category
Basic Basic Secondary Secondary
Reading & ˂= 200 201-210 211-220 221-235 236-245 ˃=246
CASAS Writing ˂= 200 201-225 226-242 243-260 261-270 ˃= 271

ABE/ASE Level 1 2 3 4 5 6

Kansas ESL
Level (Reading Only) 7-9 10 11 12 NA NA
Correlation to Developmental Education Classes
RD005 & RD008 RD012
Multisensory Reading & Spelling I & RD011 Basic Reading & Vocabulary Skills Reading
IV Fundamentals
RD051 & RD052 Spelling EG052 Sentence
Fundamentals & Vocabulary and Paragraph
Fundamentals Writing
MA 020 Fractions, MA040 Basic MA060
MA010 Basic Arithmetic Decimals & Algebra Concepts Fundamentals
Percent’s, Ratios, of Algebra
Square Roots and
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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—Adult Basic Education Levels

Literacy Level Basic Reading and Writing Numeracy Functional and Workplace Skills
Level 1 Individual has no or very minimal reading or writing skills. Individual has Individual has little or no ability to read basic
At the lower range of this level, may have little or no little or no signs or maps, can provide limited personal
Beginning ABE Literacy comprehension of how print corresponds to spoken recognition of information on simple forms and has few or
language and may have difficulty using a writing numbers or no workplace skills. The individual can
Pre-test Scores:
instrument. May recognize common signs that are simple counting handle routine entry-level jobs that require
CASAS Math: 200 and below
universally accepted symbols. At the upper range of this skills or may little or no basic written communication or
CASAS Reading: 200 and below
level, individual can recognize, read and write letters and have only computational skills and no knowledge of
CASAS Writing: 200 and below
number, but has a limited understanding of connected minimal skills, computers or other technology.
Completion Benchmarks: prose and may need frequent re-reading. Can write a such as the
CASAS Math: >200 limited number of basic sight words and familiar words ability to add or
CASAS Reading: >200 and phrases, including very simple messages. Can write subtract single
CASAS Writing: >200 basic personal information on simplified forms. Narrative digit numbers.
writing is disorganized and unclear; inconsistently uses
simple punctuation (e.g., periods, commas, questions
marks); contains frequent errors in spelling.

Level 2 Individual can read simple material on familiar subjects Individual can Individual is able to read simple directions
and comprehend simple and compound sentences in count, add and signs and maps, fill out simple forms
Beginning Basic Education single or linked paragraphs containing familiar vocabulary. subtract three requiring basic personal information, write
Can write simple notes and messages based on familiar digit numbers, phone messages and make simple change.
Pre-test Scores:
situations, but lacks clarity and focus. Sentence structure can perform There is minimal knowledge of, and
CASAS Math: 201-210
lacks variety, but shows some control of basic grammar multiplication experience with, using computers and
CASAS Reading: 201-210
(e.g., present and past tense), and some control of basic through 12; can related technology. The individual can
CASAS Writing: 201-225
punctuation (e.g., periods, capitalization). identify simple handle basic entry level jobs that require
Completion Benchmarks: fractions and minimal literacy skills; can recognize very
perform other short, explicit,, pictorial texts, e.g.,
CASAS Math: >210 simple understands logos related to worker safety
CASAS Reading: >210 arithmetic before using a piece of machinery; can read
CASAS Writing: >225 operations. want ads and complete simple job

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual


Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—Adult Basic Education Levels
Literacy Level Basic Reading and Writing Numeracy Skills Functional and Workplace Skills
Level 3 Individual can read text on familiar Individual can perform Individual is able to handle basic reading, writing and
subjects that have a simple and with high accuracy all computational tasks related to life roles, such as completing
Low Intermediate Basic Education clear underlying structure (e.g., four basic math medical forms, order forms or job applications; can read
clear main idea, chronological operations using whole simple charts, graphs labels and payroll stubs and simple
Pre-test Scores:
order). Can use context to numbers up to three authentic material if familiar with the topic. The individual
CASAS Math: 211-220
determine meaning; can interpret digits, can identify and can use simple computer programs and perform a sequence
CASAS Reading: 211-220
actions required in specific written use all basic of routine tasks given directions using technology (e.g., fax
CASAS Writing: 226-242
directions. Can write simple mathematical symbols. machine, computer operation). The individual can qualify
Completion Benchmarks: paragraphs with main idea and for entry level jobs that require following basic written
CASAS Math: >220 supporting detail on familiar topics instructions and diagrams with assistance, such as oral
CASAS Reading: >220 (e.g., daily activities, personal clarification; can write a short report or message to fellow
CASAS Writing: >242 issues) by recombining learned workers; can read simple dials and scales and take routine
vocabulary and structures; can self measurements.
and peer edit for spelling and
punctuation errors.

Level 4 Individual is able to read simple Individual can perform Individual is able to handle basic life skills tasks such as
descriptions and narratives on all four basic math graphs, charts and labels, and can follow multi-step
High Intermediate Basic familiar subjects or from which new operations with whole diagrams; can read authentic materials on familiar topics,
Education vocabulary can be determined by numbers and fractions; such as simple employee handbooks and payroll stubs; can
context; can make some minimal can determine correct complete forms such as a job application and reconcile a
Pre-test Scores:
inferences about familiar texts and math operations for bank statement. Can handle jobs that involve following
CASAS Math: 221-235
compare and contrast information solving narrative math simple written instructions and diagrams; can read
CASAS Reading: 221-235
from such texts, but not problems and can procedural texts, where the information is supported by
CASAS Writing: 243-260
consistently. Individual can write convert fractions to diagrams, to remedy a problem, such as locating a problem
Completion Benchmarks: simple narrative descriptions and decimals and decimals with a machine or carrying out repairs using a repair
CASAS Math: >235 short essays on familiar topics; has to fractions; can manual. The individual can learn or work with most basic
CASAS Reading: >235 consistent use of basic punctuation, perform basic computer software, such as using a word processor to
CASAS Writing: >260 but makes grammatical errors with operations on fractions. produce own texts; can follow simple instructions for using
complex structures. technology.

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—Adult Basic Education Levels
Literacy Level Basic Reading and Writing Numeracy Skills Functional and Workplace Skills
Level 5 Individual can comprehend expository Individual can perform Individual is able or can learn to follow simple multi-step
writing and identify spelling, punctuation, all basic math functions directions, and read common legal forms and manuals;
Low Adult Secondary Education and grammatical errors; can with whole numbers, can integrate information from texts, charts and graphs;
comprehend a variety of materials such decimals and fractions; can create and use tables and graphs; can complete
Pre-test Scores:
as periodicals and non-technical journals can interpret and solve forms and applications and complete resumes; can
CASAS Math: 236-245
on common topics; can comprehend simple algebraic perform jobs that require interpreting information from
CASAS Reading: 236-245
library reference materials, and compose equations, tables and various sources and writing or explaining tasks to other
CASAS Writing: 261-270
multi-paragraph essays; can listen to oral graphs and can workers; is proficient using computers and can use most
Completion Benchmarks: instructions and write an accurate develop own tables and common computer applications; can understand the
CASAS Math: >245 synthesis of them; can identify the main graphs; can use math impact of using different technologies; can interpret the
CASAS Reading: >245 idea in reading selections and use a in business appropriate use of new software and technology.
CASAS Writing: >270 variety of context issues to determine transactions.
meaning. Writing is organized and
cohesive with few mechanical errors; can
write using a complex sentence
structure; can write personal notes and
letters that accurately reflect thoughts.

Level 6 Individual can comprehend, explain and Individual can make Individual is able to read technical information and
analyze information from a variety of mathematical estimates complex manuals; can comprehend some college-level
High Adult Secondary Education literacy works, including primary source of time and space and books and apprenticeship manuals; can function in most
materials and professional journals; can can apply principles of job situations involving higher order thinking; can read
Pre-test Scores:
use context cues and higher order geometry to measure text and explain a procedure about a complex and
CASAS Math: 246 and higher
processes to interpret meaning of written angles, lines and unfamiliar work procedure, such as operating a complex
CASAS Reading: 246 and higher
material. Writing is cohesive with clearly surfaces; can also piece of machinery; can evaluate new work situations
CASAS Writing: 271 and higher
expressed ideas supported by relevant apply trigonometric and processes, can work productively and collaboratively
Completion Benchmark: detail; can use varied and complex functions. in groups and serve as facilitator and reporter of group
Pass Official GED Test Battery sentence structures with few mechanical work. The individual is able to use common software and
errors. learn new software applications; can define the purpose
of new technology and software and select appropriate
technology; can adapt use of software or technology to
new situations and can instruct others in written or oral
form on software and technology use.

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—English-As-A-Second Language Levels
Literacy Level Speaking and Listening Basic Reading and Writing Functional and Workplace Skills
Level 7 Individual cannot speak or understand Individual has no reading or writing Individual functions minimally or not at all
English, or understands only isolated skills in any language. May be able to in English and can communicate only
Beginning ESL Literacy words or phrases. recognize and copy letters, numbers through gestures or a few isolated
and a few words (e.g. own name). words. May recognize only common
Pre-test Scores:
May have little or no comprehension of words, signs or symbols (e.g. name stop
CASAS Reading: <=180
how print corresponds to spoken sign, product logos). Can handle only
CASAS Listening: <=180
language. Individual may have very routine entry-level jobs that do not
Completion Benchmarks: difficulty using a writing instrument. require oral or written communication in
CASAS Reading: >180 English. May have no knowledge or use
CASAS Listening: >180 of computers.

Level 8 Individual can understand basic greetings, Individual can read numbers and Individual functions with difficulty in
simple phrases and commands. Can letters and some common sight words. social situations and in situations related
Low Beginning ESL understand simple questions related to May be able to sound out simple to immediate needs. Can provide limited
personal information, spoken slowly and words. Can read and write some personal information on simple forms,
Pre-test Scores:
with repetition. Understands a limited familiar words and phrases, but has a and can read very simple common forms
CASAS Reading: 181-190
number of words related to immediate limited understanding of connected of print found in the home and
CASAS Listening: 181-190
needs and can respond with simple prose in English. Can write basic environment, such as product names.
CASAS Writing: 136-145
learned phrases to some common personal information (e.g., name, Can handle routine entry level jobs that
Completion Benchmarks: questions related to routine survival address, telephone number) and can require very simple written or oral
CASAS Reading: >190 situations. Speaks slowly and with complete simple forms that elicit this English communication and in which job
CASAS Listening: >190 difficulty. Demonstrates little or no control information tasks can be demonstrated. May have
CASAS Writing: >145 over grammar. limited knowledge and experience with

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—English-As-A-Second Language Levels
Literacy Level Speaking and Listening Basic Reading and Writing Functional and Workplace Skills
Level 9 Individual can understand common Individual can read most sight words Individual can function in some situations
words, simple phrases, and sentences and many other common words. related to immediate needs and in familiar
High Beginning ESL containing familiar vocabulary, spoken Can read familiar phrases and social situations. Can provide basic
slowly with some repetition. Individual simple sentences, but has a limited personal information on simple forms and
Pre-test Scores:
can respond to simple questions about understanding of connected prose recognizes simple common forms of print
CASAS Reading: 191-200
personal everyday activities, and can and may need frequent re-reading. found in the home, workplace and
CASAS Listening: 191-200
express immediate needs, using simple community. Can handle routine entry
CASAS Writing: 146-200
learned phrases or short sentences. level jobs requiring basic written or oral
Completion Benchmarks: Shows limited control of grammar. English communication and in which job
Individual can write some simple
CASAS Reading: >200 tasks can be demonstrated. May have
sentences with limited vocabulary.
CASAS Listening: >200 limited knowledge or experience using
Meaning may be unclear. Writing
CASAS Writing: >200 computers.
shows very little control of basic
grammar, capitalization and
punctuation and has many spelling

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

Level 10 Individual expresses basic survival Individual can read simple material Individual can interpret simple directions,
needs and participates in some routine on familiar subjects and comprehend schedules, signs, maps, etc. Completes
Low Intermediate ESL social conversations, although with some simple and compound sentences in simple forms but needs support on some
difficulty. Understands simple learned single or linked paragraphs documents that are not simplified. Can
Pre-test Scores:
phrases easily and some new phrases containing a familiar vocabulary. handle routine entry level jobs that involve
CASAS Reading: 201-210
containing familiar vocabulary spoken Individual can write simple notes and some written or oral English
CASAS Listening: 201-210
slowly with repetition. Asks and messages on familiar situations, but communication but in which job tasks can
CASAS Writing: 201-225
responds to questions in familiar may lack variety in sentence be clarified orally or through
Completion Benchmarks: contexts. Has some control of basic structure, clarity and focus of writing. demonstration. Individual may be able to
CASAS Reading: >210 grammar. Shows some control of basic use simple computer programs and can
CASAS Listening: >210 grammar (e.g., present and past perform a sequence of routine tasks given
CASAS Writing: >225 tense) and spelling. Uses some directions (e.g., fax machine, computer).
punctuation consistently (e.g.,
periods, commas, question marks,
capitalization, etc..

Outcome Measures Definitions

Educational Functioning Level Descriptors—English-As-A-Second Language Levels
Literacy Level Speaking and Listening Basic Reading and Writing Functional and Workplace Skills

Level 11 Individual participates in conversation in Individual can read text on familiar Individual can meet basic survival and
familiar social situations. Communicates subjects that have a simple and clear social demands, and can follow some
High Intermediate ESL basic needs with some help and underlying structure (e.g., clear main simple oral and written instructions. Has
clarification. Understands learned idea, logical order). Can use word some ability to communicate on the
Pre-test Scores:
phrases and new phrases containing analysis skills and context clues to telephone on familiar subjects. Can
CASAS Reading: 211-220
familiar vocabulary. Attempts to use new determine meaning with texts on write messages and notes related to
CASAS Listening: 211-220
language but may be hesitant and rely on familiar subjects. Individual can write basic needs and complete basic medical
CASAS Writing: 226-242
descriptions and concrete terms. May simple paragraphs with main idea and forms and job applications. Can handle
have inconsistent control of more complex supporting details on familiar topics jobs that involve basic oral instructions
grammar. (e.g., daily activities, personal issues) and written communication in tasks that
Completion Benchmarks: by recombining learned vocabulary and can be clarified orally. Individual can
CASAS Reading: >220 structures. Can self- and peer-edit for work with or learn basic computer
CASAS Listening: >220 spelling, grammar, and punctuation software, such as word processing, and
CASAS Writing: >242 errors. can follow simple instructions for using

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual


Level 12 Individual can understand and Individual can read moderately complex Individual can function independently to
communicate in a variety of contexts text related to life roles and descriptions meet most survival needs and to use
Advanced ESL related to daily life and work. Can and narratives from authentic materials English in routine social and work
understand and participate in on familiar subjects. Uses context and situations. Can communicate on the
Pre-test Scores:
conversation on a variety of everyday word analysis skills to understand telephone on familiar subjects.
CASAS Reading: 221-235
subjects, including some unfamiliar vocabulary, and uses multiple strategies Understands radio and television on
CASAS Listening: 221-235
vocabulary, but may need repetition or to understand unfamiliar texts. Can familiar topics. Can interpret routine
CASAS Writing: 243-260
rewarding. Can clarify own or others’ make inferences, predictions, and charts, tables and graphs, and can
meaning by rewording. Can understand compare and contrast information in complete forms and handle work
the main points of simple discussions and familiar texts. Individual can write multi- demands that require non-technical oral
Completion Benchmarks: informational communication in familiar paragraph text (e.g., organizes and and written instructions and routine
CASAS Reading: >235 contests. Shows some ability to go develops ideas with clear introduction, interaction with the public. Individual
CASAS Listening: >235 beyond learned patterns and construct body, and conclusion), using some can use common software, learn new
CASAS Writing: >260 new sentences. Shows control of basic complex grammar and a variety of basic applications, and select the correct
grammar but has difficulty using more sentence structures. Makes some basic technology in familiar situations.
complex structures. Has some basic grammar and spelling errors. Uses a
fluency of speech. range of vocabulary.

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Kansas Adult Education Policy Manual

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