DATA PROCESSING DATA- is a raw material that is used as input to a data processing system.

The data goes through a series of planned activities processing to produce a desired result which is output. DATA PROCESSING- is the arrangement of data into a more understandable and useful form. It involves: collecting, processing, distributing and summarizing of facts and figures to achieve the desired results. DATA PROCESSING is therefore defined as the arranging of related data in an organized manner in order to provide useful INFORMATION. INFORMATION- is the result we get when the words, numbers, and symbols are organized so that they have meaning and usefulness. Characteristics of Information Information should be: 1. Timely 2. Accurate 3. Complete 4. Reliable 5. Concise

Basic Data Processing Cycle Steps in data processing cycle are: 1. Origin of Data 2. Input 3. Processing 4. Output

Step 1: Origin of Data- is the initial capture of raw data, facts or figure or some form of document whenever a transaction occurs.

sources are collected and converted into a form acceptable for processing that is recorded in the same form that the machine can read. Classifying. cards. Examples of source document: when you go to a store to buy a stereo on a charge account. 1.is the manipulating or processing of data which consist of the actual operations performed on the input. In business the data to be process originates in a variety of business papers sources. The data written on sales slip is the origin of data recorded on the source document which is the sale slip. the step may involve putting the information about the sale is a Sales Journal so that the store can get a total sale of figure for the month. tapes. 5. 3.is the process of identifying and grouping data that consist of the actual operations performed on the input. Sorting.consist of performing one or more arithmetic operations of data. the sales clerk fills out a sales slip work your name and address.is the presentation of data in a compressed and meaningful manner. c.related to the documentation of intermediate figures and facts resulting from calculation. telephone number. 2. 4. Step 2: INPUT. or checks. The data recorded for processing is called input. 3. Recording. Source documents refer to the business papers used to record data for the first time. b. Other source document may include invoices. the step will involve recording the data from the source document into card. e. 2.physical arrangement of data to chronological order. Calculating. Step 3: PROCESSING. . a.1. or diskettes so that it can be processed on electronic. 4. which is alphabetically and numerically. If the input is to be processed automatically by electronic equipment. d. The input of data from the source document is recorded is such form that it can be easily processed. If the input is to be processed automatically by electronic equipment. and the price. Origin means the beginning or start of something. time. Summarizing. description of the item you bought.

TYPES OF DATA PROCESSING 1. EXPANDED DATA PROCESSING CYCLE There are two more steps needed in order to complete the DATA PROCESSING CYCLE.processing of data with the use of electro-mechanical machines such as typewriter. The final step in the data processing cycle provides the output of the data. Electro-Mechanical Data Processing. 2. 2. 3. In this step. adding machines. Manual Data Processing.Step 4: OUTPUT.information provided by the output cycle are placed in storage for future use and can be used for further processing at a later date.this step refers to the distribution of the useful information.processing of data by means of the human labor. Electronic Data Processing. The output data is called the REPORT DOCUMENT. the information that has been processed is organized and arranged in a usable form. calculator. Majority of the work is done by man. DISTRIBUTION. 3. STORAGE. 1. The printed statement of account can be called an output because it contains information useful for the customer and the company well.is the presentation of data in a compressed and meaningful manner. . 2.processing of data with the use of the computer and require less human intervention. 1.

T. Fundamentals With Application By: .Report In I.

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