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IHS Automotive

Global
GlobalAlternative
Alternative
Propulsion
Propulsion (Sourcing
and Spec Modules)
Dictionary
Dictionary
For IHS Automotive Alternative
2012 ihs.com
Propulsion Database

August 2013 ihs.com

2014 © IHS
Created for Alastair.Hayfield@ihs.com
IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

uContacts: Automotive Analysts


London Office Shanghai Office Sao Paulo Office
133 Houndsditch, 1003&1004, Wheelock Square, No. 1717 Nanjing Av. Jose de Souza Campos,
London EC3A 7BX, United Kingdom West Road, Shanghai 20041, 243 – Sala 11 13025-320 Cambui,
PR China Campinas – SP, Brazil
Andrew Fulbrook Director
Global Powertrain Forecasting Fangqing (Peter) Huang Manager Fernao Carneiro Senior Manager
andrew.fulbrook@ihs.com Greater China Powertrain Forecasting South America Powertrain Forecasting
+44 (0) 203 159 3455 Tel fangqing.huang@ihs.com fernao.carneiro@ihs.com
+86 (21) 2230 2269 Tel +55 19 3295 8740 Tel
Chris Guile Manager
EMEA Powertrain Forecasting Liang (Tony) Wang Principal Analyst Victor Silva Senior Analyst
chris.guile@ihs.com Greater China Powertrain Forecasting South America Powertrain Forecasting
+44 (0 )208 544 7820 Tel liang.wang@ihs.com victor.silva@ihs.com
+86 (21) 2230 2270 Tel +55 19 3295 8740 Tel
Wajih Hossenally Analyst
EMEA Powertrain Forecasting Wei (Vivian) Wang Senior Analyst
wajih.hossenally@ihs.com Greater China Powertrain Forecasting India Office
+44 (0 )208 544 7854 Tel wei.wang@ihs.com 2nd Floor, Tower 1, SJR i-Park,
+86 (21) 2230 2281 Tel Mobius Plot No. 13,14
Opp. Sathya Sai Hospital, Whitefield, Bangalore,
Detroit Office Kamataka, India
21500 Haggerty Road Tokyo Office
Suite 300 Northville, MI 48167, United States Toranomon 40 MT building 7th floor Suraj Ghosh Senior Analyst
5-13-1 Toranomon Minato-Ku South Asia Powertrain Forecasting
Jeff Jowett Manager Tokyo 105-0001, Japan suraj.ghosh@ihs.com
‘Americas’ Powertrain Forecasting +91 80 6720 1216 Tel
jeff.jowet@ihs.com Atsushi Ishii Senior Manager
+1 (248) 465 2829 Tel Japan/Korea Powertrain Forecasting
atsushi.ishii@ihs.com Bangkok Office
David Petrovski Principal Analyst +81 (0) 3 4530 9809 Tel Suntown Building-B, 21st Floor, B2101,
North American Powertrain Forecasting 123 Vibhavadee-Rangsit Road
david.petrovski@ihs.com Toru Hatano Principal Analyst Jatujak, Bangkok 10900
+1 (248) 465 2828 Tel Japan/Korea Powertrain Forecasting Thailand
toru.hatano@ihs.com
Devin Lindsay Senior Analyst +81 (0) 3 4530 9808 Tel Kiraphat Chinrungkhakun Analyst
North American Powertrain Forecasting South Asia Powertrain Forecasting
devin.lindsay@ihs.com kiraphat.chinrungkhakun@ihs.com
+1 (248) 465 2811 Tel Frankfurt Office +66 2 632 8981 Tel
Bleichstrasse 1
Frankfurt am Main 60313, Germany
IT Support
Florian Eichinger Senior Analyst Wayne Goldstein Supervisor
EMEA Powertrain Forecasting Data Processing and Development
florian.eichinger@ihs.com wayne.goldstein@ihs.com
+49 89 895269 021 Tel +44 (0) 203 159 3485 Tel

Published by IHS Automotive. © 2013 IHS. Reproduction in whole or in part prohibited except by permission.

This version replaces all previous versions. All rights reserved. Information has been obtained by the IHS Automotive
Group from sources believed to be reliable. However, because of the possibility of human or mechanical error by our
sources, IHS Automotive’s Powertrain Review does not guarantee the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any
information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from the use of such information.
2014 © IHS
Created for Alastair.Hayfield@ihs.com
2 August 2013  © 2013 IHS
IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Contents
Contact Details 2

Dictionary User Guide 4

Field Availability 5

Detailed Definitions for Alternative Propulsion Forecasts 6

Appendix I: List of Countries & Regions 17

Appendix II: Detailed Hybrid & EV Definitions 18

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Dictionary User Guide

Field name as found in


the Powertrain database
Defintion of field.

Field Name: Aspiration


Definition: Indicates the level of aspiration.

Options available:

NA Naturally Aspirated
SC Supercharged
SCI Supercharged, Intercooled
TC Turbocharged
TCI Turbocharged, Intercooled
TCI+E-Boost Turbocharger Intercooled and Electric Boosting Device
TCI+SC Intercooled Turbocharger and Supercharger
VTCI Variable Geometry Turbocharged, Intercooled
2-Stage 2-Stage Diesel Turbocharging, Intercooled
2-TCI Bi-Turbo, Intercooled
2-VTCI Bi-Turbo, Variable Geometry Intercooled
None If Engine Model equals ‘None’

Options available (non-numeric)


and their explanations in
this specific field.

Note: It is possible to query our engine and transmission forecasts from dual perspectives, ‘Installation’ and ‘Production’. Please
note that when choosing ‘Installation’, you are requesting the forecast of engine/transmission fitment volume for the vehicle
production region that you have chosen. If you choose ‘Production’, you are requesting engine/transmission production volume
for the region you have chosen, regardless of vehicle production destination.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Field Availability
Forecast Field EU GC JK MEA NA SA SEA Page
Car/Truck X X X X X X X 6
Country X X X X X X X 6
Design Parent X X X X X X X 6
EOP X X X X X X X 6
Global Production
X X X X X X X 6
Segment
Manufacturer X X X X X X X 7
Light Vehicle Production Platform X X X X X X X 7
Forecast
Production Brand X X X X X X X 8
Production
X X X X X X X 8
Nameplate
Program X X X X X X X 8
Region X X X X X X X 8
SOP X X X X X X X 8
Vehicle X X X X X X X 8
Electrification X X X X X X X 9
Fuel Type X X X X X X X 9
Layout X X X X X X X 10
Light Vehicle Engine Model X X X X X X X 10
Forecast
Platform X X X X X X X 10
Propulsion System
X X X X X X X 11
Design
Region X X X X X X X 11
Design X X X X X X X 12
Drive Type X X X X X X X 12
Light Vehicle Forward Speeds X X X X X X X 12
Transmission Forecast Platform X X X X X X X 12
Region X X X X X X X 13
Sub Design X X X X X X X 13
Battery Capacity
X X X X X X X 14
(kWh)
Battery Supplier X X X X X X X 14
Battery Type X X X X X X X 14

DC/DC Converter
X X X X X X X 14
Supplier

Design Parent X X X X X X X 14
Inverter Supplier X X X X X X X 14
Manufacturer X X X X X X X 14
Motor Power HP X X X X X X X 14
Light Vehicle Alternative
Propulsion Forecast Motor Power kW X X X X X X X 14

Motor Supplier X X X X X X X 14

Motor Torque lb.ft X X X X X X X 14

Motor Torque N.m X X X X X X X 14

Plug-In (yes/no) X X X X X X X 15

System Sub-Design X X X X X X X 15

System Sub-Design
X X X X X X X 16
Architecture

System Voltage X X X X X X X 16

* Bold indicates part of Sourcing Module upgrade.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Detailed Definitions
Light Vehicle Production Forecast
Car/Truck
Vehicle sector (passenger car or light truck) based on United States’ EPA conventions; a single common standard applied globally,
irrespective of regional differences in vehicle classification.

Country
The specific country where the vehicle is assembled.

Design Parent
The company/OEM responsible for the original design of the vehicle platform.

Example:

Design Parent Platform Brand Nameplate


PSA X2 Citroen Jumper
PSA X2 Fiat Ducato
PSA X2 Peugeot Boxer
PSA X2 Ram E-Van

EOP
End of production date for the specified vehicle in yyyy-mm format.

Global Production Segment


Global segments designed to provide a consistent set of segment definition for each vehicle produced around the world based on
architecture, wheelbase, and an index of overall length (OAL) divided by wheelbase.

Options available:
Segment Architecture Examples Parameters
A-Segment Unibody/Spaceframe Maruti-Suzuki Alto, Wheelbase=less than 2300mm
Ford Ka, Chevrolet
Spark
Wheelbase=less than 2360mm

Wheelbase=2360mm-2450mm; IHS
Automotive Index 1.5 or
less

B-Segment Unibody/Spaceframe Volkswagen Polo, Wheelbase=2360-2450mm; IHS


Ford Fiesta, Automotive Index 1.51 or
Honda Fit more
Wheelbase = 2450-2480mm for any IHS Automotive
Index
Wheelbase=2482-2500mm; IHS
Automotive Index 1.69 or
less
C-Segment Unibody/Spaceframe Volkswagen Golf, Wheelbase=2480-2500mm; IHS
Chevrolet Cruze, Automotive Index 1.7 or
Mazda 3 more
Wheelbase=2501-2650mm for any IHS Automotive
Index

Wheelbase=2651-2699mm; IHS

2014 © IHS Automotive Index 1.7 or


Created for Alastair.Hayfield@ihs.com less
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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Global Production Segment cont.


Segment Architecture Examples Parameters
D-Segment Unibody/Spaceframe Hyundai Sonata, Peugeot 407, Honda Accord Wheelbase=2651-2699mm; IHS
Automotive Index 1.7 or
more
Wheelbase=2700-2775mm for any IHS Automotive
Index
Wheelbase=2776-2825mm; IHS
Automotive Index 1.69 or
less

E-Segment Unibody/Spaceframe BMW 7 Series, Lexus LS, Mercedes E-Class Wheelbase=2776-2825mm; IHS
Automotive Index 1.7 or more

Wheelbase=2825mm or more

Mini Full-Frame Suzuki Escudo, Jeep Wrangler Wheelbase=2400mm or less

Compact Full-Frame Mitsubishi Triton, Wheelbase=2401-2900mm


Toyota Hilux, Chevrolet Blazer

Full-Size Full-Frame Chevrolet Silverado, Wheelbase=2901mm or more


Chrysler Ram

Manufacturer
Company responsible for production of a vehicle.

Example:

Sales Brand Sales Nameplate Manufacturer Platform/Program


Mercedes-Benz ML-Class Daimler W163/W162
Mercedes-Benz ML-Class Magna-Steyr W163/W163

Platform
Grouping of current-generation programs and their replacements where the replacements are a major redesign; an all-new, ground-up
redesign would require a new Platform designation.

Example:

Sales Brand Sales Nameplate SOS EOS Platform Program


Volkswagen Golf 1995-01 2008-08 PQ33 VW330
Volkswagen Golf 1997-01 2014-09 PQ34 VW340
Volkswagen Golf 2003-09 2011-02 PQ35 VW350
Volkswagen Golf 2007-01 2010-03 PQ35 VW352
Volkswagen Golf 2008-07 2020-06 PQ35 VW360
Volkswagen Golf 2009-10 2014-12 PQ35 VW362
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Production Brand
Brands name under which a vehicle is built in a specific plant; the Production Brand does not necessarily need to be equivalent to the
sales brand; sometimes, re-badging happens after a vehicle has left the plant.

Example:

Production Brand Nameplate Platform Program Plant


Dacia Logan B0 L90 Pitesti-Colibasi
Renault Logan B0 L90 AutoFramos

Production Nameplate
Name under which the vehicle is built in a specific plant; the Production Nameplate does not necessarily need to be identical to the
sales nameplate.

Options available:

Production Nameplate Sales Region Sales Nameplate


Vitz Europe Yaris
Vitz Japan/Korea Vitz

Program
Code used by OEMs to identify a vehicle throughout its design life cycle.

Example:
Notes: Numbers in parentheses
Production Brand Production Nameplate Program indicates the next generation
Hyundai Veloster FS where the official code has not yet
Hyundai Veloster FS(2) been obtained; Example: FS (3)
Hyundai Veloster FS(3)

Region
The region where final production occurs.

Options available:

Region Market
Europe Central Europe, East Europe, West Europe
Greater China China, Taiwan
Japan/Korea Japan, South Korea
Middle East/Africa Africa, Middle East, Rest of World
North America NAFTA
South America Andean, Central America, Mercosul
South Asia ASEAN, Indian Subcontinent, Oceania

SOP
Start of production date for the specified vehicle in yyyy-mm format.

Vehicle
Unique combination of Design Parent, Brand, Nameplate, Program Code, and GVW Class; for example, General Motors:
Chevrolet:Malibu:GMX351 [0-3.5 PC].

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Light Vehicle Engine Forecast

Electrification
Indicates if the propulsion system design features any grade of electrification.

Options available:

Engine Propulsion System Design Electrification


ICE No
ICE: Stop/Start Yes
Hybrid-Mild Yes
Hybrid-Full Yes
Electric Yes
Fuel Cell Yes

Fuel Type
Indicates the type of fuel consumed by the primary power source.

Options available:

CNG Compressed Natural Gas (monovalent)


DIESEL Diesel
DIESEL-CNG Diesel and CNG Bi-Fuel
E100 Ethanol (monovalent)
Electricity Electricity
GAS Regular Gasoline
GAS-E85 Flex Fuel (85% Ethanol)
GAS-E100 Flex Fuel (100% Ethanol)
GAS-CNG Bi-Fuel (Gasoline and CNG)
GAS-CNG-E100 Tri-Fuel (Gasoline, CNG, E100)
GAS-LPG Bi-Fuel (Gasoline and LPG)
Hydrogen Hydrogen
LPG Liquid Propane Gas (monovalent)

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Layout
Indicates propulsion unit location and drive orientation.

Options available:

FF-T Front Mounted, Front Drive, Transverse


FR-L Front Mounted, Rear Drive, Longitudinal
FF-L Front Mounted, Front Drive, Longitudinal
RR-T Rear Mounted, Rear Drive, Transverse
RR-L Rear Mounted, Rear Drive, Longitudinal
MR-T Mid-Mounted, Rear Drive, Transverse
MR-L Mid-Mounted, Rear Drive, Longitudinal
WF Wheel End Motor, Front Drive
WR Wheel End Motor, Rear Drive
W4 Wheel End Motor, Four Wheel Drive

Model
Concatenated field highlighting displacement, total valves, camshaft configuration, block configuration, and number of cylinders,
e.g. 2.0L 16v DOHC L4.

Platform
Indicates a grouping of engines to form a common platform. Using official OEM derived groupings when known. Alternatively
and where applicable, additional considerations include: bore distance, bank angle, and/or bore/stroke dimensions, and/or estim-
ations of significant parts commonality.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Propulsion System Design


Indicates source of propulsion and level of electrification.

Options available:

ICE: Stop/Start Internal Combustion Engine with Stop/Start capability


Hybrid, Full Internal Combustion Engine with Full Hybrid capability
Hybrid, Mild Internal Combustion Engine with Mild Hybrid capability
Electric Pure Battery Electric Vehicle where Propulsion System Sub-Design equals ‘EV’ or ‘Series’
Fuel Cell Fuel Cell Vehicle

Function (Power Source)


System Design
Engine Idling Stop Engine & Motor Motor
ICE: Stop/Start Applicable Applicable N/A N/A
Hybrid-Mild Applicable Applicable Applicable N/A
Hybrid-Full Applicable Applicable Applicable Applicable
Electric N/A N/A N/A Applicable

Region
Indicates the region where final assembly occurs.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Light Vehicle Transmission Forecast

Design
Identifies the core design of transmission.

Options available:

Automatic Regular Stepped Automatic Transmission


Manual Manual Transmission
DCT Dual Clutch Transmission
AMT Single Clutch Automated Manual Transmission
CVT Continuously Variable Transmission
IVT Infinitely Variable Transmission
Reduction Electric Vehicle Transmission
EVT Electrically Variable Transmission

Drive Type
Identifies if a given vehicle-engine-transmission combination features a single drive type configuration or an optional combination.
This datapoint is aggregated, not split.

Options available:

FWD Dedicated Front-Wheel-Drive design


RWD Dedicated Rear-Wheel-Drive design
FWD/AWD Front Wheel Drive with all wheel drive option
RWD/4WD Rear Wheel Drive with four wheel drive option
4WD Dedicated 4WD design (4 driven wheels based on original RWD architecture
AWD Dedicated AWD design (4 driven wheels based on original FWD architecture

Forward Speeds
Indicates the number of forward speeds per transmission.

Platform
Indicates a grouping of transmissions to form a common platform. Using official OEM derived groupings when known. Alternatively
and where applicable, additional considerations include: bell housing dimensions, gear-set commonality and/or estimations of
significant parts of commonality.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Region
Indicates the region where final assembly occurs.

Sub-Design
Identifies further critical design features.

Options available:

Clutch Torque transmission method design if EVT


Wet Clutch Clutch type if design is DCT
Dry Clutch Clutch type if design is DCT
Belt Torque transmission method if design is CVT
Chain Torque transmission method if design is CVT
Planetary Gears Torque transmission method if design is EVT
N/A Not Applicable if design is AMT, Automatic, Manual, IVT, Reduction

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Light Vehicle Alternative Propulsion Forecast

Battery Capacity
Indicates known or expected maximum energy capacity of the traction battery module (not for stop/start systems), expressed in
kilowatt hour (kWh).

Battery Supplier
The company supplying the traction battery module (not for stop/start systems).

Battery Type
Identifies the traction battery module chemistry.

Options available:

Iron Nickel-Iron
Lead Acid Conventional low voltage battery (encompassing Gel, Flooded Cell and AGM)
Li-Ion Lithium-Ion
Li-M-Polymer Lithium-Metal Polymer
NiCd Nickel-Cadmium
NiMH Nickel-Metal Hydride

DC/DC Converter Supplier


Indicates the Tier I supplier of the DC-DC converter.

Design Parent
Indicates the group (company name) responsible for the original design of the Alternative Propulsion System.

Inverter Supplier
Indicates the Tier I supplier of the inverter.

Manufacturer
The company responsible for assembling the alternative propulsion system. Company can be defined as either the vehicle
assembler or module system assembler. Modules can be defined as various collections of componentry.

Motor Power
Indicates the rating of the most powerful motor expressed in kilowatt (kW) and horsepower (hp).

Motor Supplier
Indicates the Tier I supplier of the electric motor.

Motor Torque
Indicates the rating of the highest torque motor expressed in Newton Meter (N.m) and foot pounds (lb.ft).

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Plug-In (Yes/No)
Indicates if the vehicle’s non-auxiliary battery can be charged externally through a residential or commercial power outlet.

System Sub-Design
Indicates detailed format of electrification platform.

Options available:

Parallel Motive force is a result of parallel coupling between engine output and external power assistance.
Parallel Plug-In Motive force is a result of parallel coupling between engine output and external power assistance,
with Plug-In capability.
Parallel-Series Motive force can be a result of parallel or series power flow.
Parallel-Series Plug-In Motive force can be a result of parallel or series power flow, with plug-in capability.
EV Motive force through the provision of electric motor only.
Series Engine is mechanically isolated from the drivetrain. Motive force from electric motor only.

Fuction (Power Source)


System Design System Subdesign Engine=
Engine & Motor Plug-In
Motor Just
‘Generator’
ICE None - - - -
ICE: Stop/Start N/A - - - -
Hybrid-Mild Parallel Applicable N/A N/A N/A
Parallel Applicable Applicable N/A N/A
Parallel Plug-In Applicable Applicable N/A Applicable
Hybrid-Full
Parallel-Series Applicable Applicable Applicable N/A
Parallel-Series Plug-In Applicable Applicable Applicable Applicable
Electric EV N/A Applicable N/A Applicable
Series N/A Applicable Applicable Applicable

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

System Sub-Design Architecture


Indicates detailed-format of electrification platform. Detailed schematics can be located in section A2.

Options available:

Crank Power flow via crankshaft


Combustion Power flow via ignition/fuel injection
Belt Power flow via drive belt
Flywheel Power flow via flywheel
Axle Power flow via an axle
2-Axle Power flow via an axle , with two electric motors
Coaxial - Ouput Powerflow via transmission output shaft
Coaxial - Input Powerflow via transmission input shaft
Power Split Power flow combination via power split device
Direct Power flow via fixed reduction gearset
Direct & Axle Power flow via fixed reduction gearset and one drive axle
Hub Motor Power flow via direct hub mounted motor
Conventional Motor Power flow via vehicle based motor (often a single motor only)
Range Extender Power flow via vehicle based motor, using ICE as power generator for on-board battery

System Design System Sub-Design System Sub-Design Architecture


ICE None None
Combustion
ICE: Stop/Start N/A Crank
Belt
Flywheel
Hybrid-Mild
Parallel Belt
Coaxial - Input
Flywheel
Axle
Parallel Coaxial-Output
Coaxial-Input
Flywheel+ (2) Axle
Flywheel
Axle
Parallel- Plug-In Coaxial-Output
Hybrid-Full
Coaxial-Input
Flywheel+ (2) Axle
Power Split
Parallel-Series Direct
Direct+Axle
Power Split
Paralell- Series Plug-In Direct
Direct+Axle
Conventional Motor
EV
Electric Hub Motor
Series Range Extender

System Voltage
Total voltage applied to the electric motor(s).

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

A1: Countries & Regions

Alternative Propulsion
Country AutoInsight Database Region
Dictionary Region
Austria Hungary Serbia
Belarus Italy Spain
Belgium Kazakhstan Slovakia
Bosnia-
Netherlands Slovenia
Herzegovina
EU Europe
Bulgaria Norway Sweden
Czech Republic Poland Turkey
Finland Portugal United Kingdom
France Romania Ukraine
Germany Russia Uzbekistan
GC China Taiwan Greater China
JK Japan South Korea Japan/Korea
MEA Egypt Iran Morocco South Africa Middle East/Africa
NA Canada Mexico United States North America
Argentina Colombia Venezuela
SA Brazil Ecuador South America
Chile Uruguay
Australia Malaysia Thailand
SEA India Pakistan Vietnam Southeast Asia
Indonesia Philippines

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

A2: Hybrid Definitions and EV Definitions

Propulsion Design Definition


ICE Not a Hybrid or Electric vehicle.

A Fuel Cell or Battery Electric Vehicle (EV) utilises one or more electric motors for propulsion. In another case, the engine drives a
Fuel Cell or Electric
generator, and an electric motor uses this generated electricity to drive the wheels such as Toyota Coaster series hybrid.

Shuts the engine off when it would otherwise idle and restarts it instantly on demand, such as at traffic lights or stop and go driving.
ICE: Stop/Start
Sometimes called an integrated starter-alternator system. This system is not capable of providing any driveline torque.

Can use electric motor and combustion engine to provide power to the wheels. As a result, the ability of an electric motor to help
share the load with the engine is the technology step that, in addition to the start-stop and regenerative braking features, qualifies a
Hybrid, Mild vehicle as a mild hybrid. A vehicle meets this classification only if it has a large enough motor and battery pack such that the motor
can actually supplement the engine to help accelerate the vehicle while driving. Examples of vehicles containing these features are the
Insight and Civic hybrids from Honda.

Allows the vehicle to drive using only the electric motor and battery pack such as the Toyota Prius and Ford Escape Hybrid. Typically,
Hybrid, Full
at low speeds and at launch, the electric motor and battery powers the car and at high speeds the combustion engine takes over.

ICE (Stop/Start)

Crank Combustion Belt

Combustion
C
Flywheel Flywheel

ICE ICE ICE

M M
M Battery

Belt
Battery Battery

Motor turns the flywheel ICE re-started by Alternator turns the


to restart ICE combustion crankshaft via belt to
re-start ICE

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Hybrid-Mild (Parallel)

Coaxial - Input
Flywheel Belt
Flywheel Belt
Battery

Engine
Engine T/M

M/G
Engine T/M
Engine M/G T/M Engine M/G T/M
M/G Battery M/G Battery
Battery Battery
Belt Belt
T/M

Motor is located Motor supplies the Motor supplies the


between Engine and power to the crankshaft power to the input shaft
Transmission via belt of transmission.

Hybrid-Full (Parallel/Parallel Plug-In)

Flywheel Axle Coaxial F

Battery
Battery Battery
Battery
M/G
Engine

Engine
Engine

Engine
M/G

M/G
T/M

T/M
M/G

(Front) (Rear)
Motor is located Only the engine turns the
between Engine and front shaft. Only the motor
Transmission turns the rear shaft

Flywheel Coaxial
Axle- Input Coaxial - Output
Coaxial Flywheel-(2) Axle

Battery Battery
Battery Battery
Battery
M/G
Engine

M/G

Engine
Engine

Engine
M/G

M/G

M/G
T/M

T/M
T/M

M/G

(Front) (Rear) (Front) (Rear)


T/M

Motor supplies the Motor supplies the power Front section has “Flywheel” architecture,
power to the input shaft to the output shaft of the while rear motor(s) provide drive in parallel.
of transmission. transmission If there are 2 rear motors, architecture is
defined as “Flywheel” + “2 Axle”
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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Hybrid-Full (Parallel-Series/Parallel-Series Plug-In)

Power Split Direct

M/G
Clutch M/G-1

Engine

M/G Battery M/G-2 Engine


Engine

Power Split Device Battery

There is a Power Split (Distribution) Device to Normally, the car is propelled by a motor, and the engine
combine the Engine Power and Motor Power. works as generator.(Propelled by M/G-1, Clutch=Off)
One motor (generator) works to control the In specific case, the car is propelled by the engine with a
power mixture. fixed reduction gear, or engine + motor.(Clutch=On)

Electric-(EV)

Conventional Motor Hub Motor

Battery
M/G

Battery
M/G

M/G

The Motor is located in the vehicle. The Motor is located inside the wheel hub.
Usually, there is only one motor. Therefore, the Hub Motor system has two motors.

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IHS Automotive | Global Alternative Propulsion (Sourcing and Spec Modules) Dictionary

Range Extender Electric- (Series)

Range Extender

Battery

Engine
M/G

Power flow via a vehicle based


motor, using the ICE only as a power
generator for the on-board battery
motors.

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Created for Alastair.Hayfield@ihs.com
© 2013 IHS August 2013 21