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Importance of Safety

Engineering

Slide 1
Objectives

list the leading causes of accidents in construction


sites

recognize the present safety and health situations in


the construction industry

articulate the importance of safety and health in the


construction industry

Slide 2
Global OSH Situationer

International Labour Organization Report

 270 Million accidents reported

 350,000 of which are fatal

 160 Million work-related illnesses / diseases


reported

Slide 3
Global OSH Situationer

 2,000,000 workers DIE every year

 More than 100,000 work fatalities occur every


month

 more than 5,000 everyday

 4 every minute

 Each year, 22,000 children are killed by work


accidents!
Slide 4
Construction Industry

At least 60,000 fatalities occur at


construction sites, around the world, every
year

1 fatal accident occurs every 10 minutes

Around 17% of all fatalities at work (1 in


every 6) are construction fatalities

Slide 5
With a highly mobile population of workers
and different contractors working on
dangerous construction sites at the same
time, CONSTRUCTION continues to be a
major cause of death and disabilities.

Slide 6
OSHC Study (1998)

Factors That Contribute


to the Occurrence of Accidents
in the Construction Industry

Slide 7
Leading Causes of Accidents

Slide 8
Severity of Injury

Slide 9
Type of Trade

Slide 10
Month of Occurrence

Slide 11
Time of Accident

Slide 12
Why the need for SAFETY?

Family
Regulatory Agencies
Employee Health

SAFETY

Accident Costs
Production
Corporate
Image Quality

Slide 13
I
C
Direct Costs
E
B
E
R
G

T
H
E
O
R Indirect Costs
Slide 14 Y
Direct Cost of Accidents

 Medical Expenses
 Equipment Damage
 Wasted Raw Materials
 Insurance Premiums
 Litigation Expenses

Slide 15
Indirect Cost of Accidents
1 Injured Workers
 Lesser productivity due to interruption on day of
injury
 Loss in efficiency
 Loss of income
2 Other Employees
 loss productivity due to:
 work stoppage out of curiosity
 when assisting injured worker
 due to inspection
 Loss in efficiency out of sympathy to the injured
 Additional cost due to completion of added work
Slide 16
Indirect Cost of Accidents
3. Supervisors
 lost productivity :
 when assisting the injured
 due to accident investigation
 in preparing reports
 during inspection
4. Replacement worker
 hiring or training
5. Equipment
 downtime
Slide 17
Humane Aspects

Sorrow due to loss

Hardships and inconveniences

Physical pain/discomfort

Psychological problems

Slide 18
Mathematics of Accidents

+ ADDS to your trouble

- SUBTRACTS from your profits

X MULTIPLIES your losses

∕ DIVIDES worker from manager

% DISCOUNTS your successes

Slide 19