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ENGLISH

Name:__________________________________2º_____
Teacher: Alessandra Lescano
School: E.E. Sidrônio Antunes de Andrade

Sidrolândia/MS
2009

VERB TO HAVE (PRESENT FORM)

o verbo TO HAVE signifIca ter, possuir;

I have
You have
He has
She has
lt has
We have
You have
They have

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

My - Meu (s), minha (s)


Your - teu, tua
His - dele, seu
Her - dela, sua
Its - dele, dela (neutro)
Our - nosso (s), nossa (s)
Your - vosso, vossa

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Their - deles, delas, seus, suas

 O adjetivo possessivo sempre vem antes do substantivo a que se refere.


 Os possessive adjectives concordam com o possuidor, não com o objeto possuído:
Ex: I love my father and my mother.

Possuidor

They love their father and their mother.

POSSESSIVE CASE ou GENITIVE CASE

Possessive Case ou Genitive Case é usado pela língua inglesa para estabelecer a relação de posse
entre o possuidor e a coisa possuída.

Ex: Casa de Tom - Tom's house Casa de meu avô - My grandfather's house.

O caso genitivo é indicado por ['sJ ou ['] que se acrescentam ao substantivo: ['s]: é usado quando
o substantivo não terminar em s. Ex: Tom's.
[']: é usado quando o substantivo terminar em s. Ex: Charles'.

 Obs. O Caso Genitivo é geralmente usado para pessoas ou animais

PLURAL OF NOUNS

Regra Geral
O plural em inglês é formado acrescentando-se -S no substantivo.
Chair - chairs girl - girls car - cars

Particularidades:
1) Substantivos terminados em s, sh, ch, x, z e o recebem -es para formar o plural.
Kiss - kisses peach - peaches topaz - topazes
Brush - brushes fox - foxes potato - potatoes

2) Substantivos terminados em y precedido de consoantes fazem o plural com a substituição do y por i


e o acréscimo de -es
baby - babies lady - ladies city - cities

3) Substantivos terminados em y precedido de vogais fazem o plural acrescentando ao Y a letra -s.


play - plays day - days

4) Substantivos terminados em f ou fé - f ou fé+v+es.


Wife - wives calf - calves

5) Alguns substantivos fazem o plural de forma irregular:


man - men tooth - teeth child - children mouse - mice

A 3a pessoa do singular do verbo have é has. (Não esquecer)

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

 Empregamos o SImple Present Tense para descrever uma ação habitual que ocorre
freqüentemente

ATENÇÃO:

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FORMA AFIRMATIVA

 Nas 3ª pessoas do singular (HE, SHE, IT) nas formas afirmativas os verbos recebem es, ies,
ou s. Conforme a terminação:

SS Consoante + Y = IES
CH Ex: to study: studies
SH
X + ES Vogal: + Y = S
Z Ex: to play: plays
O

Ex: to go: goes

FORMA NEGATIVA

 Usa-se o auxiliar DO ou DOES + NOT


I do not ou don’t
You

He
She does not ou doesn’t
It + verbo no infinitivo sem “to”
Ex: I don’t go to the school every day
We She doesn’t go to the school every day
You do not ou don’t
They

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

 Usa-se o auxiliar DO ou DOES

I
DO
You

He
DOES She + verbo no infinitivo sem “TO”
It Ex: Do you go to school every day?
Does she go to school every day?
We
DO You
They

PAST TENSE

 O passado simples dos verbos regulares é formado acrescentando-se ed ao final do verbo.

Ex: to protect: protected


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 Os verbos irregulares não seguem nenhuma regra, isto é, cada um tem uma forma própria de
passado.
Ex: to go: went

ATENÇÃO:

FORMA AFIRMATIVA

 Os verbos terminados em Y precedido de consoante troca-se o Y por IED.


Ex: to study: studied carry: carried

 Com verbos terminados em consoante-vogal-consoante, dobra-se a última letra e acrescenta-se


ed.
Ex: to stop: stopped prefer: preferred

FORMA NEGATIVA

 Usa-se o auxiliar DID + NOT.

I
You
He
She DID NOT
It ou + verbo no infinitivo sem “to”
We DIDN’T Ex: I didn’t go to the school every day
You She didn’t go to the school every day
They

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Usa-se o auxiliar DID

I
You
He
DID She + verbo no infinitivo sem “to”
It Ex: Did you go to school every day?
We Did she go to school every day?
You
They

 verbo volta para a forma infinitiva

FUTURE TENSE

 O futuro simples expressa ações completas no futuro.


 O futuro simples é formado pelo verbo auxiliar WILL (para todas as pessoas) e pelo verbo
principal no infinitivo sem to
5
 A negativa do futuro simples é feita acrescentando-se not (WILL NOT ou WON’T)

Afirmativa: John will work in an automobile company next year.


Negativa: John won’t work in an automobile company next year.
Interrogativa: Will John work in an automobile company next year?

CONDITIONAL TENSE

Formação: WOULD + verbo no infinitivo sem “to”.

I
You
He
She
It would + verbo sem o to
We
You
They

Afirmativa: I would like to be rich.


Negativa: I would not like to be rich
Interrogativa: Would I like to be rich?

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

Subject Object
Pronouns Pronouns
Eu –I Me
Tu – You You
Ele - He Him
Ela – She Her
Neutro – It It
Nós – We Us
Vós- You You
Eles, Elas - Them
They

Observe o exemplo: Mary loves John


Mary loves him

DEGREE OF ADJECTIVES (Grau dos Adjetivos)

Afirmativo: as...as...
Igualdade Negativo: not so...as ou not as...as
Comparativo

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Inferioridade less...than
Superioridade more...than (no caso de adjetivos com mais de duas sílabas)

Inferioridade: the least...


Superlativo
Superioridade: the most...( no caso de adjetivos com mais de duas sílabas)

INDEFINIDOS (Some e Any)

Some (alguns, algumas): é usado em frases afirmativas.


Ex: There are some books here.

Any (alguns, algumas) é usado em frases interrogativas e negativas


Ex: There aren’t any books here.
Are there any books here?

QUANTIFIERS

Much: (muito, muita) e Little: (pouco, pouca) – São usados para coisas INCONTÁVEIS

Ex: much money little love

Many: (muito, muita) e Few: (pouco, pouca) – São usados para coisas CONTÁVEIS

Ex: Many friends Few doctors

QUESTION TAG

TAG: é uma pergunta curta e rápida no final de uma frase para se pedir uma confirmação do que se
disse antes.

He is a singer, isn’t he? (Ele é um cantor, não é?)


1ª parte afirmativa final negativo

He isn’t a singer, is he? (Ele não é cantor, é?)


1ª parte negativa final afirmativo

PREPOSITIONS

In: dentro
On: sobre
Out: fora
Under: embaixo de
in front of: em frente de
behind: atrás de
7
around: ao redor de
between: entre (dois)

8
EXERCISES

A) Complete as sentenças com HAVE ou HAS:


1. Some birds_______________two colors or more.
2. A soccer team _______________eleven players.
3. Jane's grandparents______________nine grandchildren.
4. The clown _________________a colorful coat.
5. Zebras _________________black and white stripes.
6._________________Bolivia two capital: La paz and Sucre.
7.___________________Elephants tusks.
8. This book________________nine units.
9. I ___________a surprise for you!
10.________________________________The English alphabet twenty-six letters.
11.____________I two brothers and one sister.
12.____________________My dog a brown collar.
13._______________________He and she English classes today.
14._________________Evelyn a pink teddy bear.
15._________________We many friends.
16.____________________Leonard a large collection of magazines.
17.___________________Moths nights habits.
18._____________________A butter:f1y day habits.
19.______________________Students a large number of obligations.
20. The rainbow seven basic colors.

B) Complete com Possessive Adjectives (possessivo adjetivo), conforme o modelo:


1. Susan: her
2._the boys: ________
3.____________Vou: _
4. She: ------
5. the car: -------
6. the books: ------
7. I: ------
8.___________we: _
9._______________David: _
10. Tom and I: _____________

C) Supply the Possessive Adjective:


1.________________________I am doing exercises now.
2._________________________Are you studying English lesson?
3.______________________.Mike is at home. house is very comfortable.
4._____________________________.We're studying history. lessons aren't difficult.
5._________________________.The children are talking to parents at this moment.
6. Ted and I are taking girlfriends to the movies now.
7._______________The dog is in house.
8. Mr. Johnson isn’t in _________house now.
9. Alfred is Brazilian. __________father is Canadian.
10._________________________________You and I were studying lesson this morning.
11.___________________________She is wearing new dress today.
12.______________________________John is at home with girlfriend.
13.___________________________I am looking for glasses.
14.___________________________Sally and Betty are talking with friends.

D) Complete the sentences:


Example: (Jacklbook) Jack's book is interesting.

1.____________________________________________(The boyslbicycle) is in the garage.


2._____________________________________(Sally/dress)
______________________________________is long
3._______________________________________(The man/shirts). are in the closet.
4.____________________________________(The dog/house)
__________________________________is in the garden.
5.___________________________________(The women/hats)
__________________________________are expenslve.
6 (My parents/house) __________________is comfortable.
7.______________________________________(Chopin/Music) is beautiful.
8._____________________________________(The ladies/dresses) are on the fIoor.
9.______________________________________(The children/toys) are in the bedroom.
10. (Dr. Brown/secretary). _______________is Chinese.

E) Passe para o plural:


1.__________________Box: _ 13.______________________gentleman:
2.______________basis: _ 14. lady:
3.__________________hero: _ ______________
4.__________________campus: _ 15.______________________potato:
5.__________________woman: _ 16.________________glass:
6.__________________echo: _ 17._____________________watch:
7._______________story: _ 18.________________half:
8.___________________negro: _ 19.________________footh:
9._______________dish: _ 20._________________wife: _
10.____________figure: _ _ 21.________________child: _
11.___________mouse: __ _ 22.______________________cherry: _
12. church: ------- 23.________________fIash:
24.________________radio:
F) Escreva as seguintes frases no plural:
1. That is a car.
____________________________________________________________________
2. She is an English woman.
____________________________________________________________________
3. That child is with the lady.
____________________________________________________________________
4. It is a goose.
____________________________________________________________________
5. The knife is on the shell.
____________________________________________________________________
6. The fish is in the aquarium.
____________________________________________________________________

G) Complete the sentences with the Simple Present of the verb in brackets:
1 :Dogs ________________(bark)
2.I usually________________(take) a bus to school.
3. He_______________(work) near his house.
4. Jessica _____________________(try) to study hard.
5. You often ________________(go) dancing on weekends.
6. Sarah ____________________(kiss) her mother when she arrives
home.
7. We _____________________(love) horror movies.
8. John _____________________(study) in the school.
9. The film _____________________(start) at 8:00 pm.
10.He ____________________(live) in Sidrolândia.
11. Tom _____________________(work) in a Shopping Center.
12. I _______________________(consider) this point very significant.
13. She_______________(washes) her clothes on Mondays
14. Joe___________________________(relax) after lunch.
15. Paul__________________(study) Spanish.
16. He_____________________(play) the guitar very well.
17. They always_____________________(protest) against corruption
18. They__________________(live) on little money
19. Henry_______________________(do) his homework in the afternoon
20. We_____________________________(buy) our clothes in Shopping Center.

H) Complete the questions with DO or DOES:

1. _______________he watch TV on Sundays?


2.________________they usually eat pizza?
3 ________________you go to school by ear?
4.________________Marco go to the gym everyday?
5. ________________Lisa study English?

I) Put the sentences into the negative and interrogative - Simple Present:

1. He studies at home every day.


___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. I develop my creativity.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. The teacher explains every new word.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Sarah teaches English.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. He goes to school in the morning.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Henry does his homework in the afternoon.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. I love my brothers.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Brazilians speak Portuguese.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. She works near his house.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. They walk to the park every day.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

J) Write the following verbs in past tense form:


1. to mop: 11. to sing:
2. to dry 12. to wait:
3. to set: 13. to cry:
4. to ring: 14. to work:
5. to tie: 15.to be:
6. to post: 16. to run:
7. to study 17. to drive:
8. to omit 18. to do:
9. to dance: 19. to love: :
10. to write 20. to eat: :
K) Put the sentences into the negative and interrogative – Simple Past:
1. He invented fire.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. We arrived at o’clock yesterday.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. John had a rebellious trait in his personality.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Richard and Lisa went to the theatre.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. We tried to understand you.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. I become nervous during the ceremony.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. The dragon symbolized strength and goodness.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Frank remembered to send the letter.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Bob saw that film the day before yesterday.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

10. The student did his homework before lunch.


___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

L) Complete com os verbos regulares ou irregulares:

Infinitive Simple Past


Past Participle

To need ___________ __________


To clean ___________ __________
To work ___________ __________
To do ____________ ___________
To be _____________ ___________
To go ____________ ___________
To speak _____________ ___________
To give _____________ ___________
________ ____________ written
________ began ____________
To bring ____________ ______________
________ ____________ taken
To know ____________ _____________
To pay ____________ _____________
________ read ______________
_________ left ____________
To think ____________ ____________
_________ broke ______________
To eat ____________ ______________
To become _____________ ______________
To punish _____________ ___________
To cry _____________ ___________
To feel _____________ ___________
_____________ had __________________
________________ drove ___________________
To drink _____________ ___________
_____________ ________________ seen
To stop _____________ ___________

M) Supply the future tense of the verbs in parentheses:


1. Pollution_________________________(increase) a lot next year.
2. Not many people________________(travel) by car in the future.
3. The new project_________________(begin) before December.
4. He___________________________(change) the hydraulic system.
5. Light cars___________________(save) fuel.
6. We_______________________(drive) the new model next week.
7. Mr. Murray______________________(represent) our company during the car show.
8. Jack_________________________(solve) the problem in the electric system.
9. You_________________________(get) strong muscles if you practice sports.
10. All of us______________________(study) hard from now on.
N) Put the sentences into the negative and interrogative – Simple Future:
1. You will remember to bring me the car.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. He will love her forever.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. The Jetsons will send you a letter from México.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. They will open some fashion shops next month.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Frank will study to be a doctor.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

O) Complete with the Simple Conditional:


1. We_____________________________(open) up a new circle of friends if we could.
2. they___________________________(improve) their English In London.
3. I______________________________(do) him a favour.
4. Bob and I_______________________(go) to Greece if we had money.
5. She____________________________(like) to be rich.
6. We_______________________(drive) the new model next week.
7. Mr. Murray______________________(represent) our company during the car show.
8. Jack_________________________(solve) the problem in the electric system.
P) Put the sentences into the negative and interrogative – Simple Conditional:
1. Henry would worry about his career.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. She would love to be your partner.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. This car would last in his hands.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. They would improve their English in London.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. I______________________________(do) him a favour.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Q) Choose the alternative (Object Case):


1. We live near (she, her)____________
2. Ozone protects (we, us)___________
3. She likes to walk with (I, me)___________
4. I seldom speak to (her, him)____________
5.Oxygen exposes (us, we) to radiation____________
6. Look at (her, she)_____________
7. She is talking to (they, them)_____________
8. Don’t leave (I, me) alone______________

R) Supply the comparative of equality.


Ex: My method is as practical as (practical) yours.

1. Alice’s class isn’t_________________________(rebellious) Jame’s.


2. The President’s room is___________________________(comfortable) the ministers.
3. My car is__________________________(ecomomical) yours.
4. Women can be________________________(efficient) men.

S) Supply the comparative inferiority:


Ex: Janet is less popular than (popular) Mary in school.

1. My sister is____________________________(curious) my brother.


2. A bicycles is___________________________(expensive) a car.
3. Anna is______________________________(beautiful) her cousin.
4. My car is______________________________(economical) Jonh’s car.

T) Supply the superlative of inferiority:


Ex: Harold is the least intelligent (intelligent) boy in class.
1. This book is___________________________(interesting) I have read.
2. These are___________________________(durable) pants I have had.
3. That is______________________________(expensive) restaurant in town.
4. Anna is____________________________(popular) girl in the school.

U) Complete the sentences and questions with some or any:

1. Give me__________coffe.
2. There aren’t_________good beaches here.
3. I brought you___________flowers.
4. Do you have____________good ideas?
5.There aren’t_______________books to read.
6. He told us________________stories.
7. Are There________________good movies showing?
8. I didn’t buy_______________fruit.
9. There are__________________museums here.
10. Did you invite______________girls to the party.

V) Complete com MUCH ou MANY:


1. ________ minute 6.________ money
2. ________ sugar 7. ________ problem
3. ________ coffe 8. ________ door
4. ________ book 9. . ________ teeth
5.________ notebook 10. . ________ bed
11. John Lennon still has . ________ fans
12. I don’’t know . ________ people who like to work hard.
13. I didn’t enjoy that party very . ________. There wasn’t . ________food there.
14. Take as . ________ wine as you want. We have . ________bottles.
15. He seems not to have . ________ sense of humour. He’s always so serious!
X) Complete com LITTLE ou FEW:

2. ________ love 6.________ hand


2. ________ sugar 7. ________ window
3. ________ coffe 8. ________ door
4. ________ friend 9. . ________ egg
5.________ money 10. . ________ childre
11. His behaviour has . ________ to do with his education
12. Very . ________ people express their real feelings.
13. He earns . ________money in his job
14. The exam was terribly difficult; . ________studentes could pass.
15. We have. ________time to get there

W) Complete, usando question tag:

1. The car is red, isn’t it?


2. She is beautiful, _________________
3. They are good friends, _________________
4. She was sick, _________________
5. Mary is comming, _________________
6. It was necessary, _________________
7. She can drive the car, _________________
8. He is a busy man, _________________
9. She was very sick, _________________
10. They are hungry, _________________
11. She was happy, _________________
12. He’s sleepy, _________________
13. You were wrong, _________________
14. They are so careful, _________________
15. We were thirsty, _________________
16. You are afraid, _________________
17. They were sure, _________________
18. She was wrong, _________________
19. We were busy, _________________
20. He’s speaking English, _________________
21. You can walk, _________________
22. He can play the guitar, _________________
23. We can work, _________________

Y) Complete usando question tag:

1. You aren’t na artist, are you?


2. She isn’t beautiful, _________________
3. They aren’t enemies, _________________
4. She wasn’t in the garden, _________________
5. You aren’t alone, _________________
6. They weren’t happy, _________________
7. They can’t walk, _________________
8. You weren’t friends, _________________
9. He isn’t busy, _________________
Z) Supply the prepositions: in, on, out, under, between, around, behind, or in front of:

1. The mouse,
the cat and the dog
are

running_______________________________
2.______________________________The mouse is the cat.
3._______________________________The cat is the mouse and the dog.
4.____________________________The dog is the cat.
5. The children are ______________the car
6. The mother is ___________the car
7. The turtle is_________________the car.
8._______________________The car is the garage.
9. The father is _________________the house.
10. The mother and the children are ____________of the house.

“Você é muito especial para Deus! Nunca se esqueça disso”


COMPREENSION TEXT
TEXT 01

THE LONG WAY OUT

The Kings formed a rich and happy family.


Mrs. king was pregnant with her second baby. Unfortunately she acquired an
Illness called amnesia after the birth of the child. She had to go to the hospital in a
few months she recovered from the disease. The doctors mformed Mr. King by
telephone that she was discharged.
But, on the way to the hospital, there was an accident involuing Mr. King’s car
and a big lorry. He was badly injured and finally died.
The doctors decided not to tell Mrs. King what had happened.
They feared that she could become ill again. Your husband is busy with some
appointments, Mrs. King. As soon as possible, he will come an pick you up
SO, one day after the other, and for many weeks, Mrs. King waited . She
dressed herself in the morning, greeted the nurses and thanked the doctors. She
walked to the main door of the hospital. She looked out of the door waiting for Mr.
King.
As he was never there, she sighed sadly and exclaimed:. "He's coming at the
same time tomorrow. I can easily wait for him one more day

Acquired – Adquiriu Discharged - De alta (de um


Lorry – Caminhão hospital)
Sighed – Suspirava Feared – Receava / temia
Pregnant – Grávida Busy - Ocupado
Sadly - Tristemente
Birth – Nascimento
Easily – Facilmente
Ilness – Doença
Appointments - Compromissos
Injured - Feriado
ill: Doente

After reading the text, choose the correct alternative:


1) Mrs. King had:
( ) two sons
( ) three sons
( ) four sons

2) When Mr. King died, Mrs. King was:


( ) at home
( ) in the hospital
( ) at the supermarket.

3) Mark T (true) or F (false), according to the text:


( ) Mrs. King was pregnant with her third baby
( ) Mr. King didn’t know that his wife was sick
( ) Mr. King died when he was going to hospital
( ) Mr. King died in a car accident.

4) Answer the following questions according to the text:

a) Why did Mrs. King stay a lot of time in the hospital


R:

b) Where was Mrs. King when her husband died?


R:

c) What was the name of Mrs. King’s Illness?


R:
TEXT 02

MARTIN LUTHER KING’S DREAM

One day a woman Rosa Parks was traveling from work on a Montgomery bus, in
Alabama. She was tired after her day's work. She sat down in one of the seats, at the back of the
bus, that were for black people.
White people used the ones in front. But the bus was crowded that night and there weren't
enough seats for everyone. When a white man got on the bus and couldn't find a seat the driver
ordered Mrs. Parks to get up and give him hers.
Mrs. Parks said she didn't know what made her do it. Usually she did as she was told. But
that night she refused to give up her seat. The driver called a policeman. She was arrested and
dragged off to prison.
When Dr. Martin Luther King heard about it he said, " we could all stop using the buses". If
the passengers did it the bus companies would have serious financial losses.
This was what he meant by "nonviolent direct action" it was action that would express the
people's strong feeling without attacking anyone. He got the idea from Gandhi, whose picture
hung over his desk. He had always admired Gandhi.
It was a hard struggle, but at last the black, under the leadership of King, proved their
point, based on the constitution.
In one of his famous speeches, Luther King said: "I say to you today, even though we face
the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream".
His dream was that of a country where men would be truly equal. "I have a dream that my
four little children one day will live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their
skin but by the content of their chapacter ... with this faith we will be able to work together, to
struggle together, to go to prison together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing we will be
free one day".

Sat down - Sentou


Seats - Cadeiras, assentos
Crowded - Cheio, lotado
Dragged - Arrastado
Financial losses - Perdas financeiras
Struggle - Esforçar-se, lutar
Leadership – Liderança
Speeches - Discursos

1) Answer the following questions according to the text:


a. Who was the woman travelling home from work?
R:

b. Who did the driver of the bus call?


R:

c.Who did Martin Luther King admire?


R:

2) According to the text,write TRUE or FALSE:


( ) Rosa Parks was Martin Luther King’s friend.
( ) Martin Luther King was a driver on the bus
( ) Rosa Parks was arrested
( ) Gandhi was na important american.

3) Choose the correc alternative, according to the text


Alabama is in:
( ) USA ( ) Europe ( ) Asia

Martin Luther King’s dream was:


( ) Richness ( ) Liberty ( ) Economy

Martin Luther King had:


( )No children ( )4 kids ( ) 2 kids

The most important thing for king was...


( )The color of a person ( ) The character of person
TEXT 03

"You make me feel insignificant. You treat me like a child. You belittle me. You don't like
my friends. You get angry at me when I see them. You do not want me to succeed. You
undermine me. Nothing I say is correct. I cannot even choose a movie or order dinner. You
think the things I'm interested in are ridiculous. Everything is rational and calculated to you.
You're not supportive of my work. You don't want to take me seriously. You want to own me
and control everything, but people aren't like you. You can't run their lives or derive your
security from possessing them. You can't except me to spend my life trying to be what you
think I should be."
And the man says, "But I love you!"

To belittle: Diminuir
To get angry at - Ficar zangado com
To succeed - Ser bem-sucedido
To undermine: Destruir, arrasar
To own –Possuir
Even – (até) mesmo
Supportive – Conivente, encorajador
To order dinner – Pedir o Jantar
To take seriously - Levar a serio

According to the text, choose the correct alternative


1) Them refers to:
( ) the girl and the boy
( ) friends
( ) people
( ) the boy

2) In the sentence “But I love you” the underline word is:


( ) Subject personal pronoun
( ) possessive adjective
( ) object personal pronoun
( ) possessive pronoun

2) According to the text, write T if the sentence is true and F if it’s false
( )The girl is very happy
( )The boy likes the girl’s friends
( )The boy loves the girl
( )The girl is talking to her boyfriend

3) What do these sentences mean? Explain in Portuguese

a. You can’t run theur lives


R:

b. But I love you.


R:

TEXT 04
A POINT OF VIEW

"Now, companion, look at ourselves: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short. We are
born, we receive just enough to keep alive, and we are forced to work to the last atom of our
strength. The life of an animal is misery and slavery - that is the plain truth.
Why are we in this miserable condition? Because human beings steal nearly all products of
our labor. That, companion, is the cause of our problems: men.
Men are the only real enemy we have.
Man is the only creature that consumes without producing.
He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plow by himself. He
cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet, he is the lord of all animals. He puts other animals to
work, and gives back to them the bare minimum to prevent starvation. The rest, he keeps for
himself.
For myself, I do not grumble.
I am twelve years old. I will soon die. But I warn you: whatever goes upon two legs is your
enemy. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has Wings, is a friend ... "

Alive - Vivo Lay - Colocar


Bare minimun - Mínimo Lord - Senhor
necessario Plain - Simples
Be Born - Nascer Plow – Arado
By himself – Sozinho Prevent – Evitar
Catch - Pegar Slavery – Escravidao
Comrade - Camarada, Starvation Inanição, fome
companheiro Steal - Roubar
Die - Morrer Strength - Força
Grumble – Reclamar Whatever - Qualquer coisa que
Keep - Manter Yet - Contudo
Labor - Trabalho
According to the text, we understand that:
( )The man produces everything he needs and the animals don’t help at all.
( )The man is the lord of all animals
( )The man gives animals the anaugh for them to live with dignaty
( )The narrator is a man, oener of the farm.

2) Decide if the statements are TRUE ou FALSE


( )The animals are in bad conditions
( )Men are the only real snemies of animals
( )Men consumes without producing
( )The man is the lord of all animals
( )The narrator considers his life a good life

3) According to the text, match the columms.


(1) The lord of all animals
(2) Whatever goes upon two legs
(3) The life of na animal.

( ) Misery and slavery


( )Enemy
( )Man

4) Explain in Portuguese the following sentence

“WHATEVER GOES UPON FOUR LEGS, OR HAS WINGS, IS A FRIEND...”

R:
TEXT 05

Nobody sees Seraphina as she flies over a big modern city. The fairy soon realizes
that things are very different now. Lots of cars, lots of noise, people wearing strange clothes.
But Seraphina knows that human nature never changes. She can see some unhappy faces.
Maybe she can help those people.
Through the window of a building Seraphina sees one of those unhappy faces. A
teenage girl is saying something in a very sad voice.
Poor girl! She looks so much like Cinderella! Seraphina's soft heart can't resist, and
she decides to help her. The fairy flies through the open window and talks to the girl.
" Hello. I'm your fairy godmother."
"Sure! And I'm Cinderella ... "
" Trust me I know you have a problem. It's your stepmother.
She doesn't want you to go to the ball, does she?"

Soon - Breve, logo


Realize – Perceber
Noise - Barulho
Unhappy - Infeliz
Maybe – Talvez
Teenage - Adolescente
Heart - Coração
Godmother – Madrinha
Trust - Acreditar
TEXT 06

The U.S.A is a big and beautiful country. It stretches from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from
Canada on the North to Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico on the South, and also includes
Alaska and Hawaii. The United States includes fifty states.
Lets talk about some of them.

Texas is the second biggest state. The biggest one is Alaska. It is a state of big ranches,
great men and big cities. Dallas is one of the most civilized of them.

Texas is second only to California in agriculture, it is an important producer of cattle,


sheep, horses and goats. Its capital is Austin.

Florida is a famous state in the U.S.A. It's a national playground. Disney World means
fun, joy and becoming a child again. Miami Beach is the most famous beach in the United
States.

New York is one of the largest and most powerful cities in the Western world and has
a population of more than eight million. In many people's opinion, New York's museums, art
galleries, restaurants, theaters and even news papers are the finest ones in the world.

Stretches - Esticar, alargar, estender


Includes - Inclui
The biggest - 0 maior
Cattle - Gado
Sheep - Ovelha
Goats - Bodes (caprinos)
Goal - Meta
Powerful- Poderoso(a)
1) Read the statements and decide if they are TRUE or FALSE, according to the text

( )The United States of America include fifteen states.


( )Dallas is the capital of Texas.
( )Miami Beach is in Texas.
( )Texas is the second biggest state in the USA

2) Choose the correct alternative according to the text.

The USA is ______________ Mexico


( )more big than ( )more bigger than
( )bigger than ( )the bigger than

______________________is one of the most civilized of them


( )Miami ( )Dallas
( )Texas ( )Austin

3) Match:
(1) Stretch ( )gado
(2) Cattle ( )poderoso (a)
(3) Sheep ( )alegria
(4)Joy ( )ovelhas(s)
(5)powerful ( )esticar

4) Answer the following qustions after reading the text:


a) How many states are there in the USA?
R:

b) What is the biggest state in the USA?


R:

c) Where is Miami Beach?


R:

d) What about New york’s population? How many people live there?
R:
TEXT 07

"Would you like some soda?" asked Bob

"Yes, please," replied Mary.

"What flavor do you prefer?

GIve me any flavor.

"Would you like a straw?"

Of course.”
Almost everybody drink soda with straws. Some people like to drink with a single
straw, others prefer two straws.
A Physics book has a fun experience with straws that you should try.
If you try to drink from two straws at the same time, one inside the glass and the
other one outside the glass, you will not be able to drink.
Why is that? When drinking with a straw, the liquid is not sucked up. The liquid is
pushed up by the air pressure on the soda surface outside of the straw. This happens because
air has weight. When removing the air from the straw by sucking, the air pressure inside the
straw is reduced relative to the air pressure on the liquid's surface outside the straw. The
greater pressure, or weight, on the outside pushes the liquid up into the straw.

There is a limit to the height that the weight of air will push liquid up a straw. A straw
longer than thirty-three feet at sea level will not work no matter how powerfully the air is
sucked out of it. Similarly, a straw will not work in space since there is no air pressure to push
on the liqUid's surface.

Flavor - Sabor
Outside - Fora de
Able - Capaz
Replied - Respondeu
Single - Um só
Should - Deveria
Air pressure - Pressão do ar
Surface - Superfície
Try – Tentar
Inside - Dentro de
Glass - Copo, vidro