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Education and Technology

Unit 1
Meaning

Combination of two terms- Education + Technology

Education - process by which the knowledge, skills and


attitude are transmitted to the members of the society.

Technology- refers to the techniques as well as technical


contrivances which enhance a process.It is a systematic way of
applying the technique to achieve an objective.
Meaning

Educational Technology can be defined as


the systematic application of technology in
the field of education
Meaning- 5M in education

Machines
Material
Men
Media
Methods
Interrelated and work together for the fulfilment of specific
educational objectives
Meaning

Educational technology is the branch of study in


which the results of engineering techniques,
information science, natural science, behavioural
science and human technology are to be used to
promote the efficiency of education.
Meaning

Broadly speaking educational Technology has


three meanings

ET 1

ET 2

ET 3

Meaning

ET1

Refers to the application of Physical Science and engineering


technology to provide mechanical or electro-mechanical tools or
hardware which can be used for instructional purposes.

Presenting instructional material such as still and motion


pictures, projectors, tape recorders, television, teaching machine
and computer based technology

Meaning

ET2

Refers to the application of scientific principles to


instruction. Psychological principles of learning are
stressed.

Meaning
ET 3

Incorporates both ET1 and ET2 through the application


of a system approach to education.

Education should be considered as a system in which


machines, materials, media, men and methods are
incorporated parts and are organised in such a way as
they work together for the fulfilment specific
educational objectives

Nature of Educational Technology

Educational Technology
is the application of
scientific principles to
education.

Nature of Educational Technology

It lays stress on the


development of methods and
techniques for effective
teaching-learning

Nature of Educational Technology

It emphasis the designing of


measuring instruments for
testing learning outcomes

Nature of Educational Technology

 It involves input, process and output aspect of education

Nature of Educational Technology


Educational Technology is
 

not to be taken as a
synonym to audio-visual
aids in education

Nature of Educational Technology

Educational Technology is a comprehensive term and is not to


be viewed in terms of its parts or processes. It includes
instructional technology, teaching technology, programmed
learning, micro teaching etc..

Scope of Educational Technology

Educational Technology tries to study the phases of teaching,


skills of teaching and learning, principles of teaching, etc.

Educational Technology as a discipline strives for the


formulation of objectives and goals of education based on
individual and social needs.

Educational Technology includes planning of curricular and


non-curricular inputs on the basis of goals and objectives of
education

Scope of Educational Technology

Educational Technology has its scope for the development of


the course content, curriculum, the development of teaching
learning materials etc.

Training of teachers, teacher-training programme,


development of suitable strategies and techniques of
teaching.

Selection and use of appropriate audio-visual aids for making


the  teaching-learning process more meaningful and realistic.

Scope of Educational Technology

Individualized instructional technology

Programmed learning

Models of teaching

Multimedia approach to teaching

Communication technology

Scope of Educational Technology

Computer, internet, E-mail, teleconferencing, virtual


classrooms, etc