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I.

CHECK YOUR UNDESTANDING


PAGE 9-10
1. T
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. T
7. F
8. F
9. T
10. T
11. F
12. F
13. T
14. T
15. T

PAGE 18
A.

1. Dispersion
2. Dispersion
3. Absorption
4. Scattering
5. Transmission
6. Diffraction
7. Scattering
8. Transmission
9. Transmission
10. Interferenceio

B.

1. Transmission is the passing of light through medium and continues travelling, such as a light
passing through a clear glass while absorption happens when light is absorbed by the objects
and convert it into different forms of energy like leaves that convert some of light to other
forms of energy such as chemical
2. Dispersion is the splitting of light into its color this examples are the formation of rainbow
during a cloudy day while scattering is the splitting of light into several or multiple directions
such as the sun shining on us through a thin cover of clouds

3. Diffraction occurs when a wave ecounters a barrier such as the setting sun appears to be red
due to the diffraction of light from the dust particles in the atmosphere while the interference is
the phenomenon that occurs when two waves meet while traveling along the same medium
such as the oil floating on water

4. Constructive Interference happens where the two interfering wave meet while destructive
interference happens when the opposite part of two waves meet this two, the demonstration of
Thomas Young’s double slit experiment explains the two types of interference

5. Reflection is explained as the bouncing of light on a surface such as seeing yourself in a mirror
while refraction is the bending of light as it travels from one medium to the other such as a
straw in a cup of water which shows a bending of light

PAGE 26-27
A.

1. Inversely Proportional
2. Directly Proportional
3. Inversely Proportional
4. Directly Proportional
5. Directly Proportional

B.

1. Perpendicular
2. Reciprocal
3. Faster
4. Period
5. Y-X

C.

1. How much time will it take for a radio wave with 3 MHz frequency to oscillate a cycle?

GIVEN:

 f = 3 MHz
 MHz = 106
 T=?

FORMULA:

 T=1/f

SOLUTION:

 (CONVERT) 3 MHz x 106 Hz / 1 MHz= 3 x 106 Hz


 T = 1 / 3 x 106 Hz
 T = 3.33 x 10-7 Hz

2. What is the frequency of a microwave oscillating at 3.33 × 10-5 s per cycle?

GIVEN:

 T = 3.33 x 10-5 s
 f=?

FORMULA:

 f=1/T

SOLUTION:

 f = 1 / 3.33 x 10-5 s
 f = 3.003003003 x 104

3. An EM wave has a wavelength of 10 nm. What will be the wave frequency of this wave?

GIVEN:

 λ = 10 nm
 nm = 10-9
 c = 3 x 108 m/s
 f=?

FORMULA:

 f=c/λ

SOLUTION:

 (CONVERT) 10 nm x 10-9m / 1 nm = 1 / 108 m


 f = 3 x 108 m/s / 1 / 108s-1
 f = 3 x 1016 Hz
4. Violet light has a frequency of 7.5 × 1014 Hz. How long will be the wavelength of this light?

GIVEN:

 f = 7.5 x 1014 Hz
 c = 3 x 108 m/s
 λ=?

FORMULA:

 λ = cT

SOLUTION:

 λ = (3 x 108 m/s) (7.5 x 1014 Hz)


 λ = 2.25 x 1023 m

5. An infrared has frequency of 3 THz. Compute for the period of this wave.

GIVEN:

 f = 3 THz
 THz = 1012 Hz
 T=?

FOMULA:

 T=1/f

SOLUTION:

 (CONVERT) 3 THz x 1012 Hz / 1 THz = 3 x 1012


 T = 1 / 3 x 1012 Hz
 T = 3.33 x 10-13 s

PAGE 32-33
A.

1. C
2. F
3. D
4. A
5. F
6. F
7. B
8. E
9. G
10. B

B.

1. Greater Frequency
2. Visible Light
3. Nm (nanometers)
4. Violet
5. Below

II. LET US PRACTICE (page 22-25)


1. If the same light source produces another color of light, calculate the frequency of this
particular light with a period of 2.22 × 10-15 s . What color of light is produced by the source?

GIVEN

 T = 2.22 x 10-15s
 f=?

FORMULA:

 f = 1/T

SOLUTION:

 f = 1 / 2.22 x 10-15s
 f = 1015/2.22 (convert mo to to fraction)
 f = 1015/ 111/50
 50 x 1015 / 111 or 4.50 x 1014s thus the color is RED

2. Another electromagnetic wave was detected oscillating at a frequency of 3.22 THz. Calculate
the time it takes for the wave to complete one full cycle as it oscillates in a vacuum

GIVEN

 f = 3.22 THz
 THz = 1012
 f = 3.22 x 1012 Hz
 T=?

FORMULA:
 T=1/f

SOLUTION:

 T = 1 / 3.22 x 1012 Hz
 T = 1 / 161/50 (1012) Hz
 T = 1 / 161 x 1012/50 Hz
 T = 50 / 161 x 1012 Hz or 3.10 x 10-13 Hz

3. An unknown electromagnetic wave is detected by NASA. The wave has a wavelength of 1.5
pm (picometer). What is the frequency of the wave in a vacuum? What type of
electromagnetic wave is the unknown wave?

GIVEN:

 λ =1.5pm
 pm = 10-12
 c = 3 x 108m/s
 f=?

FORMULA

 f=c/λ

SOLUTION:

 (CONVERT) 1.5pm x 10-12 m / 1 pm = 3 x 10-12 m


 F = 3 x 108 m/s / 3x10-12s
 F = 1 x 1020 Hz
 Therefore, the frequency of the wave in vacuum is 1020 Hz then this types of EM wave is Gamma
Rays

4. A microwave oscillates at 33 ns per cycle. What is the wavelength of the wave?

GIVEN:

 T = 33 ns
 ns = 10-9s
 c = 3 x 108m/s
 λ=?

FORMULA:

 λ = cT
SOLUTION:

 (CONVERT) 33 ns x 10-9 s / 1 ns = 3.3 x 10-8


 λ = (3x108m/s) (3.3 x 10-8s)
 λ = 9.9 m