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Paper Title
Simulation of Vector Controlled Adjustable Speed System of Doubly Fed Induction Machine
Authors
Arjun G. T., N. S. Jyothi, Mohana Lakshmi J., Neethu V. S.
Abstract
In this work the performance of vector speed control of doubly fed induction machine is considered. Based on the analysis of doubly fed induction machine dynamic mathematical model and the vector control principle, the construction of the motor control system has been completed. Doubly fed induction machine module, the vector controller module, Clark transform module, Park transform module, inverter module, flux module, speed-conditioning module have been set up by0adopting the idea of modular in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. Through the organic integration of functional modules, the vector control doubly fed induction machine system has been constituted. Simulation results show the changes in the machine electromagnetic torque, the dynamic changes of speed curve, which demonstrate that the real system can be well simulated with fast dynamic response speed, steady-state small of static error, and strong ability of anti-load disturbance.
Keywords
Doubly fed induction machine (DFIM), Vector control and MATLAB/SIMULINK, etc.
Citation/Export
MLA
Arjun G. T., N. S. Jyothi, Mohana Lakshmi J., Neethu V. S., “Simulation of Vector Controlled Adjustable Speed System of Doubly Fed Induction Machine”, June 18 Volume 6 Issue 6 , International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 236 - 240
APA
Arjun G. T., N. S. Jyothi, Mohana Lakshmi J., Neethu V. S., June 18 Volume 6 Issue 6, “Simulation of Vector Controlled Adjustable Speed System of Doubly Fed Induction Machine”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), ISSN: 2321-8169, PP: 236 - 240

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Simulation of Vector Controlled Adjustable speed System of Doubly Fed

Induction Machine

Arjun G. T.1 N. S. Jyothi2 Mohana Lakshmi J.3 Neethu V. S.4

PG Scholar, Department of Professor, Department of EEE, Assistant Professor, Assistant Professor,

EEE, Malnad College of Department of EEE, Malnad Department of EEE, Malnad

Malnad College of Engineering, Engineering, Hassan, College of Engineering, College of Engineering,

Hassan, Karnataka, India. Karnataka, India. Hassan, Karnataka, India. Hassan, Karnataka, India.

Abstract— In this work the performance of vector speed control of doubly fed induction machine is considered. Based on the analysis of doubly

fed induction machine dynamic mathematical model and the vector control principle, the construction of the motor control system has been

completed. Doubly fed induction machine module, the vector controller module, Clark transform module, Park transform module, inverter

module, flux module, speed-conditioning module have been set up by0adopting the idea of modular in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment.

Through the organic integration of functional modules, the vector control doubly fed induction machine system has been constituted. Simulation

results show the changes in the machine electromagnetic torque, the dynamic changes of speed curve, which demonstrate that the real system

can be well simulated with fast dynamic response speed, steady-state small of static error, and strong ability of anti-load disturbance.

Keywords- Doubly fed induction machine (DFIM), Vector control and MATLAB/SIMULINK, etc…

__________________________________________________*****_________________________________________________

and the flux [6] [7].

Since the early0years of industrialization, the researchers

were0faced with "how to control the electric0machines at With the field0orientation control (FOC) method, induction

variable0speed." Electric drives require high0performance, machine0drives are becoming0a major candidate in high-

increased0reliability, and reduced cost. Among these performance motion control0applications, where servo

machines0is doubly fed0induction machine (DFIM) [1-3] is quality0operation is required. Fast transient0response is

an0asynchronous machine with wound rotor0which can be made possible by0decoupled torque and flux0control.

supplied0at the same0time by the stator and the rotor0with

external0source voltages [4]. II. DOUBLY FED INDUCTION MACHINE MODELLING

Modelling of an0induction machine in three

The0benefits of this machine are: reduced0manufacturing phase0reference is quiet a complex0and tedious task. So to

cost, relatively0simple construction, higher0speed and do reduce the complexity0the machine model is converted from

not require ongoing0maintenance. In recent decades, the 3 phase to 2 phase synchronously0rotating reference frame

advances in0technology of power0electronics and [5].

microcomputer, different0applications of DFIM became

possible. The0doubly fed induction0machine (DFIM) or

wound rotor0induction machine (WRIM) are terms

commonly0used to describe an electrical0machine, which

has been used over many0decades in various0applications,

often in the range of megawatts of power and also less

commonly in the range of a few0kilowatts. This0concept of

the machine is as an0alternative to more common

asynchronous and synchronous0machines. It can be

advantageous in0applications that have a limited0speed

range, allowing a reduction in the size of the supplying

power0electronic converter as, for instance, in variable-

speed generation, water0pumping and so on. For0operation

at different0speeds a converter0PWM (Pulse Width

Modulation) must be inserted0between the machine and the

network. Whatever the speed of the0machine, the voltage is

rectified and an inverter0connected to the0network side is

responsible to ensure0consistency between the network

frequency0and that delivered by the0device. The DFIM is

essentially nonlinear, due0to the coupling0between the flux

and the0electromagnetic torque. The vector0control or field

Fig -1: Model of the DFIM in dq reference frame.

236

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 236 - 240

______________________________________________________________________________________

The modified0voltage equations for the rotor and0stator on is performed at the measurement stage for the currents and

the synchronously0rotating reference frame are as follows:- before the creation of the pulses for the converter for the

voltages.

𝑑 However, Fig-3 shows that when choosing equal

𝑉𝑑𝑠 = 𝑅𝑠 𝐼𝑑𝑠 + 𝛹𝑑𝑠 − 𝜔𝑒 𝛹𝑞𝑠 (1)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑 proportional-integral (PI) regulators for both loops,

𝑉𝑞𝑠 = 𝑅𝑠 𝐼𝑞𝑠 + 𝛹𝑞𝑠 + 𝜔𝑒 𝛹𝑑𝑠 (2) employing compensation of the cross terms, and neglecting

𝑑𝑡

𝑑 the effect of the voltage source converter and the possible

𝑉𝑑𝑟 = 𝑅𝑟 𝐼𝑑𝑟 + 𝛹𝑑𝑟 − 𝜔𝑒 − 𝜔𝑟 𝛹𝑞𝑟 (3)

𝑑𝑡

𝑑 delays in computation or measurements, the equivalent

𝑉𝑞𝑟 = 𝑅𝑟 𝐼𝑞𝑟 + 𝛹𝑞𝑟 + 𝜔𝑒 − 𝜔𝑟 𝛹𝑑𝑟 (4) closed-loop systems of both current loops are equal to a

𝑑𝑡

second-order system with two poles and a zero that can be

The flux0linkages in synchronous0rotating frame can be placed by classic control theory choosing the appropriate

expressed as gains of the PI regulators.

𝑠

𝛹𝑞𝑠 = 𝐿𝑠 𝐼𝑞𝑠 + 𝐿𝑚 𝐼𝑞𝑟 (6)

𝛹𝑑𝑟 = 𝐿𝑟 𝐼𝑑𝑟 + 𝐿𝑚 𝐼𝑑𝑠 (7)

𝛹𝑞𝑟 = 𝐿𝑟 𝐼𝑞𝑟 + 𝐿𝑚 𝐼𝑞𝑠 (8)

as

3𝑝

𝑇𝑒 = 𝐿𝑚 𝐼𝑞𝑠 𝐼𝑑𝑟 − 𝐼𝑑𝑠 𝐼𝑞𝑟 (9)

22

𝑑

𝑇𝑒 = 𝑇𝑙 + 𝐽 𝜔𝑚 + 𝐵 𝜔𝑚 (10)

𝑑𝑡

𝑃 = 𝑉𝑑𝑠 𝐼𝑑𝑠 + 𝑉𝑞𝑠 𝐼𝑞𝑠 (11)

𝑄 = 𝑉𝑞𝑠 𝐼𝑑𝑠 − 𝑉𝑑𝑠 𝐼𝑞𝑠 (12)

MACHINE

Among the different alternative control methods0that have

been developed0for the DFIM, only the vector control

technique is studied in this section, which is probably the Fig -2: Current control loops of the DFIM.

most extended and established one. In an equivalent way to

the classic vector control techniques of other different

machines, the vector control0of the DFIM is performed in a

synchronously rotating dq frame, in which the d-axis is

aligned. It is possible to perform dq rotor currents control,

simply by using a regulator for each current component.

Note that the stator flux and 𝜔𝑟 must be estimated for that

purpose; however, this is simple and does not add extra

difficulties. For the reference frame transformation, the

angle 𝜃r must be estimated. The control must be performed

in dq coordinates, but then the rotor voltage and currents

must be transformed into DQ coordinates. First, it is

possible to obtain the angle of the stator voltage space

vector, and then subtract 90 degree from this estimated

angle, and thus, obtain 𝜃s. A simple phase-locked loop

(PLL) can be used to perform the stator voltage grid

synchronization, providing0robustness to the0estimation and

a rejection of small disturbances or harmonics. Note that if

the DFIM employed presents a different turn’s ratio at the

stator0and rotor, it must be considered at the control stage.

In the control block diagram presented in Fig-2, the current

loops work with the rotor currents referred to the

stator0side, while the conversion to rotor-referred quantities Fig -3: Equivalent second-order system of closed-loop

current control with PI regulators.

237

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 236 - 240

______________________________________________________________________________________

Once the current control loops and the flux angle calculation IV. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

have been studied, the complete control system can be In order to validate the vector control algorithm in a DFIM,

introduced. As the d-axis of the reference frame is aligned an example of one particular test is depicted. Simulation0of

with the stator flux space vector, the torque expression in the the0vector control of0DFIM drive system using

dq frame can be simplified as follows: MATLAB/SIMULINK as shown in Fig-4.

(13)

proportional to the torque, that is, with 𝑖𝑞𝑟 it is possible to

control the torque and, consequently, the speed of the

machine if the application requires it. In a similar way, by

developing the stator reactive power expression in the dq

frame, we obtain a compact expression, which reveals that

𝑖𝑑𝑟 is responsible of Qs.

(14)

that both rotor current components independently allow us

to control the torque and reactive stator power. In this way,

based on these expressions, Fig-3 illustrates the complete Fig -5: Performance of DFIM drive system when given

vector control of the DFIM. The necessity of the speed reference speed is 160rad/sec at no load.

regulation depends0on the application in which this machine

is being used, and it could happen that the DFIM simply Fig-5, shows the performance characteristic of a 2MW,

imposes an electromagnetic torque 𝑇𝑒𝑚 , while the speed of 690V, 50Hz DFIM, operating with a PI speed controller.

the shaft is controlled0by other elements. However, with the The given reference0speed is 160 rad/sec at no load. It is

Qs loop, it is possible to control the magnetizing of the observed that motor pick up the speed 165 rad/sec at

machine because, the stator of the machine is connected starting0and also it draw high starting current. The phase

directly0to the grid, and the stator flux amplitude is constant current0peak is relatively large during the accelerating

and provided by the grid voltage. process, which is 2-3 times0larger than the rated0current.

When flux0linkage reaches steady-state value, motor output

238

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 236 - 240

______________________________________________________________________________________

the maximum0torque and0accelerate. Motor current reach a The simulation is carried out for a reference speed of

value of 850 Amps at t=0.6 sec and motor torque settle a 120rad/sec and no-load and the results have been verified.

value of 850 Nm after t=0.7 sec at the starting mode the high The controller yields optimum speed control for various

value error is amplified across the PI0controller provoking speed values under no-load conditions. Digital Simulations

high variations in the motor torque. have been performed under load conditions for a

load0torque of 25 Nm and a reference speed of 120 rad/sec.

The simulation results shown in Fig-8 for a load torque of

25Nm indicate the speed response provided by the

controller.

reference speed is 120rad/sec at no load.

at variable torque. The controller yields a stable response

under varying load and provides constant speed control.

The matching in speed is verified for both variable reference

sped and constant reference speed. Also, the rise time taken

for the0actual speed to match the reference0speed is less in

case of vector0control.

vector0control scheme provides better control when

compared with other control scheme. The efficiency of

vector0control is more pronounced at the loaded conditions

than the conventional speed control schemes.

V. CONCLUSIONS

Based on the adequate0analysis of vector principle and

DFIM0mathematical model, simulation0model in

MATLAB/SIMULINK environment has been0constructed.

The simulation0results show that the proposed controller

which offers regulated responses in terms of fast tracking,

Fig -7: Performance of DFIM drive system when given small overshoot, zero steady-state errors, speed of

reference speed is 120rad/sec at load 25Nm. the0machine is controlled for the required speed and the

torque0response is obtained fast by estimating, measuring,

239

IJRITCC | June 2018, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org

_______________________________________________________________________________________

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 6 236 - 240

______________________________________________________________________________________

calculating0the position and magnitude0of the motor flux in Dr. N. S. Jyothi is currently

the machine. working as Professor in the

Department of EEE, Malnad

The work presented here focuses on the simulation of vector College of Engineering, Hassan,

control of DFIM. The performance can be analyzed through Karnataka. He has obtained his

proper hardware configuration using FPGA. Further, this Ph.D. from Indian Institute of

work can be expanded to obtain high performance Science Bangalore in the field of

sensorless control of induction motor. High Voltage Engineering. His

fields of interest include HV

REFERENCES insulation, Electric Vehicle etc.

[1] P. E. Vidal, Commande non-linéaire d'une machine

asynchrone à double Alimentation, Doct. Thesis, Dept. of

Elect. Eng., National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse, Mrs. Mohana Lakshmi J. is

France, 2004. currently working as Assistant

Professor in the Department of

[2] G. Salloum, Contribution à la commande robuste de la

EEE, Malnad College of

machine asynchrone à double alimentation, Doct. Thesis, Engineering, Hassan, Karnataka.

Dept. of Elect. Eng, National Polytechnic Institute of She is pursuing her Ph.D. in the

Toulouse, France, 2007. field of sensorless control applied to

[3] M. S. Vicatos and J. A. Tegopoulos, “A Doubly-fed induction induction motor. Her field of

machine differential drive model for automobiles”, IEEE interest includes electric machines,

Trans. Ene. Conv., Vol. 18, No. 2, pp.225-230, 2003. power electronics and electric

[4] Y. Bekakra, D. Ben attous, “Speed and flux control for DFOC vehicles.

of doubly fed induction machine using sliding mode Mrs. Neethu V. S. is currently

controller”, Acta Electrotechnica et Informatica, Vol. 10, No. working as Assistant Professor in

4, pp.75-81, 2010. the Department of EEE, Malnad

College of Engineering, Hassan,

[5] A.Tapia, G.Tapia, J.Ostolaza, “Modeling and Control of a Karnataka. Her field of interest

Wind Turbine Driven Doubly Fed Induction Generator”, include power systems, smart grid

IEEE Trans on Energy Conv.Vol-18,No-2,June-2003. and electric vehicle technology.

[6] E. Blaschke, “The principle of field orientation as applied to

the new transvector closed loop control system for rotating

field machine”, Siemens Review, Vol. 34, pp.217-220, 1972.

[7] M. Chaari, M. Soltani, M. Gossa, “Comparative study

between the conventional regulators and fuzzy logic

controller: application on the induction machine,”

International Journal of Sciences and Techniques of

Automatic control & computer engineering IJ-STA, Vol. 1,

No. 2, pp.196-212, 2007.

BIOGRAPHIES

pursuing M.Tech in Computer

Applications in Industrial Drives at

Malnad College of Engineering,

Hassan. My field of interest

includes electrical drives and motor

control.

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