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AMA Computer College Biñan Campus

AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

The Effects of Social Media on the Academic Performance of selected Grade 11 Students

of AMACC Biñan Campus

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in

Practical Research

Presented to:

Proponents:

David, Ainiel T.

Ga, Jemuel

Anahaw, Joy

Balbieran, Rhiza A.

Delis, Chrystabel

Fajardo, Abegail

Lajato, Daisyree

Mayuga, Nicole

Mendoza, Rhea

Rillera, Marchie May M.


AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

Chapter I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Social networking websites are currently being used regularly by millions of people. The

internet is more than just a means of seeking information. People discovered that the Internet

could be used to connect with other people, whether for business or commercial purpose, make

new friends, reawaken old friends and long lost relatives. The use of social networking sites has

been widespread that they have not only caught the attention of academic and industry

researchers worldwide but also us, in particular. Social networking sites are now being

investigated by numerous social science researchers and an increasing number of academic

commentators are becoming more and more interested in studying Facebook, Twitter, and other

social networking services, because of their probable impact on academic performance.

While the social networking sites have the same key aspects, the cultures and responses

around them that become apparent are varied. Most sites help strangers connect with others

based on shared personal interests, political and economic views, or simply recreational

activities. Some sites accommodate distinct viewers, while others attract people based on

similarities, such as common languages or shared religious, racial, sexual or nationality-based

identities. Nonetheless, social networking sites have only one common goal. It is to encourage

new ways to communicate and share information.

Many students always log in to their account on Facebook, Twitter, etc. as a part of their

everyday routine. Could you imagine the number of all the students logging in to these social

networking sites, every day? That would be millions of students logging. That’s why many
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

students have been blaming various social networking sites for their steady decrease in grade

point averages. This emergent phenomenon aroused us to look into social networking sites and

why they affect fellow student’s academic performances.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to determine the effects of social media on the academic performance of

grade 11 students.

The following are the questions needed to be answered in the study:

 What are the effects of social networking sites on student’s academic performance?

a. What are the positive effects of social networking sites on student’s academic

performance?

b. What are the negative effects of social networking sites on student’s academic

performance?

 What are the benefits they derive from using social media?

 Why do student visit their social media sites?

Hypothesis

Ho: There is no significant effect between the social media and academic performance of

selected Grade 11 Students of AMACC Binna Campus.


AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

Ha: There is a significant effect between the social media and academic performance of selected

Grade 11 Students of AMACC Biñan Campus.

Theoretical Framework

Input Process Output

SOCIAL MEDIA:  Time Duration ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE:

 Facebook  Nature of Usage  Written Works


 Instagram  Health Addiction  Performance Task
 Twitter  Security/Privacy  Monthly/ Quarterly
 Youtube Problems Exams

Significance of the Study

This study aims to explain the importance of the proper usage of social networking sites.

It aims to point out particularly adverse effects it poses to student’s daily lives. These sites

evidently have a lot of positive effects, but they also have their share of negative impact. In order

to provide much help, this study would like to give enlightenment to the said phenomena. We

would like to provide, through this research, information about the impact of these sites to

student that would hopefully lead to a realization of their own standing in terms of SNS

addiction. Lastly, we would like to provide evidences that would solidify the support on

controlling the usage of social networking sites, thus reducing the risk of assimilating such

addicting activities.
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

The findings of this study may serve significant role for:

For Teachers: This study will help the teachers of the school to know the influence that social

media has on their students, so as to assist them to enlighten and create awareness to the students

on the possible influence it has on them.

For Parents: The study is of significant to parents in the sense that they will know the possible

effects these social media usage has on their children, so as to monitor their children on the usage

of the social networking sites.

For Students: The study will enable the students of the senior level so that they will be aware

that, apart from the social benefits of this social networking site, using the sites more than

necessary will pose possible dangers to their health. It will be relevant in assisting students in

understanding the diversity of social media

For Future Researchers - This study will benefit the future researchers by the results it will

give. The results of the study will help the future researchers to enhance their analysis of the

situation where in social media is involved. They will be able to give accurate information about

the effects of social media on student’s academic performance. They will be aware of the extent

of this issue that is happening nowadays, especially in their homes, schools and in the

community.

Scope and Limitation

This research is conducted to determine the effects of social media on the academic

performance of grade 11 students and this study will also write about the disadvantages and

advantages of social networking sites in the academic excellence of the students. Besides, this

study would discuss if social networking sites affects the academic performance of the students.
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

The respondents of this research are grade 11 students of AMACC BINAN and the

period of study will be only from February until March of the school year 2017-2018.

Definition of Terms

Academic- interested in or excelling at scholarly pursuits and activities. (Dictionary)

Facebook– social media site that may be accessed by a large range of devices

with Internet connectivity, such as desktop, laptop and tablet computers, and smartphones. After

registering to use the site, users can create a customized profile indicating their name,

occupation, schools attended and so on. (Wikipedia)

Instagram- is a free, online photo-sharing application and social network platform that was

acquired by Facebook in 2012. (Tech target)

Media- are the collective communication outlets or tools used to store and

deliver information or data. (Wikipedia)

Networking - use of telecommunication protocol and computer software for using and managing

the network, and the establishment of operation policies and procedures related to the network.

(Search Networking)

Social– it is when humans or living organisms live collectively in interacting populations,

whether they are aware of it, and whether the interaction is voluntary or involuntary. (Wikipedia)

Social Media- are computer-mediated technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing

of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual

communities and networks. (Wikipedia)


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Twitter- is an online news and social networking service where users post and interact with

messages, known as "tweets." (Wikipedia)

Website- is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified

with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server. (Wikipedia)
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
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Chapter II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Number of related literature and studies are reviewed to give background information to the

study.

FOREIGN LITERATURE

This research effort is targeted at finding the effects of social media on students’

academic performance. Therefore, the literature review discusses the relevant research that is

useful to the objectives of this research project.

According to Rouis, Limayem, & Salehi-sangari (2011), investigated the effects of using

Facebook on academic performance of students at Lulea University of Technology Sweden in

relation to their personality traits. The proposed research model tests how Facebook usage affects

the performance of students with different personality traits. In addition the research tries to

justify the relationship among the three i.e. Facebook usage, personality traits and academic

performance. Their analysis of 239 students’ data reveals very significant results. This research

establishes that using Facebook has strong negative impact on academic performance of students

with extrovert personalities. However, factor of self-regulation among students greatly reduces

this negative impact as they have high level of effective self-control while using social media

platforms.

According to Junco, R. (2012), investigated the impact of social networking sites

specifically the Facebook being a social medium on students’ academic performance. The
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research analyzes data from 1839 respondents studying 4 years degree in residential institutes of

Northeastern USA to find trends on frequency of Facebook visits and activities, time spent on

Facebook, time spent on class preparation of academic grades of the students. Analysis of the

collected data reveals that time spent on Facebook and frequency of visiting Facebook are

negatively related to students’ academic performance in terms of their GPA. However, there is

slightly negative correlation between time spent on this widely used social medium and the time

spend in studying for class. He further adds that although time spent on social media and

academic performance are negatively correlated but, this relationship in real world scenarios that

not seem to be a major hurdle in academic success. Emphasizes a further investigation to the

issue to find some more variables like focus and intervention that may be strongly related to

academic performance. The negative correlation between Facebook usage and academic

outcomes maybe justified by some negative academic impacts related to certain ways students

use this social medium. He observes that some specific uses of this social media are related to

improved academic performance while others contribute to lower academic results.

According to the study of Lewis et. al., (2008), found out that the influence of these

SNSs continues to get increasingly more pervasive, making actual and virtual realities almost

indistinguishable. Students are talking about the social networking related stuffs almost every

single day; thus it would be a surprise if any student never got involved with Facebook, Twitter

or any other SNSs nowadays. Moreover, students are paying more attention towards these social

networking activities rather than utilizing their time to study which will surely affect their

academic performance.
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AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

LOCAL LITERATURE

“Social networks have removed all the communication and interaction barriers, and now

one can communicate his/her perception and thoughts over a variety of topics. Students and

experts are able to share and communicate with like-minded people and can ask for the input and

opinion on a particular topic.”

“Another positive impact of social networking sites is to unite people on a huge platform

for the achievement of some specific objective. This is very important to bring the positive

change in society.”

On the other hand, one of the negative effects of social media or network is it leads to

addiction. “Spending countless hours on the social sites can divert the focus and attention from a

particular task. It lowers the motivational level of the people, especially of the teenagers and

students. They mainly rely on technology and the internet instead of learning the practical

knowledge and expertise of the everyday life.”

“Kids can be greatly affected by these social networking sites if they are allowed to use

them. The reason is that sometimes people share photos on social media that contains violence

and sex, which can damage the behavior of kids and teenagers. It puts the negative impact on

overall society as these kids and teenagers involve themselves in crime -related activities.”
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

FOREIGN STUDIES

Facebook Has a Negative Impact on the Concentration of Students

The study of Marko Vujatovic (2011), says that Facebook has negative effect on the

academic performance. The Britain School study which was about the Facebook and its effect.

Testing was done for a period of three months, the first two months access to Facebook was

denied and the third month access to Facebook was allowed. In this study, it was noticed slight

decline of grades, but what is even more important is lack of concentration and poor knowledge

acceptance. The problem does not occur only in case when students were actually logged on to

Facebook and didn’t pay attention to what teacher says. The problem is in the fact that current

event on the Facebook divert them also in the time when they are not connected to it. The

students do not concentrate on their studies because their concentration is divided into study and

Facebook both. The test showed that the use of social networks in school has a negative impact

on grades.

Computers in Human Behavior

The study of Karpinski (2009) found that SNSs specifically Facebook usage is negatively

correlated with Grade Point Averages (GPAs) of its users. She observed that the GPAs of non-

users is relatively higher than the users of these sites. Also, the study found that 68 percent of

students who used Facebook had a significant lower GPA than those who did not use the SNSs.

But the most interesting finding was that 79 per- cent of Facebook users denied having any

adverse impact of this usage on their GPAs. It means that they are not aware of the fact that
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network- ing habits affects their academic performance. Hence, their academic performance

must be managed efficiently without losing sight of all the factors that can positively or

negatively affect their educational performance. For instance, Facebook has a phe- nomenal

impact in the amount of influence and increasingly has a large percentage of users in schools. A

study conducted by QuantCast (2007) found out that 46 percent of SNSs users like Facebook are

18-34 years of age, which actually permeate to current students, prospective graduate students,

and young alumni. On the other hand, 27 percent are within the range of 12-17 years old, which

belong to undergraduates.

Social networking: teachers blame Facebook and Twitter for pupils' poor grades

According to the study of Andy Bloxham (2010), Social networking site like Facebook

becomes an issue as people relates this with academic performance. Many researchers are

working to explore the correlation between social networking sites and academic performance.

Those students, who use Facebook and twitter, have shorter span of attention in classrooms.

Such sites create many problems for teachers because abbreviations commonly used on sites

such as Twitter and Facebook are also making it into coursework, essays and experiment write-

ups. The study conducted with 500 teachers reveals many interesting fact. Teacher believed that

these sites shaping student’s attitude. The report concludes that the children with the poorest

grades at school are the ones who spent most time on social networking. Unfortunately, 58 per

cent of teachers believe mobile phones and computers are responsible for children being unable

to spell as well as previous generations. And 54 per cent say children can’t write as well as they

should because they are more used to keyboards and touch pads. It is obvious that if children are
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spending hours at night on social media than teachers will see the negative results of poor

concentration.

LOCAL STUDIES

According to Rejie D. Astodello (2016), have observed from his Grades 7 and 8 students

at the Rizal National High School the same positive and negative impact of using social media

inside and outside the classroom. I found these social sites helpful when one time I needed to

communicate with my students, reminding them of their assignments and urgent

requirements. In addition, l also used these social sites to refer my students to helpful resources

that could fetch them higher grades in academics. I tried to encourage the students, particularly

the teens with gadgets having internet facilities, to use it to supplement their researches in the

library rather than the usual chatting with friends all the time. As a result, almost 85 percent of

them were able cope with their academic difficulties and at least 65 to 75 percent of the class

obtained the average level of performance. However, students should be encouraged to limit the

time they spend on social media sites and be advised to rather substitute those hours with reading

some learning materials – short stories, novels, etc. to improve their vocabulary. Since the use of

social media sites had affected the academic performance of students negatively, there is a need

to introduce the students other information resources or materials that would motivate and help

them perform well in their academics.

According to a survey conducted by Pew Research Center, as of (2015), the largest social

networking company, Facebook for example, has 1.49 billion active users and the number of

users is increasing every year. As part of the said survey, 72 percent of high school students and
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

78 percent college students spend time on these social networking sites – Facebook, Instagram,

Twitter, Youtube, Viber, E-mail, etc. These numbers evidently indicate how much the student

community is involved in this virtual world of networking. Students prefer social media sites as

reliable sources of information because everything is a package. A research conducted by Gagne

sometime in 2003 defined media in general as some kind of components in a students’

environment that can stimulate them to study better. Researchers also found that the use of some

types of social media has beneficial effects to students, not only on their academic needs but also

to help them establish a sense of identity and build and enhance networking skills.In the

Philippines, social media use has become a very common feature of most students’ daily lives. In

2015, the data of the Social Media and Digital Stats in the Philippines from Third Team Media

shows that the Philippines remains as the “Social Media Capital of the World”. Out of more than

100 million population in the country, 44 million are Internet users and 40 million of them are

active social media users. Recently, the 2016 data on Social Media and Digital Stats in the

Philippines, the percentage of social media penetration has increased from 40% in 2015 to 47%

in 2016. This data means that social media continues to be an essential part in the lives of

Filipinos who have increased access to the Internet via their mobile phones and electronic

devices (Castro, 2016). In the article by Digital Marketing Philippines, from the 40 million active

social media users, 65% of them are teenagers and young adults, and 81% of them access their

accounts daily (Gregorio, 2013)


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2.3. Synthesis

Based on the informations we have, we concluded that the used of social media has a

positive and negative effects on the academic performance of a student. One positive thing is

social media removed all the communication and interaction barriers to all the users and students

can use this to share and to ask opinion on a particular topic and it unites people on a huge

platform to achieve some specific objective. But, social media leads to addiction to its user

especially to a students. Social Networking Sites do affect student’s academic performance

adversely. It causes the gradual drop in the grades of the students directly. It affects the student’s

academic performance if he/she invests his/her time in social network instead in his/her studies.

Time wasting is a major issue in this regard. Students are paying more attention towards these

social networking activities rather than utilizing their time to study which will surely affect their

academic performance. So, as a result of our research social media has no longer good or impact

on the academic performance of a student.


AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

Chapter III

METHODOLOGY

Research Design

The research design we use is correlational survey, this is designed to determine the relationship

of a variables whether the relationship is perfect, very high, high, marked, or moderate, slight, or

negligible.

Determination of Sample Size

The population of Grade 11 students in AMACC Biñan Campus is 800 students and the margin

of error is 5%.

Given: Slovin’s Formula


𝑁
N = 800 n = 1+𝑁𝑒 2

e = 0.05
Solution:
𝑁
n=
1+𝑁𝑒 2

800
n=
1+800(0.05)2

800
n=
1+800(0.0025)

800
n=
2.0025

n = 400 Respondents
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

Sampling Design and Technique

The respondents of this research are the Grade 11 Students of AMACC Biñan Campus. There are

400 students selected through random sampling.

Questionnaire

AMA Computer College Biñan Campus


AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

We are the students of ABM 6, We were conducting a research survey that analyze the effects of social media on the
academic performance of a students. This questionnaire is designed to get your response about this research and I
hope so you will fill this questionnaire with full of attention and consideration. Thank You.

Name (Optional): ____________________ Age: _______


Strand: _______ Sex: _______

SA = Strongly Agree A= Agree D = Disagree SD = Strongly Disagree

Questions SA A D SD
Social Media positively affect my study timings in routine life.
I timely submit my assignments whether spending time on
Facebook.
Social media has a positive impact on students academic
performance.
I prefer to express my ideas and feelings on social media.
Social media change the behavior of students in effective
manner.
Social media are affecting the way of speaking or writing in
students life.
Social media is a bad influence to the academic performance of a
student.
Students more focuses on their social media account than their
studies.
Social media is important.
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
AMA Computer College Biñan Campus
AMA Computer University, Kilometer 32, National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna

Assesment of bullying in terms of:

Physical Bullying

Verbal Bullying

Cyber Bullying

Social Bullying

Low-self esteem

Depression

Drop-out

Increased absenteeism

Impaired Social Relationships

Decrease in Academic Performance

Academic Performance
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Written Works

Performance Task

Monthly/ Quarterly Exams

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Number of related literature and studies are reviewed to give background information to the

study.

Foreign Literature

The review of related literature for this study focuses on examining the effects of Bullying

towards the academic performance of selected Grade 11 Senior High School Students in AMA

Computer College Biñan Campus. This will provide an in-depth analysis on existing researches

about bullying – management and coping. This review aims to identify researches of the same

topic from time to time with authors in different field. This will show how factors in the

environment give rise to conflict in school and how student are affected. This will also discuss

how management of schools in violence and intervention scheme are important for the students

to experience a place conducive for learning.

The word "bully" was first used in the 1530s meaning "sweetheart," applied to either sex,

from the Dutch boel "lover,brother," probably diminutive of Middle High Germanbuole

"brother," of uncertain origin (compare with the German buhle "lover"). The meaning

deteriorated through the 17th century through "fine fellow," "blusterer," to "harasser of the

weak". This may have been as a connecting sense between "lover" and"ruffian" as in "protector

of a prostitute," which was one sense of "bully" (though not specifically attested until 1706). The
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verb "to bully" is first attested in 1710(Zwerdling, 1987 ) High-level forms of violence such as

assault and murder usually receive most media attention, but lower-level forms of violence such

as bullying have only in recent years started to bea ddressed by researchers, parents and

guardians, and authority figures ( Whitted, K.S. & Dupper, D.R. 2005). It is only in recent years

that bullying has been recognised and recorded as a separate and distinct offence, but there have

been well documented cases that have been recorded over the centuries. The Fifth Volume of the

New gate Calenda (Complete New gate Calendar Tarlton Law Library) contains at least one

example whereEton Scholars George Alexander Wood and Alexander Wellesley Leith were

charged, at Aylesbury Assizes, with killing and slaying the Hon. F. Ashley Cooper on February

28, 1825 in an incident which might today be described as "lethalhazing (GeorgeAlexander

Wood and Alexander Wellesley Leith,2003) The Newgatecalendar contains several other

examples that, while not asdistinct, could be considered indicative of situations of

bullying.Virginia Woolfconsidered fascism to be a form of bullying, and wrote of Hitler and the

Nazis in 1934 as "thesebrutal bullies.( Zwerdling, 1987) Bullying behavior can have negative

consequences for boththe bully and the victim. Studies have shown that boys identified as bullies

in middle school were four times as likely as their peers to have more than one criminal

conviction by age twenty-four. Children who bully are more likely to engage in other criminal

and anti-social behaviors, such as: ,Fighting Vandalism,Truancy, Dropping out of school.

Stealing Smoking and Alcohol/and or drug abused.


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Local L ocal Literature

Bullying is the activity of repeated, aggressive behaviorintended to hurt another person,

physically or mentally.Bullying is characterized by an individual behaving in a certainway to

gainpowerover another personNorwegian researcher Dan Olweus defines bullying as when

aperson is"exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on thepart of one or more other

persons." He defines negative actionas "when a person intentionally inflicts injury or

discomfortupon another person, through physical contact, through words orin other

ways".Bullying behavior may include name calling,verbalor writtenabuse, exclusion from

activities, exclusion from socialsituations,physical abuse, orcoercion.

[10][17]

Bullies may behave

this way to be perceived as popular or tough or to get attention. They may bully out of jealousy

or be acting out because they themselves are bullied .U.S. National Center for Education

Statistics suggests that bullying can be classified into two categories:1. Direct bullying, and

2.Indirect bullying (which is also known as social aggression).

[1]

Ross states that direct bullying involves a great deal of physical aggression, such as shoving and

poking, throwing things, slapping, choking, punching and kicking, beating, stabbing, pulling

hair, scratching, biting, scraping, and pinching.


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[19]

He also suggests that social aggression or indirect bullying is characterized by attempting to

socially isolate the victim. This isolation is achieved through a wide variety of techniques,

including spreading gossip, refusing to socialize with the victim, bullying other people who wish

to socialize with the victim, and criticizing the victim's manner of dress and other socially-

significant markers (including the victim's race, religion, disability, sex, or sexual preference,

etc.). Ross [19] outlines an array of nonviolent behavior which can be considered

'indirect bullying,' at least in some instances, such as name calling, the silent treatment, arguing

others into submission, manipulation, gossip/false gossip, lies, rumors/false rumors, staring,

giggling, laughing at the victim, saying certain words that trigger a reaction from a past event,

and mocking. The UK based children's charity, Act Against Bullying, was set up in2003 to help

children who were victims of this type of bullying by researching and publishing coping skills. It

has been noted that there tend to be differences in how bullying manifests itself between the

sexes. Males tend to be more likely to be physically aggressive whereas females tend to favour

exclusion and mockery, though it has been noticed that females are becoming more physical in

their bullying. [15] There can be a tendency in both sexes to opt for exclusion and mockeryrather

than physical aggression when the victim is perceived tobe too strong to attack without risk, or

the use of violencewould otherwise cause problems for the bullies, or the bulliessee physical

aggression as immature (particularly when bullyingoccurs among adults)iterature