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Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance

Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

Table of Contents
1 PURPOSE ................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................................................ 2

3 PRODUCT ACCEPTANCE ...................................................................................................................... 5

3.1 GENERAL .............................................................................................................................................. 5


3.2 ACCEPTANCE OF CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS ON DELIVERY TO THE CONSTRUCTION SITE ............ 6
3.3 ACCEPTANCE OF CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS ON CASTING ............................................................... 7
3.4 ACCEPTANCE OF IMPORTED CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS .................................................................. 8
3.5 THE INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN CONSTRUCTION .......................................... 9

4 PRODUCT COMPLIANCE AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT ................................................... 10

4.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 10


4.2 INTERNAL CONTROL TASKS ............................................................................................................... 11
4.3 EXTERNAL CONTROL TASKS .............................................................................................................. 11
4.4 CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS .............................................................................................. 12
4.4.1 Verifications for Factory Construction Products and Semi-products ............................... 12
4.4.2 Acceptance of Cast-in Construction Products .................................................................... 12
4.5 CONFORMITY EVALUATION ................................................................................................................ 13

5 PRODUCT CONFORMITY VERIFICATION ........................................................................................ 15

5.1 CERTIFICATE OF CONFORMITY .......................................................................................................... 15


5.2 CERTIFICATE OF INTERNAL CONTROL APPROVAL AND STATEMENT OF CONFORMITY ..................... 15

6 REQUIRED CONDITIONS...................................................................................................................... 17

6.1 MANUFACTURER OR CONTRACTOR ................................................................................................... 17


6.2 INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN CONSTRUCTION ................................................ 17

7 FINAL PRODUCT EVALUATION ......................................................................................................... 19

8 REQUIREMENTS FOR SITE LABORATORIES ................................................................................ 20

8.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 20


8.2 SITE LABORATORY QUALITY MANUAL ............................................................................................... 20
8.3 QUALITY POLICY ................................................................................................................................. 21
8.4 ISSUE .................................................................................................................................................. 21
8.5 CONTROL ............................................................................................................................................ 21
8.6 MINIMUM TESTING CAPACITY............................................................................................................. 21

9 LABORATORY QUALITY SYSTEM..................................................................................................... 22

9.1 AIMS AND FORMAT ............................................................................................................................. 22


9.2 QUALITY MANUAL ............................................................................................................................... 22
9.3 QUALITY MANAGEMENT ..................................................................................................................... 22
9.4 QUALITY DOCUMENTATION ................................................................................................................ 23

10 ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT .............................................................................................. 24

10.1 LABORATORY ORGANISATION ............................................................................................................ 24


10.2 MANAGEMENT OF SENIOR STAFF ...................................................................................................... 24
10.3 MANAGEMENT GENERAL .................................................................................................................... 25
10.4 ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ......................................................................................................... 25

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11 STAFF AND STAFF TRAINING ............................................................................................................ 27

11.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 27


11.2 EXPERIENCE ....................................................................................................................................... 27
11.3 TRAINING ............................................................................................................................................ 27

12 QUALITY SYSTEM AUDITS AND QUALITY REVIEW ..................................................................... 28

12.1 PURPOSE ............................................................................................................................................ 28


12.2 RESPONSIBILITY ................................................................................................................................. 28
12.3 IMPLEMENTATION ............................................................................................................................... 28
12.4 PLANNING AND DOCUMENTATION ...................................................................................................... 28
12.5 QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................ 28

13 EQUIPMENT ............................................................................................................................................. 29

13.1 CALIBRATION AND TEST EQUIPMENT ................................................................................................. 29


13.2 EQUIPMENT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE .................................................................................... 29
13.3 AUTHORISATION FOR USE .................................................................................................................. 29
13.4 MONITORING ....................................................................................................................................... 29

14 MEASUREMENT TRACEABILITY AND CALIBRATION ................................................................. 31

14.1 POLICY ................................................................................................................................................ 31


14.2 UNCERTAINTY OF MEASUREMENT ..................................................................................................... 31
14.3 CALIBRATION ...................................................................................................................................... 31
14.4 CALIBRATION/MEASUREMENT AUDITS ............................................................................................... 31
14.5 CALIBRATION PROGRAMMES AND RECORDS..................................................................................... 31

15 METHODS AND PROCEDURES FOR TESTS................................................................................... 32

15.1 POLICY AND SCOPE ............................................................................................................................ 32


15.2 AVAILABILITY....................................................................................................................................... 32
15.3 DOCUMENTATION OF METHODS AND PROCEDURES ......................................................................... 32
15.4 INTEGRITY OF DATA............................................................................................................................ 32

16 LABORATORY ACCOMMODATION AND EQUIPMENT................................................................. 33

16.1 ACCOMMODATION .............................................................................................................................. 33


16.2 RECORDS ........................................................................................................................................... 33
16.3 ACCESS .............................................................................................................................................. 33
16.4 HOUSEKEEPING .................................................................................................................................. 33

17 HANDLING OF TEST ITEMS................................................................................................................. 34

17.1 RECEIPT AND HANDLING .................................................................................................................... 34


17.2 IDENTIFICATION OF ITEMS .................................................................................................................. 34
17.3 CONDITION ON RECEIPT ..................................................................................................................... 34

18 RECORDS................................................................................................................................................. 35

18.1 SYSTEM .............................................................................................................................................. 35


18.2 INFORMATION RECORDED .................................................................................................................. 35
18.3 PROTECTION....................................................................................................................................... 36
18.4 RETENTION ......................................................................................................................................... 36

19 REPORTS ................................................................................................................................................. 37

19.1 POLICY ................................................................................................................................................ 37

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19.2 AUTHORISATION ................................................................................................................................. 37


19.3 SUPPLEMENTARY ............................................................................................................................... 37
19.4 TRANSMISSION OF RESULTS .............................................................................................................. 37

20 HANDLING OF COMPLAINTS AND ANOMALIES ........................................................................... 38

20.1 POLICY ................................................................................................................................................ 38

21 SUB-CONTRACTING OF TESTS ......................................................................................................... 39

21.1 POLICY ................................................................................................................................................ 39

22 PARTICULAR LISTINGS ....................................................................................................................... 40

22.1 POLICY ................................................................................................................................................ 40

APPENDIX A: TYPICAL DAILY LABORATORY TESTS.......................................................................... 41

A1 SOILS .................................................................................................................................................. 41
A2 MINERAL AGGREGATES, SAND, FILLERS ............................................................................................ 41
A3 CONCRETES ....................................................................................................................................... 42
A4 BITUMINOUS MATERIALS .................................................................................................................... 42
A5 BITUMENS ........................................................................................................................................... 42

APPENDIX B: TYPICAL STAFF DUTIES AND KEY RESPONSIBILITIES ........................................... 43

B1 LABORATORY MANAGER .................................................................................................................... 43


B2 MATERIALS ENGINEER ....................................................................................................................... 43
B3 SENIOR TECHNICIAN/ENGINEER ......................................................................................................... 43

APPENDIX C: TYPICAL MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF QUALITY AUDIT AND SYSTEM REVIEW44

C1 TESTING AUDIT AND REPORT ............................................................................................................ 44


C2 NON-CONFORMITY REPORT ............................................................................................................... 44

APPENDIX D: TYPICAL MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF LABORATORY SAMPLING .................... 45

D1 FRESH CONCRETE POUR SAMPLING ................................................................................................. 45


D2 FRESH CONCRETE CUBE MANUFACTURE ......................................................................................... 45
D3 FRESH CONCRETE CUBE CURING ..................................................................................................... 46
D4 SAMPLING OF FRESH AGGREGATES .................................................................................................. 46
D5 SAMPLING OF SOILS ........................................................................................................................... 47
D6 SAMPLING OF BITUMINOUS MATERIALS ............................................................................................. 47

APPENDIX E: REFERENCE TO ALL RELEVANT EUROPEAN NORMS ............................................. 48

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Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
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1 Purpose
This document defines the manner in which construction products are accepted for the
purposes of constructing highways and carrying out works on public roads in Albania. They
deal comprehensively with the methods of conformity assessment and approval of
construction products, for the instances where there is no formal system of product
conformity already approved. These provisions do not apply to construction products that are
already accepted by established procedures.

This document also defines the manner in which site laboratories, within construction
projects occurring in Albania, must be established, organised and maintained. It deals
comprehensively with all necessary elements controlling system, staff and equipment. These
provisions do not apply to construction products that are already accepted by other
established procedures.

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Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

2 Glossary
Acceptance test. Test carried out for examining certain characteristics of construction
product during post-casting phase, in order to confirm or reject the existing evaluation of
construction product conformity with respect to the required characteristic present in pre-
casting phase.

Audit test. Occasional tests and measurement with which randomly selected samples or
locations are subject to verification, whether or not the results obtained by conformity tests
are actually accurate.

Authorised laboratory personnel. Authorised laboratory personnel are experts that are
licensed by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and telecommunications to carry out
laboratory tests.

Client. Competent state authority or specialised public/private construction company.

Conformity assessment. The activities performed by the manufacturer, or the contractor


and the party or parties with which it is directly or indirectly assessed whether or not the
requirements, as laid down in the relevant technical specifications, have been met.

Conformity control. The tasks, procedures and conformity tests performed within the
framework of internal control, for the purposes of conformity assessment.

Conformity evaluation. Systematic assessment of the conformity test results in relation to


the prescribed conformity criteria, by means of which it is possible to determine to what
extent a certain type of construction product meets the prescribed requirements.

Conformity test. Test intended for construction product’s conformity control that is
performed according to the testing plan within the factory and/or during the construction
product or construction semi-product casting.

Conformity verification. A confirmation, on the basis of a positive conformity evaluation,


that the construction product is in conformity with requirements as laid down in the relevant
technical specifications. Depending on the prescribed system of conformity assessment, this
is done by the manufacturer issuing a conformity statement, or the party or parties issuing a
conformity certificate.

Construction product. Every product used for the purpose of being incorporated into the
works.

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Construction semi-product. A construction product that, in itself, is not fully suitable for the
intended use in construction works and that acquires the required characteristics only in the
post-casting phase.

Construction works. Everything that is or must be constructed or, alternatively, is or must


be the result of construction works as part of a particular construction project.

External control/third party control. This comprises the activities performed by the Institute
of Standards and Technologies in Construction (ISTC), for the purposes of internal control
supervision, leading to construction product conformity attestation, or factory production
control, and/or cast-in construction product acceptance. It includes tasks, procedures,
external tests and measurements performed during the production phase and/or casting of
the construction product concerned.

Factory production control. This comprises the activities performed by the manufacturer
within the framework of internal control, for the purposes of production management within
the factory plant. These activities include tasks, procedures, production control tests and
measurements carried out during the production (preparation) of a construction product. Its
integral part is control, carried out within the factory plant, of the finished construction
product’s conformity with the requirements of the relevant technical specifications.

Identity control. An action taking place prior to casting of the construction product in
question, in order to verify, according to the criteria laid down in the technical specifications,
whether or not the results obtained in identity tests for certain product characteristics belong
to the same statistical population for which conformity has already been the subject to
assessment under internal control.

Identity test. A test performed for the purposes of identity control of a delivered construction
product.

Initial type test. A test performed to verify and confirm whether the required characteristics
have been achieved and whether the construction product in question is appropriate for the
envisaged use. Such a test is carried out prior to regular production or in the case of
significant changes in the origin of the components and/or their relations, as well as
significant changes in production method. Depending on the prescribed system of conformity
assessment, its implementation is either the responsibility of the manufacturer, the contractor
or the engineer.

Institute of Standards and Technologies in Construction (ISTC). Technical organisation


in Albania, that, acting as a third party, carries out prescribed external control tasks during

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Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

the construction phase, such as conformity approval/certification and acceptance of


construction products.

Internal control (auto-control). This comprises the activities performed by the manufacturer
during the production phase within the factory plant and/or the contractor when casting the
construction product concerned on the building site. These activities are performed for the
purposes of product conformity management and assessment.
Laboratory. Technical organisation that during the construction phase carries out conformity
tests and fulfils the prescribed requirements.

Production control test. Testing and measurement that must be performed by the
manufacturer or contractor for the purposes of production management and conformity
control within the production plant and during the construction product casting.

Technical specifications. A document that specifies technical requirements for construction


products, for internal and external control procedures, and for conformity assessment and
conformity approval procedures. The technical specifications may be regarded as a standard
or part of a standard, or as an independent document.

Testing plan. A plan of the type, frequency, and number of conformity tests that must be
carried out during the preparation and/or casting of the construction product concerned, in
relation to the requirements laid down in the technical specifications or tender specifications.

Third party. Legal subject or authority recognised as independent with regard to the client,
contractor and construction product manufacturer concerned.

Type/product type. Construction product with specific characteristics, belonging to a certain


quality class or quality level.

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3 Product Acceptance

3.1 General
According to this document, any construction product should be accepted if it:

a. Can contribute to the fulfilment of essential technical requirements for the construction
works into which it is to be cast (i.e. safety, usability, durability and safe use of the
construction works);

b. Is either used for environment protection or pollution prevention;

c. Can protect construction works from harmful environmental impacts.

In addition to determining conformity compliance procedure, dealing with a construction


product must also determine acceptance procedure.

When technical specifications in tender documents include provisions for assessment of


conformity and acceptance of construction product that differ from the provisions in these
technical specifications, or they do not include any such provisions at all, the method of
acceptance of the construction product concerned must be defined in accordance with this
document and added to the invitation to tenders or to a special supplement to the otherwise
effective technical specifications.

Acceptance of any type of cast-in construction product is carried out by the engineer, as
defined in section Error! Reference source not found. of this document.

Acceptance may be carried out:

• For construction works in the whole or in part;

• For individual sections, segments or lots of cast-in construction products, when partial
acceptance is necessary for the continuation of construction works.

Acceptance must be carried out:

• On delivery to construction site, pursuant to section 3.2 of this document, for


construction products that are already regarded as suitable for intended use in
construction works and do not undergo any changes in their characteristics in post-
casting phase;

• On casting into construction works, pursuant to section 3.3 of this document, for
construction products that are regarded as suitable for their intended use only in post-
casting phase.

Construction products that are accepted for casting are those that:

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Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

• Are produced during construction phase, or;

• Are delivered to construction site as construction semi-products, equipped with relevant


evidence of their conformity in pre-cast state (for example, pre-cast concrete mixes,
pre-cast mortar mixes, pre-cast asphalt mixtures, etc.), or;

• Are composed on construction site of pre-cast construction products equipped with


relevant evidence of conformity (for example, pipelines composed of pipes and
standard dimension piping cuts).

The certificates listed below may be presented and recognised as proof of a construction
product’s conformity in accordance with the effective legislation or pursuant to this document:

• Certificate of a construction product’s conformity or statement of a construction


product’s conformity, issued pursuant to a relevant provision laid down by the Ministry
of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications, or;

• Attestation of a construction product’s conformity or statement of a construction


product’s conformity, issued pursuant to section 5 of this document, if those responsible
for construction have not yet issued a relevant regulation on conformity attestation of
the construction product in question. A statement of a construction product’s conformity
must always be subject to internal control approval by the Institute of Standards and
Technologies in Construction (ISTC).

The acceptance of imported construction products is subject to the provisions set out in
section 3.4 of this document.

Acceptance procedures must be properly documented.

3.2 Acceptance of Construction Products on Delivery


to the Construction Site
Prior to this procedure, the engineer must, in addition to other obligations, perform the
following tasks:

a. When there is evidence of construction product’s conformity within the meaning of


section 3.1 of this document:

• Verify the validity of the statement of construction product’s conformity or certificate of


construction product’s conformity or attestation of product’s conformity;

• Verify whether the evidence of a construction product’s conformity or whether the report
of initial type test covers all the product’s characteristics required by the relevant
specifications; when deficiencies are identified, the engineer must request additional
evidence;

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• Verify the evidence demonstrating constant internal control supervision, issued by a


recognised supervisory authority;

• When so required, perform appropriate identity tests on the proposal by the ISTC and
in accordance with general regulations on placing the construction products in question
on the market.

b. When there is no above mentioned evidence of a construction product’s conformity and


its conformity should be, according to section 4.1 of this document, assessed as well as
attested, the ISTC must, prior to first delivery, evaluate the product’s conformity and issue
a conformity attestation in accordance with the provisions of these technical
specifications. To this end, all crucial technical characteristics of the construction product
must be tested pursuant to the relevant technical specifications; if the latter do not exist,
they must be laid down by the client in agreement with the ISTC.

During regular delivery to construction site, the engineer, however, must as frequently as
appropriate:

a. When there is evidence of a construction product’s conformity within the meaning of


section 3.1 of this document:

• Inspect the construction product, supporting documentation and packaging (labels


and marks);

• Verify the validity of submitted evidence of constant internal control supervision;

• Perform identity tests if so prescribed for the product in question in the relevant
technical specifications or the regulation issued by the Ministry of Public Works,
Transport and Telecommunications, or tender specifications, or;

b. When there is no above mentioned evidence of a construction product’s conformity:

• Verify by means of tests the relevant characteristics of construction product;

• Confirm the validity or reject the issued attestation of conformity, on the basis of on-
going conformity assessment.

3.3 Acceptance of Construction Products on Casting


Acceptance of construction products on casting is founded upon:

• The verification of available evidence of conformity of delivered construction product


or construction semi-product;

• Completed internal and external controls during casting phase, in accordance with
section 4.4.2 of this document;

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• Construction products conformity evaluation, in accordance with section 4.5 of this


document.

Cast-in construction products are acceptable if it is established through the conformity


evaluation that the products meet all prescribed requirements.

In the case of any deviations, the cast-in construction product must be rejected and must be
repaired or removed from the construction works and replaced by a new one. Rejection
criteria must be defined for the construction product in question or in tender specifications.

The ISTC must, for the acceptance of a specific type of cast construction product, draw a
report on conformity pursuant to section 4.5 of this document that must contain the decision
on approval or rejection of the product cast into construction works or into certain
components thereof (segments, layers, construction elements, etc.) in accordance with
acceptance planning.

3.4 Acceptance of Imported Construction Products


For imported construction products or technological systems that, under decision by the
Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications, must be subject to conformity
attestation, documents proving their conformity must be first obtained.

Documents issued abroad are recognised as a basis for issuing a conformity certificate,
provided that the necessary conditions of technical requirements for construction products
and conformity assessment are fulfilled.

If necessary, the ISTC may carry out:

• Additional product characteristics tests, provided that the characteristics in question


are prescribed in the relevant tender specifications, but are not covered in the
submitted evidence;

• Identity tests.

The sample for such tests must be delivered by the importer or taken on the manufacturer’s
premises by an authorised representative of the ISTC.

Acceptance procedures carried out during regular delivery are subject to the provisions of
section 3.2 of this document, while acceptance procedures carried out for the cast-in product
are subject to the provisions in section 3.3 of this document.

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3.5 The Institute of Standards and Technologies in Construction


The Institute of Standards and Technologies in Construction (ISTC) is designated by the
client in accordance with section Error! Reference source not found. of this document to
carry out tasks concerning the acceptance of individual construction products.

The ISTC may, upon the client’s consent, delegate to a sub-contractor – another competent
organisation – individual tasks concerning external control, nevertheless remaining fully
responsible for their proper and complete implementation. The ISTC, however, is not
permitted to delegate to the sub-contractor the drawing up of the report on the product’s
conformity evaluation, which serves as the basis for the acceptance of cast-in product and
the drafting of the final evaluation.

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4 Product Compliance and Conformity Assessment

4.1 General
These provisions apply to building construction works on public roads in order to assess the
conformity of those construction products that are not subject to assessment of conformity
with this document and are also not subject to conformity approval pursuant to the relevant
regulations issued by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications.
These provisions are, furthermore, intended for the purpose of accepting cast-in construction
products. They apply to:

• Pre-cast construction products;

• Construction semi-products;

• Construction products made during road works construction process.

Conformity assessment comprises internal control tasks and external control tasks, as
defined in section 4.3 of this document. Those particular above mentioned tasks which must
be performed for the purposes of conformity assessment of a certain construction product
depends, within the meaning of section 3.1 of this document, on the intended use of the
product in construction works, and particularly on the influence that the product concerned
must have on the fulfilment of essential technical requirements for the construction works into
which it is to be cast. The obligatory part of each system is factory production control or
construction work implementation control.

Possible systems of conformity assessment comprising various combinations of internal and


external control tasks are given in section 4.4 of this document (see page 12).

Assessment systems of type A and B (see Table 4.1 on page 12) are obligatory for
conformity assessment of those products that, when cast-in, must not only provide the
construction works with security but also fulfil other essential technical requirements for
construction works, as indicated in section 3.1 of this document.

Assessment systems of type C and D (see Table 4.1 on page 12) are appropriate for
conformity assessment of those products that, following the completion of casting process,
must, within the meaning of section 3.1 of this document, provide the construction works only
with individual essential technical characteristic for construction works or ensure a certain
type of use.

The conformity assessment system that is considered most appropriate for the purpose and
significance of the product for construction works into which it is cast, must be defined for the
product concerned or in the client’s tender specifications.

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4.2 Internal Control Tasks


The tasks performed for the purposes of conformity assessment that are the obligation of the
manufacturer or contractor, comprise the following:

• Initial type test of the product or initial test performed on test field, when the two are
envisaged as the manufacturer or contractor’s obligation in the prescribed conformity
attestation system;

• Factory production control or construction product casting control or construction work


implementation control, including factory machinery control;

• Production control tests according to adopted testing plan;

• Conformity evaluation with respect to prescribed characteristics of individual


construction product type.

4.3 External Control Tasks


The tasks performed for the purposes of conformity assessment or factory production control
approval or cast-in construction products acceptance that are the obligation of the Institute of
Standards and Technologies in Construction (ISTC) comprise the following:

• Initial type test of the product, when such test is envisaged as the obligation of a third
party or the ISTC in the prescribed conformity attestation system;

• Initial factory inspection and production capacity evaluation;

• Initial factory production control assessment or on-site control assessment also


comprising organisation and competence control of the laboratory designated for
carrying out prescribed conformity control tests (personnel, organisation and
equipment) as well as testing plan assessment;

• Constant internal control supervision;

• Examination and assessment of conformity evaluation performed by the manufacturer


or contractor;

• Audit tests performed on the samples that are randomly collected during factory
production control or on-site control, if so required by the prescribed conformity
attestation system.

When several small-scale construction works are involved that are built by the same
contractor under equal technological conditions, certain external control tasks may be
distributed over a larger number of the construction works. The results thus obtained may be

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taken into consideration in conformity assessment of construction products in individual


construction works.

4.4 Conformity Assessment Systems

4.4.1 Verifications for Factory Construction Products and Semi-products


If conformity assessment is carried out for the purposes of conformity attestation of factory-
made construction products and construction semi-products, in accordance with section 6 of
this document, one of the systems presented in Table 4.1 may be applied. The required
activities of internal and external control for each system are also indicated in the table.

System
Internal control tasks External control tasks
code
- Initial type test
- Factory production control - Initial plant inspection and control system examination
A
- Production control tests - Constant internal control surveillance
- Audit tests
- Initial type test
- Factory production control
B - Initial plant inspection and control system examination
- Production control tests
- Constant internal control surveillance
- Initial type test - Internal control approval on the basis of:
C - Factory production control - Initial plant inspection and control system examination
- Production control tests - Constant internal control surveillance
- Initial type test Internal control approval on the basis of:
D - Factory production control - Initial plant inspection and control system examination
- Production control tests

Table 4.1: Systems of conformity assessment of factory-made


construction products and construction semi-products

4.4.2 Acceptance of Cast-in Construction Products


If conformity assessment is carried out for the purposes of acceptance of cast-in construction
products pursuant to section 3.3 of this document, the systems of conformity assessment
and accompanying activities of internal and external control, as presented in Table 4.2,
overleaf, may be applied.

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System
Internal control tasks External control tasks
code
- Initial test on test field
- Casting/construction control - Initial inspection of machinery and control system
A
- Production control tests - Constant internal control surveillance
- Audit tests
- Initial test on test field
- Casting/construction control
B - Initial inspection of machinery and control system
- Production control tests
- Constant internal control surveillance
- Initial test on test field
- Initial inspection of machinery and control system
C - Casting/construction control
- Constant internal control surveillance
- Production control tests
- Initial test on test field
D - Casting/construction control - Initial inspection of machinery and control system
- Production control tests

Table 4.2: Systems of conformity assessment of cast-in construction products

4.5 Conformity Evaluation


Conformity evaluation provides the basis on which the certificate of conformity or the
statement of conformity for factory-made construction product is issued and on which cast-in
construction product is accepted.

Conformity evaluation is carried out for each product type. The evaluation may also cover
groups of certain product type possessing various nominal characteristics, provided that such
procedure is precisely defined.

For construction products that are made during construction process, conformity evaluation
is carried out either for cast-in construction product or, separately, for construction semi-
product, prepared in the factory plant. Separate evaluations are reasonable, in particular,
when the preparation and casting of construction product are implemented by different legal
subjects.

In the report on conformity evaluation, it must be determined whether the tasks, as


prescribed in either the technical specifications or tender specifications, have been
performed by the manufacturer, or the contractor and the engineer, and to what extent the
required characteristics have been proven through conformity assessment. The report on
conformity evaluation, providing the basis for the statement of conformity in section 5.1 of
this document, must be prepared by the engineer. The report on conformity evaluation,

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providing the basis for the statement of conformity in section 5.1 of this document, must be
prepared by the manufacturer upon prior approval by the ISTC of factory production control.

The report on conformity evaluation, providing the basis for the acceptance of the cast-in
construction product within the meaning of section 3.3 of this document, is prepared by the
ISTC.

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5 Product Conformity Verification

5.1 Certificate of Conformity


For conformity assessment systems of types A and B, the Institute of Standards and
Technologies in Construction (ISTC) issues a certificate of conformity for a particular type of
construction product, provided that the initial factory and internal control system examination
has produced favourable results.

The period of validity of the certificate is limited by production period, construction period or
the quantity of the construction product in question.

The ISTC may then, on the basis of the findings of constant internal control supervision
carried out in intervals – prescribed in the relevant document or tender specifications and
dependent on the scope and dynamics of production or construction works – do any of the
following:

• Confirm the validity of the issued verification of conformity, provided that constant
surveillance findings demonstrate that internal control is being implemented in
compliance with technical specifications requirements and that the established results
of conformity tests meet the prescribed criteria;

• Notify or warn the manufacturer or the contractor and demand corrective measures, if
surveillance findings show any non-conformities or discrepancies in internal control
implementation;

• Repeal the validity of the issued conformity attestation, in the case of repeated
occurrence of non-conformity.

5.2 Certificate of Internal Control Approval and Statement of Conformity


For conformity assessment systems of types C and D, the engineer issues a certificate of
internal control approval, provided that initial inspection of the factory or machinery and the
examination of internal control systems have produced favourable results. The period of
validity of the certificate must be limited by production period, construction period or quantity
of the construction product in question.

On the basis of the certificate of internal control approval, the manufacturer issues a
statement of construction product’s conformity.

If conformity assessment requires the application of system type C, the engineer may, on the
basis of the findings of constant internal control supervision carried out in intervals –

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prescribed in the relevant document or tender specifications and dependent on the scope
and dynamics of production or construction works – do any of the following:

• Confirm the validity of the certificate of internal control approval, provided that
surveillance findings again demonstrate that the internal control is being implemented
in compliance with the technical specifications requirements and that the established
results of conformity tests meet the prescribed criteria;

• Notify or warn the manufacturer or the contractor and demand corrective measures, if
surveillance findings show any non-conformities or discrepancies in internal control
implementation;

• Repeal the validity of the issued certificate of internal control approval, in the case of
repeated occurrence of non-conformity.

If the certificate of internal control approval is repealed, the manufacturer or the contractor
must immediately repeal the issued statement of construction product conformity.

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6 Required Conditions

6.1 Manufacturer or Contractor


Internal control tasks concerning a particular construction product may be conducted by an
organisational unit of the manufacturer or the contractor that fulfils both of the following
requirements:

• Disposes of personnel, competent for the performance of prescribed internal control


tasks;

• Disposes of qualified personnel, appropriate space as well as necessary testing and


measuring equipment for carrying out the prescribed conformity tests on the
construction product in question.

The implementation of these requirements is assessed and confirmed by the client on the
basis of a favourable expert opinion delivered by the Institute of Standards and Technologies
in Construction (ISTC).

The manufacturer is, as a rule, deemed competent for carrying out internal controls, provided
that the established factory production control system or on-site control system is in line with
the EN ISO 9001/2 standard and that also relevant requirements are taken into consideration
that are contained in the technical regulation covering the controlled construction product.

The competence of the laboratory conducting required identity tests for a certain construction
product as well as acceptance tests is evaluated and attested by the client, on the basis of:

• Effective accreditation pursuant the SIST EN 45001 standard, issued by the


Accreditation Directorate of Albania;

• A positive opinion delivered by the engineer if the manufacturer or the contractor


does not dispose of the above mentioned evidence.

If the manufacturer or the contractor alone is not sufficiently qualified for the fulfilment of the
required tasks, he may sub-contract their implementation in whole or in part to a competent
professional organisation or, as appropriate, may subcontract testing for conformity control to
a competent testing laboratory. In such instances, the manufacturer or the contractor must
first obtain consent from the client and from the ISTC.

6.2 Institute of Standards and Technologies in Construction


The tasks of the Institute of Standards and Technologies in Construction (ISTC) in accepting
construction products and attesting their conformity may be performed by an independent
organisation that is a legal subject and:

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• Disposes of the necessary equipment for testing the construction product being
subject to acceptance or conformity attestation;

• Disposes of the necessary professionally qualified and experienced personnel;

• Ensures objectivity and professional fairness of the personnel in implementation of


the tasks concerning assessment of construction product conformity with the
technical specifications;

• Guarantees personnel’s independence from all parties directly or indirectly interested


in the construction product manufacturing process, and personnel independence from
internal control of this product;

• Protects manufacturer or contractor’s trade secrets;

• Is a financially independent entity performing carrying out activities under cover of


insurance.

Whether or not these requirements are fulfilled is assessed by the client who subsequently
recognises the competence to the ISTC, which operates as a recognised organisation
possessing the required competence.

For cast in situ construction products, the client may designate the General Roads
Directorate (GRD) laboratory, or a private laboratory, to ascertain whether the required
specifications have been met.

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7 Final Product Evaluation


On completing the construction works, the designated laboratory (GRD or private) issues a
final suitability evaluation of the entire quantity of cast-in construction product for the
intended use in construction works. The final evaluation of suitability must contain:

• The revision of submitted statements, certificates or attestations of construction


product conformity, or certificates or attestations of internal control approval and
documents confirming their validity;

• Established discrepancies;

• The conclusion, where:

o It is established whether or not the product in question is suitable for the


envisaged use;

o The requirement is made to eliminate the established discrepancies or


subsequent presentation of evidence demonstrating achieved conformity on a
certain construction works segment; or

o The requirement is made to repair construction works or that part of


construction works into which the non-conforming lot of construction product
has been cast.

The final evaluation on suitability of a certain type of construction product for the intended
use may apply to several small-scale construction works, if the common quality control plan
for these works envisages.

Final evaluations on suitability of all cast-in construction products constitute a basis on which
the client may consequently accept and approve the construction works in question.

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8 Requirements for Site Laboratories

8.1 General
Site laboratory internal control tasks concerning a particular construction project may be
conducted by an organisational unit of the manufacturer or the contractor, on the basis it:

• Provides an adequate quality control system;

• Provides personnel, competent for the performance of prescribed test, inspection and
control tasks; and

• Provides appropriate space and all suitable facilities as well as all calibrated and
necessary testing and measuring equipment for carrying out the prescribed
conformity tests on the construction product in question.

The implementation of these requirements is assessed and confirmed by the client on the
basis of a favourable expert opinion delivered by a competent third party.

The site laboratory, whether provided by contractor or client, is deemed competent for
carrying out all inspection and testing, including all associated controls, provided that the
established control system or on-site control system is in line with an EN ISO 9001/2 relevant
standard and in line with relevant standards issued by the Accreditation Directorate of
Albania, and that also relevant requirements are taken into consideration that are contained
in the technical regulations covering the controlled construction project.

The competence of the laboratory conducting required identity and acceptance tests for a
certain construction project is evaluated and attested by the Ministry of Public Works,
Transport and Telecommunications, on the basis of effective accreditation pursuant to the
SIST EN 45001/17025/9000 standard, issued by the Accreditation Directorate of Albania,
that must cover all required tests for construction product conformity assessment.

If the contractor alone is not sufficiently qualified for the fulfilment of the required tasks, he
may sub-contract their implementation in whole or in part to a competent professional
organisation or, as appropriate, he may sub-contract testing for conformity control to a third-
party competent testing laboratory.

8.2 Site Laboratory Quality Manual


The overall governing system must be based on a site laboratory manual conforming to the
relevant EN standard. The system must be an ordered series of controlling documents and
records. All documents must be controlled, having ownership records, issue and revision
status.

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8.3 Quality Policy


It must be the policy of the laboratory management to provide a high standard of quality in all
aspects of site sampling, inspections and testing that combines technical competence with
objectivity and integrity. Where it is possible, international standards must be incorporated.

8.4 Issue
The manual must be issued by the resident laboratory manager, either through the contractor
or, if client owned, through the engineer’s representative, to set out the procedures to be
followed within the quality plan for the site materials laboratory.

8.5 Control
The materials engineer is both the quality manager and technical manager for the purposes
of control of the laboratory. He must have overall responsibility for the control of quality and
for implementing the quality policy in the laboratory.

The management of the laboratory is responsible for the provision of the laboratory services
in compliance with the required standards including all tests and calibrations.

All laboratory staff are required to comply at all times with the quality policy, manuals and
procedures as laid down and set out in the associated documentation.

8.6 Minimum Testing Capacity


The laboratory must be capable of compliant testing with those tests listed in Appendix A, at
the minimum.

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9 Laboratory Quality System

9.1 Aims and Format


The laboratory quality system must be developed to apply the principles of quality assurance
according to the needs of the construction project.

The quality system, which must comprise at the minimum a quality manual plus appendices,
must include description of the management structure and procedures to be adopted in order
to ensure that data is obtained and documented in the laboratory to a consistently high
standard.

In order to meet this objective the laboratory quality system must be developed, maintained
and implemented in accordance with Albanian quality standards. Where Albanian quality
standards to not exist, the laboratory quality system must comply with all relevant
international quality and associated testing standards. In addition the laboratory must seek a
policy of continuous improvement.

It is the responsibility of all laboratory personnel to understand and apply at all times the
principles of the quality assurance system. Compliance is mandatory.

The materials engineer is responsible for ensuring that the quality system is developed to
apply the principles of quality assurance.

The laboratory quality system must be developed to apply the principles of quality assurance.

9.2 Quality Manual


The manual must be prepared by a competent person. It must be issued as an authorised
document, such as a work instruction. It must be controlled. Amendments must be issued
and identified by an appropriate revision number.

9.3 Quality Management


The materials engineer is to be responsible for all technical matters relating to the operation
of the laboratory and the full implementation of all laboratory quality measures.

Requirements for quality executive must be a reporting function through the project manager.

Particular duties of the materials engineer must include:

• Planning and supervision of audits;

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• Supervision and timely verification actions carried out to implement any corrective
actions necessary;

• Making arrangements for and reporting any review of the system;

• Establishing and maintaining all necessary document control procedures;

• Maintaining records of the operation of the laboratory quality system.

9.4 Quality Documentation


Production of quality documentation must take place under the following conditions:

• All activities and responsibilities for which an accreditation is held must be fully
documented. The materials engineer is fully responsible for this;

• All laboratory personnel must have full access to all documentation;

• All personnel must sign to verify their reading and understanding of the quality system
documents;

• The materials engineer must issue the laboratory quality manual for the project site
and may amend all procedures as required relating to the inspection and testing
work;

• Unauthorised alterations to this document are forbidden;

• All laboratory personnel must comply with these procedures;

• Any permitted departures must be recorded. Departures must not contravene any
other contractual requirements;

• If any unscheduled departure from the stated policies procedures or laboratory


specifications occur, the materials engineer must arrange for all affected laboratory
work to be identified, segregated and, if necessary, discarded. All necessary
investigations and corrective actions must be carried out before further similar
procedural work is performed.

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10 Organisation and Management

10.1 Laboratory Organisation


The organisation of site laboratories must comply with the following conditions:

• The laboratory must function as part of the construction site's supervision of the
works;

• The laboratory and equipment must be provided by the main contractor in


accordance with the details set out in the works specification;

• The laboratory must provide inspection, sampling and testing services to the
temporary and permanent site works materials;

• The laboratory organisation chart must be prepared for the project and circulated;

• The laboratory quality manager must act as the materials engineer;

• The laboratory manager must act as a deputy quality manager.

A schedule of all minimal testing capabilities forms part of this document (see Appendix D).

10.2 Management of Senior Staff


The materials engineer is answerable to the project manager for the general management of
all technical matters concerning the laboratory, including the following:

• Preparation of laboratory manual and associated quality documentation;

• Ensuring the duties and responsibilities of the laboratory and its staff are effectively
discharged and arranging for any necessary staff training within the operational remit
of the laboratory;

• Liaising with and taking instructions from the project manager and other senior site
staff in respect of materials and their testing requirements;

• Arranging all meetings;

• Ensuring all documentation prepared by staff is correct.

The laboratory manager is responsible for the routine running of the laboratory and ensuring
that overall laboratory quality requirements are met on a day to day basis. The laboratory
manager must also act as technical manager. Duties and responsibilities include:

• Programming of laboratory and testing work and directing and training staff;

• Ensuring the maintenance of laboratory equipment, documents and records.

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The senior technicians must be directly responsible for all daily inspections and sampling, as
well as their subsequent testing. This must include, at the very least:

• Completion of appropriate sampling certificates and entry of correct data and test
requirements into the sampling registers;

• Ensuring that samples and sub samples are properly identified as registered, are
marked and are correctly stored;

• Ensuring that the sampling and test procedures utilised comply with the specified
criteria and that the equipment is suitable for the test and properly calibrated;

• Ensuring timely and accurate completion and submission of worksheets and report
sheets;

• Supervising and training junior staff according to competence and experience.

Only the materials engineer is authorised to sign the laboratory report sheets and take
responsibility for their content.

10.3 Management General


The staff appointed to the laboratory must be made aware of their responsibilities as
described elsewhere in this document.

It must be the laboratory policy to sample and test materials accurately and to report
accurately all findings and data without modification.

Test results must be disclosed as required by the overall construction works contract.

The laboratory must be manned at all times and when closed must be made secure so as to
prevent loss or unauthorised access.

10.4 Administrative Procedures


The administration of the laboratory must be controlled by the materials engineer in respect
of:

• Day to day supervision;

• Monthly control meetings;

• Action lists.

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The controls must include:

• Dealing with enquiries and requests;

• Programming of calibrations and repairs;

• Programming of audits;

• Staff training;

• Control of test items;

• Sampling and testing activity compliance confirmations;

• Confirmation of resultant data collections and reporting;

• Safe handling and storage of all reports data and samples;

• Dealing with anomalies;

• Filing system maintenance.

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11 Staff and Staff Training

11.1 General
All staff must be employed according to the needs and requirements of the works contract,
i.e. by contractor or client.

11.2 Experience
All staff must have adequate and suitable qualifications and experience relevant to their
nominated position and responsibilities and duties.

11.3 Training
All staff must receive training and all records of training must be maintained. Staff must
receive competence training for all particular equipment usage and calibration as well as all
materials types and all sampling and testing regimes.

Verification of competence must include:

• Demonstration of equipment, sample and test procedures and calculations;

• Testing and calculation;

• Split sample testing;

• Duplication tests;

• Adequate records.

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12 Quality System Audits and Quality Review

12.1 Purpose
Internal quality audits must be carried out periodically to verify that the requirements of this
document are met and to highlight areas of necessary change or improvement.

Staff that carry out tests or internal calibrations must be subject to regular, periodical
examination. System audits must be undertaken by a trained auditor. All laboratory aspects
must be reviewed at least annually. Audits must be pre-programmed to suit the contract and
laboratory working regime.

12.2 Responsibility
Audits must be arranged by the materials engineer and carried out by trained laboratory staff
but not in those activities which are their own direct responsibility. Requirements for various
corrective actions must be verified by the same. System reviews must be managed by the
same in conjunction with the project manager. The materials engineer must maintain all
appropriate records.

12.3 Implementation
Audit and review must comply with the relevant international standard e.g. quality audit and
quality system review, in calibration and testing laboratories.

Test results and, where appropriate, any trend graphs of test data must be maintained and
regularly reviewed in accordance with the frequency of samples taken.

External organisations may only assist if approved by all parties.

12.4 Planning and Documentation


All associated audit and review records must be maintained by the materials engineer. A
management review of the laboratory management system must be held annually.

12.5 Quality Control Systems


In addition to audits and reviews, the laboratory may also implement appropriate checks on
the performance of staff tests by performing parallel tests with second staff.

A register of records must be maintained on all replicate or retesting checks.

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13 Equipment

13.1 Calibration and Test Equipment


The materials engineer must ensure that sufficient facilities are available for the purposes of
sampling and testing.

An inventory of all equipment must be maintained, including identification numbers (uniquely


endorsed), condition, and calibration status.

13.2 Equipment Operation and Maintenance


Certificates of compliance must be available from the manufacturer.

Equipment must be checked and calibrated before being taken into service.

Continued compliance must be as set out elsewhere in this document.

All staff must have a duty to report defective or non-calibrated equipment.

All tests affected by such equipment must be clearly identified and the tests carried out again
with alternative identical equipment. Original defective equipment must be marked as such
and removed to manufacturer for repair.

The equipment maintenance record must record all such defects.

All equipment maintenance and operating instructions must be maintained by the laboratory
manager.

13.3 Authorisation for Use


In addition to the inventory of training records, a list of authorised laboratory personnel to
carry out accredited tests and therefore use the associated equipment must also be
maintained by the materials engineer. These authorised laboratory personnel must be
experts that are licensed by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunications
to carry out such laboratory tests.

13.4 Monitoring
It must be a policy of the laboratory to ensure that equipment is protected as far as possible
from deterioration and abuse. It must be maintained, calibrated and regularly checked
between routine calibrations to ensure proper functioning.

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Any equipment that suffers damage or provides suspect results must be withdrawn from
service.

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14 Measurement Traceability and Calibration

14.1 Policy
All measurements taken during the course of accredited tests, in maintaining an appropriate
environment or, in the verification of equipment, must be traceable to known standards and
to satisfy the standards required by particular test standards. Implementation of the
calibration programme must be the direct responsibility of the laboratory manager.

Only accredited calibration laboratories must be used to re-calibrate equipment.

14.2 Uncertainty of Measurement


All calibration reports received must include a statement of uncertainty of measurements.

14.3 Calibration
All calibration requirements must be managed by the materials engineer.

Internal calibrations must only be undertaken by persons authorised to do so. A record of


such persons must be maintained by the materials engineer.

No equipment out of calibration (i.e. beyond its calibration date) must be used until re-
calibrated.

All instruments used for the purposes of calibration must only be used for this purpose.

All internal calibrations must normally be carried out with equipment calibrated to a figure of
ten times the required accuracy. All uncertainties of test measurement must be stated where
appropriate.

14.4 Calibration/measurement Audits


The laboratory must not normally take part in measurement audits or inter-laboratory
comparisons.

14.5 Calibration Programmes and Records


The materials engineer must ensure that calibration laboratories hold acceptable
accreditations for all Levels 1—4. The laboratory may undertake Level 1 check audits itself if
deemed desirable. All records of all associated activities must be maintained.

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15 Methods and Procedures for Tests

15.1 Policy and Scope


The materials engineer must ensure that all sampling and testing is carried out in accordance
with the relevant standards and specifications applicable to the works contract.

The materials engineer must ensure that all laboratory procedures reflect the method stated
in the current applicable standard. All the latest copies must be held in the library.

Any variation to the accepted standard or test procedures must be authorised in writing.

15.2 Availability
All methods, procedures, standards and specifications relevant to the work of the laboratory
must be made available to all staff.

15.3 Documentation of Methods and Procedures


Any particular methods for testing must be clear, precise, and unambiguous. They must
contain sufficient instructions, without need for amplification or clarification.

No methods, specifications, standards or the like may be changed without the consent of the
project manager for the works contract. If approved, they must be approved in writing only. If
changes are required, the procedure should go to the technical secretariat of ARDACS (for
further information on departures, please refer to ARCS 1).

15.4 Integrity of Data


Where computer programmes are used as an aid to testing they must be verified by
mathematical means prior to acceptance and use. Software must be stored in accordance
with the appropriate parts of quality standard.

Calculations and data transfer must be subject to sample checks.

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16 Laboratory Accommodation and Equipment

16.1 Accommodation
The laboratory environment must be maintained to comply with current Albanian legislation
for all staff needs and also be suitable for all required testing and storage activities.

Any requirements for special environmental conditions must be met and maintained.

When external site environmental conditions become severe so as to affect testing or


sampling, adequate records must be maintained.

16.2 Records
The laboratory environment records must be adequately maintained. Additionally, external
site conditions must be similarly recorded.

16.3 Access
The laboratory must be kept locked at all times when unattended. In no cases must
unauthorised persons be permitted to access testing areas.

16.4 Housekeeping
The laboratory and all its equipment must be kept in a clean and tidy condition at all times, to
ensure that all tests can be carried out effectively and without contamination of the specimen
under test.

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17 Handling of Test Items

17.1 Receipt and Handling


All items received into the laboratory must be recorded onto sampling registers. Each item
must be unique and the register must be so designed as to allow full traceability.

All items received that are not immediately tested must be moved to a satisfactory storage
area.

Sample details must be entered onto worksheets.

Original material states must be maintained, with samples being preserved in airtight bags or
similar.

Sampling at source must be undertaken only by trained and licensed staff. These staff must
ensure correct protocol in respect of bagging, identification, and transit.

Complete sampling records must be maintained for all materials.

17.2 Identification of Items


Each sample must have a unique reference which must be recorded both on the sample (or
bag) by means of a label or permanent marker pen, and on the sample register.

17.3 Condition on Receipt


If, for any reason, the condition of the sample is not as required by the relevant test method,
the materials engineer must obtain a correct sample.

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18 Records

18.1 System
A record system must be maintained in the laboratory which must readily ensure that all data
is identified, readily accessible and the relevant records for any given sample are traceable
through sampling, testing, reporting, and report distribution.

Records must be maintained in indelible material.

All corrections must be counter-signed.

The records system must be based upon:

• Sample registers;

• Worksheets;

• Report summaries;

• Sampling certificates.

18.2 Information Recorded


The records must include for each test performed, all information required to compile test
reports and also include at least the following:

• Identification of the laboratory;

• Job number;

• Unique report sheets;

• Date of receipt of test item;

• Dates of tests;

• Date of issue of report sheet;

• Signed responsibility for test;

• Any unambiguous details such as origin of supply;

• Any departures from normal conditions;

• Test method and procedure used;

• Other standards relevant to the test;

• Location, date and condition and method of sampling;

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• Environmental conditions prevailing during sampling;

• Test results;

• Any design or performance specification to be met;

• Estimated uncertainty of test results (where final compliance is expressed as an


assessment of compliance to a limit or specification);

• Other relevant information.

The above records must be entered onto sample registers, certificates, worksheets and
report summaries as appropriate

18.3 Protection
The records must be kept securely in offices under the charge of the laboratory manager.

18.4 Retention
The retention period for all records on file must be as set out in the works contract or in
legislation. If not so stated then records must be retained for a minimum of six years.

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19 Reports

19.1 Policy
Test reports and summaries must be of acceptable format and suitable for their intended
purpose. They may only be used to present summarised results for which full individual and
traceable information is on record elsewhere in the laboratory.

All forms of report must be so presented as to be unambiguous. All sampling details must be
clear including reference to item or batch.

19.2 Authorisation
Reports must be issued to the materials engineer who must be responsible for ensuring their
completeness and accuracy. They must be endorsed by signature.

19.3 Supplementary
Reports must not be amended but may be superceded.

19.4 Transmission of Results


Transmission of all results must be recorded and documented in accordance with the normal
established controlled procedures

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20 Handling of Complaints and Anomalies

20.1 Policy
All written complaints must be recorded and addressed by the contractor, client or, third party
as appropriate by laboratory manager.

All complaints must be entered onto a register of complaints, together with anomalies, reply
references, and any corrective action that may be necessary.

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21 Sub-contracting of Tests

21.1 Policy
The laboratory must normally undertake all normal tests for which it holds accreditation.
Where tests are outside this scope they must be sub-contracted to another accredited
laboratory in accordance with the contractor’s obligations under the contract.

Where this is not the case, the laboratory must carry out all necessary checks and
calibrations to ensure the suitability of the service or supply. A register must be maintained.

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22 Particular Listings

22.1 Policy
The laboratory must hold detailed listings of the following:

• Tests for ISO accreditation;

• Variations permitted to manual/standard specifications;

• Schedule of sampling/testing;

• Site laboratory organisation chart;

• Personnel authorised for various tests;

• Staff training records;

• Records of audits and system reviews;

• Schedule of equipment and calibrations;

• European standards and test specifications;

• Registers, worksheets, reports, and summaries;

• Authorised signatories;

• Complaints/anomalies register.

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Appendix A: Typical Daily Laboratory Tests


The laboratory must be capable of the following:

A1 Soils
Determination of:

• Moisture content;

• Liquid limit;

• Plastic limit and plasticity index;

• Density;

• Particle density;

• Particle size distribution;

• Dry density/moisture content – vibrating hammer;

• Dry density/moisture content – hammers of various sizes;

• MCV – moisture condition value;

• CBR – California bearing ratio;

• In situ density tests;

• Sand replacement for medium/coarse soils;

• Core cutter method for cohesive soils;

• Nuclear method for moist soils.

A2 Mineral aggregates, sand, fillers


Determination of:

• Moisture content;

• Particle size distribution;

• Particle shape (flakiness);

• TFV – ten percent fines value;

• AIV – aggregate impact value;

• Relative density;

• Water absorption.

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A3 Concretes
Determination of:

• Slump;

• Compacting factor;

• Air content in fresh mixtures;

• Test cube manufacture;

• Normal curing of specimens – 20C method;

• Compressive strength.

A4 Bituminous Materials
• Method of test for density and compaction;

• Binder content;

• Aggregate grading.

A5 Bitumens
• Determination of needle penetration.

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Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

Appendix B: Typical Staff Duties and Key Responsibilities

B1 Laboratory Manager
• General day to day running of the laboratory;

• Registration of all equipment;

• Maintenance of all equipment;

• Calibration schedules;

• Implementing a planned calibration programme;

• Supervision of staff and staff training;

• Health and safety;

• Responsible to the materials engineer in respect of test items;

• Responsible to the materials engineer in respect of test records.

B2 Materials Engineer
• Also acts as technical manager/quality manager;

• Responsible to client;

• Responsible directly for all staff and their duties and actions;

• Responsible for all inspections, sampling, testing and results/reports;

• Administration.

B3 Senior Technician/engineer
• Responsible to the materials engineer for all sampling and testing;
• Ensures correctness of inspection, sampling and testing in accordance with correct
protocols, standards, procedures, specifications, including handling of test items,
storage and similar;
• Correctness of all results data and records;
• Training of junior staff.

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 43


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

Appendix C: Typical Minimum Requirements of Quality Audit and


System Review

C1 Testing Audit and Report


• Audit report number;

• Date;

• Test details;

• Specification or standard;

• Sample number;

• Name of technician;

• Activity;

• Location;

• Compliance;

• Details of non-compliance.

C2 Non-conformity Report
• Non-conformity number;

• Report number;

• Date issued;

• Details of non-conformity;

• Recommended corrective action;

• Timescale for compliance;

• Classification of non-compliance;

• Date of corrective action;

• Confirmation.

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 44


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

Appendix D: Typical Minimum Requirements of Laboratory


Sampling

D1 Fresh Concrete Pour Sampling


• Date;

• Location;

• Sample number;

• Mix reference;

• Concrete grade;

• Source/supplier;

• Location of pour;

• Location of sampling;

• Delivery note details;

• Sampling container number;

• Time;

• Measured slump;

• Temperature;

• Weather;

• Signature and name.

D2 Fresh Concrete Cube Manufacture


• Date;

• Nominal cube size;

• Number of cubes;

• Mould reference;

• Method of compaction;

• Number of strokes;

• Duration of vibration;

• Location of manufacture;

• Time;

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 45


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

• Signature and name.

D3 Fresh Concrete Cube Curing


• Date;

• Location of moist air curing;

• Method;

• Period;

• Maximum air temperature, in degrees Celsius

• Minimum air temperature, in degrees Celsius

• Maximum water curing temperature, in degrees Celsius

• Minimum water curing temperature, in degrees Celsius

• Signature and name.

D4 Sampling of Fresh Aggregates


• Sample number;

• Supplier and source;

• Material specification;

• Date;

• Time;

• Method;

• Location;

• Description of material;

• Type;

• Nominal size;

• Coarse or fine aggregate;

• Ticket number;

• Quantity of batch sampled per ton;

• Mass, in kilograms;

• Remarks;

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 46


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

• Signature and name.

D5 Sampling of Soils
• Sample number;

• Date;

• Time;

• Description;

• Specification;

• Location of sample;

• Signature and name.

D6 Sampling of Bituminous Materials


• Sample number;

• Date;

• Supplier;

• Location on site;

• Source;

• Delivery details;

• Temperatures: Truck/paver – six for each, with the mean to be taken;

• Method of sampling;

• Time;

• Remarks;

• Signature and name.

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 47


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

Appendix E: Reference to all Relevant European Norms


EN 58:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Sampling bituminous binders

EN 196-1:2005 Methods of testing cement – Part 1: Determination of strength

EN 196-2:2005 Methods of testing cement – Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement

EN 196-3:2005 Methods of testing cement – Part 3: Determination of setting time


and soundness

CEN/TR 196-4:2007 Methods of testing cement – Part 4: Quantitative determination of


constituents

EN 196-5:2005 Methods of testing cement – Part 5: Pozzolanicity test for pozzolanic


cement

EN 196-6:1989 Methods of testing cement – Part 6: Determination of fineness

EN 196-7:2007 Methods of testing cement – Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing


samples of cement

EN 196-8:2004 Methods of testing cement – Part 8: Determination of heat of


hydration – Solution method

EN 196-9:2004 Methods of testing cement – Part 9: Heat of hydration – Semi-


adiabatic method

EN 196-10:2006 Methods of testing cement – Part 10: Determination of the water-


soluble chromium (VI) content of cement

EN 197-1:2004 Cement – Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria


for common cements

EN 197-2:2000 Cement – Part 2: Conformity evaluation

EN 206-1:2001 Concrete – Part 1: Specification, performance, production and


conformity

EN 295-6:1995 Vitrified clay pipes and fittings and pipe joints for drains and sewers –
Part 6: Requirements for vitrified clay manholes

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 48


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 295-10:2005 Vitrified clay pipes and fittings and pipe joints for drains and sewers –
Part 10: Performance requirements

EN 450-1:2005 Fly ash for concrete – Part 1: Definition, specifications and


conformity criteria

EN 450-2:2005 Fly ash for concrete – Part 2: Conformity evaluation

EN 451-1:2004 Method of testing fly ash – Part 1: Determination of free calcium


oxide content

EN 451-2:1995 Method of testing fly ash – Part 2: Determination of fineness by wet


sieving

EN 459-1:2002 Building lime – Part 1: Definitions, specifications and conformity


criteria

EN 459-2:2002 Building lime – Part 2: Test methods

EN 459-3:2002 Building lime – Part 3: Conformity evaluation

EN 480-1:2007 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 1:
Reference concrete and reference mortar for testing

EN 480-2:2006 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 2:
Determination of setting time

EN 480-4:2006 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 4:
Determination of bleeding of concrete

EN 480-5:2005 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 5:
Determination of capillary absorption

EN 480-6:2005 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 6:
Infrared analysis

EN 480-8:1997 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 8:
Determination of the conventional dry material content

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 49


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 480-10:1997 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 10:
Determination of water soluble chloride content

EN 480-11:2005 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 11:
Determination of air void characteristics in hardened concrete

EN 480-12:2005 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 12:
Determination of the alkali content of admixtures

EN 480-13:2002 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 13:
Reference masonry mortar for testing mortar admixtures

EN 480-14:2007 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Test methods – Part 14:
Determination of the effect on corrosion susceptibility of reinforcing
steel by potentiostatic electro-chemical test

EN 588-2:2002 Fibre cement pipes for drains and sewers – Part 2: Manholes and
inspection chambers

EN 932-1:1996 Tests for general properties of aggregates – Part 1: Methods for


sampling

EN 932-2:1999 Tests for general properties of aggregates – Part 2: Methods for


reducing laboratory samples

EN 932-3:2003 Tests for general properties of aggregates – Part 3: Procedure and


terminology for simplified petrographic description

EN 932-5:2000 Tests for general properties of aggregates – Part 5: Common


equipment and calibration

EN 932-6:1999 Tests for general properties of aggregates – Part 6: Definitions of


repeatability and reproducibility

EN 933-1:2006 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 1:


Determination of particle size distribution – Sieving method

EN 933-2:1996 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 2:


Determination of particle size distribution – Test sieves, nominal size
of apertures

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 50


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 933-3:2003 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 3:


Determination of particle shape – Flakiness index

EN 933-4:1999 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 4:


Determination of particle shape – Shape index

EN 933-5:2005 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 5:


Determination of percentage of crushed and broken surfaces in
coarse aggregate particles

EN 933-6:2002 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 6: Assessment


of surface characteristics – Flow coefficient of aggregates

EN 933-7:1998 Test for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 7: Determination


of shell content – Percentage of shells in coarse aggregates

EN 933-8:1999 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 8: Assessment


of fines – Sand equivalent test

EN 933-9:1998 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 9: Assessment


of fines – Methylene blue test

EN 933-10:2001 Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates – Part 10:


Assessment of fines – Grading of fillers (air jet sieving)

EN 934-1:2006 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 1: Common


requirements

EN 934-2:2002 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 2: Concrete


admixtures – Definitions and requirements

EN 934-3:2004 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 3: Admixtures for
mortar – Definitions, requirements, conformity, marking and labelling

EN 934-4:2002 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 4: Admixtures for
grout for pre-stressing tendons – Definitions, requirements,
conformity, marking and labelling

EN 934-4:2002 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 5: Admixtures for
sprayed concrete – Definitions, specifications and conformity criteria

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 51


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 934-5:2003 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 5: Admixtures for
sprayed concrete – Definitions, requirements and conformity

EN 934-6:2006 Admixtures for concrete, mortar and grout – Part 6: Sampling,


conformity control and evaluation of conformity

EN 1097-1:2003 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 1:


Determination of the resistance to wear (micro-Deval)

EN 1097-2:2006 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 2:


Methods for the determination of resistance to fragmentation

EN 1097-3:1998 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 3:


Determination of loose bulk density and voids

EN 1097-4:1999 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 4:


Determination of the voids of dry compacted filler

EN 1097-5:1999 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 5:


Determination of the water content by drying in a ventilated oven

EN 1097-6:2005 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 6:


Determination of particle density and water absorption

EN 1097-7:2007 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 7:


Determination of the particle density of filler – Pyknometer method

EN 1097-8:2000 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 8:


Determination of the polished stone value

EN 1097-9:2007 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates – Part 9:


Determination of the resistance to wear by abrasion from studded
tyres – Nordic test

EN 1097-10:2003 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates –


Part 10: Determination of water suction height

EN 1317-1:1998 Road restraint systems – Part 1: Terminology and general criteria for
test methods

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 52


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 1317-2:2006 Road restraint systems – Part 2: Performance classes, impact test


acceptance criteria and test methods for safety barriers

EN 1317-3:2000 Road restraint systems – Part 3: Crash cushions – Performance


classes, impact test acceptance criteria and test methods

ENV 1317-4:2002 Road restraint systems – Part 4: Performance classes, impact test
acceptance criteria and test methods for terminals and transitions of
safety barriers

EN 1317-5:2007 Road restraint systems – Part 5: Product requirements, durability


and evaluation of conformity

EN 1338:2007 Concrete paving blocks – Requirements and test methods

EN 1339:2007 Concrete paving flags – Requirements and test methods

EN 1340:2007 Concrete kerb units – Requirements and test methods

EN 1341:2002 Slabs of natural stone for external paving – Requirements and test
methods

EN 1342:2002 Sets of natural stone for external paving – Requirements and test
methods

EN 1343:2002 Kerbs of natural stone for external paving – Requirements and test
methods

EN 1344:2007 Clay pavers – Requirements and test methods

EN 1367-1:2007 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates – Part 1:


Determination of resistance to freezing and thawing

EN 1367-2:1998 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates – Part 2:


Magnesium sulphate test

EN 1367-3:2005 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates – Part 3:


Boiling test for "Sonnenbrand basalt"

EN 1367-4:1998 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates – Part 4:


Determination of drying shrinkage

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 53


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 1367-5:2003 Tests for thermal and weathering properties of aggregates – Part 5:


Determination of resistance to thermal shock

EN 1423:2003 Road marking materials – Drop on materials – Glass beads, antiskid


aggregates and mixtures of the two

EN 1424:2003 Road marking materials – Premix glass beads

EN 1425:2006 Petroleum products – Bitumen and bituminous binders –


Determination of perceptible properties

EN 1426:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of needle


penetration

EN 1427:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of softening point –


Ring and Ball method

EN 1428:2000 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of water content in


bitumen emulsions – Distillation method

EN 1429:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of residue on


sieving of bitumen emulsions, and determination of storage stability
by sieving

EN 1430:2000 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of particle polarity


of bitumen emulsions

EN 1431:2000 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of recovered binder


and oil distillate from bitumen emulsions by distillation

EN 1433:2006 Drainage channels for vehicular and pedestrian areas –


Classification, design and testing requirements, marking and
evaluation of conformity

EN 1436:2007 Road marking materials – Road marking performance for road users

EN 1463-1:2004 Road marking materials – Retro reflecting road studs – Part 1: Initial
performance requirements

EN 1463-2:2007 Road marking materials – Retro reflecting road studs – Part 2: Road
test performance specifications

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 54


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 1744-1:1998 Tests for chemical properties of aggregates – Part 1: Chemical


analysis

EN 1744-3:2003 Tests for chemical properties of aggregates – Part 3: Preparation of


eluates by leaching of aggregates

EN 1744-4:2005 Tests for chemical properties of aggregates – Part 4: Determination


of water susceptibility of fillers for bituminous mixtures

EN 1790:1998 Road marking materials – Preformed road markings

EN 1793-1:1998 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Test method for determining
the acoustic performance – Part 1: Intrinsic characteristics of sound
absorption

EN 1793-2:1998 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Test method for determining
the acoustic performance – Part 2: Intrinsic characteristics of
airborne sound insulation

EN 1793-3:1998 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Test method for determining
the acoustic performance – Part 3: Normalised traffic noise spectrum

CEN/TS 1793-5:2003 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Test method for determining
the acoustic performance – Part 5: Intrinsic characteristics – In situ
values of sound reflection and airborne sound insulation

EN 1794-1:2003 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Non-acoustic performance –


Part 1: Mechanical performance and stability requirements

EN 1794-2:2003 Road traffic noise reducing devices – Non-acoustic performance –


Part 2: General safety and environmental requirements

EN 1824:1998 Road marking materials – Road trials

EN 1871:2000 Road marking materials – Physical properties

EN 1917:2003 Concrete manholes and inspection chambers, unreinforced, steel


fibre and reinforced

EN 12271:2007 Surface dressing – Requirements

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 55


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12272-1:2002 Surface dressing – Test methods – Part 1: Rate of spread and


accuracy of spread of binders and chippings

EN 12272-2:2003 Surface dressing – Test methods – Part 2: Visual assessment of


defects

EN 12272-3:2003 Surface dressing – Test method – Part 3: Determination of binder


aggregate adhesivity by the Vialit plate shock test method

EN 12274-1:2002 Slurry surfacing – Test methods – Part 1: Sampling for binder


extraction

EN 12274-2:2003 Slurry surfacing – Test method – Part 2: Determination of residual


binder content

EN 12274-3:2002 Slurry surfacing – Test methods – Part 3: Consistency

EN 12274-4:2003 Slurry surfacing – Test method – Part 4: Determination of cohesion


of the mix

EN 12274-5:2003 Slurry surfacing – Test method – Part 5: Determination of wearing

EN 12274-6:2002 Slurry surfacing – Test methods – Part 6: Rate of application

EN 12274-7:2005 Slurry surfacing – Test methods – Part 7: Shaking abrasion test on


suitability of mineral aggregates to slurry mixes

EN 12274-8:2005 Slurry surfacing – Test methods – Part 8: Visual assessment

EN 12350-1:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 1: Sampling

EN 12350-2:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 2: Slump test

EN 12350-3:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 3: Vebe test

EN 12350-4:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 4: Degree of compactability

EN 12350-5:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 5: Flow table test

EN 12350-6:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 6: Density

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 56


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12350-7:2000 Testing fresh concrete – Part 7: Air content – Pressure methods

EN 12352:2006 Traffic control equipment – Warning and safety light devices

EN 12368:2006 Traffic control equipment – Signal heads

EN 12371:2002 Test on natural stone units – Determination of frost resistance

EN 12372:2007 Natural stone test methods – Determination of flexural strength


under concentrated load

EN 12390-1:2005 Testing hardened concrete – Part 1: Shape, dimensions and other


requirements for specimens and moulds

EN 12390-2:2001 Testing hardened concrete – Part 2: Making and curing specimens


for strength tests

EN 12390-3:2002 Testing hardened concrete – Part 3: Compressive strength of test


specimens

EN 12390-4:2001 Testing hardened concrete – Part 4: Compressive strength –


Specification for testing machines

EN 12390-5:2001 Testing hardened concrete – Part 5: Flexural strength of test


specimens

EN 12390-6:2006 Testing hardened concrete – Part 6: Tensile splitting strength of test


specimens

EN 12390-7:2005 Testing hardened concrete – Part 7: Density of hardened concrete

EN 12390-8:2001 Testing hardened concrete – Part 8: Depth of penetration of water


under pressure

CEN/TS 12390-10:2008 Testing hardened concrete – Part 10: Determination of the relative
carbonation resistance of concrete

EN 12407:2007 Natural stone test methods – Petrographic examination

EN 12414:2000 Road equipment – Vehicle parking control equipment – Pay and


display ticket machine – Technical and functional requirements

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 57


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12504-1:2000 Testing concrete in structures – Part 1: Cored specimens; taking,


examining, and testing in compression

EN 12504-2:2002 Testing concrete in structures – Part 2: Non-destructive testing –


Determination of rebound number

EN 12591:2005 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Specifications for paving grade


bitumens

EN 12592:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of solubility

EN 12593:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the Fraass


breaking point

EN 12594:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Preparation of test samples

EN 12595:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of kinematic


viscosity

EN 12596:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of dynamic


viscosity by vacuum capillary

EN 12597:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Terminology

EN 12606-1:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the paraffin wax


content – Part 1: Method by distillation

EN 12606-2:2000 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the paraffin wax


content – Part 2: Method by extraction

EN 12607-1:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the resistance to


hardening under influence of heat and air – Part 1: RTFOT method

EN 12607-2:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the resistance to


hardening under the influence of heat and air – Part 2: TFOT Method

EN 12607-3:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the resistance to


hardening under the influence of heat and air – Part 3: RFT method

EN 12620:2003 Aggregates for concrete

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 58


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12675:2001 Traffic signal controllers – Functional safety requirements

EN 12676-1:2003 Anti-glare fences – Part 1: Specifications and characteristics

EN 12676-2:2000 Anti-glare systems for roads – Part 2: Test methods

EN 12697-1:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 1:
Soluble binder content

EN 12697-2:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test method for hot mix asphalt – Part 2:
Determination of particle size distribution

EN 12697-3:2005 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part3:
Bitumen recovery: Rotary evaporator

EN 12697-4:2005 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 4:
Bitumen recovery: Fractionating column

EN 12697-5:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 5:
Determination of the maximum density

EN 12697-6:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 6:
Determination of bulk density of bituminous specimens

EN 12697-7:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 7:
Determination of bulk density of bituminous specimens by gamma
rays

EN 12697-8:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 8:
Determination of the air voids content of bituminous specimen

EN 12697-9:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 9:
Determination of the reference density

EN 12697-10:2002 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 10:
Compactability

EN 12697-11:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 11:
Determination of the affinity between aggregate and bitumen

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 59


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12697-12:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 12:
Determination of the water sensitivity of bituminous specimens

EN 12697-13:2001 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 13:
Temperature measurement

EN 12697-14:2001 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 14:
Water content

EN 12697-15:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 15:
Determination of the segregation sensitivity

EN 12697-16:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 16:
Abrasion by studded tyres

EN 12697-17:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 17:
Particle loss of porous asphalt specimen

EN 12697-18:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 18:
Binder drainage from porous asphalt

EN 12697-19:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 19:
Permeability of specimen

EN 12697-20:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 20:
Indentation using cube or Marmust specimens

EN 12697-21:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 21:
Indentation using plate specimens

EN 12697-22:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 22:
Wheel tracking

EN 12697-23:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 23:
Determination of the indirect tensile strength of bituminous
specimens

EN 12697-24:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 24:
Resistance to fatigue

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 60


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12697-25:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 25:
Cyclic compression test

EN 12697-26:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 26:
Stiffness

EN 12697-27:2001 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 27:
Sampling

EN 12697-28:2001 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 28:
Preparation of samples for determining binder content, water content
and grading

EN 12697-29:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test method for hot mix asphalt – Part 29:
Determination of the dimensions of a bituminous specimen

EN 12697-30:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 30:
Specimen preparation by impact compactor

EN 12697-31:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 31:
Specimen preparation by gyratory compactor

EN 12697-32:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 32:
Laboratory compaction of bituminous mixtures by a vibratory
compactor

EN 12697-33:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 33:
Specimen preparation slab compactor

EN 12697-34:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 34:
Marmust test

EN 12697-35:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 35:
Laboratory mixing

EN 12697-36:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 36:
Method for the determination of the thickness of a bituminous
pavement

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 61


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12697-37:2003 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 37:
Hot sand test for the adhesivity of binder on precoated chippings for
HRA

EN 12697-38:2004 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 38:
Common equipment and calibration

EN 12697-39:2005 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 39:
Binder content by ignition

EN 12697-40:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 40: In
situ drainability

EN 12697-41:2005 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 41:
Resistance to de-icing fluids

EN 12697-42:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 42:
Amount of coarse foreign matter in reclaimed asphalt

EN 12697-43:2005 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Part 43:
Resistance to fuel

EN 12767:2008 Passive safety of support structures for road equipment –


Requirements and test methods

EN 12802:2000 Road equipment – Horizontal signalisation – Laboratory methods


and identification

EN 12846:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of efflux time of


bitumen emulsions by the efflux viscometer

EN 12847:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of settling tendency


of bitumen emulsions

EN 12848:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of mixing stability


with cement of bitumen emulsions

EN 12849:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of penetration


power of bitumen emulsions

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 62


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 12850:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the pH value of


bitumen emulsions

EN 12899-1:2008 Fixed, vertical road traffic signs – Part 1: Fixed signs

EN 12966-1:2005 Vertical road traffic signs – Part 1: Variable message signs

EN 12966-2:2005 Vertical road traffic signs – Part 2: Variable message signs – Initial
type testing

EN 12966-3:2005 Vertical road traffic signs – Part 3: Variable message signs – Factory
production control

EN 12970:2001 Mastic asphalt for waterproofing – Definitions, requirements and test


methods

EN 13036-1:2001 Road and air field surface characteristics – Test methods – Part 1:
Measurement of pavement surface macro texture depth using a
volumetric patch technique

EN 13036-3:2003 Road and airfield surface characteristics – Test methods – Part 3:


Measurement of pavement surface horizontal drainability

EN 13036-4:2003 Road and airfield surface characteristics – Test methods – Part 4:


Method for measurement of slip/skid resistance of a surface: The
pendulum test

EN 13036-7:2003 Road and airfield surface characteristics – Test methods – Part 7:


Irregularity measurement of pavement courses: the straightedge test

EN 13043:2003 Aggregates for bituminous mixtures and surface dressings for roads,
airfields and other traffic areas

EN 13055-1:2004 Lightweight aggregates – Part 1: Lightweight aggregates for


concrete, mortar and grout

EN 13055-2:2004 Lightweight aggregates – Part 2: Lightweight aggregates for


bituminous mixtures and surface treatments and for unbound and
bound applications

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 63


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13074:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Recovery of binder from bitumen


emulsions by evaporation

EN 13075-1:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of breaking


behaviour – Part 1: Determination of breaking value of cationic
bitumen emulsions, mineral filler method

EN 13075-2:2002 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of breaking


behaviour – Part 2: Determination of fines mixing time of cationic
bitumen emulsions

EN 13108-1:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 1: Asphalt


concrete

EN 13108-2:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 2: Asphalt


concrete for very thin layers

EN 13108-3:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 3: Soft asphalt

EN 13108-4:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 4: Hot rolled


asphalt

EN 13108-5:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 5: Stone mastic


asphalt

EN 13108-6:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 6: Mastic


asphalt

EN 13108-7:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 7: Porous


asphalt

EN 13108-8:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 8: Reclaimed


asphalt

EN 13108-20:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 20: Type testing

EN 13108-21:2006 Bituminous mixtures – Material specifications – Part 21: Factory


production control

EN 13139:2004 Aggregates for mortar

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 64


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13179-1:2001 Tests for filler aggregate used in bituminous mixtures – Part 1: Delta
ring and ball test

EN 13179-2:2001 Tests for filler aggregate used in bituminous mixtures – Part 2:


Bitumen number

EN 13197:2001 Road marking materials – Wear simulators

EN 13201-1:2005 Road lighting – Part 1: Selection of lighting classes

EN 13201-2:2004 Road lighting – Part 2: Performance requirements

EN 13201-3:2004 Road lighting – Part 3: Calculation of performance

EN 13201-4:2004 Road lighting – Part 4: Methods of measuring lighting performance

EN 13212:2001 Road marking materials – Requirements for the factory production


control

EN 13242:2006 Aggregates for unbound and hydraulically bound materials for use in
civil engineering work and road construction

EN 13249:2005 Geotextiles and geotextile-related products – Required


characteristics for use in the construction of roads and other
trafficked areas

EN 13251:2005 Geotextiles and geotextile-related products – Required


characteristics for use in earthworks, foundations and retaining
structures

ENV 13282:2002 Hydraulic road binders – Composition, specifications and conformity


criteria

EN 13285:2003 Unbound mixtures – Specification

EN 13286-1:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 1: Test methods


for laboratory reference density and water content – Introduction,
general requirements and sampling

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 65


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13286-2:2004 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 2: Test methods


for the determination of the laboratory reference density and water
content – Proctor compaction

EN 13286-3:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 3: Test methods


for laboratory reference density and water content –
Vibrocompression with controlled parameters

EN 13286-4:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 4: Test methods


for laboratory reference density and moisture content – Vibrating
hammer

EN 13286-5:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 5: Test methods


for laboratory reference density and water content – Vibrating table

EN 13286-6:2007 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 6: Test methods


for laboratory reference density and moisture content – Test
methods for sampling and sample reduction

EN 13286-7:2004 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 7: Cyclic load


triaxial test for unbound mixtures

EN 13286-40:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 40: Test method
for the determination of the direct tensile strength of hydraulically
bound mixtures

EN 13286-41:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 41: Test method
for the determination of the compressive strength of hydraulically
bound mixtures

EN 13286-42:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 42: Test method
for the determination of the indirect tensile strength of hydraulically
bound mixtures

EN 13286-43:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 43: Test method
for the determination of the modulus of elasticity of hydraulically
bound mixtures

EN 13286-44:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 44: Test method
for the determination of the alpha coefficient of vitrified blast furnace
slag

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 66


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13286-45:2004 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 45: Test method
for the determination of the workability period of hydraulically bound
mixtures

EN 13286-46:2003 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 46: Test methods
for the determination of compactability, the moisture condition value
(MCV)

EN 13286-47:2004 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 47: Test method
for the determination of California bearing ratio, immediate bearing
index and linear swelling

EN 13286-48:2005 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 48: Test method
for the determination of degree of pulverisation

EN 13286-49:2004 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 49: Accelerated


swelling test for soil treated by lime and/or hydraulic binder

EN 13286-50:2005 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 50: Method for the
manufacture of test specimens of hydraulically bound mixtures using
Proctor equipment or vibrating table compaction

EN 13286-51:2005 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 51: Method for the
manufacture of test specimens of hydraulically bound mixtures using
vibrating hammer compaction

EN 13286-52:2005 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 52: Method for the
manufacture of test specimens of hydraulically bound mixtures using
vibrocompression

EN 13286-53:2005 Unbound and hydraulically bound mixtures – Part 53: Methods for
the manufacture of test specimens of hydraulically bound mixtures
using axial compression

EN 13301:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of staining


tendency of bitumen

EN 13302:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of viscosity of


bitumen using a rotating spindle apparatus

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 67


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13303:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the loss in mass


after heating of industrial bitumen

EN 13304:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Framework for specification of


oxidised bitumens

EN 13305:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Framework of specification of


hard industrial bitumens

EN 13357:2003 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the efflux time of


petroleum cut-back and fluxed bitumens

EN 13375:2004 Flexible sheets for waterproofing – Waterproofing of concrete bridge


decks and other concrete surfaces trafficable by vehicles –
Specimen preparation

EN 13383-1:2004 Armourstone – Part 1: Specification

EN 13383-2:2002 Armourstone – Part 2: Test methods

EN 13398:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the elastic


recovery of modified bitumen

EN 13399:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of storage stability


of modified bitumen

EN 13422:2005 Vertical road signs – Portable deformable warning devices and


delineators – Portable road traffic signs – Cones and cylinders

EN 13450:2003 Aggregates for railway ballast

ENV 13459-1:1999 Road marking materials – Quality control – Part 1: Sampling from
storage and testing

EN 13577:2007 Chemical attack on concrete – Determination of aggressive carbon


dioxide content in water

EN 13587:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the tensile


properties of bituminous binders by the tensile test method

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 68


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13588:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of cohesion of


bituminous binders with pendulum test

EN 13589:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the tensile


properties of modified bitumen by the force ductility method

EN 13614:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of adhesivity of


bitumen emulsions by water immersion test – Aggregate method

EN 13653:2004 Flexible sheets for waterproofing – Waterproofing of concrete bridge


decks and other concrete surfaces trafficable by vehicles –
Determination of shear strength

EN 13702-1:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of dynamic


viscosity of modified bitumen – Part 1: Cone and plate method

EN 13702-2:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of dynamic


viscosity of modified bitumen – Part 2: Coaxial cylinders method

EN 13703:2004 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of deformation


energy

EN 13755:2004 Natural stone test methods – Determination of water absorption at


atmospheric pressure

EN 13808:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Framework for specifying cationic


bituminous emulsions

EN 13863-1:2003 Concrete pavements – Part 1: Test methods for the determination of


the thickness of a concrete pavement by survey method

EN 13863-2:2004 Concrete pavements – Part 2: Test methods for the determination of


the bond between two layers

EN 13863-3:2005 Concrete pavements – Part 3: Test methods for the determination of


the thickness of a concrete pavement from cores

EN 13863-4:2005 Concrete pavements – Part 4: Test methods for the determination of


wear resistance of concrete pavements to studded tyres

EN 13877-1:2004 Concrete pavements – Part 1: Materials

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 69


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13877-2:2004 Concrete pavements – Part 2: Functional requirements for concrete


pavements

EN 13877-3:2005 Concrete pavements – Part 3: Specifications for dowels to be used in


concrete pavements

EN 13880-1:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 1: Test method for the determination
of density at 25 °C

EN 13880-2:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 2: Test method for the determination
of cone penetration at 25 °C

EN 13880-3:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 3: Test method for the determination
of penetration and recovery (resilience)

EN 13880-4:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 4: Test method for the determination
of heat resistance – Change in penetration value

EN 13880-5:2004 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 5: Test method for the determination
of flow resistance

EN 13880-6:2004 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 6: Test method for the preparation
of samples for testing

EN 13880-7:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 7: Function testing of joint sealants

EN 13880-8:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 8: Test method for the determination
of the change in weight of fuel resistance joint sealants after fuel
immersion

EN 13880-9:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 9: Test method for the determination
of compatibility with asphalt pavements

EN 13880-10:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 10: Test method for the
determination of adhesion and cohesion following continuous
extension and compression

EN 13880-11:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 11: Test method for the preparation
of asphalt test blocks used in the function test and for the
determination of compatibility with asphalt pavements

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 70


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 13880-12:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 12: Test method for the manufacture
of concrete test blocks for bond testing (recipe methods)

EN 13880-13:2003 Hot applied joint sealants – Part 13: Test method for the
determination of the discontinuous extension (adherence test)

EN 13924:2006 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Specifications for hard paving


grade bitumens

EN 14187-1:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 1: Test method for the
determination of rate of cure

EN 14187-2:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 2: Test method for the
determination of tack free time

EN 14187-3:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 3: Test method for the
determination of self-levelling properties

EN 14187-4:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 4: Test method for the
determination of the change in mass and volume after immersion in
test fuel

EN 14187-5:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 5: Test method for the
determination of the resistance to hydrolysis

EN 14187-6:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 6: Test method for the
determination of the adhesion/cohesion properties after immersion in
chemical liquids

EN 14187-7:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 7: Test method for the
determination of the resistance to flame

EN 14187-8:2003 Cold applied joint sealants – Part 8: Test method for the
determination of the artificial weathering by UV-irradiation

EN 14187-9:2006 Cold applied joint sealants – Test methods – Part 9: Function testing
of joint sealants

EN 14188-1:2004 Joint fillers and sealants – Part 1: Specifications for hot applied
sealants

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 71


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 14188-2:2005 Joint fillers and sealants – Part 2: Specifications for cold applied
sealants

EN 14188-3:2006 Joint fillers and sealants – Part 3: Specifications for preformed joint
seals

EN 14227-1:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 1: Cement


bound granular mixtures

EN 14227-2:2004 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 2: Slag bound


mixtures

EN 14227-3:2004 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 3: Fly ash


bound mixtures

EN 14227-4:2004 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 4: Fly ash for


hydraulically bound mixtures

EN 14227-5:2004 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 5: Hydraulic


road binder bound mixtures

EN 14227-10:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 10: Soil treated


by cement

EN 14227-11:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 11: Soil treated


by lime

EN 14227-12:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 12: Soil treated


by slag

EN 14227-13:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 13: Soil treated


by hydraulic road binder

EN 14227-14:2006 Hydraulically bound mixtures – Specifications – Part 14: Soil treated


by fly ash

EN 14580:2005 Natural stone test methods – Determination of static elastic modulus

EN 14733:2005 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Bituminous emulsions, fluxed and


cut-back bitumen factory production control

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 72


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN 14771:2005 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Determination of the flexural


creep stiffness – Bending Beam Rheometer (BBR)

EN 14802:2006 Plastics piping systems – Thermoplastics shafts or risers for


inspection chambers and manholes – Determination of resistance
against surface and traffic loading

EN 14840:2005 Surface active agents – Determination of inorganic sulphate content


in anionic surface active agents – Potentiometric lead selective
electrode titration method

EN 14845-1:2007 Test methods for fibres in concrete – Part 1: Reference concretes

EN 14895:2006 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Stabilisation of binder from


bituminous emulsions or from cut-back and fluxed bituminous
binders

EN 15050:2007 Precast concrete bridge elements

EN 15323:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Accelerated long-term ageing


conditioning by the rotating cylinder method (RCAT)

EN 15326:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders – Measurement of density and


specific gravity – Capillary-stoppered pyknometer method

EN 28394:1991 Building construction – Jointing products – Determination of


extrudability of one-component sealants (ISO 8394:1988)

EN 29048:1991 Building construction – Jointing products – Determination of


extrudability of sealants using standardised apparatus (ISO
9048:1987)

EN ISO 7389:2004 Building construction – Jointing products – Determination of elastic


recovery of sealants (ISO 7389:2002)

EN ISO 7390:2004 Building construction – Jointing products – Determination of


resistance to flow of sealants (ISO 7390:2002)

EN ISO 9047:2003 Building construction – Sealants – Determination of


adhesion/cohesion properties at variable temperatures (ISO
9047:2001)

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 73


Construction standards – ARCS 8 –Requirements for Materials and Product Acceptance
Albanian Road Design and Construction Standards

EN ISO 10318:2006 Geosynthetics – Terms and definitions (ISO 10318:2005)

EN ISO 10320:1999 Geotextiles and geotextile-related products – Identification on site


(ISO 10320:1999)

EN ISO 10563:2005 Building construction – Sealants for joints – Determination of change


in mass and volume (ISO 10563:2005)

EN ISO 11819-1:2002 Acoustics – Measurement of the influence of road surfaces on traffic


noise – Part 1: Statistical Pass-By method (ISO 11819-1:1997)

EN ISO 13473-1:2004 Characterisation of pavement texture by use of surface profiles –


Part 1: Determination of Mean Profile Depth (ISO 13473-1:1997)

Draft of Version 1 – Feb 2008 Page 74