Você está na página 1de 5

𝑥

𝑥̅ = ∑𝑛𝑖=1 𝑁𝑖

donde:
xi = valor
N=número total de datos.

11+12+16+22+47+84+84
𝑥̅ = =39.42
7

(x- 𝐱̅)2 6448.7148


11 807.6964 𝑆=√ = 30.3402
7
12 751.8564
16 548.4964
22 303.4564
47 57.4564
84 1987.3764
84 1987.3764
∑ = 6448.7148

11, 12, 16,22,47,84,84

<>

∑𝑛𝑖=1(𝑋 − 𝑋̅)2
𝑆2 =
𝑁

∑𝑛 (𝑋 − 𝑋̅)2
𝑆 = √ 𝑖=1 = √𝑉𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑧𝑎
𝑁
𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑛𝑜𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝐴 + 𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑠𝑢𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑛𝑜𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝐵
𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑙 =
2

0≤ X ≤3.5

3.5 < X ≤6.5

6.5 < X ≤9.5

9.5 < x ≤12.5

Análisis de estadística descriptiva para datos agrupados

Escriba aquí la ecuación.

∑ f∗x
x̅=
N
160
x̅= =8
20

El polígono de frecuencia aporta un esquema de la distribución de frecuencia.


𝑁
− 𝑓𝑎𝑖−1
𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑎 (𝑚𝑑) = 𝐿𝐼𝑅𝑀𝑑 + 2 (𝑐)
𝑓𝑚𝑑

𝐿𝐼𝑅𝑀𝑑 = 𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑎

𝑓𝑎𝑖−1 = 𝐹𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑎𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑑𝑎 𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜 𝑎 𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑎

𝑓𝑚𝑑 = 𝐹𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑑𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑎

𝑐 = 𝐴𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑑 𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒

20
−5
𝑚𝑒𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑎 (𝑚𝑑) = 6.5 + 2 (3) = 8.16
9

𝑓𝑚𝑜 − 𝑓1
𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎 (𝑚𝑜) = 𝐿𝐼𝑅𝑀𝑜 + (𝑐)
(𝑓𝑚𝑜 − 𝑓1 ) + (𝑓𝑚𝑜 − 𝑓2 )

𝐿𝐼𝑅𝑀𝑜 = 𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑎𝑙 𝑑𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎𝑙

𝑓𝑚𝑜 = 𝑓𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑑𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎𝑙

𝑓1 = 𝑓𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑎 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎𝑙

𝑓2 = 𝑓𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑟 𝑎 𝑙𝑎 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎𝑙


𝑐 = 𝑎𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑑 𝑑𝑒 𝑐𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑒

9−4
𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑎 (𝑚𝑜) = 6.5 + (9−4)+(9−6)
(3) = 8.375=8.375
𝑦 = 𝑋 ∗ 𝑥̅
∑𝑓 ∗ 𝑦
𝑀1 =
𝑁
∑ 𝑓 ∗ 𝑦2
𝑉𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑧𝑎 = 𝑀2 =
𝑁
𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟 = √𝑚2

∑ 𝑓 ∗ 𝑦3
𝑀3 =
𝑁
𝑚3
𝑎3 = 3
𝑠
𝑎3 (+)𝑆𝑒𝑠𝑔𝑜 𝑑𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑐ℎ𝑜
𝑎3 (−)𝑆𝑒𝑠𝑔𝑜 𝑖𝑧𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑒𝑟𝑑𝑜
∑ 𝑓 ∗ 𝑦4
𝑀4 =
𝑁
𝑚4
𝑎3 = 4
𝑠
𝑎4 − 3 > 0 𝐿𝑒𝑝𝑡𝑜𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎
𝑎4 − 3 = 0 𝑀𝑒𝑠𝑜𝑐𝑢𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎
𝑎4 − 3 < 0 𝑃𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑜𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎
𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑠 = 1 + 3.3 log 𝑁
𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑠 = 1 + 3.3 log 20 = 5.29 ~6
𝑅𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑜
𝐶=
𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑜𝑠
80 − 10
𝐶= = 14
5