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Identifying Hazard during bore pile works and their solution

No Job step Hazard Risk Level Solution Residual Risk Acceptance Risk monitoring
- To double check the survey data for position of bore
Hazard of shifting or pile
misplaced during positioning - To close monitor and measure the river water level
1
of the berg due to water and anchor chain tension
level. - Use experienced labout only

Hazard of cuts by sharp


2 - To use personal protective equipement
edges during re-bar meshing
- Used skilful labour and give sufficient training
Hazard due to rotating
3 - Explain risk of rotating parts during tool box meeting
parts
- Install temporary protective barrier
Hazard due to slippery - Keep good practice of site cleaning regularly
4
surface by Bentonite - Deploy sufficient supervision for site condition
Respiratory health and skin
- Use the mask during handling bentonite
5 allergic Hazard due to
- Avoid direct contact of human body with bentonite
Bentonite
- Use protective equipement such as glove ,safety
Electrical cushioning
shoes, google for welding process
6 Hazard during re-bar cage
- Use safety breaker for electrical connection
installation and fabrication.
- Use only certified electrician for operation
- Check the connection parts and pin of bucket
Hazard of dropping drilling regularly
7 bucket in the hole during - Use good strength materials for all connection parts
drilling - Strictly follow the procedure for all connection
joints
- Check the connection parts and pin of calibre
regularly
Hazard of dropping calibre
8 - Use good strength materials for all connection parts
and bucket during drilling
- Strictly follow the procedure for all connection
joints
- Ensure regular maintenacne of batching plants,
Hazard of pile damage due
concrete mixer and transport vehicle
9 to concrete supply shortage
- Conduct test run for all machinery before starting
due to machine failure
operation
- Conduct regular maintenace to crane and boom
Hazard of boom failure
- Use skilful crane operator
10 during removal of stand pipe
- Deploy sufficient signal men to monitor both crane
after casting
and stand pipe condition during lifting
- Check quality of bentonite by sampling for each
Hazard of bored hole wall batch of delivery
collapse during drilling due to - Use experienced operator and conduct sufficient
11
unskilful operator or poor training for the drilling operation
quality of Bentonite - Regulary check the viscosity of bentonite at regular
interval
- Carefully monitor the extracts from the drilling
Hazard of unexpected bucket
underground layers condition - Continuously monitor the change of drilling rate
12
which is different from soil during operation
test result. - Stand by the special tooled auger and chisel for
breaking extra-hard layer

Hazard during construction of piers and solution


No Hazard identified Solution
- Evaluate the weight of concrete by engineer
- Use the steel form work with proper quality
- Use the scaffold with sufficient strenght for
Hazard of concrete
concrete weight
1 deformation due to
- Use proper connection parts for all joints of
formworks failure
formwork and scaffolds
- Experiecned engineer must deploy to supervise the
concrete casting operation
- Use efficient vibrator tools and apply sufficient
vibration to the casting concrete to remove all the air
voids
Hazard of causing - Strictly follow the design concrete ratio and mixing
concrete texture quality procedure to achieve thorough mixture.
2
issues due to improper - Conduct QC test to concrete mixture before casting
casting method - Check sealing conditon of formwork before casting
concrete
- Experiecned engineer must deploy to supervise the
concrete casting operation

- Experience supervisor must be deployed for


Hazard of causing batching plant
insufficient concrete strength - Strictly follow the design concrete ratio and mixing
3
due to improper curing, procedure to achieve thorough mixture.
mixing - Conduct QC test to concrete mixture before casting
- Use the specificied dosage of admixture
- Evaluate the weight of concrete by engineer
Hazard of scaffold - Use the scaffold with sufficient strenght for
4 collapse during construction concrete weight
works - Use proper connection parts for all joints of
scaffolds
- Install the working platform with handrail
Hazard of falling from - Install safety net to below the working area at
5 high and drowning in the river height
during formworks installation - Use sufficient PPE such as safety belt
- Checked the condition of scaffold after installation
Hazard of injury by re-bar - Use cut resistant glove for handling sharp edge
6 edge during meshing for pier - Give safety training to the worker to raise the
works awareness of the risk of sharp edges
- Get the weather data from the reliable source to
forcast the river water level
Hazard of delay due to
- Use the historical hydrographical data during
7 raising water level during
planning
casting
- Revised and priortise the planning schedule for pile
cap and shaft according changing river water level
- Deploy sufficient nautical warning sign and lights
Hazarding of colliding by around the working area
ships and other floating - Publish the mid-river working schedule to the locals
8
objects with the bore pile tip, and affected organisation
pile cap and formworks - Enhance the awaress of the risk of collision with
floating objects and boats to the workers
- Wear helmet all the time during working
Hazard of hitting by falling
- Use the qualified proper helmet
9 objects during construction of
- Install the proper safety net for the working area at
top beam and pier shaft.
height
- Use protective equipement such as glove ,safety
Hazard of electrical
shoes, google for welding process
10 cushioned during welding of
- Use safety breaker for electrical connection
formworks and rebar lapping
- Use only certified electrician for operation

Hazard during preparation, transportation and erection of steel truss member and solution
No Hazard identified Solution
-Conduct preventive maintenance for all lifting gears
and machineries
- Used only certified operators for lifting
Hazard related to lifting of
1 - Held the lifting tool box meeting before lifting
heavy members
operation
- Engineer must calculated the detail of lifting
operation such as lifting angle, position
- Install the working platform with handrail
- Install safety net to below the working area at
Hazard of falling from height height
2
due to slippery surface - Use sufficient PPE such as safety belt
- Checked the condition of scaffold after installation
- Ensure good house keeping practices
- Conduct sufficient preparation ground training
Hazard of mishandling of
before the erection of steel truss
3 erection works due to poor
- Install proper communication system, signalling
visibility, windy weather
system and lighting system for erection of steel truss
- Conduct sufficient training for all the erection
Hazard of mishandling
workers and techinician
erection works due to
4 - Allow new worker only under the supervision of
inexperience or unskilful
experienced workers
labour
- Use the fool proof procedure as long as possible
- Use temporary support method to reduce the
Hazard of bridge member
chance of collapse during erection
5 collapse due to storm or
- Prepare sub-assembly on the ground yard
earthquake during erection
- Wear body harness during erection at height
- Conduct regular maintenace to crane and boom
Hazard of crane boom - Use skilful crane operator
6
collapse during lifting - Deploy sufficient signal men to monitor both crane
and stand pipe condition during lifting
- Use protective equipement such as glove ,safety
Hazard of electrical cushion shoes, google for welding process
7
during bolt and nut tightening - Use safety breaker for electrical connection
- Use only certified electrician for operation
- Install the working platform with handrail
Hazard of tools, equipment - Install safety net to below the working area at
8 and members falling into the height
river - Use sufficient PPE such as safety belt
- Checked the condition of scaffold after installation

Hazard during fabrication,


transportation and assembly
of PC Girder and Slab and
their solution
No Hazard identified Solution
- Use the cable which can meet the required
specification expecially tensile strength
Hazard of cable breaking
- The tensioning jack need to caliberate periodically
1 during tensioning for pre-
- Strictly follow the stressing procedure.
stressed wire
- Use skilful labour and give them upgrading training
regularly.
- Use efficient vibrator tools and apply sufficient
vibration to the casting concrete to remove all the air
voids
- Strictly follow the design concrete ratio and mixing
Hazard of causing concrete
procedure to achieve thorough mixture.
2 texture quality issues due to
- Conduct QC test to concrete mixture before casting
improper casting method
- Check sealing conditon of formwork before casting
concrete
- Experiecned engineer must deploy to supervise the
concrete casting operation
- Experience supervisor must be deployed for
Hazard of causing sufficient
batching plant
concrete strength due to
- Strictly follow the design concrete ratio and mixing
3 improper curing, mixing
procedure to achieve thorough mixture.
Hazard related to lifting of
- Conduct QC test to concrete mixture before casting
heavy members
- Use the specificied dosage of admixture
- Install the working platform with handrail
- Install safety net to below the working area at
Hazard of falling from height height
4
due to slippery surface - Use sufficient PPE such as safety belt
- Checked the condition of scaffold after installation
- Ensure good house keeping practices
- Conduct regular maintenace to crane and boom
Hazard of crane boom - Use skilful crane operator
5
collapse during lifting - Deploy sufficient signal men to monitor both crane
and stand pipe condition during lifting