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What was the journey for

the First Fleet like?

WILF: Write in your own words your HIGH


QUALITY answer to this Key Inquiry Question.
The First Fleet
Key Inquiry Questions:
Why and how did the Europeans settle in
Australia?

What was the journey for the First Fleet like?

What was the relationship between the


Europeans and the Indigenous people of
Australia?
Research, discuss, find and present
information that will help us answer our
key inquiry question:

What was the relationship between the


Europeans and the Indigenous people of
Australia?
– Students to research information and ask questions that will help
them to answer the key inquiry questions of the topic

- Students thinking historically (questioning, big picture, deep


thinking)

- Students to work as a positive team member by listening to other


people’s ideas, contributing to discussions and being respectful of
everyone’s learning
What was the relationship between the Europeans
and the Indigenous people of Australia?

- Captain Arthur Phillip and the First Fleet began creating a


settlement at Port Jackson (Sydney Cove) on the 26th of
January 1788

- There was a group of Indigenous people living in this


location, they were called the ‘Eora’ people.

- What do we think they thought of the Europeans arriving?


- Indigenous Australians had lived in Australia for over
30,000 years before Europeans arrived.
- After the settlers arrived in 1788, thousands of Aboriginals died
from diseases and wars between the two culture groups.

- At first contact between the groups, there were over 250,000


Aboriginals living across Australia.
- Massacres, disease and the stolen generation.

- 130 years later, over 190,000 had died leaving no more than
60,000 Aboriginals left around Australia in 1920.
What was the relationship between the Europeans and
the Indigenous people of Australia?

Class Brainstorm
Indigenous Australian Perspective: Interested, scared, stressed,
vulnerable, worried, unsafe, frightened, dubious, confused, curious,
surprised.
Felt their land was being taken over. Realised the Europeans were here to
stay. Make choices (hide/fight/try to communicate). Didn’t know why the
Europeans were there. Fighting between the two groups. Interested and
noticing differences in cultures/traditions/behaviours.
Sad/worried/heartbroken because their family and friends were suffering
from diseases (small pox). Wiped out significant numbers of the
Indigenous population.
European Perspective: Surprised to find people living on the land.
What was the relationship
between the Europeans and the
Indigenous people of Australia?

WILF: Write in your own words your HIGH QUALITY


answer to this Key Inquiry Question.
Why do we learn about
history?
26th January
What is so significant about this date?

AUSTRALIA DAY
DATE THAT EUROPEANS SETTLED IN AUSTRALIA

What does this date mean to Indigenous Australians?


Should Australia Day be
th
on the 26 of January?

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