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INTERACTIVE SCHEMATIC

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EC-C2 E-C60 this interactive schematic
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E-C61

VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

EC-C1
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schematic and machine views.

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS BASIC HYDRAULIC


HOTKEYS (Keyboard Shortcuts) COMPONENT SYMBOLS
T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Pump

FUNCTION KEYS
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
or Motor Variability

Click here to view the


Zoom In “CTRL” / “+” Schematic Symbols
Fluid
Conditioner
Spring
(Adjustable)

Zoom Out “CTRL” / “-” and Definitions page

Fit to Page “CTRL” / “0” (zero)


Hand Tool “SPACEBAR” (hold down)
Find “CTRL” / “F”
SCHEMATIC SYMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS

VALVES INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS PUMPS BASIC HYDRAULIC


ENVELOPES FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION
FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION
PARALLEL
FLOW
CROSS
FLOW
FIXED DISPLACEMENT
COMPONENT SYMBOLS

One Position Two Position Three Position Unidirectional Bidirectional Pump


Infinite Two Three Variability
Positioning Position Position or Motor
PORTS VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON- COMPENSATED

CYLINDERS Fluid Spring


(Adjustable)
Two-way Three-Way Four-Way Conditioner
Unidirectional Bidirectional
CONTROL
AB AB
Single Acting Double Acting
MOTORS Pressure
FIXED DISPLACEMENT Spring
P T P T Compensation
Normal Position Shifted Position Infinite Position

CHECK
Control
ACCUMULATORS Unidirectional Bidirectional
Valves
Line Restriction
(Variable)
VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
Basic Spring Shuttle NON- COMPENSATED
Pilot
Symbol Loaded Line Restriction
Controlled Spring Loaded Gas Charged Restriction
(Fixed)

Unidirectional Bidirectional

MAIN AUX.
Line Restriction
PILOT CONTROL 2-Section
RELEASED PRESSURE ROTATING SHAFTS Variable and Pressure
Compensated
Pump

Unidirectional Bidirectional
External Return Internal Return
Attachment Pump: Variable and
REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE Pressure Compensated

Internal Hydraulic Pneumatic


Simplified Complete Supply Pressure Energy Triangles

COMBINATION CONTROLS
LINES MEASUREMENT

Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid Solenoid and Servo Thermal Detent Crossing Joining
or Manual and Pilot Pilot or Manual Pressure Temperature Flow

MANUAL CONTROL FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

Push-pull Lever Manual Shutoff General Manual Push Button Pedal Spring Vented Pressurized Return Above Fluid Level Return Below Fluid Level

HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS - ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS


G
M T

Pressure Temperature Level Flow


Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Pressure Pressure Switch Temperature Electrical
Switch Switch Switch Switch Circuit Breaker
(Fluid) (Gas / Air) Motor Switch (Adjustable) Switch Wire

BASIC ELECTRICAL COMPONENT SYMBOLS HARNESS AND WIRE SYMBOLS


Wire, Cable, or Harness Assembly Identification:
Fuse: A component in an electrical circuit that will open the circuit if too much current flows through it. Includes Harness Identification Letters and Harness
Connector Serialization Codes (see sample).
Switch (Normally Open): A switch that will close at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). The circle indicates
that the component has screw terminals and a wire can be disconnected from it.
AG-C4 L-C12
Switch (Normally Closed): A switch that will open at a specified point (temp, press, etc.). 111-7898 3E-5179
No circle indicates that the wire cannot be disconnected from the component. Part Number: for 1
Connector Plug
Ground (Wired): This indicates that the component is connected to a grounded wire. 2
The grounded wire is fastened to the machine.
Plug Receptacle
Pin or Socket Number
Ground (Case): This indicates that the component does not have a wire connected to ground.
It is grounded by being fastened to the machine. Harness Identification Letter(s): (A, B, C, AA, AB, AC, ...)

Reed Switch: A switch whose contacts are controlled by a magnet. A magnet closes the contacts of Harness Connector Serialization Code: The "C" stands for
"Connector" and the number indicates which connector in the
a normally open reed switch; it opens the contacts of a normally closed reed switch.
harness (C1, C2, C3, ...)
L-C12
Sender: A component that is used with a temperature or pressure gauge. 3E-5179
The sender measures the temperature or pressure.
T Its resistance changes to give an indication to the gauge of the temperature or pressure. 5A
Component
Relay (Magnetic Switch): A relay is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. Fuse (5 Amps) 9X-1123 Part Number
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close the switch part of the relay. 325-AG135 PK-14
Harness identification code:
This example indicates wire group 325, Wire Gauge
Solenoid: A solenoid is an electrical component that is activated by electricity. wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire Color
It has a coil that makes an electromagnet when current flows through it.
The electromagnet can open or close a valve or move a piece of metal that can do work. 1 Deutsch connector: Typical representation
of a Deutsch connector. The plug contains all
2 sockets and the receptacle contains all pins.
Magnetic Latch Solenoid: An electrical component that is activated by electricity and held latched by a
permanent magnet. It has two coils (latch and unlatch) that make electromagnet 1 Sure-Seal connector: Typical representation
when current flows through them. It also has an internal switch that places of a Sure-Seal connector. The plug and receptacle
2 contain both pins and sockets.
the latch coil circuit open at the time the coil latches.
UENR5506
October 2015

320F Excavator
Hydraulic System - Attachment
ZRC1-UP
NHD1-UP
YBM1-UP

Universal Quick Coupler

© 2015 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.


COMPONENT TABLE

Component Locations
Part Schematic Machine
Description
Number Location Location
164-6981
Accumulator - Hydraulic 1 B-3
352-6860
Control Gp - Joystick (LH) 323-7948 2 E-3
Control Gp - Joystick (RH) 323-7947 3 E-2
Filter & Valve Gp - Pilot (Hydraulic Oil) 158-8987 4 B-3
Filter Gp - Case Drain 289-8194 5 A-3
Filter Gp - Hydraulic Return 188-4145 6 A-4
Manifold Gp - Pilot Oil 215-5037 7 C-3
Motor Gp - Swing 334-9968 8 F-5
Motor Gp - Travel (LH) 209-5992 9 F-4
Motor Gp - Travel (RH) 209-5992 10 F-4
Pump Gp - Main Hydraulics 371-5210 11 B-2
Sensor - Boom Cylinder Head 344-7390 12 F-6
Sensor - Boom Down Control 344-7390 13 D-3
Sensor - Boom Up Control 344-7390 14 C-3
Sensor - Drive Pump 344-7392 15 A-6
Sensor - Idler Pump 344-7392 16 A-6
Sensor - NFC Drive Pump 344-7390 17 D-6
Sensor - NFC Idler Pump 344-7390 18 D-6
Sensor - Swing Control 344-7390 19 D-2
Swivel 234-4440 20 E-4
Valve Gp - Check (Return) 455-3961 21 D-5
Valve Gp - Check (Slow Return) 369-8367 22 B-8
Valve Gp - Load Control (Boom Drift Reduction) 323-7610 23 A-8
Valve Gp - Load Control (Stick Drift Reduction) 335-0200 24 D-5
Valve Gp - Main Control (Heavy Lift) 335-0180 25 D-7
Valve Gp - Main Control (STD) 335-0160 26 D-7
Valve Gp - Pilot (Travel) 369-8502 27 F-2
Valve Gp - Pressure Reducing (Boom Priority) 352-7065 28 C-2
Valve Gp - Shuttle (Cab) 323-7560 29 D-1
Valve Gp - Swing Cushion 158-9085 31 E-6
Valve Gp - Travel Counterbalance (LH) 322-8714 32 E-5
Valve Gp - Travel Counterbalance (RH) 322-8714 33 E-4
Attachments: Universal Quick Coupler
Sensor Gp - Stick In Control 344-7390 35 C-2
Valve Gp - UQC Bypass Cut 258-6749 36 D-4
Valve Gp - Boom 2 Up (REPRV) 323-7894 37 C-3
Valve Gp - Check (UQC) 123-4750 38 B-3
Valve Gp - Universal Quick Coupler 339-4353 39 E-7
TAP TABLE

Tap Locations
Pressure, Sampling, and Sensor
Tap Schematic
Description
Number Location
AA Idler Pump Pressure B-3
BB Drive Pump Pressure A-3
CC Case Drain Pressure B-3
DD Negative Control Idler Pump Pressure B-1
EE Power Shift Pressure B-1
FF Negative Control Drive Pump Pressure A-2
GG Boom Regen Pressure B-8
HH UQC Lock Pressure F-8
II UQC Unlock Pressure F-6
PG Pilot Pressure B-3
SOS Oil Sampling Pressure B-3
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
(8) MOTOR GP (9) MOTOR GP
SWING TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT) TRAVEL (LH) TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)
SWG SWING MOTOR 334-9968 209-5992
PRKG BK (27) VALVE GP
BUCKET CYLINDER STICK CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER CONTROL PG (10) MOTOR GP TP PILOT (TRAVEL)
TRAVEL (RH) 369-8502
209-5992 TT
SWG DR
MOTOR TRAVEL(L) TRAVEL(R)
DRAIN
MU
MU
F F

(12) SENSOR GP BG
AG Pp3 Pp3
BOOM CYLINDER HEAD
L5 R5 L6 SP2 344-7390

A1 DR B1 T1 T1
R3 BP2 (FWD) (BKWD) (BKWD) (FWD)
T2 T2 T5 T1 T3 T6 T4
T2
LOCK UNLOCK
pR1f pL1f pL2b pR2b
HH
II 1 2
DR AG BG BG AG
A B
(31) VALVE GP
MA MB SWING CUSHION (R) A B (L) PD-Dr
158-9085 5 6 3 2
4 1
L4 R4
29 A B B A
4 1
(32) VALVE GP
5 6 3 2
E TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (LH)
(33) VALVE GP PD-Pi E
322-8714
(39) VALVE GP TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE (RH)
UNIVERSAL QUICK COUPLER (BKWD) 322-8714
(BKWD) (FWD) (FWD)
339-4353
L1 R1 L2 R2 (2) CONTROL GP
JLP JRP (3) CONTROL GP
JOYSTICK (LH)
2 SPEED JOYSTICK (RH)
323-7948
TRAVEL JLT JRT 323-7947
CONTROL
SWG (20) SWIVEL GP STICK SWING BUCKET BOOM
DRAIN
MOTOR 234-4440
FILTER
P T R.C.V-D DRAIN

UQC-P (21) VALVE GP


(26) VALVE GP (17) SENSOR GP (18) SENSOR GP CHECK (RETURN)
MAIN CONTROL (STD) C (OUT) (IN) (R) (L) (OPEN) (CLOSE) (DOWN) (UP)
NFC DRIVE PUMP NFC IDLER PUMP 455-3961
335-0160 344-7390 344-7390 JL1 JL3 JL2 JL4 JR2 JR4 JR1 JR3
(25) VALVE GP NFC-Dr NFC-Pi
MAIN CONTROL (HEAVY LIFT)
335-0180
NFC-S1 NFC-Dr1 NFC-Dr2 NFC-S2
B
NFC1 15 16 NFC2

28 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8
E (36) VALVE GP
D UQC BYPASS CUT (29) VALVE GP D
258-6749 SHUTTLE (CAB)
323-7560
(24) VALVE GP
A LOAD CONTROL (STICK DRIFT REDUCTION)
MU 335-0200
T Dr A
SOL8-T B1 C1 B2 B3 C2 B4 C3 B5 B6 B7 C4 B8
SDr
P
L6 SPi pR4b
pR3b pL4b
pL5f
3 IDENT CONNECTOR
(13) SENSOR GP
SP2 (19) SENSOR GP 1 LEFT TRAVEL PRESS SW
BOOM DOWN COTNROL
R6 344-7390 SWING CONTROL 2 RIGHT TRAVEL PRESS SW
SP1 pR5f pR6f 344-7390
3 IMPLEMENT PRESS SW
(14) SENSOR GP
pBR pR5b 12 PS PRESS EPRV
ST6 ST BOOM UP COTNROL pL3b
344-7390 BPi SPi 13 BOOM REGEN REPRV
pL6f 2 SPEED
pL3f 15 NFC 1 LIMIT EPRV
(IN) pSR TRAVEL pSR
(37) VALVE GP pR3f
STICK(2) CONTROL 16 NFC 2 LIMIT EPRV
dST BOOM 2 UP (REPRV)
pR6f 323-7894 (28) VALVE GP pR3b 17 SWING BRAKE SOL
(OUT) P 18 TRAVEL SPEED CHANGE SOL
pST MF-P PD-Pi MF-TANK NFC-Dr PRESSURE REDUCING
C L5 (BOOM PRIORITY) pL5b C
T 19 STRAIGHT TRAVEL SOL
352-7065
SOL7-T B 20 HYD LOCK SOL
R5 30 SOL8-T
P2 Pi1 P-IN PSA2 DR1 PSA1 T-OUT2 DR2 21 SWING PRIORITY SOL
pR5f 22 HEAVY LIFT SOL
(OPEN) 18 20 SOL7-T P A
(CLOSE) pL6f
(7) MANIFOLD GP (35) SENSOR GP
pL5f pR5b 17 IDENT CONNECTOR FOR QUICK COUPLER
(OUT) PILOT STICK IN CONTROL
STICK(1) 215-5037 344-7390 28 QUICK COUPLER BYPASS CUT SOL
BUCKET
NFC-Pi 29 QUICK COUPLER UNLOCK SOL
(IN) A T
pL5b 30 BOOM 2 UP REPRV
pL3b PRV-T
(1) ACCUMULATOR GP
(22) VALVE GP L4 HYDRAULIC (CHARGED)
CHECK (SLOW RETURN) RDr P1 PAC
(R) 21 169-6981 (STD) (11) PUMP GP
369-8367 pL4b 352-6860 (CANADA BC/AL) MAIN HYDRAULICS
371-5210
R4 DR3 DR4 Pi2 DR5 T-OUT1 DR6
GG BRG
13 (L) AA M2
Pn2
pR4b NFC2
(UP)
pL3b SOL1-T BDr UQC-P DD
SWING Ps2
(UP) PD-Dr P2
(38) VALVE GP A2
pL3f pBR PRV-T SWG
PRKG BK
CHECK (UQC) PsM2 LINE PATTERNS B
B CONTROL MF-P 123-4750
BT3 R3 (4) FILTER & VALVE GP EE Pressure Line

PILOT (HYDRAULIC OIL) Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure


BT 158-8987
CC S1 Pm
Drain / Return Lines

BP1 L3 OUT IN Component Group

Air Line
S3
BP2 pR3b T
CALLOUTS
BOOM(1) BOOM(2)
YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor - by letter)
pR3f SDr Dr
BPi (DOWN) PG PC DL DL D Connectors (By letter)
DrM PsM1
BDr R2
PG SOS
Callout Number
dR1b (Machine Location from (52) VALVE GP - CONTROL
Component
Name

A3 Component LocationsTable)
138-1234
pR2b
Part Number

(FWD) P1 Ps1
RDr A1 HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT COLOR DESCRIPTIONS
(23) VALVE GP TRAVEL(R) NFC1
LOAD CONTROL (BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION) L2 R.C.V-D Pn1 PILOT PUMP OUTPUT
323-7610 R1 MF-TANK DRIVE PUMP OUTPUT

pL2b pR1f
BB HEAVY LIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
TRAVEL LEFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
M1
(BKWD) (FWD) Pi 12 FF POWER SHIFT CONTROL CIRCUIT
SUPPLY LINE
TRAVEL(L) dR1b STICK CONTROL CIRCUIT
STR-TRAVEL SWING CONTROL CIRCUIT
DRAIN / RETURN LINE A
A L1
(5) FILTER GP
SWING BRAKE CIRCUIT
IDLER PUMP OUTPUT & UQC CIRCUIT
pL1f CASE DRAIN TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRUIT
(BKWD) 289-8194 DRAIN BUCKET CONTROL CIRCUIT
FILTER TRAVEL RIGHT CONTROL CIRCUIT
pST BOOM CONTROL CIRCUIT

dST 19 THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320F EXCAVATOR HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


(6) FILTER GP
HYDRAULIC RETURN ATTACHMENT: UNIVERSAL QUICK COUPLER
PUMP-S1 PUMP-S2 P2 188-4145 MEDIA NUMBER: UENR5506
(15) SENSOR GP (16) SENSOR GP SCHEMATIC PART NUMBER: 342-5612, CHANGE: 02, VERSION: HE
DRIVE PUMP Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine with the key and engine off, with parking brake set.
P1 IDLER PUMP Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations.
344-7392 344-7392 Refer to the Parts Manual using a specific serial number prefix in SIS before ordering parts from this schematic.

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
PUMP - RIGHT REAR
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS
6

CC
38

11

FF

PG 4
BB SOS
AA
DD
EE
MACHINE - TOP RIGHT
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

II

12

31

HH

39

20

32

33

10
MAIN CONTROL VALVE
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

17 18

21

26

25
28
16
22

15

GG
24
35

36
23

37

1 7
CAB - FRONT
VIEW ALL CALLOUTS

14
27 19
29
13