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QUESTÕES DE ESTUDO 1

1. Como se define ciência? Quais os seus principais objetivos?


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2. O que afirma o pressuposto do determinismo?
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3. Defina: variável independente, variável dependente e variáveis estranhas.
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4. Na Análise Experimental do Comportamento, a que se referem a VI e a VD.
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5. O fato de alterações feitas na VI altera a VD, é denominada
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6. Por que as variáveis estranhas devem ser mantidas constantes em uma dada
experimentação?
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7. Quais as propostas do Behaviorismo Watsoniano, atualmente denominado Behaviorismo
Metodológico?
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8. A Análise Experimental do Comportamento (AEC) estabelece relações funcionais entre que
tipos de variáveis?
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9. Como podem ser chamadas as propostas filosóficas de Skinner?
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10. O que significa causação múltipla?
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11. Segundo Staats e Staats (1973), quais as duas classes gerais de eventos determinantes do
comportamento? Explique cada uma delas e digas com qual das duas a Psicologia lida e por
quê.
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12. Como pode ser definida a Psicologia, sob o ponto de vista de uma de suas abordagens, a
Análise Experimental do Comportamento?
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13. Como pode ser definido comportamento, segundo a Análise Experimental do
Comportamento?
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14. O que significa o termo ser passível de observação ou observável?
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15. O que significa o termo ser passível de medida precisa ou mensurável?
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16. O que são comportamentos encobertos?
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17. Como os comportamentos encobertos são estudados se eles não são diretamente observáveis
e mensuráveis?
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18. Quais as posições do Behaviorismo Metodológico e do Behaviorismo Radical em relação ao
estudo dos comportamentos encobertos (ou eventos privados).
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19. Como a definição operacional de comportamento é elaborada?
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20. Quais as funções principais de uma definição operacional de comportamentos?
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21. As definições operacionais explicam os comportamentos? Justifique a sua resposta.
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22. Na definição operacional de “apego”, dada no texto, identifique a situação (estímulos
antecedentes) e os comportamentos dados para essa categoria.
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23. Uma definição operacional envolve uma lista completa de todos os comportamentos
possíveis de serem incluídos na categoria? Explique sua resposta.
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24. Não se esqueça de fazer a definição operacional de “ser prestativo”, pedida no texto.
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