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17

AIR DATA SYSTEM

17.1 - AIR DATA SYSTEM


17.1.1 AIR DATA SYSTEM OPERATING PRINCIPLE
17.1.2 AIR DATA SYSTEM COMPONENTS

17.2 - PITOT HEAD HEATING SYSTEM


17.2.1 FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM
17.2.2 COMPONENTS

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d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.1 - AIR DATA SYSTEM

17.1.1. AIR DATA SYSTEM OPERATING PRINCIPLE

TOTAL Pressure 1
(pilot’s system) 6
10

9 EMERGENCY
cockpit PSU
PS 1 2 air (PS )
8 SYSTEM 7 2
PS 2

3 6
cockpit
PS 3 air (PS ) 11
6

5 PSU
4

6
TOTAL Pressure 1
(copilot’s system)

The air data system architecture comprises three inde-


pendent subsystems :

• The pilot’s system : used only for PSU 2 system • The emergency system : connected only to the
equipment (10) stand-by altimeter (7) and airspeed indicator (8), which
are provided to replace the altitude and airspeed dis-
• The copilot’s system : used for PSU 1 system equip- plays in the event of an IFDS failure.
ment (11) and any additional equipment items connected
to the two shut-off valves (5). The three subsystems are supplied by two Pitot heads,
each of which includes 2 total pressure inlets and 2 static
pressure ports.

1 -LH & RH Pitot heads


2 -Emergency valve (stand-by static port)
3 -Emergency valve (pilot’s static system)
Valves (2) & (3) are controlled by the same knob
4 -Emergency valve (copilot’s static system)
5 -Shut-off valve for additional air data equipment
6 -Damper chamber
7 -Stand-by altimeter
8 -Stand-by airspeed indicator
9 -Restrictor
10 -Pressure Sensor Unit 2 (pilot’s unit)
11 -Pressure Sensor Unit 1 (copilot’s unit)
PS 1 -Copilot’s static pressure system

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.1.2 AIR DATA SYSTEM COMPONENTS

3 static
1
pressure ports
2

2 total
pressure ports

1 - LH & RH Pitot heads


2 - PSU
3 - Static lines bleed valves
4 - Shut-off valve for additional air data equipment
5 - Stand-by airspeed indicator
6 - Stand-by altimeter
7 - Emergency valve (copilot’s static system)
8 - Emergency valve (pilot’s static system)

5
6

STD BY
STD BY STATIC STATIC
PRESSURE PRESSURE

NORMAL NORMAL

7 8

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
17.4 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2 - PITOT HEAD HEATING SYSTEM

17.2.1. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM


PITOTS AURAL
S
The circuit is shown with the switches L FAIL T
A
F1 F2 R FAIL
set to “OFF”, with the aircraft on the H H

ground and with the aircraft power


OFF T
I OFF OFF
C
supply de-energized.
1
PITOT

2 4
3

+28 VDC
SEC
115 VAC

7 6 5

9 10
FLIGHT FLIGHT
8 GROUND GROUND 11

+28 VCC +28 VCC


SEC ESS

12 12

13 13
14 14

15 COPILOT’s PILOT’s 15
Pitot head Pitot head

1 -Amber PITOT light (10WW panel) 8 - Copilot’s Pitot head enable relay (Flight/Ground)
2 -Pilot’s Pitot tube heating On/Off switch 9 - Copilot’s Flight/Ground logic circuit
3 -Static port heating On/Off switch 10 - Pilot’s Flight/Ground logic circuit
4 -Copilot’s Pitot tube heating On/Off switch 11 - Pilot’s Pitot head enable relay (Flight/Ground)
5 -Copilot’s Pitot tube heating control relay 12 - Current sensors (Static port heating circuit)
6 -Static port heating control relay 13 - Current sensors (Pitot tube heating circuit)
7 -Pilot’s Pitot tube heating control relay 14 - Static port heating resistors
15 - Pitot tube heating resistors

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2.1. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM (Cont’d)


( 1 ) Aircraft on the Ground with the Rotor Spinning
1

PITOT

2 4
3

+28 VDC
SEC
115 VAC

7 5
6
9 10

FLIGHT FLIGHT
8 GROUND GROUND 11

+28 VDC +28 VDC


SEC ESS

12 12

13 13
14 14

15 COPILOT’s PILOT’s
15
Pitot head Pitot head

Switches (2), (3) and (4) are selected “ON”. Logic circuits
(9) and (10) in the “ Ground” state complete the ground
circuit to energize relays (8) and (11). The Pitot head heat-
ing resistors (15) are supplied in series from the DC es-
sential bus. Connecting the resistors in series reduces
the heating power by 50%. The static port heating resis-
tors (14) are supplied with 115 VAC power in series via
relays (8) and (11): they are also operating at half power.

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
17.6 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2.1. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM (Cont’d)

( 2 ) Aircraft in Flight : Normal Operation


1

PITOT

2 4
3

+28 VDC
SEC
115 VAC

7 5
6
9 10

FLIGHT FLIGHT
8 GROUND GROUND 11

+28 VDC +28 VDC


SEC ESS

12 12

13 13
14 14

COPILOT’s PILOT’s
15 15
Pitot head Pitot head

The On/Off switches are selected “ON”. Logic circuits


(9) and (10) are in the “Flight” state. The copilot’s Pitot
head heating resistor (15) is supplied from the DC sec-
ondary bus; the pilot’s Pitot head heating resistor (15) is
supplied from the DC essential bus. The static port heat-
ing resistors (14) are supplied with 115 VAC power. All
indicating and warning lights are off.

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2.1. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM (Cont’d)

( 3 ) Aircraft in Flight : Continuity Fault in Copilot’s Pitot Head Heating Resistor and in the Pilot's
static port Resistor.

PITOT

2 4
3

+28 VDC
SEC
115 VAC

7 5
6
9 10

FLIGHT FLIGHT
8 GROUND GROUND
11

+28 VDC +28 VDC


SEC ESS

12 12

13 13
14 14

15 PILOT’s 15
COPILOT’s
Pitot head Pitot head

The three On/Off switches are selected “ON”. A continu- ing the “FAIL” lights. The subpanel “LH. FAIL” (2) and
ity fault exists in the copilot’s Pitot tube heating resistor "STATIC F2" (3) warning lights and the “PITOT” (1) light
(15) and in the Pilot's static port heating resistor (14). on 10WW panel are illuminated.
The current sensors (12-13) are de-energized, ground-

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
17.8 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2.1. FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM (Cont’d)

( 4 ) Aircraft in Flight :
Aircraft Power Failure (Battery Power Only)

PITOT

+28 VDC
SEC

115 VAC

FLIGHT FLIGHT
GROUND GROUND

+28 VDC +28 VDC


SEC ESS

COPILOT’s PILOT’s
Pitot head Pitot head

In this extreme configuration, only the pilot’s Pitot tube is heated.

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.
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17.2.2. COMPONENTS

1 - Pitot heads heating relay box


2 - Copilot’s Pitot tube heating On/Off switch
3 - Static port heating On/Off switch
4 - Pilot’s Pitot tube heating On/Off switch

2 3 4

PITOTS AUR
S

L FAIL T
A
F1 F2 R FAIL
H
OFF OFF OFF
T H
I
C

Ce document est la propriété d'EUROCOPTER ; il ne peut être communiqué à des tiers et/ou reproduit sans l'autorisation préalable écrite
17.10 d'EUROCOPTER et son contenu ne peut être divulgué. This document is the property of EUROCOPTER ; no part of it shall be reproduced or
transmitted without the express prior written authorization of EUROCOPTER and its contents shall not be disclosed. © EUROCOPTER 1998.