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Rizzan J.

Murillo October 23,2018


Republic Act No. 8371 October 29, 1997



Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in

Congress assembled::


Section 1. Short Title - This Act shall be known as "The Indigenous Peoples
Rights Act of 1997."

Section 2. Declaration of State Policies - The State shall recognize and promote
all the rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples
(ICCs/IPs) hereunder enumerated within the framework of the Constitution:

a) The State shall recognize and promote the rights of ICCs/IPs within
the framework of national unity and development;

b)The State shall protect the rights of ICCs/IPs to their ancestral

domains to ensure their economic, social and cultural well being and shall
recognize the applicability of customary laws governing property rights or
relations in determining the ownership and extent of ancestral domain;

c) The State shall recognize, respect and protect the rights of ICCs/IPs to
preserve and develop their cultures, traditions and institutions. It shall
consider these rights in the formulation of national laws and policies;
d) The State shall guarantee that members of the ICCs/IPs regardless of
sex, shall equally enjoy the full measure of human rights and freedoms
without distinctions or discriminations;

e) The State shall take measures, with the participation of the ICCs/IPs
concerned, to protect their rights and guarantee respect for their cultural
integrity, and to ensure that members of the ICCs/IPs benefit on an equal
footing from the rights and opportunities which national laws and regulations
grant to other members of the population and

f) The State recognizes its obligations to respond to the strong

expression of the ICCs/IPs for cultural integrity by assuring maximum ICC/IP
participation in the direction of education, health, as well as other services of
ICCs/IPs, in order to render such services more responsive to the needs and
desires of these communities.

Towards these ends, the State shall institute and establish the necessary
mechanisms to enforce and guarantee the realization of these rights, taking
into consideration their customs, traditions, values, beliefs, their rights to
their ancestral domains.


Section 3. Definition of Terms - For purposes of this Act, the following terms
shall mean:

a) Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples - refer to a

group of people or homogenous societies identified by self-ascription and
ascription by other, who have continuously lived as organized community on
communally bounded and defined territory, and who have, under claims of
ownership since time immemorial, occupied, possessed customs, tradition
and other distinctive cultural traits, or who have, through resistance to
political, social and cultural inroads of colonization, non-indigenous religions
and culture, became historically differentiated from the majority of Filipinos.
ICCs/IPs shall likewise include peoples who are regarded as indigenous on
account of their descent from the populations which inhabited the country, at
the time of conquest or colonization, or at the time of inroads of non-
indigenous religions and cultures, or the establishment of present state
boundaries, who retain some or all of their own social, economic, cultural and
political institutions, but who may have been displaced from their traditional
domains or who may have resettled outside their ancestral domains;

b) Ancestral Domains - Subject to Section 56 hereof, refer to all areas

generally belonging to ICCs/IPs comprising lands, island waters, coastal areas,
and natural resources therein, held under a claim of ownership, occupied or
possessed by ICCs/IPs, themselves or through their ancestors, communally or
individually since time immemorial, continuously to the present except when
interrupted by war, force majeure or displacement by force, deceit, stealth or
as a consequence of government projects or any other voluntary dealings
entered into by government and private individuals, corporations, and which
are necessary to ensure their economic, social and cultural welfare. It shall
include ancestral land, forests, pasture, residential, agricultural, and other
lands individually owned whether alienable and disposable or otherwise,
hunting grounds, burial grounds, worship areas, bodies of water, mineral and
other natural resources, and lands which may no longer be exclusively
occupied by ICCs/IPs but from which their traditionally had access to for their
subsistence and traditional activities, particularly the home ranges of ICCs/IPs
who are still nomadic and/or shifting cultivators;

c) Certificate of Title

 Certificate of Ancestral Domain Title (CADT) - Refers to a title

formally recognizing the rights of possession and ownership of
ICCs/IPs over their ancestral domains identified and delineated in
accordance with this law.
 Certificate of Ancestral Land Title (CALT) - Refers to a title
formally recognizing the rights of ICCs/IPs over their ancestral

d) Unlawful or Unauthorized Intrusion - Refers to the occupation of

lands and utilization of resources within the ancestral domain without the
consent of the IP concerned or through invasion, violation, wrongful entry or
entry by stealth or force or uninvited entrance upon the territorial domain of

B. Mga Posibleng Epekto ng Diskriminasyon at Multiculturalism


 Depression
 Suicide
 Anxiety
 Sadness
 Loss Interest


 It enriches our culture.

 It brings new traditions and new ideas.
 It allows you to feel a connection to different culture simultaneously and
the ability to understand different cultures and culturally different
points of view.
 It makes you more open minded to other cultures.
 It renders people peculiarly uninterested in or insensitive to the ideas
or feelings of people of cultures other than their own.

C. Paano mo maipakikita ang paggalang sa kultura at paniniwala ng

ibang tao?

-Sa pamamagitan ng pag respeto ng kanilang kultura at paniniwala

sapagkat may kanya-kanya tayong mga opinyon, kultura at paniniwala dahil
sila rin ang sumisimbolo sa ating pagkatao at kung saan tayo nanggaling
bilang tao sa isang bansa na ating tinitirhan at sinilangan.