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Mecânica Avançada

Material Teórico
Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

Responsável pelo Conteúdo:


Prof. Dr. Jaime Sandro da Veiga

Revisão Textual:
Prof.ª Dr.ª Selma Aparecida Cesarin
Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

• Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton.

OBJETIVO DE APRENDIZADO
• Estudar a Mecânica Newtoniana, que é dividida em Cinemática e Dinâmica. Ambas
são tratadas para o caso de uma única partícula e para um Sistema de partículas;
• Os casos da cinemática e dinâmica de corpos rígidos serão estudados em Unidade
à parte.
Orientações de estudo
Para que o conteúdo desta Disciplina seja bem
aproveitado e haja maior aplicabilidade na sua
formação acadêmica e atuação profissional, siga
algumas recomendações básicas:
Conserve seu
material e local de
estudos sempre
organizados.
Aproveite as
Procure manter indicações
contato com seus de Material
colegas e tutores Complementar.
para trocar ideias!
Determine um Isso amplia a
horário fixo aprendizagem.
para estudar.

Mantenha o foco!
Evite se distrair com
as redes sociais.

Seja original!
Nunca plagie
trabalhos.

Não se esqueça
de se alimentar
Assim: e de se manter
Organize seus estudos de maneira que passem a fazer parte hidratado.
da sua rotina. Por exemplo, você poderá determinar um dia e
horário fixos como seu “momento do estudo”;

Procure se alimentar e se hidratar quando for estudar; lembre-se de que uma


alimentação saudável pode proporcionar melhor aproveitamento do estudo;

No material de cada Unidade, há leituras indicadas e, entre elas, artigos científicos, livros, vídeos e
sites para aprofundar os conhecimentos adquiridos ao longo da Unidade. Além disso, você tam-
bém encontrará sugestões de conteúdo extra no item Material Complementar, que ampliarão
sua interpretação e auxiliarão no pleno entendimento dos temas abordados;

Após o contato com o conteúdo proposto, participe dos debates mediados em fóruns de discus-
são, pois irão auxiliar a verificar o quanto você absorveu de conhecimento, além de propiciar o
contato com seus colegas e tutores, o que se apresenta como rico espaço de troca de ideias e
de aprendizagem.
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton


 
            
           
          
             
            
            
          
           
           
             
       
           
           
            
           
   
           
           
            
              
             
             
            
        
           
           
            
           
         
          
           
             
          
          
    
            
           
          


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   
    
           
          
             
             
  

r P

ê3 z
O
ê1 ê2
x
y
        
             

              


             

          
     
           
         
            
             
                
            
          
          
             

9
9
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

            


             
           
         
           
           
          

        
         

   

          
    

   
  
        

             



       
              
             
              
     
        

             
    

   



          

     

          

    

               

          

10
    
          
        
          
           
           
          
            
          
          
            
           
            
             
           
            
         
             
              
           
      
          
             
          
            
           
         
        


        



          


                
      
              
           
              
        
           
             
           
          
          

11
11
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

         


           


         

. Dy
x0
x
0
m
Dx

mg
    
    

    
  
      
  

               


            
          
      
           
            
             
   


    
    

         


 

    
  -    

12
          
                      
              
   
       

     
    

    

     
    

           

        

       

                   
     

      

     

          
             
        
  
   
  
         
            
                 
            
             
    
        

       

           
           
 
   
     
   

13
13
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

  

       

       

   
   

 
               

                  

               


 
 
     
 
    
  
           

           
           
           
            
               


                   
          
     
            
  
 
       
 
    
       


            


        
 
  
       
 
            
           
           
 
          
         
          

      
      

14
           
           

 

       
 
        

             

       

         


               

   
         

           
    
          
 
          

    

          


      

    

       


              
            
          
          
          
    
       


    

          


   

 
 

           
 
     

15
15
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton


                 
        
          
           
          
       
 
         

 
        


       


           
            
           
            
             
            
    
      
    
            
        
         
         
          
            
         

            
               
             
             
              
           
            
        
     
             
             
     

   

16
          
 

      


      


    

          


        
           
        
            
             
             
 
             
              
           
             
             
        
 
     

 
 
       
  
     

            


             
             
       
           
             
   

      
 
       
            
        
              
            
                 
            
 
       

17
17
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

            


             
             
               
              
           
           
          
          
            

           
         

     

                  
        

 
           

               
  
 
  
  
                
 
  
 

         
 

     
       
   

       


             
           
     
        


     
           
    
     

   

              
   
   
         
          
     

18
          
  
 
         
  
           
                
              
             
           
             
           
               
         
            

                   

y
A

F
r Ft
B

0 x

z
    
      
     

        


 
 
           

                   


             
         
   

19
19
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

           


       
             
           
          
   
              
    

x
k

   
    
    
  

           


             
               
                
            
   
           

            
           
           
 

         

       

   
     
  

20
            
                
           
               
           
  

        


  
              
    
 
 
     

  
 
  
          
            
              

               
               
            
          
             
 

             

             


  
        
  
         
         
           
           
            
          
             
             
             
        
          
          
         
       



21
21
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

   


              
                
               
       
 
          

           


           
           
 
       

            


       
              
                 
    
  
            
  
               
           
            
                 
             
             
             
             
           
  

    


             
  
   
    
              
    

   
        
 

22
           
          

      

           
           
            
            
           
            
     
           
            
            
            
          
  
            
              
      

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x
m
α

        


       

           


               
           
           
             
            
               

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UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

                


  
        
      
   

                  
 

               
             
             
     
            
               
            
          
             
             

     
            

 
       
 
                  
 
  
       
  
                  
                
                 
          
  

      


            


                
           
            
          
              
          
           
           



24
            
             

         
 

             


      
            
        
          
       
            
           
          
          
     
            
       
            
       

            
           
     

               


           
   

       


            
            
              
            
           
          
           
        
         

25
25
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

         


          


       

             


               
             
             
             
              
             
               
           
            
  
             

 


       
 


        

      


             
  
   



  
 
 




            


   

 

     
          
 
 



             

  

   
  

26
             
           
             
            
            
             
             

 
 

      
 


 
  
  
     


 

         




               
             
              
           


               
             
     

         


              
   


     
 

           
             
           
      
          

     
 
   
                 
 
 
 
            
      
  
  
 
 
                
  
 

27
27
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

ρi mi
c.m.

R
ri

0 x

z
       
       

 
                 
            
   
            
  
             
 
          
 
      
  
 

 
      
  
    
 
          


  

           


             
           
         

   




             


28
y

mr.

m
r
0 x

z
         


      

            


             
 
   
    


  
             
   


  

      


            


           
  
          
 
 
  
  
  
 

           
 
 
 
                  

 

  

      



               
           

 
    
           
 

29
29
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton



             
               
               
               
          
            
           


    

           


              
              
            
           
    
           
     


    
    

          


              
            
             
         
               
          
   
           
           
         
             
             


           
           
  
                
          



30
y
CM

ρi

R P si
rp mi

ri

0 x

      


    

              


       


  

       


  
    


 
 


 
 

                
 

              
 


  


 
  
 
  

                      
  

   


  
   
       


 
 
  
 
   
               
 

  
     
            
 

31
31
UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton


 

   

            

            
     

 
  

  
             
 

 


 
            


         



 
   




             
 
 

 
  

                  
        

 
 
    


                 
 

              
             
     
           
    

                  

           


   
 
              
   
              

                  


   

 
     
          
       
                     



32
      

    
      


          


           


 
           
          
            
           


            


            
          
          
 
              
             
            
      

           


         
            
         

             


            
          
   

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UNIDADE Dinâmica Newtoniana: Leis de Newton

Material Complementar
Indicações para saber mais sobre os assuntos abordados nesta Unidade:

 Vídeos
Mecânica - Tema 6 - Leis de Newton - Exercício 1
Vídeo de resolução de exercícios de Leis de Newton.
https://goo.gl/maB3Z8
Mecânica - Tema 15 - Sistemas de Partículas - Aula 3/6...
Vídeo aula da USP.
https://goo.gl/jFxzpM

 Leitura
Mecânica Clássica
https://goo.gl/kMNk4b
Tópicos de Mecânica Clássica
Livro de Mecânica Clássica – Unicamp.
https://goo.gl/Ydk2m2

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Referências
TAYLOR, John R. Mecânica clássica. Porto Alegre: Bookman, 2013. (E-Book).

THORNTON, STEPHEN T.; MARION, JERRY B. Dinâmica Clássica de Partí-


culas e Sistemas. São Paulo: Cengage Learning, 2012. 608p.

TIPLER, Paul Allen. Física para cientistas e engenheiros: mecânica, oscilações e


ondas, termodinâmica. 6.ed. Rio de Janeiro: LTC 2009. v.1 (E-Book).

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