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Keywords X6 iron & steel Y3 equipment or facility Z4 electricity F26 general machinery
JP Steel Plantech Co.

CDQ - Coke Dry Quenching Process

Features
◆ Sensible heat of red hot coke (iaround 1,000°C) discharged Red Hot Coke
from a coke oven is recovered as steam or electric energy.
Heat
◆ The treatment by a closed system makes it possible to
prevent atmospheric pollution caused by dust generation and Boiler
dispersion that is inevitable when wet quenching is employed. CDQ T/G
Chamber
◆ The quality (strength) of coke is increased due to its
gradual quenching method.

◆ In association with the trend where the size of CDQ is Circulation


getting ever larger, the "Double Flue" technology unique to Cooling Gas
our company was developed, realizing the increase of Quenched Coke Steam / Electricity
recovered energy and the stabilization of operation. < Energy Recovery >
◆ CO2 emissions can be reduced, leading to a possibility of employing this process in a CDM project.

◆ Even for a medium to small-scale coke oven, a large-sized CDQ system can be installed without
modifying the existing wet quenching car track. u Sensible heat of red hot coke (iaround 1,000°C)

Basic Concept or Summary

◆ This equipment is composed of a hoisting/charging device for charging the red hot coke in the furnace,
CDQ chamber (preliminary chamber and cooling chamber) for cooling the coke, cut-out device for
cutting out the coke from the furnace, dust removing device for removing the dust in the circulating gas,
waste heat recovery boiler, and gas blower.

◆ Red hot coke produced by coke ovens is cooled to below


200°C by inactive gas circulating through the CDQ
chamber.

◆ Circulating gas that became high temperature (around


800°C) by heat exchange with red hot coke is introduced
into a waste heat recovery boiler for converting the
sensible heat of the gas to steam.

◆ Circulating gas that became low temperature at the exit of


the waste heat recovery boiler is pressurized by a blower
and injected into the furnace through the bottom of the
CDQ chamber as cooling gas.

◆ Recovered steam is utilized as process steam or power


Dust remover Boiler
generating steam by a turbine generator.
Preliminary
chamber
◆ If the velocity difference of circulating gas becomes too large
in the flue of the CDQ chamber, blow-up of coke might be Cooling
induced, leading to the suspension of the operation. By chamber
adopting the "Double Flue" in place of the conventional
"Single Flue," stable operation is Dust
Distributor
realized. Resultant benefits
include the increase of
circulating gas volume and
hence, the significant increase of Cooled coke
Blower
the heat efficiency of CDQ.
Single Flue Double Flue
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Effects or Remarks
◆ Recovered electric power volume by CDQ
Condition: CDQ operating rate 95% (8,300 h/y)

Power Generation (GWh / y)


300
Coke charging temperature 1,000°C 250
200
Explanation: As the circulating gas volume 150
increases, recovered electric
100
power increases. A larger CDQ
50
process tends to cause blow-up,
0
but this trouble is suppressed by 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800
adopting the "Double Flue."
Coke charged to CDQ (kt/y)
◆ Difference in recovered electric power volumes
by Double Flue and Single Flue 1000

Difference (kW)
(The right figure shows the difference in net 800 1,200 Nm3/t-coke basis
volumes of recovered electric power using the 600
400
circulating volume of 1200Nm3/t as a base line)
200
Condition: CDQ capacity 140t/h 0
Coke charging temperature 1,000°C 1,150 1,200 1250 1,300 1,350 1,400
CDQ inlet circulating gas volume (Nm3/t-coke)
Explanation: By increasing the gas circulating
volume beyond the Single Flue Single Flue region
region (~1200Nm3/t), recovered
electric power can be increased by
around 800kW(4%).

◆ New handling system


As a means to apply a large-sized CDQ
process to a medium to small-scale coke
oven, a new handling system was
developed.

Advantages
1. Transfer necks are eliminated.
2. A pseudo quenching car is used, which is applicable in a
wet process as well.
In case of an emergency, wet treatment is possible.

Installation in Practice or Schedule


Domestic ◆ Since 1976, 11 units were delivered (CDQ capacity: 70 - 200 t/h).
◆ Currently, 2 units are under construction (scheduled to start operating in 2009 and 2010).

Overseas ◆ 5 units were delivered to China (CDQ capacity: 140 - 150 t/h).
◆ Currently, 2 units are under construction in China.
◆ Part of the machinery is going to be delivered for 30 units to be fabricated domestically in
China (contract basis).

Contact: JP Steel Plantech Co., Global Environment Business Promotion Section


General Manager in charge: Norihiko Inoue. Tel: +81-(0)45-440-5903 Fax: +81-(0)45-440-5841
Manager in charge: Masao Miki, Tel: +81-(0)45-440-5912 Fax: +81-(0)45-440-5841
URL:http://www.steelplantech.co.jp