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DIMENSIONAMENTO DE LAJE MACIÇA - CASO 1

Dados Iniciais:

Concreto:
fck kN
fck ≔ 25 MPa γc ≔ 1.4 fcd ≔ ―― ⋅ 0.1 fcd = 1.786 ――
γc cm²
Aço CA-50:
fyk kN
fyk ≔ 500 MPa γs ≔ 1.15 fyd ≔ ―― ⋅ 0.1 fyd = 43.478 ――
γs cm²

Coeficiente majorador de esforços γf ≔ 1.4

1 - Pré-dimensionamento altura da laje


lx
lx ≔ 2.05 m hi ≔ ― ⋅ 100 h adotado
40
ly ≔ 3.00 m hi = 5.125 cm h ≔ 8.00 cm

2 - Verificação do coeficiente geométrico


ly
Se λ ≤ 2 , armada em 2 direções λ≔― λ = 1.463
Se λ > 2 , armada em 1 direção lx

3 - Pré-dimensionamento ϕ do aço e alturas úteis


h
Negativa ϕAslneg ≔ ―⋅ 10 ϕAslneg = 10 mm
8
Positiva ϕAslpos ≔ 5 mm Cnom ≔ 2.5 cm

ϕAslpos
d1pos ≔ h - Cnom - ――― d1pos = 5.25 cm
2 ⋅ 10

ϕAslpos ϕAslpos
d2pos ≔ h - Cnom - ―――- ――― d2pos = 4.75 cm
2 ⋅ 10 10

Cnomsup ≔ 1.5 cm
ϕAslneg
dneg ≔ h - Cnomsup - ――― dneg = 6 cm
2 ⋅ 10

4 - Levantamento das cargas

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4 - Levantamento das cargas
h kN
Peso Próprio pp ≔ 25 ⋅ ―― pp = 2 ――
100 m²

Camada de regularização
hcr kN
hcr ≔ 2.5 cm cr ≔ 21 ⋅ ―― cr = 0.525 ――
100 m²

Revestimento inferior
hri kN
hri ≔ 1.5 cm ri ≔ 19 ⋅ ―― ri = 0.285 ――
100 m²
Revestimento superior
kN
piso cerâmico rs ≔ 0.85 ――

kN
Cargas acidentais ca ≔ 2.00 ――
(Tabelada NBR) m²

kN
Cargas de projeto q ≔ pp + cr + ri + ca + rs q = 5.66 ――

5 - Determinação dos momento - Método de Marcus

Dados:

λ = 1.463
kx ≔ 0.82
lx 2
mx ≔ 14.4 Mx ≔ q ⋅ ―― Mx = 1.652 kN ⋅ m
my ≔ 30.6 mx
lx 2
My ≔ q ⋅ ―― My = 0.777 kN ⋅ m
my

6 - Momentos de cálculo - Msd

Msdx ≔ Mx ⋅ γc Msdx = 2.313 kN ⋅ m

Msdy ≔ My ⋅ γc Msdy = 1.088 kN ⋅ m

7 - Compatibilização dos momentos

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7 - Compatibilização dos momentos

Lajes: OBS: Usar o maior valor encontrado entre as fórmulas


01-02/01-03/01-04/01-05 Multiplica-se o maior valor por 0,8
Ml1 ≔ 3.26
((Ml1 + Ml2))
Ml2 ≔ 1.78 Mc12 ≔ ―――― Mc12 = 2.52 kN ⋅ m
Ml3 ≔ 4.98 2
Ml4 ≔ 3.65 mc12 ≔ 0.8 ⋅ Ml1 mc12 = 2.608 kN ⋅ m
Ml5 ≔ 7.07 _______________________________________________________________
((Ml1 + Ml3))
Mc13 ≔ ―――― Mc13 = 4.12 kN ⋅ m
2
mc13 ≔ 0.8 ⋅ Ml3 mc13 = 3.984 kN ⋅ m
_______________________________________________________________
((Ml1 + Ml4))
Mc14 ≔ ―――― Mc14 = 3.455 kN ⋅ m
2
mc14 ≔ 0.8 ⋅ Ml4 mc14 = 2.92 kN ⋅ m
_______________________________________________________________
((Ml1 + Ml5))
Mc15 ≔ ―――― Mc15 = 5.165 kN ⋅ m
2
mc15 ≔ 0.8 ⋅ Ml5 mc15 = 5.656 kN ⋅ m

8 - Determinação do MRCC

MRCC1pos ≔ 0.153 ⋅ 100 ⋅ fcd ⋅ d1pos 2 MRCC1pos = 753.047 kN ⋅ cm

MRCC2pos ≔ 0.153 ⋅ 100 ⋅ fcd ⋅ d2pos 2 MRCC2pos = 616.44 kN ⋅ cm

MRCCneg ≔ 0.153 ⋅ 100 ⋅ fcd ⋅ dneg 2 MRCCneg = 983.571 kN ⋅ cm

9 - Verificação da armadura mínima

bw ≔ 100 cm
0.15
ρminneg ≔ ―― ⋅ bw ⋅ h ρminneg = 1.2 cm²
Negativa 100

Positiva ρminpos ≔ 0.67 ⋅ ρminneg ρminpos = 0.804 cm²

10 - Determinação da área de aço


Msdx ⋅ 100
Laje 01 Kmdx ≔ ―――――― Kmdx = 0.047 kzx ≔ 0.956
bw ⋅ fcd ⋅ d1pos 2
Positivos
Msdx ⋅ 100
Asx ≔ ――――― Asx = 1.06 cm 2 ok
kzx ⋅ fyd ⋅ d1pos
ϕ 6.3mm c/ 29 cm

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Msdy ⋅ 100
Kmdy ≔ ―――――― Kmdy = 0.027 kzy ≔ 0.968
bw ⋅ fcd ⋅ d2pos 2

Msdy ⋅ 100
Asy ≔ ――――― Asy = 0.544 cm 2 ok
kzy ⋅ fyd ⋅ d2pos

ϕ 6.3mm c/ 30 cm
_________________________________________________________________
Mc12 ⋅ 100
Negativo Kmd ≔ ――――― Kmd = 0.039 kz ≔ 0.960
bw ⋅ fcd ⋅ dneg 2

Mc12 ⋅ 100
As ≔ ――――― As = 1.006 cm 2 Não ok
kz ⋅ fyd ⋅ dneg
ρminneg = 1.2 cm²

ϕ 6.3mm c/ 26 cm

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