Você está na página 1de 3

 An ammeter is a measuring instrument used to measure the current in a circuit.

Electric currents are

measured in amperes, hence the name. Instruments used to measure smaller currents, in the milliampere
or microampere range, are designated as milliammeters or microammeters.
 The ampere hour meter registers ampere-hours and is anintegrating meter similar to the watt-hour meter
used to measure electricity usage in a home. Typical ampere-hour meters are digital indicators similar to
the odometer used in automobiles.
 A sound level meter is a measuring instrument used to assess noise or sound levels by measuring sound pressure.
Often referred to as a sound pressure level (SPL) meter, decibel (dB) meter, noise meter or noise dosimeter,
asound level meter uses a microphone to capture sound.
 A frequency meter is an instrument that displays thefrequency of a periodic electrical signal. Various
types offrequency meters are used. Many are instruments of the deflection type, ordinarily used for
measuring lowfrequencies but capable of being used for frequencies as high as 900 Hz.
 The ground detector is an instrument which is used to detect conductor insulation resistance to ground. An ohm
meter, or a series of lights, can be used to detect the insulation strength of an ungrounded distribution system. ... If the
lamps are equally bright, no ground exists and all the lamps receive the same voltage.
 An ohmmeter is an electrical instrument that measures electrical resistance, the opposition to an electric
current. Micro-ohmmeters (microhmmeter or microohmmeter) make low resistance measurements.
Megohmmeters (also a trademarked device Megger) measure large values of resistance.
 Power Factor Meter. Definition: The power factor metermeasures the power factor of a transmission
system. Thepower factor is the cosine of the angle between the voltage and current. The power factor
meter determines the types of load using on the line, and it also calculates the losses occur on it.
 A voltmeter is an instrument used for measuring electrical potential difference between two points in an
electric circuit. Analog voltmeters move a pointer across a scale in proportion to the voltage of the circuit;
digital voltmeters give a numerical display of voltage by use of an analog to digital converter.
 In AC electrical power systems, a synchroscope is a device that indicates the degree to which two systems
(generators or power networks) are synchronized with each other.[1]
 A voltameter or coulometer is a scientific instrument used for measuring quantity of electricity (electric
charge) through electrolytic action. The SI unit of quantity of electricity is the coulomb.
The voltametershould not be confused with a voltmeter, which measures electric potential.
 A generator converts mechanical energy into electrical energy, while a motor does the opposite - it
converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Both devices work because of electromagnetic
induction, which is when a voltage is induced by a changing magnetic field
 The wattmeter is an instrument for measuring the electric power (or the supply rate of electrical energy) in
watts of any given circuit. Electromagnetic wattmeters are used for measurement of utility frequency and
audio frequency power; other types are required for radio frequency measurements.
 An electricity meter, electric meter, electrical meter, or energymeter is a device that measures the amount
of electric energyconsumed by a residence, a business, or an electrically powered device.
 A synchronous electric motor is an AC motor in which, at steady state, the rotation of the shaft is
synchronized with the frequency of the supply current; the rotation period is exactly equal to an integral
number of AC cycles.
 Synchronous. They are known as synchronous generators because f, the frequency of the induced
voltage in the stator (armature conductors) conventionally measured in hertz, is directly proportional to
RPM, the rotation rate of the rotor usually given in revolutions per minute (or angular speed).
 Definition of three-way switch. : an electric switchhaving three terminals used to control a circuit from
two different points.
 4 way switch wiring comes in real handy when you would like to control a light fixture from more than two locations.
While wiring a 3 way switchis good enough for a staircase or hallway, wiring a four way switch is crucial for the
addition of a third, forth or more switches.
 In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide
overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts
when too much current flows through it, thereby interrupting the current.
 A circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from
damage caused by excess current from an overload or short circuit. Its basic function is to interrupt current
flow after a fault is detected.
 An incandescent light bulb, incandescent lamp or incandescent light globe is an electric light with a wire
filament heated to such a high temperature that it glows with visible light. The filament is protected from
oxidation with a glass or fused quartz bulb that is filled with inert gas or a vacuum.
 In electrical engineering, an armature is the power-producing component of an electric machine.
Thearmature can be on either the rotor (rotating part) or the stator (stationary part) of the electric machine.
 NO is normally open i.e. the contacts are normally open and close when the switch is actuated. NC
is normally closed i.e. the contacts are normally closedand open when the switch is actuated. 1NO1NC
is generally used to describe contactors (industrial power relays) and manual switches like emergency stop
 An alternative to the pilot light is a system to create a high voltage electrical arc or spark between two electrodes, in
order to light the gas flowing to the burner. ... If the appliance loses gas or the flame goes out, the ignition controller
doesn't see the flame, closing the gas valve.
 A resistor is used to reduce the flow of electricity in an electric circuit. Resistors come in fixed or variable
types. A fixed resistor cannot be changed as it is set at a specific value, whereas a variable resistor can
manage flows at and below a specific level.
 A push-button (also spelled pushbutton) or simply button is a simple switch mechanism for controlling
some aspect of a machine or a process. Buttons are typically made out of hard material, usually plastic or
 A fixed capacitor is constructed in such manner that it possesses a fixed value of capacitance which
cannot be adjusted. A fixed capacitor is classified according to the type of material used as its dielectric,
such as paper, oil, mica, or electrolyte.’
 Electric heating is a process in which electrical energy is converted to heat energy. ... An electric heater is
an electrical device that converts an electric current into heat.
 Single and Dual Splices and Electronic Splices are designed to provide a quick and efficient solution to
customer wiring requirements.
 A Normally Open (NO) Push Button is a push button that, in its default state, makes no electrical
contact with the circuit. Only when the button is pressed down does it make electrical contact with the
circuit. ... Normally Open Push buttons are the most common type of push buttons used in devices and
 Relays are switches that open and close circuits electromechanically or electronically. Relays control one
electrical circuit by opening and closing contacts in another circuit. As relay diagrams show, when
a relay contact is normally open (NO), there is an open contact when the relay is not energized.
 A magnet is a material or object that produces a magneticfield. This magnetic field is invisible but is
responsible for the most notable property of a magnet: a force that pulls on other ferromagnetic materials,
such as iron, and attracts or repels other magnets.
 NO is normally open i.e. the contacts are normally open and close when the switch is actuated. NC
isnormally closed i.e. the contacts are normally closed and open when the switch is actuated. 1NO1NC
is generally used to describe contactors (industrial power relays) and manual switches like emergency stop
 ST meaning Single Throw, the switch is closed or open, ON or OFF, 2 actuator positions shown as
ON/OFF. ... A Push Button switches have two types;Momentary where the action only occurs when
actuator is pressed; and Alternate Action where the contacts are maintained until pressed again.

 Definition. An inductive electrical device for changing the voltage of alternating current.
A transformer consists of two magnetically coupled coils. Alternating current in one (called the
"primary") creates a changing magnetic field which induces a current in the second coil (the

 An Auto-transformer is an electrical transformer with only one winding. The "auto" prefix refers to the single
coil acting alone and not to any kind of automatic mechanism. In an autotransformer, portions of the same
winding act as both the primary and secondary sides of the transformer.
 Poles: A switch pole refers to the number of separate circuits that the switch controls. A single-pole switch controls
just one circuit. A double-pole switch controls two separate circuits. A double-pole switch is like two separate single-
pole switches that are mechanically operated by the same lever, knob, or button.
 Most electronic circuits contain an on/off switch. ... A single-pole switchcontrols just one circuit. A double-pole
switch controls two separate circuits. A double-pole switch is like two separate single-pole switchesthat are
mechanically operated by the same lever, knob, or button.
 A three-way switch has three terminals; a four-way has four. These control a light from two or three locations, such
as in a stairwell, at either end of a hallway, or in a large room with more than one entrance. A dimmer switch controls
a light's intensity. Usually you can replace any single-pole switch with a dimmer.
 An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections
provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars. ...
Common examples are the alkaline battery used for flashlights and a multitude of portable electronic