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Escola Estadual de Ensino Fundamental e Médio “Professor Hermann Berger”

Estudo Dirigido de Ciências


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Série: 7º ano EF Turma:_________ Valor: 7 pontos Data: ______/______/2018
Professora: Caroline Angeli Sancio Pontos obtidos:

Conteúdo: Animais Invertebrados

PESQUISEM E RESPONDAM AS PERGUNTAS DA TABELA ABAIXO:

PORÍFEROS (ESPONJAS)
1. Para cada um dos tipos de célula a seguir, presentes nos poríferos, descreva resumidamente a localização, a
estrutura e a função:
a) Pinacócitos;
b) Coanócitos;
c) Porócitos;
d) Amebócitos;
e) Arqueócitos.

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CELENTERADOS (CNIDÁRIOS)
2. Descreva, resumidamente, a estrutura de um cnidoblasto. Diga qual é a função desse tipo de célula nos
celenterados?

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PLATELMINTOS (VERMES ACHATADOS)


3. Dona Maria mora em Campinas e tem família em Pernambuco. Sempre que volta de lá apresenta o mesmo
problema: contaminou-se com Schistosoma mansoni. Por mais que o médico explique os cuidados que deve
tomar, ela sempre volta com barrida-d'água.
Identifique duas medidas essenciais para a eliminação de uma endemia como barriga-d'água em uma dada região.

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NEMATELMINTOS (VERMES CILINDRICOS)


4. No início do século, o Jeca Tatu, personagem criado por Monteiro Lobato, representava o brasileiro de zona
rural, descalço, mal vestido e espoliado por vermes intestinais. Jeca se mostrava magro, pálido e preguiçoso,
características decorrentes de parasitose. Sobre o personagem, Monteiro Lobato dizia: "Ele não é assim, ele está
assim" e ainda: " Examinando-lhe o sangue assombra a pobreza em hemoglobina."
a) Que vermes intestinais eram responsáveis pelo estado do Jeca?
b) Tendo em vista que essa parasitose ainda hoje acomete milhões de brasileiros, o que as pessoas devem fazer
para não adquiri-la? Por quê?

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ANELÍDEOS (VERMES SEGMENTADOS)


5. Sobre o sistema digestivo de uma minhoca, responda:
a) Qual é o tipo de alimento ingerido?
b) Qual é a função da moela?
c) Que tipo de digestão ocorre?

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FILO MOLLUSCA
6. Citar três características exclusivas dos moluscos.

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FILO ARTHROPODA
7. Leia com atenção o que Calvin está dizendo às formigas:

a) Justifique, do ponto de vista biológico, a afirmação de Calvin: “se elas estivessem me entendendo, nunca mais
teremos problemas com as formigas”.
b) Cite dois outros grupos de insetos com modo de vida semelhante ao da formiga.

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FILO EQUINODERMATA
8. Andando pela praia, você encontra uma estrela-do-mar. Pergunta-se:
a) A que filo ela pertence?
b) Qual é o tipo de esqueleto da estrela-do-mar?

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FAÇAM BOM ATENÇÃO,


BOA ATIVIDADE!