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1 (a) Condensation 1

(b) Molecule 1
(c) Liquid 1
(d) 100 oC 1
(e) (i) Increase 1
(ii) Decrease 1
(f) Move faster 1
(g) pemejalwapan 1
TOTAL 8

2 (a) Diffusion 1
(b) Particles of the durian move 1
between air particles 1
from higher concentration region to lower concentration region 1 ...3
(c) (i) 7 1
(ii) 33
Q 1
16
(iii) P&S 1
(iv) Q& R 1
Same proton number different nucleon number 1 ...2
TOTAL 9

3 (a) (i) ZnCl2 1


(ii) Zn(NO3)2 1 ...2
(b) (i) Silver nitrate and zinc chloride 1
(ii) Silver chloride and zinc nitrate 1
(iii) 2AgNO3 + ZnCl2 → 2AgCl + Zn(NO3)2 1 ...3
(c) (i) From the chemical equation,
2 mol of AgNO3 produces 2 mol of Ag and 1 mol of O2 1
Hence,
1 mol of AgNO3 will produce 1 mol of Ag and 0.5 mol of O2 1 ...2
(ii) 85
No. of mol of AgNO3 =
108 + 14 + 3(16)
= 0.5 mol 1

From the chemical equation,


2 mol of AgNO3 produces 2 mol of NO2
Hence,
0.5 mol of AgNO3 will produce 0.5 mol of NO2 1

Volume of NO2 = 0.5 × 24


= 12 dm3 1 ...3
TOTAL 10
4 ( A (chemical) formula that shows the actual number
4 a) of atoms of each element in one molecule of compound. 1
( CH2O 1
b)
( One molecule of glucose consists of 6 carbon atoms,
c) 12 hydrogen atoms and 6 oxygen atoms 1

( ( Eleme
C H
d) i) nt
Mass 1
85.71 14.29
/g
Numb 14.29 = 1
85.71 = 7.14
er of moles 14.29
12
/ mol 1
Ratio
1 2
of mole

Empiri 1 ..
cal formula CH2 .3

(CH2)n = 28 1
n[ 12 + 2(1)] = 28
n= 2 1

Molecular formula is C2H4 1 ..


.3
TOTAL 9

5 (a) U 1
(b) Transition element 1
(c) Atom R achieved octet electron arrangement. 1
No need to donate, receive or share its valence electron. 1 ...2
(d) R, Q, P 1
(e) Atom T has one valence electron. 1
Atom T has three shells occupied/filled with electrons. 1 ...2
(f) (i) 2S + 2H2O → 2SOH + H2 1+1 ...2
(ii) Kertas litmus merah bertukar biru 1
(g) S is more reactive than P. 1
Atomic size of atom S is bigger than atom P. 1
Force of attraction between nucleus and valence electron
of atom S is weaker than P. 1
It is easier for atom S to donate its valence electron. 1 ...4
TOTAL 14

6 (a) Group 17 1
Period 3 1
M has 7 valence electrons. 1
M has 3 shells filled with electrons. 1 ...4
(b) (i) Going down Group 1;
Proton number increases // Number of shell increases //
Atomic size increases. 1
Force of attraction between nucleus and valence electron
becomes weaker. 1
Easier to release the valence electron. 1

Going down Group 17;


Proton number increases // Number of shell increases //
Atomic size increases. 1
Nucleus attraction force becomes weaker. 1
Harder to accept electron. 1 ...6
(ii) Across the period from left to right:
Proton number increases // The number of protons in the
nucleus increases. 1
Nucleus attraction force becomes stronger. 1 ...2

(iii) Across the period from left to right:


Proton number increases // The number of protons in the
nucleus increases. 1
Nucleus attraction force becomes stronger. 1
Easier to accept electron(s) from outside. 1 ...3

(c) (i) Iron // Ferum 1


Copper 1 ...2
[Any suitable answer]
(ii) 1. Iron(II) chloride// Copper(II) sulphate Form 1
coloured ions / compounds.

2. Have more than one oxidation number. 1


example:
Oxidation number of iron in 1
Iron(II) chloride; +2
Iron (III) chloride; +3

...3
TOTAL 20
7 (a) (i) Urea consists of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen. 1
There are 2 atoms of nitrogen, 4 atoms of hydrogen, 1 atom of
carbon and 1 atom of oxygen. 1 ...2

(ii) Compound Molar mass

Ammonium nitrate 2(14)+4(1)+3(16) = 80 1

Ammonium sulphate 2(14+4) +32+4(16) = 132 1

Urea 12+16+2(14+2) = 60 1 ...3

Compound Percentage of nitrogen by mass


2(14) × 100 = 35.00 % 1
Ammonium nitrate
80
2(14) × 100 = 21.21 % 1
Ammonium sulphate
132
2(14) × 100 = 46.67 % 1 ...3
Urea
60

The most effective fertilizer is urea. 1


Urea has the highest percentage of nitrogen. 1 ...2

(b) (i) Element C H O


Number of 48.6 = 4.05 8.1 = 8.1 43.2 = 2.7 1
mole / mol 12 1 16
Ratio of 1
3 6 2
mole

Empirical formula is C3H6O2 1

n[ 3(12) +6(1) +2(16) ] = 74


n = 1 1

Molecular formula C3H6O2 1 ...5


(c) (i) C2H4 + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 3H2O

[Chemical formulae of products] 1


[Balanced equation] 1 ...2
Number of moles of C2H4 = 2.8
28
= 0.1 mol 1

1 mol of C2H4 produce 2 mol of CO2


0.1 mol of C2H4 produce 0.2 mol of CO2 1

Volume of CO2 = 0.2 × 24


= 4.8 dm3 1 ...3
TOTAL 20
Question Rubric Score
[Able to state all three variables correctly]

Sample answer:
Manipulated variable:
Type of medium // Gel and water
[a : Physical state of substance // Arrangement of particles in substance]
8 (a)
3
Responding variable:
Rate of diffusion
[a : Time taken to diffuse]

Constant variable:
Potassium manganate(VII) // Temperature of medium
Able to state any two variables correctly 2
Able to state any one variable correctly 1
No response given / wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score


[Able to give the hypothesis correctly]

Sample answer : 3
In gel, rate of diffusion is lower than in water // [vice versa]
Able to give the hypothesis almost correct
8 (b) 2
Sample answer :
Rate of diffusion in gel is lower than in water //
Different medium, different rate of diffusion
Able to state an idea of the hypothesis
1
Sample answer :
Medium / Substance affects the rate of reaction
Diffusion occurs in solid and liquid.
No response or wrong response 0
Question Rubric Score
Able to give the meaning of the diffusion correctly.

Sample answer: 3
The purple colour spreads
when potassium manganate(VII) is put into water.
Able to give the meaning of the diffusion less accurately.

Sample answer:
8 (c) The purple colour formed when potassium manganate (VII) put into water // 2
Random movement of particles of a substance in between particles of another
substance from a high concentration region to a low concentration region.
Able to give an idea of the diffusion.

Sample answer: 1
Purple //
Movement of particles
No response or wrong response 0

Question Rubric Score


Able to explain all the following aspects

1. Arrangement particles of solid


2. Arrangement particles of liquid
3. Movement of particles in medium

Sample answer:
3
8(d) 1. The particles of gel/solid are closely packed together
2. The particles of water/liquid are packed slightly loose
3. Particles/(MnO4+ ions) move slower into the spaces in between the gel
molecules //
Particles/(MnO4+ ions) move faster into the spaces in between the water
molecules

Able to state any one of the aspects 2


Able to give an idea
1
Sample answer:
Arrangement of particles
No response or wrong response 0
Question Rubric Score
Able to predict the time taken correctly

Sample answer: 3
Less / Shorter than one hour
Able to predict the time taken less accurately
8 (e)
Sample answer: 2
[30 minutes ≤ time < 1 hour]
Able to state an idea of time taken

Sample answer: 1
Time < 30 minutes //
Shorter // Faster // Decreases
No response given / wrong response 0