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Observations Control Measures Time Scale

Hazards and Consequences Immediate and Long-Term


Action
Works and Services Workshop
Fire Risk Flammable substances must be Immediate
Flammable substances disorderly properly stored in cabinets. 1 week
placed on tables Workers should be provided with
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; guidelines on handling such
3:22 substances

Oil Drums placed near loads of All such materials that can cause Immediate
wood accidents and must be properly 1 week
Risk of Fire organized.
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; Oil drum should be stored in a
3:22 specifically designated place
Tripping and Obstruction Risk Debris as well as all such materials Immediate
Debris & scrap blocking blocking the exit should be cleared 1 week
entrance on either sides and at immediately.
front Staff must be trained to keep the
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; exit and doorways clear at all times.
3:23(1&3)

Inadequate provision of PPE Proper equipment should be Immediate


Risk of serious injury provided to the workers. 1 week
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; They must be guided on its use and Instant
3:25&26 clear working rules must be 1 day
conveyed to use PPE at all times.
Helmets that are already available
should be made use of until rest of
the PPE is provided
Inadequate sign boards or Proper sign boards and warnings Immediate
warnings (few in English) must be displayed in vernacular 1 week
Risk of chaos or disaster in that is understandable to the staff.
emergency situations English signs and warnings must be
maintained.
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
7:76(1)
Emergency Exit Materials should be properly Intermediate
Trapping risk inside the central organized and stockpiled in 1 month
working unit designated shelves or storage
Materials and objects blocking places.
the entrance way
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:23(3)

Wood sheets and worn-out All unnecessary materials should be Intermediate


furniture disorderly placed in the disposed or reusable items should 1 month
inner section of the workshop be properly segregated and stored
Risk of Oxygen deficiency in designated storage areas
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:14(1,2,3,4)

Tripping and Electrocution Proper wiring or wire covers (hard Instant


Risk wall binding wire pipes) should be 1 day
Power supply wire used to communicate wiring and
unsystematically placed on the power.
floor Such practices must be ceased
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; immediately and rules must be
3:25, 26 made and conveyed immediately to
avoid accidents
Toxic Hazard A designated space must be Instant
Utensils placed with machinery organized for eating and cooking. 1 day
and chemicals All such disorderly practices must Intermediate
Risk of Ingesting hazardous be ceased immediately 1 month
substances Facilities such as fridge must be
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; provided to store food.
3:13

Contamination Risk Such practices should be banned Instant


Uncovered utensils in the and a proper space must be 1 day
working area arranged for eating and cooking Immediate
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; with provision of sink and a table to 1 week
3:13 place utensils

Objects and Materials Materials and usable items must be Intermediate


Hordes of scrap material may arranged properly with markings in 1 month
fall over or collapse language understandable to
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; workers.
3:26

Poor Ventilation Proper ventilation must be provided Immediate


Two small ventilation windows Windows must be made and large 1 week
in the room fans or exhaust fans must be fixed 2 weeks
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; to allow substantial ventilation to
3:14(1,2,3,4), 16 ignore discomfort, exhaustion or
unconsciousness
Lack of fans or other means of Fans and windows must be fixed Immediate
cooling room temperature and if possible air coolers or mist 1 week
Risk of suffocation or fans must be arranged to keep the 2 months
unconsciousness in case of working area temperature low in
chemical discharge order to promote comfortable
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; working environment
3:14&16

Very hot outdoor working Air coolers must be arranged or Immediate


conditions some means of humidification must 2 weeks
Risk of health injury or serious be organized to avoid serious
discomfort discomfort and inefficient work
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; load especially in the current
3:16 season

Noise PPE must be provided to evade Immediate


Continuous noise of a mix of health issues related to hearing loss 1 week
activities and machines and fatigue
Risk of hearing loss
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:25&26

Impulsive noise from PPE must be provided to evade Immediate


instantaneous sources health issues related to hearing loss 1 week
Risk of hearing loss and fatigue
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:25&26
Absence of PPE against noise PPE must be provided to evade Immediate
Risk of serious injury and health issues related to hearing loss 1 week
disability and fatigue
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:25&26

Poor Lighting Proper lighting should be ensured Immediate


Unorganized unit with to avoid vision loss or inaccuracy in 1 week
equipment and waste blocking vision Intermediate
light from entrance Proper lighting design should be 1 month
Risk of vision loss (correctness) made and lights should be placed
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; on walls and ceiling with lamps on
3:18(3) table
Two small ventilators Windows should be widened or Immediate
insufficient for light provision new windows should be made to 1 week
during daytime make sunlight available during
Risk of vision loss (correctness) daytime to avoid vision loss
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:18(3)

Only two 20W and one 50W More lights should be fixed on Immediate
light available to workers walls and ceiling with high volt 1 week
Risk of vision loss (correctness) lamps on working units Intermediate
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; 2 months
3:18(1,2,3)
Vibrations New tables or proper working Intermediate
Old/scrap working units modules must be made or arranged 1 month
Poor resistance against to avoid accidents and health issues
vibrations
Risk of Injury
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934;
3:25

Workstation Conditions Such practices must be forbidden Immediate


Tools disorderly placed Workers must be guided on storing 1 week
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; and placing tools in a designated
3:26 box or shelf after use

Congested Working space All unnecessary materials or Immediate


OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; manufactured goods must be 1 week
3:14,16,18,23&26 cleared from working area to make
space for ventilation and light
Such practices must be banned and
communicated immediately
Working Posture Seating arrangements must be made Immediate
Continuous stand and bending Or proper working units must be 1 week
posture made or arranged for workers to Intermediate
avoid fatigue, exhaustion or injuries 1 month

Absence of seating for indoor Temporary seating arrangements Immediate


and outdoor unit must be made 1 week
Proper working units with seating, Intermediate
lighting units must be made or 1 month
arranged

Cleanliness Dust and fumes can cause serious Immediate


Garbage and wood-waste health issues 1 week
accumulated under and around Workers must be conveyed to keep
the tables and working units the working area clean to avoid
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; breathing issues and health
3:13, 26 difficulties
Cooling Sufficient cooling must be provided Intermediate
Insufficient means of cooling through some means. 1 month
Risk of injury, health and serious It is very important to keep the
discomfort working environment cool to avoid
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; fatigue and promote active working
3:16

Working Hours Workers must be allowed to rest Immediate


Permanent Workers properly to avoid serious health 1 week
Two shifts a day issues as a result of fatigue, Intermediate
More than 48 hours a week exhaustion syndrome. 1 month
OHS Rules: Factories Act 1934; Two shifts of permanent workers (in case special provision provided by provincial government under
3:34,49 must be hired to stay in line with special provisions for small factories)
OHS and ILO rules and laws