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Coniferous

Wooded Wetlands
Evergreen Forestry
Heather Sampey, Marc Ellsworth, Aidan
Huczko and Christopher Marcinkiewicz
Forest Stand Map
● The Coniferous Wooded Wetlands
is in a unique position
● It is approximately 26.701 acres
Forest Soil Map
● The measurements taken were
primarily on wetland soils such
as Atsion Sand
● Atsion sand is characterized
by:
○ Fluctuating Water Table
○ Coarse Textures
○ Acidic
● The majority of our stand is on
Muck soils.
○ Muck soils are characterized
by humus from drained
swamplands.
Forest Archetype
Conifer-dominated forests initiated by infrequent
severe (episodic) wildfires.
● “The vast majority of temperate forests in
moist regions are characterized by natural
disturbance regimes that include infrequent
but severe disturbances.”
(Franklin, et. al., 2018)

Stand in good condition. It was comprised of mostly


live trees and live shrubs.
Most frequently occurring species: Blackgum
Average DBH: 4.2 in
Dominant Tree Species: Pitch Pine
Average DBH: 11.04 in
Density
The total average basal area of our stand is 312 square feet per acre.

The percentage of BA/Stand has the values of trees with their coordinating percentages of which
they contain.
For example, Blackgum takes up 41.03% of the 312 square feet per acre.
Stand Susceptibility
Fire
No forest fires have been recorded or
implemented in recent history.
● The dominant tree species is Pitch Pine,
which is a species that is resistant to fires.
● Fire adaptations: serotinous cones,
epicormic (upon the bark) branching,
basal crook.
● There have been fires recorded close to
our forest area, which probably led to the
high amounts of pitch pine in our forest
stand through different types of seed
dispersal.
● Most abundant tree species is Blackgum
which is also somewhat resistant to fires.
● Adaptations: Thick bark and relatively high
moisture content.(USDA NRCS Plant
Material program)
● Lots of ground cover and leaf litter
Southern Pine Beetle
There have been no Southern Pine Beetle
outbreaks within our forest area.
● Nearby outbreaks may pose threat to
the stand.
● Outbreaks in 2005, 2010, and 2013 on
the same property.
● While our forest type does have many
pines, it is not the most frequent.
Nearby SPB
Outbreaks
● No SPB outbreak in the
stand itself
Stand Comparison
Stand Comparison
2014 - Tall Oaks Consulting Firm 2018 - Evergreen Forestry
Tree species breakdown (live trees) Tree species breakdown
Of 680 total live trees: Of 158 total live trees:
○ BUM: 46.4% ○ BUM: 41.03%
○ PIP: 27.6% ○ PIP: 26.28%
○ RED: 9.4% ○ RED: 20.51%
○ AWC: 5.2% ○ SAS: 5.77% ↑
○ WHO: 4.1% ○ ERC: 3.21% ↑
○ SAS: 2.9% ○ WHO: 1.92%
○ SCO: 1.7% No Longer Present ○ AWC: 0.64% ↓
○ SHP: 0.64%
Understory Comparison
2014 - Tall Oaks Consulting Firm 2018 - Evergreen Forestry

UNDERSTORY: UNDERSTORY:
Percent live trees reproduction: 0% (no seedlings) Percent live trees reproduction: 9.35%
Percent live shrubs: 98.9% Percent live shrubs: 90.65%
· Of 291 live of 294 total shrubs: · Of 214 total shrubs
o SWP: 48.1% o HUC: 46.26%
o BLU: 36.1% o SWP:27.10%
o GRE: 13.3% o RED: 8.41%
o TEA: 12.9% o FRN: 4.67%
o MTL: 6.22% o MOS: 4.20%
o WIB: 2.90% o BLU: 3.74%
o VAC: 0.415% o HOL: 2.80%
o ESW: 0.415% o FEB: 1.40%
o SHA: 0.415% o PIP: 0.93%%
o SHL: 0.47%
Comparison to 1930’s Stockton
Stand Table AWC= Atlantic White Cedar

PIP= Pitch Pine


DBH AWC PIP BUM RED ERC WHO SAS SHP
BUM= Blackgum
0 0 1 20 13 5 3 0 0
3-4 0 0 19 9 0 0 3 1 RED= Red Maple
5-6 0 3 16 7 0 0 5 0
ERC= Eastern Red Cedar
7-8 0 7 7 2 0 0 1 0
9-10 0 9 2 1 0 0 0 0 WHO= White Oak
11-12 0 11 0 0 0 0 0 0
SAS= Sassafras
13-14 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
15-16 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 SHP= Shortleaf Pine
17-18 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
21-22 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

Totals: 1 41 64 32 5 3 9 1
Type of Sum of
Cordwood Volume Tree Cordwood
Volume
To calculate the standard number of cords,
DBH and height were compared on a table PIP 12.672
of values that were collected from
BUM 1.569
measuring trees in the Allegheny National
Forest.
RED 0.812
The greatest amount of cordwood that
ERC 0
could be produced would be from Pitch
Pine.
WHO 0

AWC 0.793

SAS 0.224

SHP 0

Grand 16.07
Total
Amount of Logs Tree Type Sum of Merch. Logs

AWC 2

BUM 0

ERC 0

PIP 30.5

RED 0

SAS 0

SHP 0

WHO 0

Grand Total 32.5


Row Sum of Board
Labels Feet In order to be considered valuable for board
feet, a tree must be able to produce a
AWC 206
16-foot log.
BUM 0
The zeroes in the chart represent trees

Board Feet ERC 0 whose DBH was not large enough to be


able to produce a log, or the tree was not in
Volume PIP 2011 a usable condition.

RED 0 Pitch Pine would produce the greatest


amount of Board feet.
SAS 0

SHP 0

WHO 0

Grand 2217
Total
Non Tree Ground Cover & Tree Reproduction
Plant Type Abbreviation Count 0-3 Count 3.1-6 Total

Sheep Laurel SHL 1 0 1

AM. Holly HOL 6 0 6

Fern FRN 10 0 10

Sphagnum moss MOS 9 Patches 0 9

Huckleberry HUC 99 0 99

Maple (reg) RED 18 0 18

Pine (reg) PIP 2 0 2

HighBush Blue BLU 1 7 8

Fetterbush FEB 1 2 3

Pepperbush SWP 58 0 58
Understory
There are 214 total understory plant samples

Percent live shrubs: 90.65%

Percent live trees for reproduction: 9.35%


Increment Cores

Cover Type Species DBH (Inches) Total Height (Feet) Growth (Inches) Age

Coniferous Deciduous Scarlet Oak 17.5 70 0.815 87

Coniferous Wooded Wetlands Pitch Pine 11 64 0.653 58

Coniferous Shortleaf Pine 16.4 67 0.377 79

Cedar Swamp Atlantic White Cedar 15.1 81 0.245 83

Deciduous Coniferous Pitch Pine 18.1 64 0.391 99


Increment Core Graphs
Contact us
Evergreen Forestry
evergreenforestry@efm.com

Disclaimer: The data presented in


this presentation is based of a
collection of 5 overall plots. The
lack of data does not account for
all of the uniqueness of the forest
area, but it was estimated to the
best of our ability.