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Analysis and Design of Tall Buildings

Seminar and Workshop | 3 – 6 October 2017


Novotel Manila, Quezon City, Philippines

Introduction to Nonlinear Modeling in Perform


3D
Organized by: In collaboration with:
PBD Guidelines
PEER 2010/05, “Tall Building Initiative,
Guidelines for Performance Based Seismic
Design of Tall Buildings”

PEER/ATC 72-1, “Modeling and Acceptance


Criteria for Seismic Design and Analysis of Tall
Buildings”

ASCE/SEI 41-13, “Seismic Evaluation and


Retrofit of Existing Buildings”

LATBSDC 2014, “An Alternative Procedure


for Seismic Analysis and Design of Tall
Buildings Located in the Los Angeles Region”

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Content
• Basic Concepts Related To Model Geometry
• Basic Force Deformation Relationship
• Beam Nonlinear Modeling
• Shear Wall Nonlinear Modeling
• Strength Sections and limit states

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Basic Geometry Concepts

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Basic Force Deformation Relationship

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Beam Nonlinear Modeling

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Beam Nonlinear Model

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Rotation Hinge
F
FU = 1.13 FY

FY

D
DU = DL/1.02
FR = 0.176 FU

DL = a from ASCE 41-13


DR = 1.1 DL
DX

Conventional reinforced beam

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Beam Nonlinear Model

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Energy Dissipation

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Energy Dissipation Factors

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Shear Wall Nonlinear Modeling

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Shear Wall Fiber Cross Section

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Concrete Material Stress Strain

Concrete Material Stress Strain


120

100

Stress(N/mm2)
80

60

40

20

0
0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0.016 0.018 0.02
Strain

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Steel Material Stress Strain
Rebar Strain Stress
800

600

400

200
Stress(N/mm2)

0
-0.15 -0.1 -0.05 0 0.05 0.1 0.15

-200

-400

-600

-800
Strain
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Shear Wall Fiber Cross Section

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Strength Sections Limit States

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Strength Section
• Strength Sections Have a Strength Capacity
• Types
• Moment Strength Section
• Shear Force Strength Section
• Axial Force Strength Section
• P-M2-M3 Strength Section
• V2-V3 Strength Section

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Strength Section

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Limit States

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