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CEG552 HIGHWAY & TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

TEXTURE DEPTH AND SKID RESISTANCE OF A ROAD SURFACE

OPEN ENDED LAB LEVEL 2


PREAMBLE Introduction
Skidding between tyres and road surface occurs in many road
accidents. Highway engineers have researched ways to improve the
skid resistance of road surfaces. One of equipment is the Pendulum
Skid Tester. This device simulates the skid resistance of a road surface
to a motorcar travelling at 50km/h. It gives a number, being a
percentage, somewhat akin to a coefficient of friction. It was found that
skid resistance falls rapidly after a road is opened to traffic but the rate
of deterioration slows down, eventually settling to a constant value. This
latter value is dependent on the surface texture, rock type and traffic
volume.
Objectives
The objective of this experiment is to measure the road surface texture
depth and skid resistance.

Learning Outcomes
At the end of this open ended lab, the students should be able to:
1. Conduct pavement characteristic assessment; texture depth and
skid resistance.
2. Describe the average texture depth and texture classification.
3. Comment the suitability of the skid resistance value for the current
use of the road.
PROBLEM Since the opening of the UiTM Cawangan Pulau Pinang campus in
STATEMENT 2003, major roads in the campus are still under its original conditions.
Few sections of the roads are visibly deteriorated and need major
maintenance activity. The campus management has appointed your
firm to conduct the study of the skid resistance and texture depth of the
major road in the campus. Your team have to report the current
condition of the road surface and propose a solution if necessary.
WAYS & MEANS You can refer to these guidelines/manual:

1. TRRL (1969). Instructions for Using the Portable Skid Resistance


Tester. Road Note 27, Transport and Road Research Laboratory
HMSO.
2. BS598 : Part 105 : 1990 – Determination of Texture Depth by Sand
Patch Method

RESULTS The group is required to submit a technical report within a week to


present the study. In the report, you should include the proper
procedure, analysis of data and the outcome of the study.