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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)

International Open Access Journal | www.ijtsrd.com

ISSN No: 2456 - 6470 | Volume - 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep – Oct 2018

Observing the Problems and Exploring the Solutions in the Process


P of
English as a Second Language Teaching & Learning
Dr. Pragya Mishra
Assistant Professor
Poornima University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

ABSTRACT
“If I had an hour to solve a problem I'd spend 55 environment for English acquisition but on the other
minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes hand encompassing
ompassing classroom measures of teaching
thinking about solutions,” says the great Scientist the topics for success in examination. Hence, English
Albert Einstein. Everybody has their own language teaching and learning can be broadly
understanding and perspectives towards teaching and characterized within two aspects i.e. the teacher’s
learning English Language. In this new techno savvy English Language Proficiency and exposure of
era, there are number of educational options available students to Englishh for language acquisition. But as
for the ESL learners. The newer trends have shown a far as teaching English by the Teachers and learning it
revolutionary change and broughtt an optimistic in order to enhance the communication skills are
whirlpool in the traditional system of education. But concerned, barriers are still being faced and
whatever the teaching methodology is, learners and desirability of new methodologies is augmenting day
trainers are still facing problems in some or the other by day.
ways. This paper observes the obstacles hindering the
process of English Language ge Teaching as well as Approach h of Teachers towards English Language
English Language Learning and tries to explore Teaching
effective solutions in order to reach to a positive and Earlier, students were taught English from fifth or
valuable conclusion. sixth standard and moreover it was just like other
subjects namely Physics, Chemistry etc. and as a
Keyword: perspectives, whirlpool, obstacles, savvy result, students could hardly get exposure to use this
etc. language
anguage practically and enhance their speaking skills.
The conventional methodologies used by the language
INTRODUCTION teachers are:
English Language has become the lingua franca of the  Bilingual Method: Teachers follow this method in
world communiqué. People all over the globe are which the concept is taught in first language and
studying and learning English because it has become then students are instructed to perform
perf the
the language of education and business. Although we activities in second language. Though this can
have a number of English medium schools, institute
institutes prove beneficial in understanding the second
for Spoken English and Soft Skills development in language i.e. English but it doesn’t help in the
India but still learning level of the learners is not expression of language fluently and naturally.
satisfactory and requires a serious restoration,  Grammar Translation Method: Used by the
enhancement and perfection so that educational and teacher who explain everything in native language
industrial needs can be fulfilled. and then students translate the sentences in
English by keeping the native language into mind
One can easilyy sense the impact of English today leading to a disadvantage that students focus more
because of it’s being in high demand. The teaching on the native language rather than English
and learning of English is characterized by assortment language.
of educational institutions encouraging linguistic

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456
 Direct Method: This method has been into throw light on this issue Tej Bahadur Sapru has
practice in most of the private institutes where a said,
strict environment is made for the students to talk
only in English and to some extent it has got What is known as a critical study of any author really
success too. But still the natural attitude of means nothing more than picking up a few telling
speaking English is found missing somewhere. sentences or striking phrases from some book of
criticism without real
eal attempt at entering into the
The students are learning English as a subject rather spirit of the author or appreciating his point of view.
than as a language and moreover a favorable and (17)
suitable aura for learning as well as understanding the
language is not being created for them at all. Robert Problems faced by the Students in English
Bellarmine says that “the most serious pro
problem in the Language Learning:
teaching of English is the appalling small quantity and According to researchers, the English language
atrociously poor quality of English to which our learning heavily relies upon proper educational
learners are exposed.” setting, which requires reasonable arrangements of
several variables – experience and knowledge of
Problems faced by the Teacher in ELT: teachers, students’ needs and attitudes, and classroom.
 Rigid mentality of the Students: College In other
er words, the classroom in ELT is considered as
students who come from Hindi medium schools a social context for English language to perform and
start developing inferiority complex that in any the teacher and students are key players. When
condition they won’t be able to speak English. students are asked whether they want to strengthen
Peer Pressure adds fuel to the fire as the fear of their Communication skills or not in spite of the fact
becoming a laughing stock for other because of that
at their medium of learning had been Hindi and they
speaking incorrect English drags the students back find it bit difficult to understand English spoken in
and stops them to take initiative to come forward British and American accent, the crux of their various
and perform. Moreover, the prevalent opinions has come out as English Language in every
misunderstanding amongst the students that aspect, Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing
Wri is
English is the most complicated subject sharpens important because it increases the precision, accuracy
their prejudiced vision and results in poor aids in proper organization of thoughts. It provides a
performance. platform to express oneself creatively, provided one
 Learning process: As teacher tries to focus on all has sound knowledge of the vocabulary and can
the basic skills of English Communication i.e. incorporate that knowledge along with impressive
i
Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing but quotes and various literature theories.
students only concentrate on passing marks. At
last, this lack of interest leads both the teacher and Moreover, when observed from students’ point of
the students to take English learning as views, it is found that there are certain but very
inescapable hurdle and anyhow they have to come common issues causing serious barriers in the smooth
out of it. functioning of English language learning process. The
Th
 Unavailability of Proper Audio--Visual Aids: monitored barriers are:
Teachers find it difficult to teach English  Crowded Classrooms: The strength of the
effectively because the aids provided for practice students remains about 50-60
50 per batch and so it
are not sufficient. Some are so costly that the becomes quite difficult to give attention to each
colleges can only afford to buy few and as a result and every student. Although there is a provision of
every student doesn’t get the chance to use such Tutorial Class but unfortunately such classes are
tools for language learning and practicing. allotted to the subjects carrying more
m credits than
 Absence of Creativity in the Students: Students English and of course, in any Engineering
lack in self expression
ession and feel lethargic in finding College, the weight age of English subject is very
any possibility of creativity when it comes to less and so it gets very less time i.e. 2 hours per
essay writing, letter writing, grammar etc. they week.
rely on notes provided by the teachers or ready ready-  Unsatisfactory Monitoring: The teachers in most
made notes available at book shops. Their critical of the colleges find it easier to guide smart
thinking and analytical skills remain dormant as to students who are already good in English and thus

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456
fail to supervise those students who really need  To participate
articipate and guide: As an alternative, the
attention. As a result, such students develop teacher may take the role of an active participant
disinterest towards English learning and the in each learning group and guide the students what
reluctance of the students also results in the exactly they are supposed to do.
discontinuation
ion of effective activities as they lose  To be the Need Analyst: As a need analyst, the
confidence of speaking fluent English. A teacher teacher is expected to determine
deter and respond to
is always expected to help weak students and students’ language needs. This engages motivating
guide them positively. the students to participate into the designed
 Lack of Motivation: Teachers give tasks but they activities and making them aware about what they
aren’t interesting enough to motivate the studen
students. are doing right and wrong. Though pointing out
Apart from this, consistent encouragement from mistakes in the process of activity won’t be good
the Teacher is very important as because of this for the students as they may lose confidence and
only students will feel enlightened and won’t feel hesitant to perform again but teacher can
hesitate to perform. make notes on errors made by the students and
 Lack of Exposure: Students spend more time in plan future activities to rectify these errors and
memorizing grammar rules, translating to aand replenish students’ needs.
from one’s native language and cramming  To focus on the function: The teacher is
vocabulary list without using them into a proper expected give emphasis on the function rather
sentence structure and in real life situations. than form of the language and keeps monitoring
 Teachers suggest books according to their own the performance and provides feedback.
choices but prove boring to the students.
 The time schedule of the classes lasses is also not Methodologies that can be used in English
frequent. For proper and rigorous training, Language Teaching:
language learning should be on regular basis.  Modelling which is basically like confronting
anyone with a problem, striking up conversation
Hence, as a result, students can strengthen only in a class, or being assertive. Afterward, just
Writing and Reading Skills in comparison to debrief with the students as to what you did and
Speaking and Listening. why.
 Write Rehearse and Speak (WRS) is an activity
Exploring the Solutions: that can be very beneficial
cial for the students who
As it has already been mentioned that in the process feel reluctant in speaking English at an open
of English Language learning, the role of both platform. Teacher will provide students with
Teacher and Students is important and so it becomes various topics based on current affairs and ask
vital point to be taken under consideration that both of them to write an article on any one topic of their
them will have to understand their roles for ma making choice. After making corrections (if required)
req in
this effort of achieving success in Language learning, their articles, they will be motivated to read their
a productive one. The ESL trainer or a teacher must article in front of others and they may use the
know how: paper while doing so. Then the third stage would
 To facilitate an interactive communicative be speaking on the same article without looking at
opportunities and establish situations that the paper. This is one of the most beneficial
beneficia
induce students to communicate in English: activities that help in enhancing the confidence of
The crucial role of the teacher is to keep the the students to speak English.
communication going between all members of the  Role Play: One of the best methods of preparing
class as they perform various activities. The teens for real life is to rehearse situations.
situations Role
teacher will have to prepare the activities taking playing offers them the chance to practice how to
care of Students’ interest and then explain how act in a situation that is non-threatening.
non Teacher
they will be carried out. It may be necessary for can come up with innovative situations based on
the teacher to provide examples of how each current scenarios let the students develop their
activity will be performed. Once the activity is scripts and play the parts. At the beginning, the
under way, the teacher will check on individual students may start the role play by learning the
groups to see if they are communicating dialogues by heart and later
late on substitute variables
effectively and gives help where needed. in the same core structure.

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456
 Audio-Lingual Activities: Using Audio Audio-visual • Definitional and contextual information about the
tools add on creating an apt environment for word.
English Language learning. Nowadays, every • Numerous uses ses of the word in different
student carries MP3 player or mobile phones and framework.
so teacher may provide
vide students with important • Persuading students to participate with
English learning audios so that they can practice enthusiasm.
them at home too. Students listen to native
speakers and then try to imitate them. Though in  Using different methods like Communicative
order to acquire exact native English accent, one Language Teaching, Learning by Teaching etc.
has to go through rigorous training
ing and practice Such methods ignite Cooperative and
but just listening to English help the students to Collaborative learning that basically emphasizes
understand the proper structure of English on students’ team spirit, encouraging inherent
Sentence and grammatical usage. motivation and enhancing self admiration etc. The
 Watch & Speak: Teacher can use flash cards interactive learning has always supported
showing any particular scene, person and familiar interactive communications and thus creates more
word one by one and after a series of things, and more opportunities for the students to work in
students will have to speak something on those groups and make English language speaking a
pictures. This activity is very effective for natural process.
developing students’ creativity and prompt  Provide feedback: The most important
speaking skills. methodology is to always provide feedback.
 Vocabulary Games: Vocabulary knowledge is Observe the student in different situations anda
one of the main components of Com Communication then share with him/her whatever you observed.
skills. It enables language use and vice versa. This will help them to know areas where they
Although one may ask “how many words are require improvement. Both negative and positive
needed to do make your English communication feedbacks are essential and also offer suggestions,
strong?” so, Language teacher may come up with if necessary.
frequently used English words everyday and ask
students to practice
tice them whole day in their Hence, English Language teaching can come out to be
speech even if they talking in their native a fruitful effort when the students appear to possess
language. Apart from this, reading books play a the attributes like
significant role in enriching vocabulary  The desire to listen to the English Language
knowledge of the students. Under positive  The willingness to experiment with the language.
conditions, a vocabulary size can be as follows  Taking the initiative to ask questions.
depending
nding on the words coverage in novels or  Develop acumen to innovate different learning
lear
other books for teens: process.
  Positive acceptance of error identification and
Vocabulary % Density of correction.
Size Coverage Unknown Words  Most important, nourishing the desire To Learn.
1000 words 90% 2 in every 10
2500 + To conclude, it can be said that Teaching or learning
94% 2 in every 18 English as a second Language is ecstatic and
Proper Noun
3000 words 96% 2 in every 27 enlightening experience if it is done less seriously ---
But More Sincerely. English language has taken a
5500 words 98% 2 in every 70 place of prestige and grandeur in our country and it is
undeniable fact that generation will keep coming and
Students come across plethora of vocabulary everyday going but the colossal stature of this language will
but using them appropriately is the main point for always remain the same. e. So we have to consider the
concern and for that effective vocabulary instruction standard of teaching level that is, unfortunately,
should be given by the teacher which are deteriorating and try to find out possible ways to get
rid of all the barriers for effective and better results.

@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct


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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
2456
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@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 2 | Issue – 6 | Sep-Oct


Oct 2018 Page: 1559