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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

CBSE
Class X Mathematics
Board Paper – 2015 Solution
All India Set – 3
Time: 3 hours Total Marks: 90

1.
Let AB be the tower and BC be its shadow.
AB  20, BC  20 3
In ABC,
AB
tan  
BC
20
tan  
20 3
1
tan  
3
1
but, tan30 
3
  30
 The Sun is at an altitude of 30 .

2.
Two dice are tossed
S = [(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(1,4),(1,5),(1,6),
(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(2,4),(2,5),(2,6),
(3,1),(3,2),(3,3),(3,4),(3,5),(3,6),
(4,1),(4,2),(4,3),(4,4),(4,5),(4,6),
(5,1),(5,2),(5,3),(5,4),(5,5),(5,6),
(6,1),(6,2),(6,3),(6,4),(6,5),(6,6)]
Total number of outcomes when two dice are tossed = 6 x 6= 36
Favourable events of getting the product as 6 are:
(1  6  6), (6  1  6),(2  3  6),(3  2  6)
i.e.(1,6), (6,1), (2,3), (3,2)
Favourable events of getting product as 6 = 4
4 1
P(getting product as 6) = 
36 9

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

3.
Given quadratic equation is,
px 2  2 5px  15  0
Here,a  p, b  2 5p, c  15
For real equal roots, discriminant  0
 b2  4ac  0

 
2
 2 5p  4p 15  0
20p2  60p  0
20p  p  3  0
 p  3 or p  0
But, p  0 is not possible.
p  3

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

4.

mOPT  90  radius is perpendicular to the tangent 


So, OPQ = OPT  QPT
= 90  60
= 30
mPOQ = 2mQPT  2  60  120
reflex mPOQ = 360  120  240
1
PRQ = reflex POQ
2
1
=  240
2
 120
 mPRQ  120

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

SECTION B

5.
S5  S7  167 and S10  235
n
Now, Sn 
2
2a   n  1 d
S5  S7  167
5 7
 2a  4d  2a  6d  167
2 2
 5a  10d  7a  21d  167
 12a  31d  167 ....(1)
Also, S10  235
10
 2a  9d  235
2
 10a  45d  235
 2a  9d  47 ....(2)
Multiplying equation (2) by 6, we get
12a  54d  282 .....(3)
Subtracting (1) from (3), we get
12a  54d  282
   12a  31d  167
  
23d  115
d  5
Substituting value of d in (2), we have
2a  9(5)  47
 2a  45  47
 2a  2
a 1
Thus, the given A.P. is 1, 6, 11, 16,..........

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

6.
ABC is right triangle at B.
 AC2  AB2  BC2 ....(1)
Also, A   4,7  , B   p,3 and C  7,3

Now, AC2  7  4   3  7   3   4   9  16  25


2 2 2 2

AB2   p  4   3  7   p2  8p  16   4 
2 2 2

 p2  8p  16  16
 p2  8p  32
BC2  7  p   3  3  49  14p  p2  0
2 2

 p2  14p  49
From (1), we have
  
25  p2  8p  32  p2  14p  49 
 25  2p2  22p  81
 2p2  22p  56  0
 p2  11p  28  0
 p2  7p  4p  28  0
 p p  7  4p  7  0
  p  7  p  4   0
 p  7 and p  4

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

7.
Given that m PRQ = 120
We know that the line joining the centre and
the external point is the angle bisector between
the tangents.
120
Thus, m PRO = m QRO = 60
2
Also we know that lengths of tangents from an external point
are equal.
Thus, PR = RQ.
Join OP and OQ.
Since OP and OQ are the radii from the centre O,
OP PR and OQ RQ.
Thus, OPR and OQR are right angled congruent triangles.
Hence, POR=90 PRO=90 60 30
QOR=90 QRO=90 60 30
1
sin QRO = sin30
2
PR
But sin30
OR
PR 1
Thus,
OR 2
OR 2PR
OR PR PR
OR PR QR

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

8. Let the given circle touch the sides AB and AC of the triangle at points F and E
respectively and let the length of line segment AF be x.
Now, it can be observed that:
BF = BD = 6 cm (tangents from point B)
CE = CD = 9 cm (tangents from point C)
AE = AF = x (tangents from point A)

AB = AF + FB = x + 6
BC = BD + DC = 6 + 9 = 15
CA = CE + EA = 9 + x
2s = AB + BC + CA = x + 6 + 15 + 9 + x = 30 + 2x
s = 15 + x
s – a = 15 + x – 15 = x
s – b = 15 + x – (x + 9) = 6
s – c = 15 + x – (6 + x) = 9
Area of ABC = s  s  a  s  b  s  c 

54  15  x  x 6  9

54  3 6 15x  x 2 

18  6 15x  x 2 
324  6 15x  x  2

54  15x  x2
x2  15x  54  0
x2  18x  3x  54  0
x(x  18)  3(x  18)
 x  18  x  3  0
x  18 and x  3
As distance cannot be negative, x = 3
AC = 3 + 9 = 12
AB = AF + FB = 6 + x = 6 + 3 = 9

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

9.
Given, the point s A(x,y), B( 5,7) and C( 4,5) are collinear.
So, the area formed by these vertices is 0.
1
  x 7  5   55  y    4  y  7    0
2
1
 2x  25  5y  4y  28  0
2
1
 2x  y  3  0
2
 2x  y  3  0
 y  2x  3

10. x2 – 2ax – (4b2 – a2) = 0


⇒ x2 + (2b – a)x – (2b + a)x – (4b2 – a2) = 0
⇒ x(x + 2b – a) – (2b + a)(x + 2b – a) = 0
⇒ (x + 2b – a)(x – 2b – a) = 0
⇒ (x + 2b – a) = 0, (x – 2b – a) = 0
 x = a − 2b, a + 2b

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

SECTION C

11. Diameter of the tent = 4.2 m


Radius of the tent, r = 2.1 m
Height of the cylindrical part of tent, hcylinder = 4 m
Height of the conical part, hcone = 2.8 m
Slant height of the conical part, 

hcone2 r2

2.82 2.12
2.82 2.12
12.25 3.5 m
Curved surface area of the cylinder = 2𝜋r hcylinder
22
=2× × 2.1 × 4
7
= 22 × 0.3 × 8 = 52.8 m2
22
Curved surface area of the conical tent = 𝜋rl = × 2.1 × 3.5 = 23.1 m2
7
Total area of cloth required for building one tent
= Curved surface area of the cylinder + Curved surface area of the conical tent
= 52.8 + 23.1
= 75.9 m2
Cost of building one tent = 75.9 × 100 = Rs. 7590
Total cost of 100 tents = 7590 × 100 = Rs. 7,59,000
759000
Cost to be borne by the associations = = Rs. 3,79,500
2
It shows the helping nature, unity and cooperativeness of the associations.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

12. Internal diameter of the bowl = 36 cm


Internal radius of the bowl, r = 18 cm
2 2
Volume of the liquid, V = 𝜋r3 = × 𝜋 × 183
3 3
Let the height of the small bottle be ‘h’.
Diameter of a small cylindrical bottle = 6 cm
Radius of a small bottle, R = 3 cm
Volume of a single bottle = 𝜋R2h = 𝜋 × 32 × h
No. of small bottles, n = 72
10 2
Volume wasted in the transfer = × × 𝜋 × 183
100 3
Volume of liquid to be transferred in the bottles
2 10 2
= × 𝜋 × 183 − × × 𝜋 × 183
3 100 3
2 10
= × 𝜋 × 183 1
3 100
2 90
= × 𝜋 × 183 ×
3 100
Volume of the liquid to be transferred
Number of the small cylindrical bottles =
Volume of a single bottle
2 90
183
72 3 100
32 h
2 9
183
72 3 2 10
3 h
2 9
18 18 18
h 3 10
32 72
h 5.4 cm

Height of the small cylindrical bottle = 5.4 cm

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

13. Side of the cubical block, a = 10 cm


Longest diagonal of the cubical block = a√3 = 10√3 cm
Since the cube is surmounted by a hemisphere, therefore the side of the cube should
be equal to the diameter of the hemisphere.
Diameter of the sphere = 10 cm
Radius of the sphere, r = 5 cm
Total surface area of the solid = Total surface area of the cube – Inner cross-section
area of the hemisphere + Curved surface area of the hemisphere
= 6a2 – 𝜋r2 + 2𝜋r2
= 6a2 + 𝜋r2
= 6 × (10)2 + 3.14 52
600 78.5 678.5 cm2
Total surface area of the solid = 678.5 cm2
Cost of painting 100 cm2 = Rs. 5
5
Cost of painting 1 cm2 = Rs.
100
5
Cost of painting the total surface area of the solid = × 678.5 = Rs. 33.925  Rs. 34.
100

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

14. No. of cones = 504


Diameter of a cone = 3.5 cm
Radius of the cone, r = 1.75 cm
Height of the cone, h = 3 cm
Volume of a cone
1 2
rh
3
2
1 3.5
3
3 2
1 3.5 3.5
3 cm3
3 2 2
Volume of 504 cones
1 3.5 3.5
504 3cm3
3 2 2
Let the radius of the new sphere be ‘R’.
4 3
Volume of the sphere R
3
Volume of 504 cones = Volume of the sphere
1 3.5 3.5 4 3
504 3 R
3 2 2 3
504 1 3.5 3.5 3 3
R3
3 2 2 4
504 3 49
R3
64
7 8 9 3 72
R3
64
8 27 73
R3
64
2 3 7
R
4
21
R 10.5 cm
2
Radius of the new sphere = 10.5 cm
Surface area of the new sphere=4R 2
22 21 21
 4  
7 2 2
 2772 cm2

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

15. √3 x2 – 2√2x – 2√3 = 0


Here a = √3, b = − 2√2, c = − 2√3
( 2 2)  ( 2 2)2  4  3  ( 2 3)
x 
2 3
2 2  8  24

2 3
2 2  32

2 3
2 24 2

2 3
2 2 4 2 2 2 4 2
 ,
2 3 2 3
3 2 2 2
 ,
3 2 3
2
x  6 , 
3

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

16.
Let BC be the height at which the aeroplane is observed from point A.
Then, BC = 1500 3
In 15 seconds, the aeroplane moves from point A to D.
A and D are the points where the angles of elevation 60 and 30
are formed respectively.
Let BA = x metres and AD  y metres
BC = x + y

In CBA,
BC
tan60°=
BA
1500 3
3
x
 x  1500 m ....(1)

In CBD,
BC
tan30°=
BD
1 1500 3

3 xy
 x  y  1500(3)  4500
1500  y  4500
 y  3000 m ....(2)
We know that the aeroplane moves from point A to D in 15 seconds and the distance
covered is 3000 metres. (by 2)

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

dis tance
Speed 
time
3000
Speed 
15
Speed  200m/s

18
Converting it to km/hr = 200   720 km/hr
5

17. Radius of the circle = 14 cm


Central Angle, 𝜽 = 60,
Area of the minor segment
1 2
r2 r sin
360 2
60 1
142 142 sin60
360 2
1 22 1 3
14 14 14 14
6 7 2 2
22 14
49 3
3
22 14 147 3
3 3
308 147 3 2
cm
3
308 147 3 2
Area of the minor segment cm
3

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

18. Let the first term be ‘a’ and the common difference be ‘d’ of the A.P.
t13 = 4t3
⇒ a + 12d = 4(a + 2d)
⇒ a + 12d = 4a + 8d
⇒ 4d = 3a
4d
⇒a=
3
t5 = 16
⇒ a + 4d = 16
4d
⇒ + 4d = 16
3
4d  12d
⇒ = 16
3
16d
⇒ = 16
3
d=3
n
Sn = [2a + (n – 1)d]
2
10
S10 = [2 × 10 + (10 – 1) × 3]
2
= 5 [20 + 27]
= 5 × 47
= 235
Sum of the first 10 terms = 235.

19.
2
AP  AB
5
AP 2

AB 5
AP 2

PB 3
P divides AB in the ratio of 2 : 3 internally
 6  2  13 7  2  23 
 23 , 23 
 
 15 20 
 , 
 5 5 
 3,4 
Co-ordinates of P(3, 4)

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

20. n(total balls in the bag) = x


2 20 number of black balls
P(getting a black ball) =  
5 50 total number of balls
Number of black balls in the bag =20
Total number of balls = 50
3 15 number of white balls
P(getting a white ball) =  
10 50 total number of balls
Number of white balls in the bag = 15
Number of red ball
= Total number of ball – (Number of black ball + Number of white ball)
= 50 – (20 + 15)
= 50 – 35
= 15
Total number of balls in the bag = 15.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

SECTION D
21.

Let PB be the surface of the lake and A be the point of observation such that
AP = 20 metres. Let C be the position of the cloud and C’ be its reflection in the lake.
Then CB = C’B. Let AM be perpendicular from A on CB.
Then mCAM  30 and mC'AM  60
Let CM = h. Then CB = h + 20 and C’B = h + 20. (CB=CB’ since refection about PB)
In CMA we have,
CM
tan30 
AM
1 h
 
3 AM
 AM  3h...................(i)

In AMC' we have,
C'M
tan 60 
AM
C'B  BM
 3
AM
h  20  20
 3
AM
h  20  20
 AM  ...................(ii)
3
From equation (i) and (ii), we get
h  20  20
3h 
3
 3h  h  40
 2h  40
 h  20 m
 AM  20 3
Now , to find AC u sin g pythagoras theorem
AC2  AM2  MC2
 1600
AC  40
Hence, the height of the cloud from the
surface of the lake is 40 metres.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

22.
Let S be the sample space of drawing a card from a well-shuffled deck.
n  S   52 C1  52

(i)There are 13 spade cards and 4 ace's in a deck


As ace of spade is included in 13 spade cards,
so there are 13 spade cards and 3 ace's

A card of spade or an ace can be drawn in 13


C1  3 C1  13  3  16
16 4
Probability of drawing a card of spade or an ace = 
52 13

(ii)There are 2 black king cards in a deck


A card of black king can be drawn in 2 C1  2
2 1
Probability of drawing a black king = 
52 26

(iii)There are 4 jack and 4 king cards in a deck.


So there are 52  8 = 44 cards which are neither jacks nor kings.
A card which is neither a jack nor a king can be drawn in 44
C1  44
44 11
Probability of drawing a card which is neither a jack nor a king = 
52 13

(iv)There are 4 king and 4 queen cards in a deck.


So there are 4  4 =8 cards which are either king or queen.
a card which is either a king or a queen can be drawn in 8 C1  8
8 2
Probability of drawing a card which is either a king or a queen = 
52 13

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

23. PQRS is a square.


So each side is equal and angle between the adjacent sides is a right angle.
Also the diagonals perpendicularly bisect each other.
In PQR using pythagoras theorem,
PR 2 = PQ2 + QR 2
2 2
PR 2   42   42
PR = 2  42
1 42
OR  PR=  OQ
2 2
From the figure we can see that the radius of the flower bed ORQ is OR.
1
Area of sector ORQ  r 2
4
2
1  42 
 
4  2 
1
Area of the ROQ =  RO  OQ
2
1 42 42
  
2 2 2
2
 42 
 
 2 
Area of the flower bed ORQ
=Area of sector ORQ  Area of the ROQ
2 2
1  42   42 
=  
4  2   2 
2
 42    
     1
 2  2 
  441  0.57
 251.37cm2

Area of the flower bed ORQ = Area of the flower bed OPS
= 251.37cm2

Total area of the two flower beds


= Area of the flower bed ORQ + Area of the flower bed OPS
= 251.37  251.37
 502.74cm2

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

24. Height of the cylinder (h) = 10 cm


Radius of the base of the cylinder = 4.2 cm
Volume of original cylinder = r2h
22 2
   4.2  10
7
 554.4 cm3
2
Volume of hemisphere = r3
3
2 22 3
    4.2
3 7
 155.232 cm3

Volume of the remaining cylinder after scooping out the hemisphere from each end
 Volume of original cylinder  2  Volume of hemisphere
 554.4  2  155.232
 243.936cm3

The remaining cylinder is melted and converted to


a new cylindrical wire of 1.4 cm thickness.
So they have same volume and radius of new cylindrical wire is 0.7 cm.
Volume of the remaining cylinder = Volume of the new cylindrical wire
243.936  r2h
22 2
243.936   0.7  h
7
h  158.4cm

 The length of the new cylindrical wire of 1.4 cm thickness is 158.4 cm.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

25. Let  be the length of the longer side and b be the length of the shorter side.
Given that the length of the diagonal of the rectangular field is 16 metres more than
the shorter side.
Thus, diagonal = 16 + b
Since longer side is 14 metres more than shorter side, we have,
= 14 + b
Diagonal is the hypotenuse of the triangle.
Consider the following figure of the rectangular field.

By applying Pythagoras Theorem in ABD, we have,


Diagonal2 Length2 Breadth2
(16 b)2 (14 b)2 b2
256 b2 32b 196 b2 28b b2
256 32b 196 28b b2
60 32b 28b b2
b2 4b 60 0
2
b 10b 6b 60 0
b(b 10) 6(b 10) 0
(b 6)(b 10) 0
(b 6) 0 or (b 10) 0
b 6 or b 10
As breadth cannot be negative, breadth = 10 m
Thus, length of the rectangular field = 14 + 10 = 24 m

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

26. Consider the following diagram.

Let P be an external point and PA and PB are tangents to the circle.


We need to prove that PA = PB
Now consider the triangles OAP and OBP
mA = mB = 90
OP = OP [common]
OA = OB = radii of the circle
Thus, by Right Angle-Hypotenuse-Side criterion of congruence we have,
OAP  OBP
The corresponding parts of the congruent triangles are congruent.
Thus,
PA = PB

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

27. In the figure, C is the midpoint of the minor arc PQ, O is the centre of the circle and
AB is tangent to the circle through point C.
We have to show that the tangent drawn at the midpoint of the arc PQ of a circle is
parallel to the chord joining the end points of the arc PQ.
We will show that PQ AB.
It is given that C is the midpoint point of the arc PQ.
So, arc PC = arc CQ.
PC = CQ

This shows that PQC is an isosceles triangle.


Thus, the perpendicular bisector of the side PQ of PQC passes through vertex C.
The perpendicular bisector of a chord passes through the centre of the circle.
So the perpendicular bisector of PQ passes through the centre O of the circle.
Thus perpendicular bisector of PQ passes through the points O and C.
PQ  OC
AB is the tangent to the circle through the point C on the circle.
AB  OC
The chord PQ and the tangent PQ of the circle are perpendicular to the same line OC.
PQ  AB.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

28. Let the original speed of the truck = s km/hr


New speed of the truck = (s + 20) km/hr
Time taken for 150 km + Time taken for 200 km = 5
150 200
 5
s (s  20)
150s  3000  200s
 5
s(s  20)
350s  3000
 5
s(s  20)
50(7s  60)
 5
s(s  20)
 10(7s  60)  s(s  20)
 70s  600  s2  20s
 s2  50s  600  0
 s2  60s  10s  600  0
 s(s  60)  10(s  60)  0
 (s  10)(s  60)  0
 s  10,60
s  10[Not possible]
 First speed of the truck = 60 km/hr

29. 5, 12, 19, …………50 terms


Common difference, d = 7
First term, a = 5
Last term, t50 = a + (50 – 1)d = 5 + (50 – 1) × 7 = 5 + 49 × 7 = 5 + 343 = 348
Sum of last 15 terms = S50 – S35
50 35
[2  5  (50  1)  7]  [2  5  (35  1)  7]
2 2
35
 25[10  343]  [10  34  7]
2
35
 25  353   248
2
 8825  4340
 4485
The sum of last 15 terms = 4485.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

30.
Steps for construction:
1. Draw a line segment AB = 5 cm.
2. At B construct mABC = 60
3. Take a measure of 6 cm, and draw an arc from B on BC.
4. Join AC to obtain ABC.
5. Below AB, make an acute angle BAX.
6. Since 7 > 5, mark off 7 points A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6 and A7 such that
AA1 = A1A2 = A2A3 = A3A4 = A4A5 = A5A6 = A6A7.
7. Join A7B.
5
8. Since we have to construct a triangle each of whose sides is of the
7
corresponding sides of ABC. So take five parts out of seven equal parts on AX.
i.e. from point A5, draw A5B' || A7B, meeting AB at B'.
9. From B', draw B'C' || BC, meeting AC at C'
10. AB'C' is the required, each of the sides is five-seventh of the corresponding
sides of ABC.

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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper – 2015 Solution All India Set – 3

31. A(k + 1, 2k) , B(3k, 2k + 3) and (5k – 1, 5k)


If 3 points are collinear then area of triangle formed by them = 0
1
(k  1)(2k  3  5k)  2k(3k  5k  1)  1(15k 2  10k 2  2k  15k  3)  0
2
1
 3k 2  3k  3k  3  4k 2  2k  15k 2  10k 2  2k  15k  3  0
2
1
6k 2  11k   0
2
6k 2  11k  0
11
k  0, 
6

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