Você está na página 1de 10

REPORT

OF
SUMMER TRAINING-II
ON
“CONSTRUCTION OF CONCRETE ROAD”
AT
WASU CONSTRUCTION

SUBMITTED BY:
PRUTHWIRAJ G. BOKADE
ROLL NO.:- 35 SECTION:- B
VIITH SEMESTER
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGG.

PRIYADARSHINI INDIRA GANDHI COLLEGE OF


ENGINEERING, NAGPUR
2018-19
PRIYADARSHINI INDIRA GANDHI
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, NAGPUR

CERTIFICATE

Certified that the Summer Training-1 report on the “CONSTRUCTION


OF CONCRETE ROAD” is the bonafide work of “PRUTHWIRAJ G.
BOKADE”, Roll No. 35, Section:- “B”, Vllth semester in Department of
Civil Engineering, of Priyadarshini Indira Gandhi College of Engineering,
Nagpur, carried out during 28/05/2018 to 13/6/2018.

Place:- NAGPUR
Assistance Professor
Date:- Department of Civil Engg.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

At the outset, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to WASU


CONSTRUCTION for giving me the opportunity to work on the project.
Without the support of whom the successful completion of this project was
not possible, it was an excellent opportunity to work under him.
I would like to thank our respected Principal, Dr. R. M. Dhoble Sir
for his constant support and encouragement.
Also I would like to thank Prof. P. Godse (H.O.D.), for his enthusiastic
and discreet efforts to help me identify appropriate project that essentially
proved to be good learning.

CONSTRUCTION SITE REPORT


Introduction:-
An assignment was given to us to visit a construction and write a report. Following were its
objectives

Objectives:-

To get an understanding how the theorotical knowledge is fitted in practice.

To gain experience in building material science.

To develop our report writing skills.

Construction Site:-

Type of construction: A cement concrete road

location Name: A road construction, Pragati square, sendurwafa

Site Engineer: Er. Sandip k. Bawankule

purpose of choosing this site:


The main reason for choosing this site for observation process and to see the theoretical knowledge
being fitted in practice is that this construction site was implementing all that theory we have gone
through at this stage. E.g joints in road construction,etc.

Content/technical observation:-

Cement concrete road construction is one of the types of low volume road construction. These roads
are constructed as all weather roads so that cement concrete road are not cut off during season.
These roads are costlier than all types of roads but provide excellent riding surface and pleasing
appearance. The thickness of cement concrete roads lies between 160mm-190mm while it’s
subgrade lies between 300mm.

Advantages:-

They provide excellent smooth surface for driving.

They can deal with high traffic.

Life span is large.

They provide better visibility.

Maintenance cost is negligible.

Disadvantages:-

They involve heavy initial investment.

Lots of joints are to provide which prove additional places of weakness.

28 days curing is required after completion before they can be opened to traffic.
Construction steps of cement concrete slab pavement

Preparation of sub-grade.

Preparation of sub-base.

Fixing of form.

Batching of materials and mixing.

Carrying and placing concrete.

Compaction and finishing.

Floating and edging.

Belting and edging.

Curing.

Cement used in road construction:-

PCC:-
It is a hydraulic binder produced by grinding clinker and certain amount of gypsum, flyash slag and
limestone. Due to pozzolanic and latent hydraulic properties, PCC gives high long term concrete
strength. In general strength gains up to 90 days for other cement whereas PCC gaining strength up
to 5 to 10 years. Steady strength gaining features gives PCC extra advantage for durable concrete.

DLC:-
Dry lean concrete is cement concrete with low slump value to be laid for rigid pavement over sub
base and rolled and compacted by mechanical means. It is of M20 grade. It requires low water
content. The thickness of DLC is generally 100mm- 150mm. The maximum aggregate to cement
ratio is 15:1. The construction of cement concrete pavement can only start after 7 days of DLC sub-
base construction.
Carriage way:-

A carriageway is one side of a road on which traffic travelling in opposite directions is separated by
a barrier. The carriage provided for the roads under construction is 7.5m on one side of road.

Camber:-

It is the transverse slope or the convexity provided to the surface of carriage. It is provided for the
drainage of rainwater from road. The camber provided is generally 2.54℅ or 1 in 125mm.

Joints used in cement concrete road construction:-

Joints are discontinuities in the concrete pavement slab and help to release stresses due to Tempe
variation, subgrade moisture variation, shrinkage of concrete, etc.
Transverse joint:-
These joints are provided transversely along full width of the pavement slab.
Construction joints:-

construction joints are provided whenever the construction work stops temporarily. The joint direction could
be either along transverse or longitudinal direction.

Expansion joint:-

expansion joints are provided along the transverse direction to allow movement(expansion) of the concrete
slab due to temperature and subgrade moisture variation.

Contraction joint:-

transverse contraction joints are provided in the form of dummy groove joints up to a depth of one-fourth to
one-third of slab thickness. The spacing between contraction joints may preferably be equal to the width of
single lane pavement i.e. 3.75m. this joints may be formed by cutting grooves 6 to 8 hours after laying; the
grooves may also be formed by Pressing a mild steel T-section into the fresh concrete.

Longitudinal joint:-
If the pavement width exceeds 4.5 m, a longitudinal joint has to be provided similar to the contraction joint
in between two strips of the road slab. They control development of longitudinal cracks and maintain two
slabs at the same level.

Steel bars:-
Tie bars:-

plan or twisted steel bars are used as tie bars in the longitudinal joints. These are the TMT bars provided at a
spacing of 600mm. The diameter of tie bar used is 12mm.

Dowel bars:-

steel dowel bars with yield strength 2400 kg/sq.cm or 240 MPa is used for load transfer across in the
expansion and construction joints of cement concrete roads. Dowels bars are 25 to 32 mm in diameter, 350-
500mm in length and 200 mm in spacing. Dowel bars are inserted by means of dowel bar inserter. Dowel bars
are provided with PVC caps. Steel rods shall be coated with epoxy paint for protection against corrosion.

Materials used for filling up the joints are called fillers. Some depth at the top of the joints is
filled with material which could seal joint completely against the entrance of water called
sealers.The joints are sealed using rubberized Bitumen compound. At expansion joint, joint
sealing is done after compressibility synthetic filter board.
Texturing is provided horizontally for to provide more friction. LDPE i.e low density polyvinyl
ester sheet is provided at the base of subgrade for separation of road moisture.

Conclusion
I had gained a lot of useful information and knowledge about construction process from the site
visit. Apart from that, we had the chance to witness the usage of different construction
equipments, explore and identify various construction materials and technologies.