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Copyrighted Material Newnes An imprint of Butterworth-Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP- A division of Reed Educational and Professional Publishing Ltd GA member of the Reed Eevier ple group OXFORD BOSTON JOHANNESBURG MELBOURNE NEW DELHI SINGAPORE First published 1997 © Irving M. Gottlieb 1997 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic means and. whether of not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1983 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Rel, London, England WIP 9HE. Applications for the copyright holder's written permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7506 3638 2 Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress ‘Typeset by Vision Typesetting, Manchester Printed and bound in Great Britain by Biddles Ltd, Guildford and King’s Lynn Copyrighted Material Copyrighted Material Contents Preface 1 Electric motor generalities Early discoveries The quest for continuous rotary motion Basic motor action The electric motor as an energy converter Motor graphs Motor nomenclature Horsepower rating of electric motors Motor classification Describing performance of electric motors Illustrations pertaining to motors Measuring speed Applying ‘hand-rules’ to. motors Force, current and flux — the orthogonal relationship ‘Counter-e.m.f. Electric motors in the quest for perpetual motion Idealized concept of energy conversion Measurement pitfalls The electric vehicle Things to keep in mind about motors 2 Practical aspects of DC motors Background of DC motors The homopolar motor The AC involvement in DC motors A practical view of armature reaction. The role of residual magnetism The DC shunt motor The DC permanent magnet motor Copyrighted Material