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UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION

MAINS ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE


CSE MAINS 2019
LECTURE 2
An answer a day paves your way for Mussoorie stay!

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UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION
MAINS ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE
CSE MAINS 2019
LECTURE 2
How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful
in conservation of flora and fauna? (250 words) 15 marks

IDENTIFICATION OF KEYWORDS

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How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful
in conservation of flora and fauna? (250 words) 15 marks

INTRODUCTION

Definition of biodiversity (less than 25 words)

1 'Biological diversity' means the variability among living organisms from all ecosystems
including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems.

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How does biodiversity vary in India? How is the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 helpful
in conservation of flora and fauna? (250 words) 15 marks

INTRODUCTION

2 India is one of the mega biodiverse countries in the world identified by Conservation
International- signifies the great biodiversity present in India.

3 India has only 2.4% of world’s area and more than 7% of all the recorded species of plants
and animals.

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Whatdoes
How dobiodiversity
you meanvaryby in
Minimum
India? HowSupport Price (MSP)
is the Biological ? Act,
Diversity How2002
willhelpful
MSP
in conservation
rescue of florafrom
the farmers and fauna?
low income trap? (150 words)(250 words) 15 marks

BODY

How does biodiversity vary in India?

1 Show various bio-geographic regions of India (use map)

2 India has two of the world's 18 ‘biodiversity hotspots’ located in the Western Ghats and
in the Eastern Himalayas (show in the map) - because of their extraordinarily high levels
of species-richness and endemicity, and threatened status.

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DIAGRAM

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Whatdoes
How dobiodiversity
you meanvaryby in
Minimum
India? HowSupport Price (MSP)
is the Biological ? Act,
Diversity How2002
willhelpful
MSP
in conservation
rescue of florafrom
the farmers and fauna?
low income trap? (150 words)(250 words) 15 marks

BODY

Biological Diversity Act, 2002

1 Enacted in 2002- to effect the provision of United Nations Convention on Biological


Diversity

1 Objective: protection of biodiversity and regulating the access to genetic resources.

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Whatdoes
How dobiodiversity
you meanvaryby in
Minimum
India? HowSupport Price (MSP)
is the Biological ? Act,
Diversity How2002
willhelpful
MSP
in conservation
rescue of florafrom
the farmers and fauna?
low income trap? (150 words)(250 words) 15 marks

BODY

How Biodiversity Act is helpful in conservation?

1 Describe the various points using a flowchart.

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DIAGRAM

3 tier
structure

Regulate
National Biodiversity
access to
Biodiversity Heritage
biodiversity
Act, 2002 Sites
resources

Penal
provisions
for
violation

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Whatdoes
How dobiodiversity
you meanvaryby in
Minimum
India? HowSupport Price (MSP)
is the Biological ? Act,
Diversity How2002
willhelpful
MSP
in conservation
rescue of florafrom
the farmers and fauna?
low income trap? (150 words)(250 words) 15 marks

CONCLUSION

1 Talk about effective implementation of the act- strict enforcement of penal provisions.

2 Additional efforts to conserve biodiversity: community participation, use of traditional


knowledge, check illegal trade in flora and fauna, EIA

3 Coordination with other laws like Forest Rights Act, Wildlife Conservation Act,
Environment Protection Act etc.

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