Você está na página 1de 21

SULIT 2

For Question 1 to 20, each question is followed by four options, A, B, C and D. Choose
one correct answer for each question and blacken the corresponding space in your
objective answer sheet.
1. Which of the following organism have a biggest total surface area to volume ratio?
Antara berikut organisma yang manakah mempunyai jumlah luas permukaan per
isipadu yang paling besar?
A Amoeba
Amoeba
B Ant
Semut
C Rat
Tikus
D Elephant
Gajah

2. Diagram below shows one type of human blood cells.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan sejenis sel darah manusia.

What is the main function of these cells?


Apakah fungsi utama sel-sel ini?
A Transport urea
Mengangkut urea
B Transport oxygen
Mengangkut oksigen
C Transport glucose
Mengangkut glukosa
D Transport amino acids
Mengangkut asid amino

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 3

3. The following are the type of human white blood cell.


Berikut adalah jenis sel darah putih bagi manusia.

P: Lymphocyte
Q: Monocyte
R: Basophils
S: Neutrophils

Which are the above type of cell are involved in the body defence against disease ?
Yang manakah dalam jenis sel di atas terlibat dalam pertahanan badan melawan
penyakit?
A P and Q C P, Q and R
P dan Q P, Q dan R
B Q and R D P, Q and S
Q dan R P, Q dan S

4. Diagram below shows a cross section of the human’s heart.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keratan rentas jantung manusia.

What is P?
Apakah P?
A Right atrium
Atrium kanan
B Left atrium
Atrium kiri
C Right ventricle
Ventrikel kanan
D Left ventricle
Ventrikel kiri

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 4

5. Diagram below shows a longitudinal section of the human heart.


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan suatu keratan membujur jantung manusia.

Which of the labelled parts A, B, C and D pumps blood to all parts of the body?
Antara bahagian berlabel A, B, C dan D yang manakah mengepam darah ke seluruh
badan?

6. Which organism has open blood circulatory system?


Antara organisma berikut, yang manakah mempunyai sistem peredaran terbuka?

A Fish C Grasshopper
Ikan Belalang

B Frog D Elephant
Katak Gajah

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 5

7. Diagram 9 shows a single circulatory system. What are X and Y?


Rajah 9 menunjukkan sistem peredaran tunggal. Apakah X dan Y?

Heart X Y Heart
Jantung Jantung

Diagram 9
Rajah 9
X Y

Gills Body Tissue


A
Insang Tisu badan
Lungs Body Tissue
B
Peparu Tisu badan
Body Tissue Gills
C
Tisu badan Insang
Body Tissue Lungs
D
Tisu badan Peparu

8. What is the function of pulmonary circulation?


Apakah fungsi peredaran pulmonari?

A. To deliver blood to body cells


Untuk menghantar darah ke sel-sel badan
B. To deliver blood to the lungs
Untuk menghantar darah ke peparu
C. To deliver blood to all parts of the body
Untuk menghantar darah ke semua bahagian badan
D. To deliver blood to all parts of the body except the lungs
Untuk menghantar darah ke semua bahagian badan kecuali peparu

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 6

9. Diagram below show a blood circulatory system in human


Rajah di bawah menunjukkan system peredaran darah dalam manusia.

Which of the following is true about blood vessel L and M?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah betul tentang salur sarah L dan M?

L M
Transport the deoxygenated blood to Transport the oxygenated blood to
the heart the heart
A
Mengangkut darah teroksida ke Mengangkut darah beroksigen ke
jantung jantung
Transport the deoxygenated blood to Transport oxygenated blood to all
the heart part of the body.
B
Mengangkut darah teroksida ke Mengangkut darah beroksigen
jantung keseluruh badan
Transport the oxygenated blood to Transport the deoxygenated blood to
the heart the heart
C
Mengangkut darah beroksigen ke Mengangkut darah teroksida ke
jantung jantung
Transport oxygenated blood to all Transport the deoxygenated blood
part of the body. to the heart.
D
Mengangkut darah beroksigen Mengangkut darah teroksida ke
keseluruh badan jantung

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 7

10. Blood vesel plays important role in regulating blood preasure. During hot weather, the
blood vessel undergoes
Salur darah memainkan peranan penting dalam mengawal atur suhu badan. Sewaktu
cuaca panas, salur darah akan

A Vasoconstriction
Vasokonstriksi
B Vasodilation
Vasodilasi
C Sweating
Berpeluh
D Blood clotting
Darah membeku

11. Which substance is present at a lower concentration in the aorta compare to pulmonary
artery?
Bahan yang manakah berkepekatan rendah di dalam aorta berbanding vena pulmonari?
A Amino acid
Asid amino
B Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioksida
C Glucose
Glukosa
D Vitamin B
Vitamin B

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 8

12. Diagram shows flow chart of human blood circulatory system.


Rajah menunjukkan carta alir sistem edaran darah manusia.

vena aorta
cava
P Q
liver

Direction of
the blood
flow
R

small
intestine

Which of the following represented P, Q and R?


Antara berikut, yang manakah mewakili P, Q dan R?

P Q R
A Hepatic artery Hepatic portal vein Hepatic vein
Arteri hepar Vena portal hepar Vena hepar
B Hepatic artery Hepatic vein Hepatic portal vein
Arteri hepar Vena hepar Vena portal hepar
C Hepatic portal vein Hepatic vein Hepatic artery
Vena portal hepar Vena hepar Arteri hepar
D Hepatic vein Hepatic artery Hepatic portal vein
Vena hepar Arteri hepar Vena portal hepar

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 9

13. Diagram below show the blood composition after the process of centrifugation. The
blood is divided into X , Y and Z .
Rajah menunjukkan komposisi darah selepas proses pengemparan. Darah
dibahagikan kepada X, Y, dan Z.

Which of the following is the importance of Z ?


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah merupakan kepentingan Z?
A Has vital role in body defense
Berperanan penting dalam pertahanan badan
B Transport the cell excretory products
Mengangkut hasil perkumuhan sel
C Contains haemoglobin to transport gas.
Mengandungi hemoglobin untuk mengangkut gas
D The presence of clotting factor that initiate the blood clotting mechanism
Kehadiran faktor pembeku yang membantu mekanisme pembekuan

14. Which of the following detects the change in blood pressure?


Yang manakah antara yang berikut mengesan perubahan pada tekanan darah?

A Baroreceptor
Baroreseptor
B Hypothalamus
Hipotalamus
C Smooth muscle
Otot licin
D Thermoreceptor
Termoreseptor

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 10

15. Diagram below shows part of the mechanism of blood clotting.


Rajah dibawah menunjukkan sebahagian daripada mekanisma pembekuan darah.

X
Prothrombin Thrombin
Protrombin Trombin

Protrombin

Z
Y Insoluble
Soluble tidak larut
larut tidak larut

What are X, Y and Z?


Apakah X, Y and Z?
X Y Z

A Thromboplastin Fibrin Fibrinogen


Tromboplastin Fibrin Fibrinogen
B Fibrinogen Thromboplastin Fibrin
Fibrinogen Tromboplastin Fibrin
C Fibrin Fibrinogen Thromboplastin
Fibrin Fibrinogen Tromboplastin
D Thromboplastin Fibrinogen Fibrin
Tromboplastin Fibrinogen Fibrin

16. Which of the following cannot be absorbed by the body cells if the lymph failed to be
transported back to the blood circulatory system?
Manakah antara berikut tidak boleh diserap oleh sel badan sekiranya bendalir limfa
gagal diangkut kembali ke sistem edaran darah?

A Vitamin C
Vitamin C
B Fatty acid
Asid lemak
C Glucose
Glukosa
D Amino acid
Asid amino

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 11

17. The following informations are about the blood clotting mechanism.
Maklumat berikut adalah berkaitan dengan mekanisma pembekuan darah.

P- Platlet plug formed


Patlet tergumpal
Q- Prothrombin changed into thrombin
Protrombin bertukar kepada trombin
R- Thromboplastin released
Tromboplastin dirembeskan
S- Scab formed
Pembentukan keruping
T-Fibrinogen change into fibrin
Fibrinogen bertukar kepada fibrin

Which of the following sequence of blood clotting mechanism is correct?


Yang manakah antara urutan mekanisma pembekuan darah berikut adalah betul?
A T S R Q P
B R T P S Q
C P R Q T S
D S T P Q R

18. Diagram shows the human lymphatic system.


Rajah menunjukkan sistem limfa manusia.
M

Which of the following is the function of M?

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 12

Yang manakah antara berikut merupakan fungsi M?


A Filter the microorganism
Menapis mikroorganisma
B Production of red blood cell
Penghasilan sel darah merah
C Absorbs digestive product of fats
Penyerapan hasil pencernaan lemak
D Ensures the lymphatic fluids flows in one direction
Memastikan bendalir limfa mengalir dalam satu arah

19. Diagram shows blood capillaries, body cells and vessel X.


Rajah menunjukkan kapilari darah, sel-sel badan dan vessel X.

Blood capillary
Blood flow Kapilari darah
Body cell
Aliran darah
Sel badan

Vessel X
Salur X

What is the fluid that diffuses into vessel X?


Apakah bendalir yang meresap kedalam salur X?
A Blood cell
Sel darah
B Plasma protein
Protein plasma
C Lymph
Bendalir limfa
D Interstitial fluid
Bendalir tisu

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 13

20. Diagram shows the formation of intersitial fluid.


Rajah menunjukkan pembentukan bendalir tisu.

Diagram 26
Rajah 26

Which of the following substances can be found in X?


Y Yang manakah antara berikut boleh ditemui di X ?

I Carbon dioxide
Karbon dioksida
II Hormones
Hormon
III Amino acids
Amino asid
IV Leucocyte
Leukosit

A I, II, III
B I, III, IV
C II,III, IV
D I,II,III,IV

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 14

STRUCTURED QUESTION (12 Marks)

1. Diagram 1(a) shows a longitudinal section of a human heart while Diagram 1 (b) shows a
blood circulatory system of an organism.

Ventricle

Diagram 1.1 Diagram 1.2


a) (i) Name the structure labeled:

K: Bicuspid valve
L: Tricuspid valve
[2 marks]

(ii) Give the difference between function of structures stated in (a) (i).

P1: The bicuspid valve/ prevents back flow/one way flow of the blood from
the left ventricle into the left atrium,

P2: while the tricuspid valve/L prevents the back flow of the blood from the
right ventricle into the right atrium.
[2 marks]

b) State the different of the structure between right ventricle and left ventricle. Explain the
significant of the difference.

P1: Left ventricle has thicker wall/ more muscular while right ventricle has
thinner wall.

P2: Left ventricle need to pump/withstand the blood at high pressure to the whole
body but right ventricle pump the blood to the lung/

[2 marks]

c) (i) State the type of blood circulatory system shown in Diagram 1.2

Single closed circulatory system

[1 marks]

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 15

(ii) Label in the Diagram 1.2 the oxygenated blood of the blood circulation with X.
Use to show direction of the blood flow.

[2 marks]

Correct label with X


Correct arrow

d) Give one example of organism that have blood circulatory system as in Diagram 1.2.

Fish
[1 marks]

e) Give two differences between blood circulatory system stated in (d) with blood
circulatory system of human.
Fish Human
 P1-single closed circulatory  double closed circulatory system
system
 Number of heart chambers are
 P2-Number of heart chambers four//2 atria and 2 ventricles// flow
are two// 1 atrium and 1 to the heart twice
ventricle// flow to the heart once

 does not mix of oxygenated bleed


 P3-mix of oxygenated blood and and deoxygenated blood
deoxygenated blood

[2 marks]

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 16

2. Diagram 1.1 shows a human vertebra.


Rajah menunjukkan vertebra manusia.

(a) Name the part labeled P and R.


P : Neural spine // spinous process
R : centrum
Q: Vertebral foramen
[2 mark]
(b) State the function of Q.
Nyatakan fungsi Q
Q : the placing of spinal cord/protect
[1 mark]

(c) (i) State one type of mineral that is essential for the strength of this vertebra.
Nyatakan satu jenis mineral yang diperlukan untuk menguatkan vertebra ini.

Calcium/ phosphorus
[1mark]
(c)(ii) Explain how the lack of mineral stated in (c)(i) leads to osteoporosis.
Huraikan bagaimana kekurangan mineral yang dinyatakan di (c)(i) membawa kepada
osteoporosis.
p1 : Less/reduce bone mass/density
p2 : Bone becomes porous / brittle /fragile/weaker
[2 marks]

(c)(iii) Suggest one way on how to reduce the risk of this disease.
Cadangkan satu cara bagaimana untuk mengurangkan risiko mendapat penyakit ini.

p1 :taking a diet rich in calcium/phosphorus and vitamin D / drink milk /


dairy products
p2 : regular exercise
[1 mark]

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 17

(d) Figure 1.2(a) shows the cross section of a water hyacinth stem and figure 1.2 (b) shows
the cross section of a woody plant.
Rajah 1.2(a) menunjukkan keratan rentas batang pokok keladi bunting dan rajah 1.2
menunjukkan keratan rentas bagi pokok berkayu.

Figure 1.2(a) Figure 1.2(b)


(d)(i) What is structure P?
Apakah structure P?

P: air sac/aerenchyma tissue/air space [1 mark]

(d)(ii) Explain how structure P helps the plant in support.


Terangkan bagaimana struktur P membantu tumbuhan dalam sokongan.

p1 : (P) fill with air / empty(air sac)/air space


p2:provide buoyancy for plant
p3 : reduce the density of the plant
p4 : to keep the plant light
p5 : the plant able to float/stable in water

[3 marks]

15

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 18

ESSAY QUESTION (6 Marks)

2. Cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of death in our country.


The following are the factors that can lead to the disease:

 Smoking
 Unbalanced Diet
 Unhealthy lifestyle

Explain the factors given which contribute to the cardiovascular disease.


SPM 2016[6 marks]
___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 19

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 20

PAPER 3 Q2 QUESTION (17 Marks)


1. Plants require carbon dioxide and water to synthesize organic compounds in the
presence of light energy in a process called photosynthesis. The rate of photosynthesis
is affected by factors such as concentration of carbon dioxide, light intensity, and
temperature.

Based on the above information, plan a laboratory experiment to study the effect of
carbon dioxide concentration on the rate of photosynthesis in an aquatic plant.
The planning of your experiment must include the following aspects:

 Problem statement
 Hypothesis
 Variables
 List of apparatus and materials
 Experimental procedure
 Presentation of data
[17 marks]

SBP/2011/NUTRITION

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 21

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT


SULIT 22

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
END OF QUESTIONS PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

4551/1 © 2010 Hak Cipta MRSM Kubang Pasu SULIT