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Total No.

of Questions :6]

6
SEAT No. :

R3
P5060 [Total No. of Pages : 2

VE
ER
T.E./Insem.-609

6S
T.E.(Mechanical) (Semester - I)

6:2
TURBO MACHINES

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(2015 Pattern)
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Time : 1 Hour]
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[Max. Marks :30
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Instructions to the candidates:


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1) Answer Q.1 or Q.2, Q.3 or Q.4 & Q.5 or Q.6.


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2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
3) Use of scientific calculator is allowed.

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4) Assume data wherever necessary and mention it.
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5) Draw neat and suitable figures wherever necessary.

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8.2

Q1) a) A 7.5 cm diameter jet having velocity of 12 m/s impinges on a smooth


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plate at an angle of 60°,to the normal to the plate. What will be the force
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when (I) the plate is stationary and (II) when the plate is moving in the
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direction of jet at 6 m/s. Determine also the work done per second on the
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plate in each case. [6]


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b) Derive the expression for the force exerted by a jet of water on an inclined
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fixed plate in the direction of jet. [4]


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OR
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Q2) a) Derive the expression of work done per sec for symmetrical moving
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curved vane with tangential entry of jet. [4]


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b) A circular jet of water having velocity of 60 m/s impinges tangentially on


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a series of curved vanes moving uniformly at 25 m/s. The jet makes an


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angle of 30 degrees with the direction of motion of the vanes. Relative to


a vane, the jet turns through an angle of 100 degrees as it flows over the
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vane. The flow speed along the vane drops by 15% due to frictional
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loss. Draw neat inlet and outlet velocity triangles showing all the relevant
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details and determine: [6]


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i) Vane tip angles at inlet and outlet for the smooth flow,
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ii) Absolute velocity of water leaving the vanes.


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P.T.O.
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Sketch Pelton wheel bucket giving its approximate dimensions and answer

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Q3) a)

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question in brief: The ideal jet deflection angle is 180 degree, however bucket

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deflects the jet through 160 to 165 degree. [4]

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b) A Pelton wheel of 2.5 m diameter operates under the following conditions:
Net available head = 300m; Speed = 300r.p.m.; Blade angle at

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outlet = l65°; CV of nozzle = 0.98; Mechanical Efficiency = 95%.

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Determine: i) The Power developed ii) Specific speed iii) Hydraulic

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Efficiency. [6]
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Q4) a) Define
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1) Gross head 2) Jet ratio 3) Hydraulic efficiency 4) Mechanical Efficiency.[4]

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b) Show that the maximum efficiency of the Pelton wheel is given by
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(1+k cosf)/2 where K= Bucket friction factor, F = Bucket outlet angle. [6]

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8.2

Q5) a) Compare Francis turbine & Kaplan turbine. [4]

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b) Design a Francis turbine runner with the following data.
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Net Head = 68 m ; Speed=750RPM Power output = 330 kW; Hydraulic
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efficiency = 94 %; Overall Efficiency = 85%; Flow ratio = 0.15: Ratio of


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breadth to diameter = 0.1; Inner diameter of the runner is half of outer


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diameter of the runner. 6% of circumferential area of the runner is


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occupied by the thickness of the vanes. Assume velocity of flow remains


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constant and flow is radial at exit. [6]


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OR
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Q6) a) In an inward flow reaction turbine the head on the turbine is 32 m. The
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external and internal diameters are 1.44 m and 0.72 m. The velocity of
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flow through the runner is constant and equal to 3 m/s. The guide blade
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angle is 10 degree and the runner vanes are radial at inlet. If the discharge
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at outlet is radial. Determine: [6]


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i) The speed of the turbine


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ii) The vane angle at outlet of the runner and


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iii) Hydraulic efficiency.


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b) What is the significance of specific speed? Derive the relation for the
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same. [4]
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mmm
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T.E./Insem.-609 2
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