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Press release

Press release

Results of Survey of parent opinions on technical vocational education and training (TVET) in
Bosnia and Herzegovina

TVET Schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other parts of Europe have dual goals – they respond to the
needs of the labor market and affect economic growth but they also respond to wider societal challenges.
Parents in Bosnia-Hercegovina play a big role in the decisions concerning the career paths of their kids.
Therefore, the GIZ implemented project ‘TVET in Bosnia-Hercegovina’ is interested in how parents think
about the TVET system, what kind of information they have themselves as a basis for their advice to their
kids and what other factors do have an influence. The survey of 2111 respondents from Herzegovina-
Neretva Canton (58,5%), Bosnia-Podrinje Canton (13,1%) and Republika Srpska (28,4%) showed that
parents of primary school children have mixed opinions about TVET in BiH.

Parents who took part in our survey in 43.4% have not received advice for the selection of their own
educational path and if they did receive advice, it was almost from a family member. 33% of parents
believe that young persons do not receive sufficient information for their education from schools and other
educational insitutions. 34% of parents believe that the recommendation for the selection of secondary
school depends on the affinities of a person, however, 22% of them would recommend a secondary
technical or related school for further education. An equal percentage, 16% of them, would recommend
secondary vocational school and general grammar school as an option for further education.

When answering about the image of TVET in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 35% of parents believe that the
image of secondary vocational education is good. If we add to this 28% of parents that believe that the
image of secondary vocational education is satisfactory, we may conclude that the image of this form of
education is insufficiently promoted. However, 25% of parents believe that the image of secondary
vocational education is satisfactory or poor. Only 5% of parents have an excellent opinion about the image
of secondary vocational education.
It is positive that 57% of parents believe that persons with a secondary vocational education degree will
find employment faster than persons that have a general secondary school degree or university degree.
However, 29% of parents believe that this is not the case and that a secondary vocational education degree
is no guarantee for employment.

From all of the above, key recommendations for TVET in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that it is necessary to
provide information to primary school students regarding possibilities for further education and make
them acquainted with various majors offered by secondary vocational schools, possibilities for progress
and finding employment with such qualifications.

Working on identifying the affinities of students as early as at primary school is an important part of career
development and further education.

It is also necessary to influence the perception that parents have of secondary vocational education and
offer visible solutions of successful young persons that have built a career for themselves by choosing
secondary vocational education. A greater inclusion of various media, especially those that are used by
young people and their parents, will play an important role in the improvement of the way in which
secondary vocational education is perceived.

The TVET Project in BiH which aims to improve the vocational education in Bosnia and Herzegovina is
implemented by the Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH in close cooperation with
relevant ministries of education, schools and companies in pilot regions of Goražde, Gradiška, Mostar and
Prijedor. The TVET Project in BiH which is funded by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and
Development was launched in 2017.