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Continuity & Differentiability

Exercises
Level - 1
(Problems Based on Fundamentals)

Type - 1
 sin 3x
1. Test the continuity of the function f(x) at the origin  tan 2x : x0

x  3
7. Show that f (x)   : x0
 , x0 2
f (x)   x 
 1, x  0  log(1  3x)
  : x0
 e 2x  1
2. Show that the function f(x) is given by
is continuous at x = 0.
 sin x
  cos x, x  0
f (x)   x
 Type - II
2 x0

is continuous at x = 0. 8. For what value of k is the function

3. Discuss the continuity of the function
 sin 5x
 x0
x x x f (x)   3x is continuous at x = 0 ?
a  b  c  3
 : x0  k x0
f (x)   x at x = 0 .
 log abc : x  0
 
9. Find the value of k. if f(x) is continuous at x  ,
4. Test the continuity at x = 0 where 2

 e3x  1  k cos x 
   2x x
 : x0 2
f (x)   log(1  5x) where f (x)  
  3 
5 : x0 x
 2

 x | x |  2x  2  16
 : x0
5. Show that f (x)   2  x : x2
 2 10. If f (x)   4  16
: x0 
 k : x2
is discontinuous at x = 0.
is continuous at x = 2. then find k.
 x x 1
 : x0
6. Show that f (x)   log(1  2x)

 7 : x0

is discontinuous at x = 0.

1
Continuity & Differentiability

cos2 x-sin2 x-1 18. If f(x) is continuous at x = 0 for which the

x 0
11. Iff(x) = j �x 2 +1-1 · : e 2x 1 -x(e2x 1)
function f(x) = x -:/- 0,
=ft- - +

: x=0
then find f(0).
3
k,
is continuous at x = 0, then find k. 19. Let f be a continuous function on R such that

!(_!_) = ( sine")e- __i!__, then findf(O).

4" n2 + 1
is continuous at
112
+

x=0
, x<0,
X = 0, find k. i
20. Let f(x) =
13 . Determine the values of a, b, c for which the
Type-III 0 x=0.

function:

sin(a + l)x +sinx

Find the smallest n in W such that f(x) is
x<0

X
C

21. Let f(x) = -

(} e2}_ J
�x+bx2 -Fx
If f(x) is continuous at x = 0, then find f(0).
x>0

at =0
bx 2
2-4
22 . Let f(x) =
(x-4) cos2x - 1
X
�.

lx-41
- --+a
If f(x) is continuous at x = 0, then findf(0).
x<0

14. If f(x) =
(x-4)
a+b x=ft-0
Properties of Continuous Functions
lx-41 23 . Prove that the equation x - cosx = 0 has a root in
+b x>0

is continuous at x = 4, then find a, b. (0, ?).

15. Find the ordered pair (a, b) such that
24. Prove that the equation 2 tanx + 5x -2 = 0 has

25. Prove that the equation x · 2 x - 1 = 0 has only on°

, x>0

f(x) =
2
x
a x=0 positive root in (0, 1).
26. Prove that the equation e 2x + ex + 2 sin- 1 x + x - n
,

x<O

is continuous at x = 0. 27. Prove that the function

Disconinuity

{2-X: X � 1
f(x) = is discontinuous at x = l
Type-IV

log ( 1 + i) - log ( 1 -];) )

(
16. Let f(x) = x =ft 0. Find the
x+2:x<l
x 28. Prove that the function
value of f(x) at x = 0 so that f becomes continuous
at X = 0. sin3x+2x
17. If f(x) is continuous at x = 0 such that f(x) = { sin 7x sin3x
x 0
=ft-

sin3x+Asin2x + Bsinx,
f(x) =
* 0,
; x=0

XS
x is discontinuous at x =0
then findf(0).

2
Continuity & Differentiability

29. Discuss the continuty of the function x 2 - 7x + 2014,,

(xii) f(x) =
e sin x ex · "'{2 COSX - 1
r__ _ _-_ _ : X ;t 0
f (x) = i x-sinx at X = 0
36. Discuss the continuity of the function
f(x) = [[x]] - [x - 1], where [,] denotes the gnwest
l 2 :x=O
integer function.
30. Discuss the continuity of the function 37. Discuss the continuity of f(x) in [0, 1 ]
where f(x) = [sin nx].
�1- cos4x 38. Discuss the continuity for the function
f(x) = {[ ) at = 0.
X X f(x) = [x] + [-x].
2 x=0 39. Discuss the continuity of f(x) in [-2, 2], where

l� :
f(x) = x + {-x} + [x], x E I.
40. Find the number of points of discontinuity of each
Discm1tinuit)'.
of the following functions.
31. Let f(x) = x
x;t0 (i) f(x) = [sin x], V x E [O, 2n]
0 : x=0 (ii) f(x) = ["'{2 sin x], V x E [O, 2n]
(iii) f(x) = [sin x + cos x], V x E [O, 2n]
Find the length of the Jump.
(iv) f(x) = [sin nx], V x E [O, 2]
32. Let !� ( 1(}))
tan-
(v) f (x) = [2cos x], V x E [O, 2n]
Find the length of the Jump. 41. Find the number of points of discontinuity of the
] 1 1
.
where u = - -.
33. Let lim [x� \}
x----,3 ( function f(u) = 2
U + U - 2 1 - X

Find the length of the Jump. 42. Find the number of points of discontinuity of the
34. Let lim [sin x ] function f(f(f(x))),
where f(x) = 1/1 - x.
x----,0
Find the length of the Jump.
35. Find the number of the points of discontinuity of 43. Discuss the continuity of the function
each of the following functions h(x) =f(g(x)), where f(x) = _!___ and g(x) = x2 5.
x- 6
+
1
(i) f(x) = - - 1 + X : 0 S XS 2
x- 1 44. Let f(x) = {
3 - x : 2<xs3
(ii) f(x) =
lxl� 1 Discuss the continuity of the function g(x), where
(iii) f(x) = g(x) = f(f(x)).
lxl� 2
-1 : X <0
x2 + 1
(iv) f(x) = 45. If f(x) = {0 : x = 0 and g(x) = x(l - x 2 )
x2 - 4
1 : x>0
1
(v) 'i(x) = - -
loge x then discuss the continuity of the function h(x),
1 where h(x) = f(g(x)).,
(vi) f(x) = - -
logelxl 46. Discuss the continuity for the function f(x), where
1 f(x) = Ix + ll(lxl + Ix - 11).
(vii) f(x) = 47. Let f(x) = Ix - 21 - 1, 0 s x s 4 and g(x) = 2 - lxl,
logelx - 21
-ls x s 3
1
(viii) f(x) = Then discuss the continuity of the function (foEJ)(x).
loge (x2 - 1)
1
1 48. Prove that the equation -lx=5 = - - has at-least
(ix) f(x) = x+ 3
loge l(x2 - 1) 1 one real root in (5, 6).
1 49. Show that the equation xs + 3x4 + x - 2= 0 has at­
(x) (x) = 2
f x - 31xl + 2 least one root in [O, 1 ].
50. Show that the equation xs - 3x + 1 = 0 has a real
x2 : 4x + 1 root in [l, 2].
(xi) f(x) =
2sm x - 1

3
Continuity & Differentiability

51. Show th�i the equation x3 + x2 -3x - 3 = 0 has root If f(x) is differentiable at x = 1/2. Find the value of
a+ b + 10.
{ . ( 1)
in [I, 2].
Intermediate Value Theorem xsm - : x#:0
52. Show that the equation x5 + x = 1 has a real root . 68. Let f(x) = x
: x= 0
. .
53. Show that the equation x5 + 3x4 + x - 2 = 0 has 0

I
atleast one root in [O, l].
54. Show that the equation x5 - 2x 3 + x2 - 3x + 1 = 0
Examine the continuity and the differentiability at
X = 0.
has atleast one root in [l, 2].
55. Show that the equation 2x3 + x2 - x - 5 = 0 has a
xe-�
solution in [l, 2]. -- : x#:0
69. Let j(x) = .!.
Differentiability 1 + e2
56. Check the differentiability of the function 0 : x=0
f(x) = Ix - 21 at x = 2.
Examine the continuity and the differentiability at
57. Check the differentiability of
X = 0.
{X x<l 70. Letf(x) = Ix - ll ([x] -{x})
f(x) = at x = I.
:

{.
X
2
: X�l Examine the continuity and differentiability a,t
X = 1.
58. Check the differentiability of the function
f(x) = ln2 x at x = 1. sm -
(nx)
: x<0
7 1. Let f(x) = 2
59. Check the differentiability of the function
f(x) = e lxl at x = 0. [2x - 3]x : x � 0
60. Check the differentiability of the function Examine the continuity and the differentiability at

3x
X = 1.
: -1 \$ X \$ l
f(X ) = { at X = 1. 72. Check the differentiability of the function
4-x : l<x< 4
f(x) = e-lxl in [-2, 2]
61. Check the differentiability of the function
73. Check the differentiability of the function

l i!i
f(x) = sinx + lsinxl at x == 0.
62. Let f(x) = [x]tan( nx), where [ ,] = G.I.F f(x) = -11 in [-4, 4]
Find the R.H.D at x = k, where k E 1
63. Let f(x) = [x]sin( nx), where [,] = G.I.F 74. Check the differentiability of the function
Find the L.H.D at x = k, where k E 1 f(x) = sinx + sin lxl in [-2n, 2n].
64. Check the differentiability of the function 75. Check the differentiability of the function

f(x) =
{?-( 1
x-sm - : x
2)
* 0 at x = 0.
f(x) = min{ lx + 11, lxl, Ix - 11) in [-4, 4].
76. Check the differentiability of the function
x
0 . : x= 0 f(x) = _ _ in R.
1 + l XI
65. Chee� the differentiability of the function
77. Check the differentiability of the function
r :x#:0
X
x
f(x) = i 1 + e� at x = O .
f(x) = 1- -1 in R.
x-1

Relation between Continuity and Differentiability f(x) = lxl + lx2 - 11 in R.

66. If f(x)
__ {ax? 2
+1 : x\$0
is differentiable at
79. Check the differenfiability of the function

,c+ax+b x>0 f(x) = lx2 - 11 + lx2 - 41 in R.

x = 1, find a and b. 80. Let.f(x) = sgn(x) and g(x) = x(l - x2).
l Examine the differentiability of the function
lxl�- f(g(x)).
r1!1 2
67. Let f(x) = 81. Let f(x) = sin- 1 lsinxl. Examine the differentiability
a+bx2
1
: lxl <-.:. of the function f(x) in R.
1 2

4
Continuity & Differentiability

Centered difference Quotient

82. If f'(2) = 5, find the value of

. f(2+h)-f(2-h
hm ( )
h-;0 2h
83. Given f'(2) = 6 and J'(l) = 4, find the value

. f(2h + 2 + /i 2) - f(2)
of hm ( )
h->0 f(h - ,i2 + 1)-f(l)

Twice Differentiability
84. Letf(x) = lx 3 i. Examine whether the function is twice
differentiable or not.

x 2 sin(�) : x ;t 0
85. Let y = { x
0 : x=0
Examine whether the function is differentiable or not
at X = 0.
xex : x :-:; 0
86. Let y = f (x) = {
2 3
x+ x -x : x>0

Examine whether the function f(x) is twice differen­

tiable or not.
Functional Equations

87. If f(x + y) = f(x), f(y), V x, y ER and f(x) is a dif­

ferentiable function and f(0) ;t 0, find f(x).
88. If f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y), V x, y E R and f(x) is a
differentiable function, find f(x).

89. Let f
(X +
� - =
Y) f(x) + f(y) .
for all x, y m R.
2 2
If f'(0) = -1, f(0) = 1, find f(x).
1( x Y 2 + f(x) + f(y)
for all x, y in R
90. If � ) =
3
and f' (2). = 2, then find f(x).
2x + 3y 2f(x) + 3 f(y)
91. If f( - -) = for all x, y m R and
5 5
f(0) = 1, f' (0) = -1, find f(x).

92. If f(x + y + z) = f(x) f(y) f(z) for all x, y, z in R

such that f(2) = 4, f'(0) = 3, find f'(2).

5
Continuity & Differentiability

Hints & Solutions

Level - 1

Type - 1
4. (i) f(0) = 5
1. (i) f(0) = 1
 e3x  1 
| x | (ii) lim f (x)  lim  
(ii) lim f (x)  lim   x 0 x 0  log(1  5x) 
x 0 x 0  x | 

x  e3x  1 
Now, lim    1
x 0   x 
 3x 
 lim  3x  
x 0  log(1  5x) 5x 
 x   
and lim    1  5x 
x 0   x 
Thus, limit does not exist. 3
Hence, f(x) is discontinuous a x = 0 
5
2. (i) f(0) = 2 3
(iii) xlim
0
f(x) =  f (0)
5
(ii) xlim
0
f(x)

 sin x 
 lim   cos x 
x 0  x 
=1+1
=2
(iii) lim f(x) = 2 = f(0)
x 0
Thus, f(x) is continuous at x = 0

3. (i) f(0) = log (abc)

(ii) lim f(x)
x 0

 a x  b x  cx  3 
 lim  
x 0  x 

 (a x  1)  (bx  1)  (c x  1) 
 lim  
x 0  x 

 a x  1) (bx  1) (c x  1) 
 lim    
x 0  x x x 
= log a + log b + log c
= log (abc)
(iii) xlim
0
f(x) = log (abc) = f(0)
Thus, f(x) is continuous at x = 0

6
Continuity & Differentiability

Thus, f(x) is discontinuous at x =0 Type-II

8. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so
5. (i) f(O) = 2
x xl
limf(x) = lim( -l )
· (ii) x--;O
Iimf(x) = f(O) = k
x--;0
· x--;0 2
. => k = lirnf(x)
Now, 1Im -- = 0
(X -X) x--;0
x--;O+ 2 sin x
x => k= lim( 5 )
and Jim ( +x) = 0 x--,0 3x
x--,o- 2
. sin 5x S
Thus, limf(x)=0 k = lun ( - - x-)
x--;O
x--,o Sx 3

(iii) lim f(x) = 0 cf- f(O) k=1

x--;O 3
Thus, f(x) is discontinuous at x = 0 9. - Since f(x) is continuous at x =!!_
(i) f(O) = 7 2
6.
so, Ii111, f(x) = f (!!_) = 3
x
1 2
(ii) lim f(x) = lim ( e -
) x--;-
x--,0 x--,0 log(1 + 2x) 2

=> Jim (kcos x \ = 3

x--;�n- 2x}
= lim x-1 Ji9 (-k�in x) =3
x--;0 log(l + 2x) 2 r
x --;- 2
2x 2

=1 => '5:_ =3
2 2
=> k=6
(iii) lim f(x)=l cf- f(O)
x--;O 2 Hence, the value of k is 6.
10. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 2, so
Thus, f(x) is discontinuous at x =O
lim f(x) = f(2) = k
x--;2
7. (i) f(O)= l 2 x+2 - 16 \
2 k = Jim(
x--;2 4x - 16 J
(ii) lim f(x)
r ( (2 4-(24)(2
x
x--;O - 4)
k= x x )
. log(l + 3x) x� + 4)
NOW, 1 Iffi+ ( ) 4
x--,o e 2x - 1 k=lim( )
x 4)
x--;2 (2 +
log(l + 3x)
4 l
3x k=-=.:....
Jim+ x- 8 2
2
.. - l
2x
x--tO
e--
Hence, the value of k is l
2x 2
11. Since f(x) is continuous at x =0, so
limf(x) = f(O)= k
. sin 3x x--;O
AlSO, 1Im (- )-
x--; o- tan 2x k = limf(x)
x--;O
sin3x I cos-?_ x - srn• 2
x- l
k = lim
l2 x--;O\
= Jim --1£_
x--,o- tan 2x
X "\/,-c + 1 - 1
-�]

cos 2x - l
2x k = Jim (
3 x--,0 �x 2 + l - 1 )
2 sin 2 x -� \
1 = 1.1m ( --- x ( "\/x· + 1 + I/ )
l2 == f(O)
K
(iii) limf(x) = x--,O x2
x--;O
k=2
Thus, f(x) is continuous at x = 0
Hence, the value of k is 2.

7
Continuity & Differentiability

x-,4+ x-,4-

Jim f(x) = f(O) = .!.

x -,0 2 Jim (
(x - 4)
x-,4•\ (x-4)
+ bl = Jim (-(x(x --4)4)
x-,4-
+ a) = (a + b)
Jim f(x) = .!.
x-,0 2
1 - cos
kx) 1 + b = -I+ a = (a + b)
lim ( = l_ a=l,b=-1
x-,0 x sin x 2
15. Since f( x) is continuous at x = 0, so
k sin(kx)
h. m ( -----) =-1
x---->0 sinx + x cos x 2 lim f(x) = f(O) = a
k sin(kx)
x-,O
.1 bex-cosx - x .1. -----
(2
tan-I ( ex)-- n)
----- 4
X 1m( ) = 1 m-' = a
lim = x-,0 + 2 x -,0 X
x-,0 sinx 2 X
-.X- + COS X
: bex+sin x-l . 2 ex l =
J1m (-----) = 1Jill / -- a
k sin(kx) x-,o• 2x x-, O-\l+e 2x ,
2

kx 1 . bex+cosx
Jim 1 Jm (---- ) = 1 = a
x-,0 sinx x -,o• 2
-:x-+cos x
k2 = 1 �= I = a
2 2 2
k2 = l a= 1 = b
J = ±1 Type IV
Type III 16. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so
13. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so Lim f(x) = f(O)
x -,0
Jim f( x) = f(O) = c log( 1 +�)-log( 1 - �)\
x-,0 ' b
lim f( x) = c f(O) = Jim ( }
x-,0 X

f))
X--40

Jim f(x) = Jim_f(x) = c . log( 1 + �) log ( 1 -

x-,o• x-,,0 .
f(O) = hm ( ---- X - --X--
(� - 2 -vx x-,o
Jim )
x-,o• bx3/ 2
log ( 1 + � log ( l -� )
a) b
f(O) = lim -
. sin(a + l)x + sinx x-,0 x X
- X
-- X -0 '
= h m ( ------- ) = a Cl b
x-,0-, X C

· ( X + bx
hm ------- = (a + 2) = c
X
x-,o• bx312 ( �x + bx2 + \
2
- ) 1
f(O) =a
1
+b
-vx)
17. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so
Jim bx 2

= (a + 2) = c limf(x) = f(O)
x-,o•
x + bx + -vx) /
312 ( � x-,0
( b,.:
2

" sin3x+Asin2x + Bsinx

-vx f(O) = lim ( )
Jim (
x---->o• ( �x +bx ) = (a + 2) = c x-,0 X
S
+ -vx)
2

1 3x) (3x) 3 s

Jim ( _ _ ) = (a + 2) = c = lim[.l 3x - ( + -... )

x-,o• ( fl + bx+l) x -,0 XS ( 3! 5!

-1 =(a+ c) = c (2x)3 (2x)5 )

2 +A 2x, - -- + -- - ...
3 c 1 ( 3! 5!
a=-- =- bE R-{O}
2' 2'
14. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 4, so (x)3 (x)5
+B( x - + -... )
3! 5!
limf(x) = f(4)
x-,4

8
Continuity & Differentiability

Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, it must · 1 .( . x" e}

hm x sm - ) = hm - - I- = 0
2A+ 3+B=O x->0- I .
n
x->0+
1. + ex
X

2
haye SA
+ §_+ 7 =O It is possible only when n is natural number.
6 6 6 Hence, the smallest value of n is J.
On solving, we get, A = -4, B = 5
2 1. Since f(x) is continuous at x' = 0, so
35 A-25 B
Thus,f(0) = -+ --+ - f(0) = lim f(x)
5! 5! 5! x->0
3 2 5 -2-
= lim(1-
5 7

5! 5! 5! x->0 X e2x _.l )

=---+-
2 43 - 128+ 5 2x
= ----- e -l -2x
120 Jim (
- x->0 x(e2x _ l) )
120 l
= =
120 (2x) 2 (2x) 3
18. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so f(0) = Jimf(x) l +2x+ 2!+ 3!+....-1 -2x
x->0 = Jim
e2x _l -x(e2x+l) x->0
= lim( )
x->0 3

x

3

x ->0 3x2 = lim

x->0 2x2
2x 2x
e -2x e - 1
= Jim ( ) = 1
x->0 3x2
. 2e2x -2e2x - 4xe2x 22. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so
= 1Jill ( )
x->0 6x limf(x) = f(0)
x->0
. -4 xe2x
= hm ( ---) f(0) = limf(x)
x->0 6x x->0
. -4e2x - 8x e � 2
= hm ( ) ]J.ill (2- x + 16)
2x 4

x->0 6 x->0 cos 2x - I

-

2
= . '\/x-+ 16 -2
3 Ilill
19. Since f is continuous in R, so it is continuous for all x->0 (4-� l - cos 2x )
-

n in R.

Now, f(0) = /1�

lim00 411t(J__) = Jim
x->0

= Jim= ((sin (e")) e-" +

n->
2
___i!._)
n2+ 1 (4 M-1)
= Jim
l x ->0
= lim= (sin(e")) e-" + _ _
. 2
n-> 1
2 SITT X

1+­
n2 + f +.. :-1)
1
= (o+ _1+0 ) sin 2 x

= 1

20. Since f(x) is continuous at x = 0, so

limf(x) =f(0)
x->0
Properties of Continuous Functions
23. Let f(x) = x - cosx
lim f(x) = lim f(x) =f(0)
x->0 + x ->0-
Now, f(0) = 0 - 1 = -1

9
Continuity & Differentiability

x
lim([ ])
x-->3 X

Thus, f(x)= 0 has a root in ( 0, �) x

Then lim ([ ])= l= 1
24. Let f(x) = 2 tanx + 5x - 2 X
x-->3 + 3

Now, x
and lim ([ ]) = �
x-->r X 3
and
Thus, Jump= (1 - ¾) =½
Thus, f(x) = 0 has a root in ( 0, �)
34. Let Jim sinx]
25. Let f(x) = x.2x - 1 [
X-->0
Now, f(O) = - 1 < 0 Then lim [sinx = 0 and Jim sinx = - 1
and f(l) = 1.2 - 1 = I > 0 x-->0+ ] x-->0- [ ]

Thus, f(x) = 0 has a root in (0, 1) Thus, Jump= (0 - (- 1)) = 1

26. Let f(x) = e 2x + ex + 2 sin- 1 x + x - n 35. A function is discontinuous at all such points where
it is undefined.
Now, f(O) = 1 + 1 - n = 2 - n < 0
and f(l)= e 2 + e + n + l - n= e2 + e + I > 0 (i) f(x)= __I
X - 1
Thus, f(x) = 0 has a root in [O, 1] f(x) is discontinuous when x - 1 = 0
Disconinuity i.e. X = l
27. Do yourself
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is
28. Do yourself 1 at X= 1.
29. Do yourself
1
30. Do yourself. (ii) f(x)= - -
lxl - 1
lxl f(x) is discontinuous when lxl - 1 = 0
: X ;t 0
31. Let f(x) = { lxl = 1
; :x= O x=±l
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity
y
is 2 at x = -1, 1.
1
(iii) f(x) = - -
I rt-------+- y:1
lxl + 2
X'-...--------------X Here, denominator of a function is defined for
all real values of x.
Y=-1 �- ---.ffi Thus, f(x) is continuous for all real x.
2
Y' (iv) f(x) = �
x2 - 4
Thus, the graph of the function f (x)= sgn (x) makes
a jump of 2 units at the point x= 0 f(x) is discontinuous when x 2 - 4 =0
Jump= (1 - (-1))= 2 ::::} x =±2

32. Let _!� (tan- (½))

1 Thus, the number of points of discontinuity
is 2 at x= -2, 2.

Then Jim+ (tan- 1

x-->0
(1-)) = !!.2
X
1
(v) f(x) = - - - .
1oge x
f(x) is discontinuous for
and lim_ (tan-'
x-->0
(1-))= _ 2
X
!!.
x < 0, x = 0 and x = 1

Thus, Jump= (� - (-�))= n Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is

infinite.

10
Continuity & Differentiability

(vi) f(x) = - -
1
loge lxl
=> x = nn + (-1/ (i} nE!.
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity
f(x) is discontinuous for x = 0, x = -1, x = 1
is infinite.
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is .
3 at X = - ] , 0, l. .. x2 - 7x + 2014
(XU ) f( X) = ------.
12 COSX - 1
(vii) f(x) =
log,!� _ 21 f(x) is discontinuous for 12 cosx - l = 0
f(x) is discontinuous for Ix - 21 = 0, Ix - 21 = 1 l
=> cosx =
=> X = 2, X - 2=±1 12
=> X = 2, X = 3, 1 - !.!. nEl
x = 2nn+
4'
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is
3 at X = 1, 2, 3.
infinite.
1
(viii) f(x) = 36. We have f(x) = [[x]] - [x - 1)
loge(x2 - 1)
= [x] - [x - 1)
f(x) is discontinuous for (x2 - 1) < 0,
= [x] - ([x] - 1)
=> x2 - 1 = 0, x2 - 1 = 1
=1
=> - 1 < x < 1, x = ± I, x = 0 Thus, f(x) is continuous for all real x.
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is 37. As we know that [x] is discontinuous for all integral
infinite. values of x.
Thus, the function f(x) should be checked at all inte­
(ix) f(x) = \ gral values of x for which [sinnx] EI.
logel(x- - 1)1
Now, sin nx = 0 => nx = 0 => x = 0 and sin m
f(x) is discontinuous for
7r 1
lx 2 - 11 = 0, lx 2 - 11 = 1 = 1 m = 1 => nx = - => x = -
X 2
=> x 2 - 1 = 0, x2 - 1 = ± 1 Thus, f(x) = [sin m] is continuous for
=> x 2 = 1, x 2 = 1 ± 1 all x E [0, 1) - 0,
2
lr l}
=> X = ± 1, X = 0 X = ±12
38. We have, f(x) = [x] + [-x]
Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is
5 at X = -12, -1, 0, 1, 12 =
{O, XE!
-1, x<ll
1
(x) f(x) = Thus, f(x) is discontinuous for all x E /.
x2 - 31xl + 2
39. We havef(x) = x + {-x} + [x], x El
f(x) is discontinuous for x 2
- 3 lxl + 2 = 0 = x + [x] + {-x}
=> 2
lx 1 - 3 Ix! + 2 = 0 = {x} + {-x}

=> (lxl - l )(lxl - 2) = 0

=
{1, x'll
=> (lxl - 1) = 0, (lxl - 2) = 0 0,xEl

Thus, the number of points of discontinuity is X = -2, -1, 0, 1, 2.

4 at X = -2, -1, 1, 2 40. (i) We have f(x) = [sinx]
2
x : 4x + 1 The function f(x) is dtscontinuous at all such
(xi) f(x) = points where it is broken.
2 smx - l
f(x) is discontinuous for 2 sinx - 1 = 0 sinx = 0 => x = 0, n, 2n
. 1 sinx = 1 => x = !.!.
=> smx =
2 2

11
Continuity & Differentiability

41.

42.

12
Continuity & Differentiability

43.

44. 46.

47.

45

13
Continuity & Differentiability

54..

55.

56.
.

48

49.

50.

57.
51.

52.

53.

58.

14
Continuity & Differentiability

61.

59.

62.

60.

15
Continuity & Differentiability

63.

64.

66.

65.

16
Continuity & Differentiability

68.

67.

69.

17
Continuity & Differentiability

70.

72.

73.

74.
71.
71.

18
Continuity & Differentiability

79.

75.

80.

76.

77.
81.

78.

82.

19
Continuity & Differentiability

83.

86.

84.

87.

85.

20
Continuity & Differentiability

90.

88.

91.

89.

92.

21