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# UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2015 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

## NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION (UPDATED)

CLASS - 10
Question Paper Code : UN449

KEY

1. A 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. B 6. B 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. B

11. B 12. C 13. A 14. C 15. D 16. B 17. D 18. A 19. B 20. A

21. C 22. A 23. A 24. D 25. A 26. C 27. C 28. B 29. A 30. B

31. D 32. D 33. C 34. C 35. B 36. D 37. A 38. C 39. C 40. A

41. C 42. B 43. D 44. B 45. C 46. B 47. A 48. B 49. D 50. C, D

51. A 52. B 53. C 54. C 55. B 56. C 57. C 58. C 59. D 60. D

SOLUTIONS
MATHEMATICS
D C
1. (A) Given number = 18x + 21y
= 3 (6x + 7y)
A B
3 is a factor of 2025 M L
∴ 2025 is the required number In ∆ACB, since ∠ B is an acute angle,
[ 2025 = 18 × 4 + 21 × 93] ∴ AC2 = AB2 + BC2  2AB . BL .... (1)
P Similarly, In ∆ABD, Since ∠A is an
2. (A) S= = 12 cm acute angle,
2
Area of ∆ = rs = 12 cm × 2 cm = 24 cm2 ∴ BD2 = AD2 + AB2  2AB . AM ..... (2)
3. (B) From C, draw CL ⊥ AB and from D, Adding (1) and (2), we get
drawn DM ⊥ AB AC2 + BD2 = AD2 + BC2 + 2AB2  2AB .
Then CL = DM
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BL  2AB . AM 7. (D) α = a − d, β = a, γ = a + d
= AD + BC + 2AB (AB  BL  AM)
2 2

Given α , β, γ are in AP
= AD2 + BC2 + 2AB (AL  AM)
= AD2 + BC2 + 2AB . ML b
⇒ α +β+ γ= −
a
= AD2 + BC2 + 2AB . CD
ad+a+a+d=9
4. (D) DC = AD & DC = BD
3a = 9
∴ AB = AD + DB = DC + DC = 2DC =
a=3
2 × 6 cm = 12 cm
α β γ = 21
5. (B) Solving x  3y + 5 = 0 & 2x + 7y  3
=0 (a  d) (a) (a + d) =  21
2x  6y + 10 = 0 → (1) × 2 (3  d) (3) (3 + d) =  21
2x + 7y  3 = 0 → (2) (3  d) (3 + d) =  7
 13y + 13 = 0 9  d2 =  7
y=1 d2 = 16
Substitute y = 1 in eq (2) d= ± 4
we get x =  2 If a = 3 & d = 4 then a  d =  1, a +
∴ (2, 1) lies on kx + 4y + 2 = 0 d=7

## 2k + 4 + 2 = 0 If a = 3 & d =  4 then a  d = 7 , a +

d=1
k=3
∴ a + d  (a  d) = 2d = 8
) 8. (C) Given AC = 2 BM [ ∠B = 90° ]
6. (B)
. / - AC = 8.5 cm
Given AB + BC = 11.5 cm
* , +
squaring on both sides
In ∆ABC, AB + AC = 2AD + 2BD
2 2 2 2
AB2 + BC2 + 2AB × BC = 132.25 cm2
2 2
⎛3 ⎞ ⎛ BC ⎞ AC2 + 2AB × BC = 132.25 cm2
⇒ AB + AC = 2 ⎜⎝ AG⎟⎠ + 2 ⎜⎝ ⎟⎠
2 2
2 2 (8.5)2 + 2AB × BC = 132.25 cm2
AG2 BC2 72.25 cm2 + 2AB × BC = 132.25 cm2
AB + AC = 2 × 9
2 2 + 2 ×
42 42 2AB × BC = 60 cm2
2(AB2 + AC2) = 9AG2 + BC2 AB × BC = 30 cm2
1 1
2AB2 + 2AC2  BC2 = 9AG2 → (1) Area of ∆ABC = × AB × BC = × 30
2 2
Similarly 2BC 2 + 2AB 2  AC 2 = 9 BG 2
→ (2) cm2 = 15 cm2

2BC2 + 2AC2  AB2 = 9CG2 → (3) 9. (D) m2  n2 = ( tan θ + sin θ )2 − ( tan θ − sin θ )2

Add eq (1) + (2) + (3) = tan2 θ + sin2 θ + 2tanθ sinθ − tan2 θ − sin2 θ + 2tanθ sinθ

= 4 tan θ sin θ
3AB2 + 3BC2 + 3CA2 = 9AG2 + 9BG2 +
9CG2 = 4 tan2 θ sin2 θ
3(AB2 + BC2 + CA2) = 9(AG2 + BG2 + CG2)
sin2 θ
3
1 2
AG + BG + CG 2 2 = 4 2
× sin2 θ
= cos θ
9 3 AB2 + BC2 + CA2
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1 − cos2 θ P(2019, 673)
= 4 2
× sin2 θ 13. (A) t
cos θ (2, 2) B
(6,2)

⎛ 1 ⎞
= 4 ⎜⎝ − 1⎟ sin2 θ
2
cos θ ⎠

= 4 (tan θ − sin θ)
2 2 0 (0,0) A(4,0)

0 (0, 0) B (6,2)
= 4 (tan θ + sin θ) (tan θ − sin θ)
2 1
= 4 mn Slope or OB= =
6 3
2
4 ⎛ 3⎞ 2
⎛ 2 ⎞ 4⎛ 1 ⎞
2 B(6, 2) P(2019, 673)
( )
2
10. (B) LHS = 3 3 + 3× ⎜ ⎟ −2⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ ⎟
⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ 3 ⎝ 3⎠
673 − 2 671 1
Slope of BP = = =
9 8 4 2019 − 6 2013 3
=4+ − −
4 3 9 sur
OP divides the parallogram into two
144 + 81 − 96 − 16
= regions of equal area and slope of OP
36
673 1
113 = = .
= 2019 3
36
14. (C) Given a 1, a 2, a 3, ...... a n are there
AB
11. (B) In ∆ABC tan30° = between a and b
BC
1 50 mts ∴ a, a1, a2, a3, ...... an, b are in AP
=
3 BC Total terms = n + 2

BC = 50 3 mts (n + 2)
∴ Sum of (n + 2) term = (a + b )
2
DC
In ∆BCD tan60° = 15. (D) DBDG : DFEC
BC
DC [Q A.A similarity]
3=
50 3 mts 12cm x
∴ =
Height of hill (DC) = 150 mts x 27cm

D
x2 = 12 cm × 27 cm
A Side of sqaure = x = 18 cm
Hill 16. (B) Let present age of father & son be x
Tower
50 mts and y
60° 30°
B C Given (x2) = 5 (y2)

## 12. (C) AB = 81 + 25 = 106 x  5y =  8 → (1)

Given x + 2 = 3(y+2) + 8
BC = 25 + 81 = 106
x + 2 = 3y + 14
AC = 16 + 196 = 212 → (2)
x  3y = 12
∴ AB = BC & AC = AB + BC 2 2 2
Solving (1) & (2) y = 10 & x = 42
Given vertices form right angled ∴ x + y = 42 + 10 = 52
isosceles triangle.
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17. (D) LHS = sin2 1° + sin2 2° + sin2 3° + ..... + 22. (A) Given (3k+1) (2k1) = 144
sin2 + sin2 90° 6k2  k  1 = 144
= sin 1° + sin 2° + sin 3° + ..... + sin
2 2 2 2
6k2  k  145 = 0
45° + ..... sin2 (90°  1°) + sin2 90°
6k2  30k + 29 k  145 = 0
2
⎛ 1 ⎞
= sin2 1° + sin2 2° + ..... + ⎜ ⎟ + ..... 6k (k5) + 9 (k5) = 0
⎝ 2⎠
9
k = 5 (or) k = 
+ cos2 2° + cos2 1° + sin2 90° 6
If k = 5 then l = 16 cm & b = 9 cm
1
= 44 + +1 Perimeter = 2 (l + b) = 50 cm.
2
1 91 23. (A) Let OAB be the given cone cut off by a
= 45 + = plane CD parallel to the base AB such
2 2
that a small cone OCD is left.
−b −8 −2
18. (A) α+β= = & αβ =
a 7 7 O
−8 −8 + 28 20
α +2+β+2=α +β+ 4= +4= =
7 7 7
C E D
−2 16
(α + 2) (β + 2) = αβ + 2 (α + β) + 4 = − +4
7 7

10
= A B
7 F
Q.E whose roots are α + 2, β + 2 is
For the cone OAB :
k ⎡⎣x2 − x(α + 2 + β + 2) + (α + 2)(β + 2)⎤⎦
Height H = 30 cm
⎡ 2 ⎛ 20 ⎞ 10 ⎤
K ⎢x − x ⎜ ⎟ + ⎥ Let the radius of the base be R.
⎣ ⎝ 7⎠ 7⎦
Then, Volume of the cone OAB
2
⎡ 7x − 20x + 10 ⎤
k ⎢ 1 2
⎥ = 7x  20x + 10
2
= πR h
⎣ 7 ⎦ 3
where k = 7 ⎡1
19. (B) a, a+d, a+2d ..... l are in AP
2 ⎤ 2
(2
= ⎢ π R × 30 ⎥ cm = 10 π R cm
⎣3 ⎦
3
)
a, a+d, a+2d, .... l 2d, l d, l are in AP For the cone OCD :
last term from the end = l Let the height be h and radius of the
Second term from the end = l d base be r.

Third term from the end = l  (2) d Then, the volume of the cone OCD

## nth term from the end = l  (n1) d 1 2

= π R h.
3
an+1 + bn+1 a + b
20. (A) If n = 0 then = which is 1 2 1
an + bn 2 New,
3
πr h =
27
(10 π R ) [given]
2

Am of a & b.
2
21. (C) Given vertices form a right angled ⎛ R⎞ 9h
⇒ ⎜ ⎟ = ... (i)
triangle In a right angled triangle the ⎝ H⎠ 10
vertex of right angle is orthocentre.
Also, ∆OED : ∆OFB [ OF = H = 30
∴ Ortho centre = (0, 0) cm]
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OE ED h r R 30 28. (B) When human eyes view a distant
∴ = ⇒ = ⇒ = ... (ii) object, a real, inverted and diminished
OF FB 30 R r h
image of the object is formed on the
From (i) and (ii) we get : retina, as shown below.
2
⎛ 30 ⎞ 9h
⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ = ⇒ h3 = 1000 ⇒ h = 10 cm.
h 10 Object
Image

## Thus, the height of the smaller cone

OCD = 10 cm. 29. (A) f = 50 cm =  0.5 m
Hence, the height of the section from
1
the base = EF = OF  OE = H  h = (30 Power of a lens = focal length (m)
 10) cm = 20 cm.
1
24. (D) BD = = = 2D
2 2 −0.5
Focal length is negative, therefore it is
Area of Circle = ( 2)
2
π = 2π
a concave lens and the power is 2 D.
Area of square=22 = 4 30. (B) A straight current carrying conductor
Area of circle-Area of square = 2π − 4 produces a circular magnetic field
pattern.
Area between circle and square on each
2π − 4 31. (D) Even in absolutely clear water, a diver
side = 4 cannot see very clearly because the
focal length of the eye lens in water
Area of shaded regions gets changed and the image is no

ð(1) 2
π −2 ⎤ longer focussed sharply on the retina.
= 4 ⎢⎢ 2 − 2 ⎥⎥ In the case of diffused reflection, light
⎣ ⎦
rays fall on irregular surface and get
⎡ π −π +2 ⎤
= 4⎢ reflected in different directions and
⎣ 2 ⎥⎦ = 4
does not allow the diver to see the
25. (A) Volume 8000 cubes = 50 cm × 50 cm × object clearly.
50 cm
32. (D) The resistance of a conductor is
8000 × a3 = 50 × 50 × 50 cm3 inversely proportional to its area of
50 × 50 × 50 1
a3 =
20 × 20 × 20 cross-section, R ∝ . If the area of
A
⎛ 5⎞
3 cross-section of a copper wire/rod is
= ⎜ ⎟ doubled, its resistance gets halved and
⎝ 2⎠
if the area of cross-section of a copper
a = 2.5 cm wire/rod is halved, then its resistance
will get doubled. A thick copper rod has
PHYSICS
more area of cross-section than a thin
26. (C) The plastic casing of hair dryer is an copper wire. So, a copper rod has less
insulator. The earth wire is redundant or resistance and copper wire has more
not necessary in such appliance. resistance.
27. (C) The object distance is the distance 33. (C) As loop X carries current which
between the object and the optical increases with time, there will be
centre. The object distance does not change of magnetic flux in coil Y that
affect the focal length which is a will induce current in loop Y. The
property of the lens. direction of induced current in loop Y

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will be opposite to the direction of 39. (C) All the four valence electrons are
current in loop X. If two loops carry bonded with four other carbon atoms
current in opposite direction, they repel and carbon atom does not have any free
each other. So, loop Y is repelled by electrons.
loop X. 40. (A) The ionic equation for neutralization
34. (C) Object distance = u = 20 cm reaction is H+ + OH → H2O. Two moles
of hydrochloric acid supply two moles
Image distance = v = 40 cm
of hydrogen ions, which will thus
I = size of the image require two moles of hydroxide ions for
O = size of the object complete reaction. Hence, two moles of
the alkali must supply two moles of the
I v
m= = hydroxide ions for reaction. So, the
O u
alkali is twice as concentrated as the
40 cm
m = 20 cm = 2 acid as given below. 2HCl + 2NaOH →
2NaCl + 2H2O (2H+ and 2OH).
I
=m=2 41. (C) Element Q is carbon and it has four
O
valence electrons. To achieve stable
The ratio between the image and object configuration, carbon forms four single
size is 2:1. covalent bonds with four hydrogen
35. (B) Potential difference across 2 W atoms to form methane mole cule CH4.
resistance from left side is 6 V. The electronic structure of element Q
Therefore, potential difference across 2 i.e., carbon in 2, 4.
W resistance from right side should 42. (B) Acetic acid reacts with ethanol to form
also be 6 V. This is possible only if E = ethyl ethanoate and water.
6 V as the current passing through 1W
Conc. H SO "
resistance is zero. CH!COOH + C H#OH
Acetic acid Ethanol

CHEMISTRY CH!COOC H# + H O
Ethyl Ethanoate Water
36. (D) Copper metal displaces silver ions in
the aqueous solution as shown below. 43. (D) Ethyl we can balance a chemical
equation by adjusting the coefficients in
Cu → Cu2+ + 2e- front of the chemical formulae.
Ag+ + e- → Ag 44. (B) The compound is Plaster of Paris. The
When 1 mole of copper is oxidised, it chemical equation is
will produce sufficient electrons to
o
reduce 2 moles of silver ions into silver, CaSO4.2H2O Heat to 100 C CaSO4. 2H2O
the shiny material deposited on the Gypsum (373 K) Plaster of Paris
coin. 1
+ 1 H 2O
37. (A) Concentrated aqueous H2SO4 is an acid. 2
It is an oxidizing as well as a Water
dehydrating agent. It is not a reducing 45. (C) The correct matching is a-5, b-4, c-3,
agent. d-2, e-1. The general formula of
38. (C) The break down of glucose to form :alkanes is C nH 2n+2 The formula of
carbon dioxide and water is a Hexane-C 6H 14 , Ethane-C 2H 6, Butane
decomposition reaction, while the other C4H 10. Alkenes have general formula
three are combination reactions. CnH2n. The formula of Pentene is C5H10
and Hexene is C6H12.

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BIOLOGY 57. (C) The hexagonal track has 6 sides
46. (B) Q→S→T→P→ R 1
Each side constitutes of the distance
47. (A) Reproduction is the act or process that 6
produces young living things. Living around the track.
things reproduce to ensure the
continuity of their own kind. 3 9 9 1 1 1
= = × =4 ×
The fusion of a sperm and an egg is 4 12 2 6 2 6
called fertilization. The distance the ball will roll through
48. (B) Coronary arteries blood to the heart 1
muscles. is equal to 4 sides of the hexagon.
2
49. (D) The mount of energy decreases as we
go up the pyramid. Therefore, the ball will roll to side E.
50. (C, D) The diagram given shows a human baby )
of 20 & 38 weaks. . *
51 (A) Hormones are destroyed in the liver. - +
,
52. (B) The sequence of events involve a
sensory receptor, passage of impulses
58. (C) All of the trees in the park are flowering
along a sensory neurone and the
effector (muscle). trees. So, all dogwoods in the park are
flowering trees.
53. (C) Insulin stimulates the liver cells to take
59. (D) Knowledge is understanding through
up excess glucose and store it as
experience or study, so learning is the
glycogen.
essential element. A school (choice a)
54. (C) The ciliated cells contain cilia, which can is not necessary for learning or
perform wave like movements to knowledge to takeplace, nor is a
remove mucus containing dust and
teacher or a textbook (choices b and c).
bacteria.
60. (D) Hapl means cloud; lesh means brust;
55. (B) Decomposers convert organic
srench means pin; och means ball; and
components into inorganic substances.
resbo means nine. Leshsrench (choice
CRITICAL THINKING a) doesnt contain any of the words
needed for cloud nine. We know that
56. (C) In 12 hours, they are at right angles 22 och means ball, so that rules out choices
times b and c. When you combine hapl (cloud)
\In 24 hours, they are at right angles 44 with resbo (nine), you get the correct.
times.

THE END

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