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There are many tests

Y X
C D C D
• Is there a link between drinking green tea
X X •Correlation and life expectancy ?
• How many years do I gain if I drink green
X X Test / quantify the relationship •Simple linear regression tea ?
between Y and one or several • How many years do I gain if I drink green
X X Xs •Multiple linear regression tea and wine ?
• How many years do I gain if I live in Paris
X X X •DOE and drink tea ?
• Is my lead-time treatment different from
X X •Z test 12 days ? (σ of the population is known)

X X •t test • Same (σ of the population is not known or


sample <30)
Test 2 means equality
X X •2Z test (or 2t test) • Is branch A better than branch B ?

X X •Paired 2t test • Same (but the same files have been measured).

X X Test more than 2 means equality •ANOVA • Is there a branch with a different performance ?

X X Test the variance equality •Variances equality test (F test) • Did I reduce the variability in my process ?

Test the relationship between Y


X X •Khi 2 test • Is there a difference between operators ?
and X
•Normality test • Does my sample follow a normal law ?
Determine the law type
•Poisson test • Does my sample follow a poisson law ?

Formation Green Belt Lean Six Sigma


Mai 2016 – Page 1
Control charts for continuous data & for attribute data
Type of data Associated control
Application segmentation charts

• Individual • The moving range is Rn:


Sampling size n • moving range Rn = |xn+1 - xn|
n=1 1 I - mR between the
individuals

Continuous Sampling size n


2 X bar - R
• Mean of the sample
n < 10 • Range of the sample
data
Sampling size n • Mean of the sample
n > 10
3 X bar - S • Standard deviation of the sample

Associated control
Application Sampling size charts

• plot the number of defective products in


Constant 4 NP each sample
# defective units
(binomial law)
• plot the proportion of defective products in
Variable 5 P
Attribute each sample.

data Constant 6 C • plot the defect number per sample


# of defects per
sampling
(Poisson law) • plot the number of defects • Ubar = sum of
Variable 7 U per unit
defects / sample size

Formation Green Belt Lean Six Sigma


Mai 2016 – Page 2