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HY A L UR ONIC A C ID DE R MA T A N B L OOD G R OUP A L G INA T E S O-A NT IG E NS S TAR CH G LY C OG E N


C OO
P S UB S T A NC E S C H 2 C OO OH + NIC OT INA T E C OO

O P E P T IDO- N
11
G LY C A N C HIT IN C HONDR OIT IN P E C T IN INUL IN C E L L UL OS E NH NH R ibos e- P 2. 4. 2. N
L Indoleac etate Indoxyl + 6.3.5.1 2.7.7.18
Quinolinate- A
O (A uxin) NA D( P ) 6.3.1.5 Des amino-NA D Nic otinate- 2.4.2.19
Y 2.4.1.68
2.4.1.69
HO C H 3
1.2.3.7
nuc leotide nuc leotide R
S OP P T
HO C H 2 C H 2 NH 2 HO C H 2 C H 2 NHC OC H 3 C H 3O C H 2 C H 2 NHC OC H 3 O
L A C TOS E
A UDP - T DP -R hamnos e
OH OH
C H 2OH
C H 2 C HO
NH NH NH M
C Iduronate C H3
2.4.1.11 HO
O
3.2.1.23 Indole-
NH
Indole
NH
5-Hydroxy- 4.1.1.28
5-Hydroxytryptamine 2.3.1.5
N-A c etyl-s erotonin 2.1.1.4
N-A c etyl-5-O-methyl-s erotonin Quinolinate A
2.4.1.21 tryptophan (S E R OTONIN) (ME L A TONIN)
C C MP -N-A c etyl G DP -F uc os e O
OH OH 2.7.1.38 ac etaldehyde 1.14.16.4 T
H neuraminate C H 2 OH
O
5.1.3.13 O
OH OP P T OH 4.1.1.43 + C OO
I
C OO
A 4.2.1.47
OH A DP - C H 2OH G A L A C TOS E C O C H 2 C H(NH 3 )C OO
NH 2 OC H
C
NH 2
R HO OH HO OP P G T DP -4-Oxo- G luc os e
O
4.1.99.1 3.5.1.9
OH C OO
K ynurenine 1.14.13.9 3-Hydroxy
OH
6-deoxygluc os e F ormylkynurenine 3.7.1.3
3-Hydroxy 1.13.11.6 2-A mino-3-c arboxy 4.1.1.45
2-A minomuc onate-
I 2.7.7.43
3.1.3.29
1.1.1.158 G DP -Mannos e HO OH OP P U Indolepyruvate kynurenine anthranilate muc onate s emialdehyde 6-s emialdehyde A
D UDP -N-A c - G DP -G luc os e HO 1.13.11.11 C OO H H C atec hol M
N-A c -Neuraminate G alac tos amine UDP -G luc os e
E

1.
UDP - MA NNOS E C OO
I

4.
(S ialate) NH C C C H C H 2O P

1.
C -C H(OH)C H(OH)C H 2 O P
S 1. 1. 1. 22 G alac tos e-P C H 2 C H 2 NH 2 HOC -C H(OH)C H(OH)C H 2 OP C OO

19
G alac turonate N
CH CH OH OH NH 2 N
NH 4.2.1.20 N O
H H NH 2
UDP -N-A c -
3.1.3.29 5.1.3.7 Mannos e-1-P
T DP -G luc os e
2.7.7.34 T ryptamine Indole-3-glyc erol-P 1-(o-C arboxy phenylamino)
4.1.1.48
N-(5-P -R ibos yl)
2.4.2.18
A nthranilate
OOC
OOC O
G luc os amine
4.1.3.20 1-deoxyribulos e-5-P anthranilate 2-A mino
pyruvate muc onate
N-A c -Mannos amine-6-P UDP -G luc uronate C OO C OO
C OO C OO OOC C H 2 C OC OO
A
O O OH HO OH
C H2
C
OH O-C -C OO
H 2.7.1.60 P UDP -G alac tos e 4.6.1.3 4.2.1.10
O
OH
1.1.1.25
OH
2.7.1.71
P O
OH
2.5.1.19
P O
OH
5.4.99.5
OH I
S hikimate-5 4.6.1.4
AC NH
HO OH OH HO OH OP P U 3-Deoxy-D-arabino- Dehydro- S hikimate-3-P C horis mate P rephenate D
E 2.4.1.9
heptulos onate-7-P quinate PEP
enolpyruvate 3-P
X
NHAC 5.4.2.3 NHC OC H
N-A c -G luc os amine-6-P
G luc os e-1-P OH C H 2 C OC OO S
N-A c -Mannos amine UDP -N-A c -G luc os amine N-A c -G luc os amine-1-P C H 2 C OO
2. 3. 1.
O 5.1.3.14 2.7.7.23
OH OH OH
4
1.3.1.13
S OH
G luc os amine-6-P OH OH
OH F umaryl 5.2.1.2 Maleyl 1.13.11.5 Homogentis ate 1.13.11.27
Hydroxyphenyl 2.6.1.5 1.14.16.1 2.6.1.5
P henylpyruvate
E OP
ac etoac etate ac etoac etate 1.3.1.13 pyruvate 4. 3. 1.
5
S HO OH HO OH
OH
F ruc tos e
3.2.1.26 3.2.1.48
C HOHC H 2 NHC H 3 C HOHC H 2 NH 2 C H 2 C H 2 NH 2
OH 4 .1
G ulonate
1.1.1.19
G luc uronate
1.13.99.1
Inos itol
3.1.3.25
Inos itol-P 5.5.1.4
.1 .2
5
C H 2 C H 2 NH 2
C
OH H OH OH OH H OH 21
OH OH OH
1.14.16.2 C innamate A
OH H OH OH 1. 1. 1. OH OH OH
HOC H 2 C
H
C C
H
C
H
CO HOC H 2 C
H
C C
H
CO CO
HOC H 2 C C C C CO 1.1.1.14 2.1.1.28
Dopamine 4.1.1.28
Dopa
OH
T yramine
T
O O H O 2.6.1.16 C HOHC H 2 NH 2 HN O E
G ulonolac tone 1.1.3.8 2-Oxogulonolac tone A S C OR B A T E .1 .6
1.10.2.1
S orbitol
2. 7
2 .1
H2
C oumarate
C
1.1.1.45
OH H
1.10.3.3 . 1. 1.1.1.49 α-T oc opherol O C
4
C H(OH)C OO OH
OC H 3
C HOHC H 2 OH C H-C OO O
H
HOC H 2 C
H
C CO
O
CO CO
2.7.1.3 G luc os e-6-P (V itamin E )
O
+
NH 3 O
O
1.1.1.130 .1 7
P 3-Dehydrogulonate 2, 3-Dioxogulonate Dehydroas c orbate .1 OC H 3 OC H 3 Dopaquinone
E
3 .1
NADP +
OH
1 .4
.3 .4 OH O NH L
1.14.18.1
N 5.3.1.8
4-OH-3-Methoxy- 4-OH-3-Methoxy- ME L A NIN T HY R OXINE L IG NIN T annins P lant P igments A
6-P -G luc onate NA DP H
D-mandelate phenylglyc ol M
T
O L -Xylos e D-A rabinos e 5.3.1.3
D-R ibulos e 2.7.1.47
C H 2O P
O NHC OC H 2 NH 2 NH
I
NH

S F ruc tos e-1-P 2.2.1.1 H 2C C HO H 2C C HO


N
E NA DP H OH OH
OC
NH
RP
HN C
NH
RP
E
2.7.1.53
5.1.3.1 F ruc tos e-6-P 2.1.2.2 F ormyl 6.3.5.3 F ormyl 6.3.3.1 5-A mino 4.1.1.21 5-A mino-4-imidazole 6.3.2.6 5-A mino-4-imidazole 4.3.2.2 5-A minoimidazole S
S L -A rabitol L -Xylulos e L -Xylulos e-5-P glyc inamide-R P glyc inamidine-R P imidazole-R P c arboxylate-R P (N-s uc c inylc arboxamide)-R P c arboxamide-R P
R ibitol
ATP
2.7.1.11
O
NH O
2.1.2.3
H 2 NC ONH 2 C N O N
1.1.1.10 D-R ibulos e-5-P HN C CO HN
C
C
C
Inos ine F ormylamido-
Urea OC C CH HN C CH 3. 2. 2.
2 3. 1. 3.
5 imidazole-
L -A rabinos e Xylitol D-Xylos e N NH OC C HC C
5.1.3.1
E rythros e-4-P 3.5.3.4 3.5.2.5 1.7.3.3
H
1.1.1.204
NH
1.1.3.22
NH N NH
2.4.2.1 c arboxamide-R P
+ A llantoate A llantoin UR A T E 1.1.3.22 Xanthine Hypoxanthine
C H 2 (NH 3 )C OOH
D-R ibos e .1 .4
L -R ibulos e L -R ibulos e-5-P 5.1 .3. 4
H OH
2 .6 .1 0 G LY C INE OOC -C H-C H 2 C OO P
L -L yxos e C C CO .1 20
2 .7 2.2.1.2 F ruc tos e- 1 .4
1.
1.
NH
C N U
1 .1 .1 OH H
2. F umarate A s partate
.9 .1 .1
5 D-Xylulos e-5-P 1: 6-bis -P OOC C H 2 NHC H 3
N
HC
C
C
CH
R
S arc os ine 2.7.4.3
D-Xylulos e
2.7.1 .17
G lyoxylate 4.6 .1. 1 ATP 2.7.4.6
A DP
2.7.4.4 4.3.2.2
N
A denylo-
NH R P
6.3.4.4 I
P -R ibos yl 1.5.99.2 C yc lic A MP s uc c inate 3.1.4.6 N
H+ amine 1.17.4.1 1.1.1.205
E
H+ PHOTO- H+ d-A DP A denine 2.4.2.1
H+
2H+ yclic Ph
otophosphoryla SYSTEM
tion l
c
n-cycli electr 4.1.2.13 2.7.4.6 3. 5. 4.
XA NT HOS INE -P S
PHOTO-
C No (electric curre on fl .7 DNA 2.7.7.7
d-G T P 2.4.2.15 3 (XMP )
o 2.1.1.5 2 .7 .7
SYSTEM
2H+ H+ nt)
2. 7. 7. 7
II
Ferredoxin 1 .1 G uanine 6.3.4.1
w

H+ 7 .4 2. 4. 2.
P *- d-A T P 2 .7
.7 .7
.1 1 6.3.5.2
H 2e- PQ 2e-
2e H+
PQ
_
. F OL IC ATP 2.7.7.6 2.7.7.6
GTP 2.7.4.6
G DP 2.7.4.8
O QB
PQH2 1e- 1e-
PQ
H+ 3-P -G lyc eraldehyde 2.1.2.1 A C ID 2 .7
T T P 2.7.4 1. 17 .4
Fe-S NADP+ .7 .6
T PQH2 Cyt bf
Dihydroxy-
2.2.1.1
C1 .6
.1
QA
O 2e- A1
H+
H+
ac etone-P Pi P OOL
20 O P
2 .7 T DP O
S Pheophytin Cyt bc Chl.A0 (G lyc erone-P ) 5 .3 .1
.1 4.1.2.5 4. 2. 1. C O
.7 .6 C
Y
Y 2PQ ._ 2e-
2PQ NADPH+H+ NA D+ HN C H-C H 3
HN
C
C C H3
2 .7
.4 .9
2.1.1.45
HN CH
P680
Chl.a 2PQH2 P700 Pi ADP
OC CH2
OC CH OC CH
N DP R
N 2e-
2e-
Fe-S 2e- Cyt.f
PC
H+
H+
Glyceraldehyde 3-A mino- ß-Ureido
NH
Dihydro
NH
T hymine
2.4.2.4
d-UMP
3.5.4.12
d-C MP
2.7.4.14
d-C DP I
1.2.1.12
T Mn H+ C HOL INE
is obutyrate
3.5.1.6
is obutyrate
3.5.2.2
thymine
1.3.1.2
O
M
PC PC
Ribulose-1,5-bis-P
α
α α

+ O 2 .4 .2 NH 2
Pi
1

H 4H + HOC H 2 C H(NH 3 )C OO 2. 1 C C C
a

8
. 1. HN C H2 HN CH .4
I
β

H+ H+ H+ A DP N CH
S E R INE
8

H 2O Translocated protons
2

13
E
β

H+ C H2
CO2 OC OC CH CH
1

2.6.1.51 H 2 NC ONHC H 2 C H 2 C OO OC
H+ H+ 4.1.1.11
S H+
H+ H+ H+ H+ H+ H+ NH N H NH D
3
3

H+ γ 1.4.1.7 3.5.1.6 C arbamoyl 3.5.2.2 Dihydro- 1.3.1.2 3.5.4.1 C DP


ATP Fixation Urac il C ytos ine
I O2 Protons from Water H+ H+ H+
1: 3-bis -P -G lyc erate ß-alanine urac il I
H+

εε
2

H+
c

H+ H+ H+ β2 HOC H 2 C OC OO O
H+ O
α

H+ H+ H+ H+ H+ O
α

3.1.3.3 O C
S H+ H+
Hydroxy- C C C HN CH N
3

THYLAKOID LUMEN C H2 CH HN CH
α

HN
ATP ATP HN 2.4.2.9
H+

THYLAKOID MEMBRANE P -R ibos yl-P P pyruvate OC C H-C OO OC C -C OO OC N C H


OC
N
CH
E
β

+ R PPP
ATP synthase A DP P OC H 2 C H(NH 3 )C OO NH NH RP 6.3.4.2
A DP C arbamoyl Dihydro Orotate Orotidine-P Uridine-P UDP C Y T IDINE - S
STROMA 3.6.1.34 P hos pho- 3.5.2.3 4.1.1.23 (UMP ) 2.7.4.4
CHLOROPLAST OUTER MEMBRANE s erine as partate orotate 1.3.1.14 2.4.2.10 triphos phate
1.1.1.29 (C T P )
ATP 2.6.1.52
2.6.1.22
NH 2 NH 2
H H H H H H H H H H C ONH 2
+ C N OC N N H H
γ-L inolenate
1.14.99.25 1.13.11.34 P OC H 2 C C C C N C CH P OC H 2 C C C C NH C CH P OC H 2 C C CO C H2 NH C CH
L inoleate A rac hidonate L eukotriene B 4 1.1.1.95
P OC H 2 C OC OO
HC C HC C HC C P OC H 2 C C C CH
5. 3-P -G lyc erate P -Hydroxy- OH OH
N N OH OH
N N OH OH
N N
1 .1 3 . 9 9 O R P (P P ) O RP RP OH OH HN N
1.3.1.35 4 .9 . 3 pyruvate 3.6.1.31 C
C OS C oA 9 .1 2.4.2.17
P -R ibos yl-A T P P -R ibos ylformimino Imidazole H
L C O-S -AC P
5.3.99.5
5-aminoimidazole- 5.3.1.16 glyc erol-P
I Oleoyl-C oA P almitoleoyl-A C P T hromboxane B 2 c arboxamide-R P
1.14.99.5 2, 3-Diphos pho-
P C OS C oA glyc erate G lyc erate
I S tearoyl-C oA Dehydros tearoyl-C oA OH-S tearoyl-C oA Oxos tearoyl-C oA
His tidinal His tidinol His tidinol-P
D ACE TATE 1.1.1.23 3.1.3.15 2.6.1.9
C H 3 (C H 2 ) 14 C OS -AC P C H 3 (C H 2 ) 14 C OS C oA 4.3.1.3
C hain elongation Mitoc hondrial
P almitoyl-A C P P almitoyl-C oA 2-P -G lyc erate OOC C HC H 2 C H 2 C OO
B 1.2.1.4 HN NH
I 1.3.1.9 4.2.1.60 1.1.1.100 HIS T A MINE CH
3.5.2.7 4.2.1.49
A C Y L -A C P 2, 3-E noyl-A C P 4.2.1.61
3-OH-A c yl-A C P 3-Oxoac yl-A C P C H 3 C H 2 OH
F ormimino Imidazolone Uroc anate
O 1.3.1.10 2.3.1.41
E T HA NOL 2 .3
glutamate propionate
2.1.3.2
S 4. 2. 1.
.1 .3
0
3, 4-Dec enoyl-A C P 60 +
Y Dec anoyl-A C P 1. 3. 1. 3-OH-Dec anoyl-A C P
1.1.1.100
3-Oxo-Dec anoyl-A C P 1.1.1.1
C H 2 C O-OC H 2 C H(NH 3 )C OO
P hos phoadenylyl- A denylyls ulphate 2-
SO 4
9 A c etyls erine
N 2, 3-Dec enoyl-A C P 4 .2 .1
.6 0 2.3.1.41
1.8.99.1 1.8.99.2
s ulphate 2.7.1.25 (A P S ) 2.7.7.4
(P A P S )
T C H 3 (C H 2 ) 2 C H=C HC O-S -AC P P -enolpyruvate A c etaldehyde
4 .2
.9 9
.8
H Hexanoyl-A C P
1.3.1.9
2, 3-Hexenoyl-A C P
4.2.1.59
3-OH-Hexanoyl-A C P 3-Oxo-Hexanoyl-A C P 4.4.1.1 4.2.1.22
2.1.1.13 1.2.1.32
2.3.1.41
E 1.6.4.1
4.2.99.9
C ys tathionine 4.4.1.8
Homoc ys teine 2.1.1.14
S 1.3.1.9
C H 3 C H=C HC O-S -AC P
4.2.1.58
C H 3 C H(OH)C H 2 C OS -AC P
1.1.1.100 .1 .1
.1
1.13.11.20
4 4.4 .1.1 5 2.5.1.6
I B utanoyl-A C P C rotonoyl-A C P 3-OH-B utanoyl-A C P
C H 2 OH C H 2 OH
A c etoac etyl-A C P HOOC C H 2 C O-S -AC P
Malonyl-A C P 2.7.1.40 G lutamate
+
S HOC H HOC H
1.1.1.8 2.3.1.41
HO 2 S C H 2 C H(NH 3 )C OO
S -A denos yl S -A denos yl
4.4 .1. 15 HS O 3- C ys teine C ys teate 2.1.1.10
6.2.1.3 3.1.2.20 F A T T Y A C ID C H 2 OH C H 2O P
.1 .2 s ulphinate 4 .1 6 .3 .2 homoc ys teine 2.1.1.20 methionine
A C Y L -C oA G lyc erol
2.7.1.30
3-P -G lyc erol K E TONE B ODIE S
3 .7 HO 2 S C H 2 C OC OO .1 .2
9
.2 (S A M)
(C ytos ol) 2.3 .1.1 5 3-S ulphinyl
2.3. 1.51 C H 3 C OC H 3 C H 3 C H(OH)C H 2 C OO
HOOC C H 2 C O-S C oA P Y R UV A T E 1.4.1 .1 + pyruvate HO 2 S C H 2 C H 2 NH 2
1.8.1.3
HO 3 S C H 2 C H 2 NH 2 γ-G lutamylc ys teine
2.3.1.7 A c etone 3-OH-B utyrate Malonyl-C o-A 1.2.4.1
2.6.1.2 C H 3 C H(NH 3 )C OO Hypotaurine T aurine G lyc ine
C H 2 O-C O-R C H 2 O-C O-R 2.3.1.12 A L A NINE 4.1.1.29
2.7.8.5 6 .3 .2
.3
L R ’-C O-OC H R ’-C O-OC H 4.1.1.4 1.1.1.30
C H 3 C O-S -AC P
1.8.1.4 4. 1. 3.
18 S uc c inylhomos erine G lutathione
C H 2 OH
I C H 2O P C H 3 C OC H 2 C OO
A c etoac etate
A c etyl-A C P 1 .1 B ile A c ids
.1 .2
P 7
2.6.1.18
O-P hos pho- Homos erine
I CH3COCOO- C H 3 C H(OH)C OO
4.2.99.2
homos erine
2.7.1.39 2.3.1.46 HC HO
4.1.2.12
Oxopantoate
D P Y R UV A T E LACTATE 4. 1. 3.
18 C H3
1.1.1.3 1.1.1.169
4. C (OH)C H(OH)C OO
1.3.99.3 1.1.1.35 NA D HOH 2.
D 2, 3-E noyl-C oA 3-OH-A c yl-C oA 3-Oxoac yl-C oA 1.
52
C H3 2.6.1.32
1.1.1.86 4.2.1.9
ATP 1.2.4.1
GDP 2-A c etolac tate 2-3-Dihydroxy 2-Oxo- 1.4.1.8 V A L INE
E Hexanoyl-C oA 1.3.99.3
2, 3-Hexenoyl-C oA 3-OH-Hexanoyl-C oA
1.1.1.35
C O2
2.3.1.12
3.1.3.43 1.2.1.18 C H 3 C H 2 C OC OO is ovalerate is ovalerate
P antoate
C O2 Oxobutyrate ß-A lanine
G 6.4.1.1 4.1.1.32
C H3 C H3 C H3
3.5.1.22
6.3.2.1
R B utanoyl-C oA
1.3.99.2
C rotonoyl-C oA 3-OH-B utanoyl-C oA
1.1.1.157
A c etoac etyl-C oA NADH+H+ HOC H 2 C HC OS -C oA- C H 2 = C C OS C oA C H 3 C HC O-S C oA
3.1.2.4
A Odd C F atty ac ids CH3COSCoA
GTP
C H3
4 .1
.3 .1
8
3-Hydroxy- 3-Hydroxy- 4.2.1.17 Methyl 1.3.99.3 Is obutyryl-C oA
D 4.1.3.5 A C E T Y L -C oA 31 is obutyrate Is obutyryl-C oA ac rylyl-C oA
P entanoyl-C oA 3-OH-P entanoyl-C oA
1.1.1.35
3-Oxopentanoyl-C oA NAD+ OHC C HC OO 1. 1. 1. 2.7.1.33
A Methylmalonyl
C H3
T s emialdehyde
C (OH)C H(OH)C OO 4-P -P antothenate
I 1.1.1.39
4.2.1.9
C H 3C H 2 2.6.1.32 C ys teine
2.7.7.41 G lyoxylate 2-A c eto-2- 2: 3-Di-OH- 2-Oxo-3-methyl 6.3.2.5
O -OOCCOCH COO-
2 2. 3. 1.
16
hydroxy- 1.1.1.86 3-methylvalerate valerate
NA DH+H + OX A L OA C E T A T E 2.6.1.1
N S erine 4.1.3.7 butyrate 4-P -P antothenylc ys teine
2.7.8.8 4. 2. 1. CH2COO- C H3 CH3 CH3
C DP -diac yl 18 NAD+ 4.1.3.8 C(OH)COO-
C H3
Inos itol glyc erol G lyc olate CH2COO-
C H 3 C OC HC OS C oA C H 3 C H(OH)C HC OS C oA C H 3 C H=C HC OS C oA C H 3 C H 2 C HC OS C oA 4.1.1.36
2-Methylac eto-1.1.1.35 2-Methyl-3-4.2.1.17T iglyl-C oA 2 Methylbutyryl-
HOOC -C OOH C IT R A T E ac etyl-C oA hydroxy- 1.3.99.3
C oA P OC H 2 C (C H 3 ) 2 C H(OH)C O NHC H 2 C H 2 C O NHC H 2 C H 2 S H
Oxalate F MN I 4.1.3.2
HOC H 2 C HO
I -OOCCHO 4.2.1.3
C H 3 C H 2 C OS C oA
butyryl-C oA 4-P -P antetheine
P G lyc ol
C H 2 C OO
Glyoxylate
Cycle
CH(OH)COO
CHCOO-
-
P ropanoyl-C oA 2.7.7.3
aldehyde
1.6.5.3

H C ardiolipin P hos phatidylglyc erol C H 3 C (OH)C H 2 C HO


1.1.1.37
CH2COO- 2.1.3.1 6.4.1.3 C OOH
F MNH 2 4.1.1.41
O Mevaldate IS OC IT R A T E 5.1.99.1
(C H 3 ) 2 C HC HC H(OH)C OO 2.6.1.6 ADP - OC H 2 C (C H 3 ) 2 C H(OH)C O NHC H 2 C H 2 C O NHC H 2 C H 2 S H
Dephos pho-C oenzyme A
+ 2-Is opropyl- Oxoleuc ine
S C DP -E thanolamine E thanolamine-P 2.7 .1. 82 2H 4.1.3.1 1.1.1.41 malate 4.2.1.33 1.1.1.85 1.4.1.9
P hos phatidyl E thanolamine 2F e -S 2.7.1.24
P ethanolamine
CH3CH(OH)CH2CO.SCoA
C H3
(5 C lusters) MA L A T E 4.2 .1. 18 C H3
H C E P HA L IN -OOCCOCH CH COO-
4.1.1.71
Methylmalonyl-C oA OOC C H 2 C = C HC OS C oA C H 3 C = C HC OS C oA (C H 3 ) 2 C HC H 2 C OS C oA P -ADP - OC H 2 C (C H 3 ) 2 C H(OH)C O NHC H 2 C H 2 C O NHC H 2 C H 2 S H
A
C H 2 C OO
4H+
2 2 6.4.1.4 1.3.99.10
O A c etylc holine 4H+ 2-OXO - 3-Methyl- 3-Methyl- Is ovaleryl-C oA C oenzyme A
2.1.1.17 3.1. 1.5 G lyc erophos phoc holine 3 .1
C H 3 C (OH)C H 2 C H 2 OH 1.6. 5.3 AS PAR TATE 4.2.1.18
glutac onyl-C oA c rotonyl-C oA M
L 2.1.1.71 L ys olec ithin
.4 .2 Mevalonate 2H+ 4.2.1.2 G L UT A R A T E 1.1.1.3
3.1.4.4 or 1.2.4.2 I
I 3.1.4.3 2H+ -
2.3.1.61
N
OOCCH=CHCOO-
P F UMA R A T E
4.3.1.1
A s partyl-P 1 .2 O
I C holine
1.3.1.35 2.7.8.2
C DP -c holine 2.7.7.15
C holine-P 2.7.1.32
C HOL INE UQH 2 6.3.5.4 .1 .1
1
D plas malogen 2 .7 .8
.3
3.1 .4. 12 F ADH 2 +
-OOCCH2CH2CO.SCoA 5.1.99.1
S erine Diphos pho- S UC C INY L -C oA 5.4.99.2 A s partyl 4.2.1.52 2, 3-Dihydro-1.3.1.26 P iperideine- N-S uc c inyl- 2.6.1.17N-S uc c inyl-2, 63.5.1.18 Diamino- A
S 2.3.1.50
mevalonate
F e-S 1.3.5.1
6.2.1.4 S emialdehyde dipic olinate 2, 6-dic arboxylate 2-amino-6-oxo- diaminopimelate pimelate C
1.2.1.16
pimelate
Dehydros phinganin
1.1.1.102
S phinganin 4-S phingenin P s yc hos ine C yt.b F AD
-OOCCH2CH2COO-
S UC C INA T E 5 .1 .1
.7 I
G anglios ides UDP -S ugars A c yl-C oA
UQ II Glycine 4. 1. 1.
20
D
2.4 .1. 62 A c yl-C oA 2.3.1.37 C arnitine N 6 -T rimethyl- N 6 -T rimethyllys ine
UDP -G alac tos e UQH 2 2H+
1.14.11.1
3-OH-lys ine
1.14.11.8 S
NHC OR
NHC OR A s paragine
C H 3 (C H 2 ) 12 C H=C HC H(OH)C HC H 2 OH C H 3 (C H 2 ) 12 C H=C HC H(OH)C HC H 2 O- G alac tos e C H2 5-A mino-
2.7.8.3
C eramide C erebros ide C H 3 C -C H 2 C H 2 O P P levulinate 1.3.99.7
3.1.4.12 3.2.1.46 2.4.1.47 2UQH 2 UQH 2
1.3.99.7 Is opentenyl-P P 1.10.2.2 G lutaryl-C oA 2-Oxoadipate 2.6.1.39
2-A minoadipate 1.2.1.31 2-A minoadipate 1.5.1.9
S ac c haropine
C H3
(C 5) 4H+ s emialdehyde
I C H 3 C = C HC H 2 O P P _ 2H+ 2-A MINO A C ID 4-A minobutyrate
L yc opene P hytoene 2e- 2UQ .
S (C 40) Dimethylallyl-P P III 1e- _ (G A B A )
(C 40) (C 5) 2-OXO A C ID S permine S -A denos ylmethyl
UQ.
TR A

T o B rain -V IS ION 2e-


O hv CH3 C H3 F e-S thiopropylamine
NS

P ß-C A R OT E NE (C 40) 2.5.1.29 C H 3 C = C HC H 2 C H 2 C = C HC H 2 O P P C yt.bL C yt.bH


1e-
MI
(Dec arboxylated S A M)
A

R Metarhodops in R hodops in C H 2O P P G eranyl-P P NA 2. 7. 2.


2.5.1.22
O T IO N 11
E C H 3O C H3
G eranyl-geranyl-P P (C 10) C yt.c 1
Ops in C H 3O (C 20) G lutamyl-P S permidine
N n
2UQ UQ
R etinoate
O Ubiquinone 1.10.2.2
O 1.2.1.36
C HO (C oenzyme Q) OPP C yt.c 1.4.1.2 1.4.1.14
C H2 2.5.1.16
I trans -R etinal 5.2.1.3 C HO Menaquinone C H 2 OH

D
L ight P hytol (C 20) ting A
s por . 6 . 1 . 3 T P s y NO 3 - NH 4+ H 2 NC H 2 C H 2 C H 2 C H 2 NH 2
1.1.1.105 n
R etinol es ters P las toquinone C uA C uA +-
tra 3 4 nth 1.6.6.1 G lutamine P utres c ine
S C H3
F arnes yl-P P os cp 1.7.99.4 .7.1
1.7 .6.4 ATP G lutamic
as

O
H

HO CH3
e

1.6 .1 s emialdehyde
NO 2 -
2.3.1.76 (C 15) C O2
3.1.1.21
C H 2 OH
C H 2 OH
CH3 O
C H3 Heme a 2H+ 1.
18
.6
6.3.4.16
S trans -R etinol
5.2.1.7
11-c is -R etinol O
P hylloquinone α-T oc opherol δ F1
6.3.5.5
P yruvate G lyoxylate
T (V itamin A ) Dark (V itamin K ) (V itamin E ) F6 N2
E 2H+ C uB Heme a 3 P yrroline-5-
2H + AT P
R 2
β ATP C IT R UL L INE c arboxylate
4.1.3.16
2e- γ
O P roges terone
3
β
AD

β 2.1.3.3 4.1.1.17
4-Hydroxy-
P

AαT 1.5.99.8
1.9.3.1
I Pi
P +1 P i α 1.5.1.2 2-oxoglutarate
D C HOL E S T E R OL Des mos terol Zymos terol L anos terol 5.4.99.7
S qualene
1/ O IV AD P + H+
1.14.99.7
2 2 H+
S (C 30) H+
H+
β
F1 2.6.1.23
γ P R OL INE
H+
H2O 1.14.11.2
ε
P COO-
CH2
δ F0
UR E A 4-Hydroxy-
O CH2 H+
H+
G lyc ine
glutamate
R H2NCH2C=O
a
H+ H+
H+ 3.5.3.1 3.5.3.6 A rginino-
5-A mino- α ts NO s uc c inate 1.5.1.12
ni
P levulinate 1 0 c -s ucb- u 1.14.13.39
H H+ H+
3-Hydroxy-
Y H+ H+ pyrroline-
4.3.2.1 5-c arboxylate
R A DP Pi
I X Y 1.5.1.2
N G uanidoac etate C reatine 2.7.3.2 P -C reatine
1.3.3.4 1.3.3.3 4.1.1.37 4.3.1.8 C reatinine
S HE ME P rotoporphyrinogen C oproporphyrinogen Uroporphyrinogen P orphobilinogen
E ND
E R G O N IC R E A C T IO N
4.99.1.1 4.2.1.75