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# Roll No……………………

## JAYPEE UNIVERSITY OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, WAKNAGHAT

FINAL CONDENSED SEM EXAMINATION- JAN 2019
B-Tech 8th Semester
COURSE CODE: 11M1WCE133 MAX. MARKS: 60
COURSE NAME: Bridge Engineering
COURSE CREDITS: 3 MAX. TIME: 3 Hrs
Note: Attempt any FOUR questions of eight questions, Each question carries 15 marks. Use of
Piguard's curves is allowed. Assume missing data suitably, if any.
Q.1. A T-beam bridge (section given in Figure-1) has to be provided across a channel with the
following data.
 Flood discharge: 30 m3/s  Road: National highway (2-lane)
 Bed width: 12 m  Footpath: 1 m wide on either side
 Side slope: 1:1  Loading: IRC Class A
 Bed level: 50 m  Materials: M40 concrete Fe415
 HFL: 51.25 m steel
 Maximum allowable afflux: 1.5 cm  No. of longitudinal girders: 3

Figure-1
(a) Design the linear waterway and (b) for the cantilever slab portion of the bridge given in
Figure-2, calculate the design moment and design shear only.

Q.2. For the longitudinal girder of T-beam Bridge in Figure-1, calculate the design moment for
IRC Class A loading.

Q.3. Obtain the values of short-span and long-span bending moments in case of an interior
panel of a T-beam road bridge (given in Figure-3) with the following details.
 Dimensions of the panel: 3 m × 3.5 m
 Loading: IRC Class A
 Loading pattern: One wheel (57 kN) at the centre of the panel.
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Figure- 2 Figure-3

Q.4. (a) Describe the steps involved in investigation for bridges used to carry out preliminary
data collection. What are the factors which affect the choice of bridge type? [8]

## (b) Derive an expression for the economical span of a bridge. [4]

(c) Discuss the important features of raft foundation for a bridge. [3]

Q.5. (a) Discuss in detail different types of loads for which bridge piers in a river stream are
designed. [8]

(b) Differentiate between the seating type and monolithic abutments in respect of their
merits and demerits. How is abutment type selected? [7]

Q.6. (a) Discuss how the construction methods affect the analysis and design of a bridge. [7]

(b) What are the special features of segmental cantilever system of construction? Highlight
the advantages of the system. [8]

Q.7. (a) What are the functions of main components in a cable-stayed bridge? Show these
components in a simple sketch. [5]

(b) Compare the methods of analysis of a cable-stayed bridge. Write the assumptions made
in the stiffness method of the analysis of cable stayed bridge. [10]

## (c) Describe the advantages and limitations of suspension bridges.

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Q.8. Verify the adequacy of the dimensions of the pier shown in Figure-4. The following details
are available. [15]

##  Top width of the pier: 1.6 m  Superstructure: Consists of three

 Height of the pier upto the springing longitudinal girders of 1.4 m depth with a
level: 10 m deck slab 200 mm depth
 C/C of bearings on either side: 1 m  Rib width of girders: 300 mm
 Side batter: 1 in 12  Material of pier: M15 concrete
 High flood level: 1 m below the bearing  Maximum mean velocity of water
level current: 3 m/s
 Span of the bridge: 16 m  Pier length: 9.5 m
 Loading on span: IRC Class AA  Dead load from superstructure: 1480 kN
 Road: Two-lane road with 1 m wide  Unit weight of concrete in pier: 24
footpath on either side kN/m3.

Figure-4

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