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Clave
As claves servem para indicar ao músico como ler o pentagrama, isto é, a clave serve para dar nome, e altura a nota. Como a
notação musical é relativa, cada nota pode ocupar qualquer linha ou espaço na pauta. A clave indica qual a posição de uma das
notas e todas as demais são lidas em referência a essa nota. Cada tipo de clave define uma nota diferente de referência. Dessa
maneira, a "chave" usada para decifrar a pauta é a clave, pois é ela que vai dizer como as notas devem ser lidas. Daí vem o
termo "clave", derivado do latim "clavis", que significa "chave". A figura acima mostra as claves mais frequentes e as notas que
elas definem. A nota destacada ao final de cada pauta é a nota de referência.
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