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SYLLOGISM

Direction: (1-5)In each group of questions, below are four 6. Statements: Some pencils are erasers
statements followed by two conclusion numbered I and II. All pencils are sharpeners
You have to take the four given statements to be true even if All erasers are not sharpeners
they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and Conclusion: I. All erasers can be pencils
then decided which of the given conclusion logically follows II. Some sharpeners are erasers.
from the four statements disregarding commonly known 7. Statements:All rings are necklaces
facts. Give answer All those necklaces which are not rings are earrings
(1) If only conclusion I follows. No earring is a bracelet.
(2) If only conclusion II follow. Conclusions:I. Some bracelets are necklaces
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. II. No ring is a bracelet.
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 8. Statements: All silver are gold
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow. All aluminumare gold. Some silver are aluminum.
1. Statements:All staplers are printers. Conclusion:I. Some gold is both silver and aluminum
Some printers are machines. All computers are machines II. All gold can be aluminum.
All machines are equipments Direction: (9-10)In each group of questions, below are four
Conclusions: I. Someequipments are staplers statements followed by three conclusion numbered I and II.
II. No machine is a stapler. You have to take the four given statements to be true even if
2. Statements:All staplers are printers they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and
Some printers are machines then decided which of the given conclusion logically follows
All computers are machines from the three statements disregarding commonly known
All machines are equipments facts.
Conclusions:I. Some staplers are machines Give answer (1) If only conclusion I follows.
II. All those printers which are machines are also equipments (2) If only conclusion II follow.
3. Statements:All staplers are printers (3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
Some printers are machines .All computers are machines (4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
All machines are equipments (5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.
Conclusions:I. All computers are equipments 9. Statements: Some stars are moons
II. No computer is a printer All moons are planets.No planet is universe
4. Statements: Some rivers are mountains. Conclusion:I. All moons being stars is a possibility
All mountains are plateaus.No plateau is a sea. II. No universe is star.
Some seas are rivers. 10. Statements: Some stars are moons
Conclusions: I. No mountains is a sea. All moons are planets.No planet is universe
II. Some seas are mountains. Conclusion: I. At least some planets are stars.
5. Statements: Some rivers are mountains. II. No moon is universe.
All mountains are plateaus.No plateau is a sea. Direction: (11-14)In each group of questions, below are
Some seas are rivers. two/three statements followed by three conclusion
Conclusions: I.Some rivers which are plateaus are not seas. numbered I and II. You have to take the four given
II. Some plateaus are not rivers. statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance
Direction (6-8)In each question below are two/three from commonly known facts and then decided which of the
statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. given conclusion logically follows from the given statements
You have to take the given statements to be true even if they disregarding commonly known facts.
seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then Give answer (1) If only conclusion I follows.
decide which of the given conclusion logically follow (s) from (2) If only conclusion II follow.
the statements disregarding commonly known facts. Give (3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
answer (4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
(1) If only conclusion I follows. (5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow.
(2) If only conclusion II follow. 11. Statement: All buildings are houses,
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. No house is an apartment All apartments are flats.
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. Conclusion:I. No flat is a house
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow. II. No building is an apartment
12. Statement: All buildings are houses, Conclusions I. Some apples are potatoes
No house is an apartment II.Some potatoes being fruits is a possibility
All apartments are flats. 1. Both Conclusion I and Conclusion II follow
Conclusion:I. All buildings being flats is a possibility. 2. Only Conclusion II follow
II. All apartments being buildings is a possibility. 3. Either Conclusion I or conclusion II follow
13. Statements Some oceans are seas 4. Only Conclusion I follow
All oceans are rivers. No river is a canal. 5. Both Conclusion I and Conclusion II notfollow
Conclusion:I. All rivers can never be oceans Direction (20-24)In each of the question below are given
II. All canals being oceans is a possibility. four statements followed by four conclusion numbered I, II,
14. Statements : Some oceans are seas III and IV. You have to assume everything in the statement to
All oceans are rivers. No river is a canal. be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly
Conclusions:I. No oceans is a canal. known facts and then decide which of the four given
II. Atleast some seas are rivers conclusion logically follows from the statements
Direction: (15-17)In each group of questions, below are disregarding commonly known facts. and select the
two/three statements followed by three conclusion appropriate answer.
numbered I and II. You have to take the two/three given 20. Statement:Some numbers are digits
statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance All digits are alphabets. No alphabet is a vowel
from commonly known facts and then decided which of the All consonants are vowels
given conclusion logically follows from the given statements Conclusion:I. No digit is a vowel
disregarding commonly known facts. II. No alphabet is a consonant
Give answer (1) If only conclusion I follows. III. No vowel is number
(2) If only conclusion II follow. IV. Some vowels are numbers
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 1. Only I and III follow 2. Only II and IV follow
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 3. Only I and II follow 4. Only I, II and III follow
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow. 5. Only I, II and either III or IV follow
15. Statements: All gliders are parachutes 21. Statement: All documents are files
No parachute is an airplane .All airplanes are helicopters Some files are papers. All papers are certificates
Conclusion:I. No helicopter is a glider No certificate is a manuscript.
II. All parachutes being helicopters is a possibility Conclusion: I. At least some documents are papers
16. Statements: All gliders are parachutes II. No manuscript is a document.
No parachute is an airplane III. At least some certificates are files
All airplanes are helicopters 1. only I, II and IV follow 2. Only II and III follow
Conclusion:I. No glider is an airplane 3. Only I and IV follow 4. Only III follows
II. All gliders being helicopters is a possibility 5. None of these
17. Statements: No bank is a school 22. Statement: No group is people
Some schools are colleges All people are animals. All animals are plants.
Conclusion: All plants are roots
I. Some colleges are definitely not schools Conclusion :I. All group is a plant
II. All banks being colleges is a possibility II. All people are plants
Direction: (18 -19): In each question /group of questions III. At least some groups are plants
below are two/three statements followed by two conclusion IV. All plants are groups
numbered I and II. You have to take the two/three given 1. Only II follow 2. Only I and IV follow
statements to be true even if they seen to be at variance from 3. Only II and III follow 4. Only III and IV follow
commonly known facts and then decide which of the given 5. None of these
conclusion logically follows from the given statements 23. Statements:Some jobs are vacancies
disregarding commonly known facts. All jobs are works. No work is a trade
18. Statements: All beans are pulses . All professions are trades
All pulses are crops No crop is seed Conclusions:I. At least some works are jobs
Conclusion I. All crops are pulses II. No vacancy is a trade
II. All beans are crops III. No profession is a work
1. Only Conclusion II follows IV. All profession are trades
2. Neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion II follows. 1. All I, II, III and IV follow2. only I, III and IV follow
3. Either Conclusion I or Conclusion II follow 3. Only I and IV follow 4. None follows
4. Only Conclusion I follow 5. Only I and III follow
5. Both Conclusion I and Conclusion II follow 24. Statements :All marks are grades
No grade s a score. All letters are scores
All scores are characters.
19. Statements:No fruit is vegetable Conclusion:I. At least some letters are grades
All potatoes are vegetables .Some fruits are apples II. At least some scores are grades
III. At least some characters are marks (4) If neither I nor II follows.
IV. Some characters are letters. (5) If both I and II follow.
1. Only II and IV follow 2. Only IV follows 32. Statements : Some squares are circles
3. Only I and III follow4. All I, II, III and IV known No circle is a triangle. No circle is a triangle
5. None follows No line is a square
Direction (25-27 ConclusionI.All squares can never be triangles.
25. Statements: All jungles are buses II. Some lines are circles
All books are buses. All fruits are books 33. Statements: Some squares are circles
Conclusion:I. Some fruits are jungles No circle is a triangle. No line is a square
II. Some buses are books. III. Some buses are jungles Conclusion:I. No triangle is a square
IV. All fruits are buses II. No line is a circle
1. All follow 2. Only II, III and IV follow 34. Statements:All songs are poems
3. Only I, II and III follow4. Only I, II and IV follow All poems are rhymes. No rhyme is paragraph
5. None of these Conclusion I. No song is a paragraph
26. Statements: Some pens are rooms. II. No poem is a paragraph
Some rooms are cats. Some cats re windows 35. Statements:All songs are poems
Conclusions:I. Some Windows are rooms All poems are rhymes. No rhyme is paragraph
II. Some cats are pens. III. Some pens are windows. ConclusionI.All rhymes are poems
IV. Some pens are cats II. All songs are rhymes
1. All follow 2. Only I follow Direction: (36-39)
3. Only III follow 4. Only II follow 36. Statements:Some leaves are flowers
5. None of these No flower is fruit .Some fruits are braches
27. Statements: Some books are pens Some braches are stems
All pens are chairs. Some chairs are tables ConclusionI.Some leaves are stems
Conclusion:I. Some books are chairs II. All leaves are either stems or fruits
II. Some chairs are booksIII. All tables are chairs III. All stems are either braches or fruits
IV. Some tables are Chairs 1. Only I follows 2. Only II and III follow
1. All follow 2. Only I, II and III follow 3. Only III follows 4. All follow
3. Only I, II and IV follow4. Only II, III and IV follow 5. None follows
5. None of these 37. Statements : Some fans are coolers
Direction: (28-31 Some coolers are machines
Give answer (1) If only conclusion I follows. Some machines are computers
(2) If only conclusion II follow. All computers are televisions
(3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. Conclusion: I. Some television are machines
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. II. Some machines are fans
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow. III. No machines are fans
1. None follows 2. Only I follows
28. Statements : Some gases are liquids 3. Only either II or III follows
All liquids are water 4. Only I and either II or III follows
Conclusion: I. All gases being water is a possibility 5. All follows.
II. All such gases which are not water can never be liquids 38. Statements:All flowers are buses
29. Statements : All minutes are seconds Some buses are cats .All cats are tigers
All seconds are hours. No seconds is a day Conclusion I. Some tigers are buses
Conclusion I. No day is an hour II. Some tigers are flowers
II. At least some hours are minutes III. Some cats re flowers
30. Statements : Some teachers are professors IV. Some buses are tigers
Some lecturers are teachers 1. None follows 2. Only I and II follow
Conclusions;I.All teachers as well as all professors being 3. Only III and IV follow 4. Only I and IV follow
lecturers is a possibility 5. Only II and III follow
II. All those teachers who are lecturers are also professors is 39. Statements:Sometablets are rains
a possibility All dogs are rains. All rains are chairs
31. Statements : Some teachers are professors Conclusion: I. Some chairs are tablets
Some lecturers are teachers II. All dogs are chairs
ConclusionsI.No professor is a lecturer III. Some tablets are dogs
II. All lecturers being professor is a possibility IV. Some tablets are chairs
Direction: (32-35) Give answer 1. All follow 2. Only I, II and III follow
(1) If only conclusion I follows. 3. Only II, III and IV follow4. Only III and IV follow
(2) If only conclusion II follow. 5. None of these
(3) If either I or II follows.
Direction: (40-44): In each group of questions, below are Some houses are offices.
two/three statements followed by two conclusions Some offices are schools.
numbered I and II. you have to take the two/three given Conclusions: I. Some schools are houses.
statements to be true even commonly known facts and then II. Some offices are houses. III. No house is school.
decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from IV. Some schools are offices.
the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. (1) Only II and III follow
Give answer (1) If only conclusion I follows. (2) Only I and IV follow
(2) If only conclusion II follow. (3) Only either III or IV and I follow
(3) If either conclusion II follows. (4) Only II and IV and either I or III follow
(4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. (5) None of these
(5) If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow. 48. Statements: Some newspapers are magazines.
40. Statements: No paper is book All magazines are books.
Some books are libraries. Conclusions: I. All books are magazines.
Conclusions: I. All libraries being books is a possibility. II. II. Some books are magazines.
No library is paper. III. Some books are newspapers.
41. Statement: All hills are mountains. IV. Some newspapers are books.
All mountains are rocks. (1) Only I, II and III follow
Conclusions: (2) Only II, III and IV follow
I. All those rocks which are mountains are also hills. (3) Only III and IV follow
II. All hills are rocks. (4) None follows
For (42-43): Statements: All classes are diamonds. (5) None of these
No diamond is store. Directions (49-50): In each of the following questions
All rooms are classes. below there are three statements followed by four
42. Conclusions: I. All rooms are diamonds. conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the
II. At least some diamonds are classes. given statements to be true even if they seem to be at
43. Conclusions: I. Some stores are classes. variance from commonly known facts. Read all the
II. No room is a store. conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions
44. Statements:Some prizes are winners. logically follows from the given statements. disregarding
All winners are students. commonly known facts.
Conclusions: I. At least some winners are prizes. 49. Statements: Some fruits are flowers.
II. At least some students are winners. No flower is a boat.
Directions (45-48): In each of the following questions two All boats are rivers.
statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III Conclusions: I. Some fruits are rivers.
and IV are given. You have to take the two given statements II. Some rivers are boats.
to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly III. Some rivers are fruits.
known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which IV. Some flowers are fruits.
of the given conclusions logically follows from the (1) All of the above
statements. (2) II and IV only
45. Statements: All aeroplanes are trains. (3) I and III only
Some trains are chairs. (4) II and III only
Conclusions: I. Some Aeroplanes are chairs. (5) None of these
II. Some chairs are Aeroplanes. 50. Statements: Some buses are horses.
III. Some chairs are trains. All horses are goats. All goats are dogs.
IV. Some trains are Aeroplanes. Conclusions:
(1) Only either I and II follows. (2) Only II and III follow I. Some dogs are buses.
(3) Only III and IV follows (4) None follows II. Some dogs are horses.
(5) None of these III. Some dogs are goats.
46. Statement: All branches are flowers. IV. Some buses are goats.
All flowers are leaves. (1) None of the above
Conclusions: I. All branches are leaves. (2) I and II only
II. All leaves are branches. (3) II and III only
III. All flowers are branches. (4) III and IV only
IV. Some leaves are branches. (5) All of the above
(1) Only II and III follow (2) Only I and IV follow
(3) All follow (4) None follows
(5) None of these
47. Statements:
QS ANS Qs ANS QS Ans QS Ans QS ANS

1 4 11 2 21 4 31 2 41 5

2 2 12 1 22 1 32 4 42 5

3 1 13 4 23 2 33 4 43 2

4 1 14 5 24 2 34 5 44 5

5 1 15 2 25 2 35 2 45 3

6 2 16 5 26 5 36 5 46 2

7 4 17 2 27 3 37 4 47 4

8 5 18 2 28 1 38 4 48 2

9 1 19 5 29 2 39 5 49 2

10 5 20 5 30 5 40 1 50 5