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Melaka-Manipal Medical College

Foundation in Science PHYFS01

BATCH 14

TUTORIAL 1

Part A

1. A student measuring the diameter of a wire obtains readings of 1.52 mm, 1.48 mm, 1.51
mm, 1.49 mm and 1.50 mm. Which of the following shows how the diameter should be
recorded in the student’s laboratory report?
A. between 1.48 mm and 1.52 mm
B. 1.498 mm
C. (1.498  0.012 ) mm
D. (1.50  0.01) mm

2. The viscous force F  6 r , where  is the coefficient of viscosity of the liquid,
r is the radius of the sphere, and v is its velocity. What are the SI unit of  ?
A. kgms-1
B. kgms-2
C. kg2m-1s-1
D. kgm-1s-1

3. Which of the following does not contain the unit of energy?


A. mass × (velocity)2
B. force × displacement
C. Impulse × time
D. acceleration × mass × displacement

4. Which of the following products of the quantities cannot be expressed in units of energy?
A. potential difference × current
B. force × distance moved
C. pressure × volume
D. mass × (velocity of light)2
Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

5. Which of the following pairs of physical quantities X and Y have the same SI unit?
X Y
energy
A. momentum × wavelength
frequency
momentum frequency
B.
wavelength energy
momentum
C. energy × frequency
wavelength
frequency
D. momentum × wavelength
energy

6. Which of the following is the unit for electric field strength?


A. NC-1
B. Vm-1
C. Nm-1
D. VC-1

7. What is the unit of k, if the acceleration a, of an object is related to power, P in an


equation a= kP.
A. kgm-1s
B. kg-1ms
C. kg-1m-1s
D. kgm-1s-1

maAT 2
8. What are the units of the physical quantity given by , with m, a, A, T and t
8 3t
representing mass, acceleration, area, period, and thickness respectively?
A. kgs2
B. kgm2
C. kgms2
D. kgms-2

9. What are the SI unit for Plank constant, h ?


A. kgm2s-2
B. kgm2s-1
C. kgms2
D. kgms-1
Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

10. Which of the following physical quantities has the same units as energy per unit volume?
A. Force
B. Acceleration
C. Velocity
D. Pressure

11. What are the units for power?


A. kgms-1
B. kgms-2
C. kgm2s-2
D. kgm2s-3

Part B

1. Write down the corresponding formula and units for each of the quantities in the table
below.

Quantity Formula Units


Velocity
Acceleration
Force
Momentum
Energy
Power
Pressure
Frequency

2. Determine if the given formulae below are consistent in terms of SI units.


a) Ft=mv – mu
where F is the force, t is the time, m is the mass, v is the final velocity, and u is the
initial velocity.
W
b)  mgh
t
where W is the work done, t is the time, m is the mass, g is the acceleration due to
gravity, and h is the vertical height.
Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

3. Solve the following problems. Write your answers in scientific notation.


a) 5 × 10-7 kg + 3 × 10–7 kg
b) (2 × 104 m) (4 ×108 m)
(3  10 4 kg)( 4  10 4 m)
c)
6  10 4 s
 
d) 2  103 ms 5  10 2 ns 
e) 20.2 cm ÷ 7.41 s

4. The resistive force F of a car moving in still air is given by


F = Dρv2 ,
where D is the resistive constant, ρ is the density of air, and v is the velocity of
the car.
a) Write down the SI unit for F, ρ, and v.
b) Determine the SI unit for D.

5. a) State the SI base units of force


b) Two wires each of length l are placed parallel to each other a distance x apart, as
shown in Fig. 1.1.

Each wire carries a current I. The currents give rise to a force F on each wire given by

where K is a constant. Determine the SI base units of K.


Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

6. a) State two SI base units other than the kilogram, metre and second.
b) A metal wire has original length l0. It is then suspended and hangs vertically as shown.

The weight of the wire causes it to stretch. The elastic


potential energy stored in the wire is E.
i. Show that the SI base units of E are kg m2 s–2.
ii. The elastic potential energy E is given by

Determine the SI base units of C.

7. a) State three SI base units other than the kilogram and second.
b) Show that the SІ units of energy per unit volume are kg m–1 s–2.
c) For a wire extended elastically, the elastic energy per unit volume X is
given by
X = Cε 2E
where C is a constant,
ε is the strain of the wire,
and E is the physical quantity of Pascal .

Show that C has no units.


Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

8. a) Determine the SI base units of power.


b) Fig. 1.1 shows a turbine that is used to generate electrical power from
the wind.

The power P available from the wind is given by


P = CL2ρv 3

where L is the length of each blade of the turbine,


ρ is the density of air,
v is the wind speed,
C is a constant.

i. Show that C has no units.


ii. The length L of each blade of the turbine is 25.0 m and the
density, ρ of air is 1.30 in SI units. The constant C is 0.931.
The efficiency of the turbine is 55% and the electric power
output P is 3.50 × 105 W.
Calculate the wind speed.

9. a) State the SI base units of volume.


b) Show that the SI base units of pressure are kg m–1 s–2.
c) The volume V of liquid that flows through a pipe in time t is given
by the equation

where P is the pressure difference between the ends of the pipe of


radius r and length l. The constant C depends on the frictional effects
of the liquid.

Determine the base units of C.


Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

10. a) A cylindrical disc is shown in Fig. 1.1.

The disc has diameter 28 mm and thickness 12 mm.


The material of the disc has density 6.8 × 103 kg m-3.
Calculate, to two significant figures, the weight of the disc.

b) The time T for a satellite to orbit the Earth is given by

where R is the distance of the satellite from the centre of the Earth,
M is the mass of the Earth,
and K is a constant.
Determine the SI base units of K.

11. Compute the

a) area of the banquet hall,


b) area of the meeting room,
c) total area required for these rooms,

taking into account significant figures.

Length (m) Width (m)


Banquet hall 14.71 7.46
Meeting room 4.822 5.1
Table 1: Dimensions of Rooms
Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Foundation in Science PHYFS01

12. During a class demonstration, a physics instructor placed a 1 kg mass on a horizontal


table that was nearly frictionless. The instructor then applied various horizontal forces to
the mass and measured the rate at which it gained speed (was accelerated) for each force
applied. The results of the experiment are shown in Table 2.

Table 2
a) Plot the values given in the table and draw the line that best fits the results.
b) Describe, in words, the relationship between force and acceleration according to the
graph.
c) Write the equation relating the force and the acceleration that result from the graph.
d) Find the units of the slope of the graph.

13. Solve the following addition problems.


a) 6.201 cm, 7.4 cm, 0.68 cm, and 12.0 cm
b) 1.6 km, 1.62 m, and 1200 cm

14. Solve the following subtraction problems.


a) 8.264 g from 10.8 g
b) 0.4168 m from 475 m

15. Solve the following multiplication problems.


a) 131 cm × 2.3 cm
b) 3.2145 km × 4.23 km

16. Solve the following division problems.


a) 20.2 cm ÷ 7.41 s
b) 13.78 g ÷ 11.3 mg

17. Convert:
(i) Speed of 36 kmh-1 into ms -1
(ii) Pressure of 20 N cm -2 into Pa
(iii)Density of 2.5 g dm -3 into kg m-3
(iv) Temperature of 36 ̊ C into K.

18. How many centimeters are there in 1.23 x 10-6 kilometers?

19. How many hours are there in 34.5 years?

20. How many milliliters are in a cubic meter? (There are 1,000 L in 1 m3 )