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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

Reg.No:0002804 .
Title Of Project :Compaction Test .
Group. No: S2 .
Date-Day: 25/11/2001 Sunday.

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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

 Objective:

To computed the max.dry unit weight


of compaction .
find the relation between ( γd – w% ) .
find the optimum moisture content .

Sample Identification:

• The sample we used soil that passed from sieve


(no. 4) and it was air dried soil .

Equipment:

Compaction mold .
sieve no. 4 .
standard proctor hammer .
balance sensitive up to (0.01 Ib) .
balance sensitive up to (0.01 g) .
large flat pan .
jack .
steel straight edge .
moisture cans .
drying oven .
plastic squeeze bottle with water .

General discussion:
1. proctor compaction mold :
it’s a standard mold diameter (101.6 )mm and
(116.4)mm in it’s height .There is a base plate
and extension that can be attached to the top

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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

and bottom of the mold respectively , the inside


volume of the mold is (1/30)ft3 (943.9)cm3 .
2. proctor hammer :
it’s a standard about hammer that can be lifted
and dropped through a vertical distance of
(12)in (304.8mm), (55 Ib) its weight .
Procedure& Calculation:
Obtain about (10)Ib of air-dry soil on which the
compaction test is to be conducted .
Sieve the soil on a sieve (no. 4) .
Add enough water to the minus (4) and mix it .
Determine the weight of proctor mold base
plate .
After that , attach the extension to the top of
the mold in three equal layers .Each layer should
be compacted uniformly by the standard proctor
hammer (25) times before the next layer of loose
soil is poured into the mold .
Remove the top attachment from the mold.
Using a straight edge ,trim the excess soil
above the mold .
Determine the weight of the mold + base plate
+ compacted moisture soil in the mold .
Using Jack to remove the base plate from the
mold.
Take amount of soil by container after weight it
, then weight container with soil .

Result & analysis:


For sample in can # 5D:
To find water content:

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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

Dry wt. = (wt. Of can + dry sample) – (wt. Of


can) = (100.05 – 33.81) =66.24 g .
Wet wt. = (wt. Of can + wet sample ) – (wt. Of
can ) = (114.72 – 33.81) = 80.91 g .
Water content = (wet wt. / dry wt.)
= ( 80.91/66.24) = 1.22 = 122% .
Wt. Of moist soil = (wt. Of mold +sample )-
(wt. Of mold ) = (5930 – 4230 ) = 1700 g .
Moisture unit wt. = (wt. Of moist soil / vol. Of
mold ) =(1700/944)x9.81 =17.66 g/cm3 .
Dry unit wt. = (Moisture unit wt.)/(1+ Water
content) = 1.8/(1+122) = 14.6 .
Zero air-void unit wt.
= (Moisture unit wt.)/(( 1/Gs)+ Water content)
= 14.6 / ((1/2.7)+122) = 11.9 .

Discussion & Conclusion:


Since the values of (γw) and (Gs) will be known ,several
values of (w%) can be assumed and (γZAV) can be
calculated .These values are plotted on the same
graph showing the experimental values of
(γd Vs. w% ) .

Errors :
Errors in wt. ( container +wet sample +
dry sample ) .
Errors in vertical angle of compact .
Calculation errors .

.
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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

5950 6000 5962 5930

+ mold )
(sample
Wt.
1720 1770 1732 1700

(sample)
Wt.
17.84 18.42 17.9 17.64

density
sample
Wet
3A 2C 7A 5D

# can
32.66 32.29 32.55 33.81

Wt. Can
149.22 93.57 119.7 114.72

sample)
+ wet
Wt. (can
116.56 61.28 87.15 80.91
Sample
Wt.
122.39 80.24 102.29 100.05
sample )
+dry
Wt. (can

89.73 47.95 69.74 66.24


sample
dry
Wt. Of

30% 27.8% 24.96% 22.14%


W

13.37 14.41 14.37 14.44


γ d (γ

26.6 28.41 28.98 29.8


ZAV
)

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A H M 531 Compaction test By: Mu'men Al-Otoom

All wt. In Vol. Of Wt. Of

Note:
gram mold = 944 mold =
cm3 4230 g

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