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ORGANIC LAW 8/2013, OF 9TH OF DECEMBER, FOR

THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION


(LOMCE, for which the Organic Law 2/2006, of 3rd of May, is modified)

Article 1. Principles of education

a. Quality of education for all students

b. Equity, equality and inclusion

c. Values of freedom, responsibility, democracy, solidarity, tolerance, equality, respect


and justice

d. Permanent learning

e. Flexibility

f. Orientation

g. Individual effort and motivation

h. Effort of all the society and parents

i. Organizational and curricular autonomy

j. Participation of the educative community in the center

k. Education for peace and against conflicts

l. Equality of men and women

m. Importance of the teacher function

n. Promotion of investigation

ñ. Evaluation of education

o. Cooperation between the State and the Autonomous Communities

p. Cooperation with local corporations

q. Freedom of educational choice for parents

Article 2. Goals of education

a. Full development of personality and capabilities of students

b. Respect of right and freedoms and equality of men and women and of disabled people

c. Tolerance, freedom, democracy and peace


d. Individual responsibility and effort

e. Peace, human rights, society, solidarity and respect for nature

f. Regulate your own learning, foster creativity, entrepreneur spirit…

g. Respect and knowledge of the linguistic plurality and multicultural contexts

h. Acquisition of work habits; scientific, technical, historic and artistic knowledge;


interest for sports and healthy habits

i. Training in professional activities

j. Training in the official and foreign languages

k. Preparation for citizenship

Article 2 bis. Instruments for the accomplishment of the goals (Art. 2)

a. Scholar Council as a participant in the programming of education

Article 3. Organization of education

2. Pre-Primary Education; Primary Education; ESO; Bachillerato; FP; Language


teachings; Artistic teachings; Sport teachings; Adult education; Universities.

3. Primary and Secondary Education conform basic education

8. The access, permanence and progression are adapted to the students with specific
educational needs

9. Offer of a distance modality for those who can’t assist regularly to the lessons

Article 4. Basic education

1. Mandatory and free for everybody

2. 10 school years (6 to 16 y.o.)

3. Attention to diversity as the main principle of education

Article 5. Lifelong learning

Inside and outside of the educational system for the personal and professional development;
Permanent learning and learning by themselves; Acquisition of the competences by all the
society
Article 6. Curriculum

1. Curriculum: It is the regulation of the elements that determine the teaching and learning
processes of each of the educational levels.

2. Components of the curriculum:

 Objectives of each teaching and stage


 Competences
 Contents
 Methodology
 Learning standards
 Evaluation criteria

Article 16. General principles of Primary Education

1. Six academic years (from 6 to 12 y.o.)

2. The main objective of Primary Education is to help students in the oral expression
and comprehension, reading, writing, calculus, basic cultural notions, coexistence
habits, study and work habits, artistic sense, creativity and affection TO assure the
integral formation of their personality and the preparation for Secondary Education

3. Integrate the experiences and knowledge of the students; adapt it to their pace

Article 17. Objectives of Primary Education

a. Coexistence values and rules; active citizenship; respect of the human rights

b. Habits of individual and team work, curiosity, creativity, interest, critical sense…

c. Peaceful solutions

d. Respect cultures; equality of men and women; no discrimination of disabled people

e. Spanish language and co-official languages

f. Basic communicative competence in a foreign language

g. Basic mathematical competences: problem-solving, calculus, geometry…

h. Natural, social, historical, geographical and cultural context

i. Introduction to the use of the IT

j. Artistic representations and expressions

k. Hygiene and health; physical education as a personal and social tool

l. Respect animals and know how to treat them


m. Affective abilities against violence, prejudices and sexism

n. Road safety education

Article 18. Organization of Primary Education

Main subjects:

 Nature;
 Social Sciences;
 Spanish;
 Mathematics;
 1st Foreign Language.

Specific subjects:

 Physical Education;
 Religion/Civic Values;
 Art/2nd Foreign Language/Religion/Civic Values.

Tutorial action will orientate the educational process.

Reading comprehension, oral and written expression, audiovisual communication, IT,


entrepreneurship and civic education are worked through all the subjects.

Article 19. Pedagogical principles of Primary Education

1. Attention to diversity to prevent learning difficulties and set reinforcement


mechanisms

2. Daily time used for reading habits

3. Spanish language will only be used as a support in the foreign language learning. Oral
skills will be prioritized

Article 20. Evaluation during Primary Education

Evaluation is global and continuous taking into account the progress in all the areas.
There will be measures to adapt evaluation to children with specific educational needs

The student can only repeat once, with a reinforcement or recovery plan. There will be
more attention after the evaluation in 3rd and 6th course

In 3rd course there will be an individualized evaluation to determine the degree of


acquisition of the skills, capabilities and abilities in comprehension, expression,
calculus and problem solving
Special attention to personalized attention, early diagnose and reinforcement
mechanisms

Article 21. Final evaluation in Primary Education

In 6th course there will be an individualized evaluation to assess the acquisition of the
competences in linguistic communication, mathematics and science and technology.
Also the stage objectives

The Govern establishes the criteria and characteristics

The result will be showed in levels, included in a report and given to parents

Article 71. Students with specific needs of educational support

The Administration will ensure the measures and material for the maximum personal,
intellectual, social and emotional development

The Administration will provide the procedures and resources for early detection and
the participation of the families in the process

Article 72. Resources for students with specific needs of educational support

 Qualified teaching staff and materials


 Specific organization in the schools
 Teacher training for this purpose

Articles 73, 74 & 75. Students with specific educational needs

Definition: Those students who need specific educational attention and support due to
their disabilities or serious behavioral disorders

In ordinary schools if possible / Early diagnosis / Assessment every year to improve


their education / Promote their participation in pre-primary and post-obligatory
education

Articles 76 & 77. Students with high intellectual abilities

Early diagnosis / Adequate intervention plans / Flexible length of the educational stages

Articles 78 & 79. Students with late incorporation to the educational system

According to their circumstances, knowledge, age and academic background


Special programs for those with language difficulties / Collaboration of families

Article 84-88. Admission in public schools

Free education

Ensure the scholarship of all the students with an equal distribution of the ACNEAE

Priority: brother in the same school, parents working in the school, proximity, per
capita income, large family, disabilities… Priority for those who were in Pre-primary
education in the same school

No discrimination by race, sex, religion or opinion

Article 91. Functions of teachers

a. Programming and teaching of the areas

b. Evaluation of students learning and teaching process

c. Tutorial action

d. Educative, academic and professional orientation

e. Promotion of the participation in complementary activities

f. Foster the respect, tolerance, participation and freedom of students

g. Information to the families

h. Coordination of the activities

i. Participation in the general school activity

j. Participation in the evaluation plans

k. Research, experiment and improvement of teaching

Article 93. Primary Education teachers

In possession of the Diploma

They can teach all subjects, but music, PE and foreign language are carried out by
specialists in those areas
Article 126 & 127. School Council

Members: Headmaster (President)

Head of studies

Councilman / Representative of the city council

Teachers (chosen by the teaching staff and not less than 1/3 of all members)

Parents and students (chosen by them and not less than 1/3 of all members)

Member of the non-teaching staff

Secretary (with voice but no vote)

Competences:

 Assess projects and rules


 Assess the Annual General Programming
 Know the applications for Headmaster
 Participate in the selection of the Headmaster
 Inform in the admission of students
 Know the resolution of conflicts
 Present ideas for a better coexistence
 Promote the conservation of the installations and materials
 Inform about guidelines for the cooperation with other schools and Administration
 Assess the general functioning of the center
 Elaborate reports and proposals about the functioning and improvement of the
center

Article 128 & 129. Teaching Staff

Members: Headmaster (President)

All of the teachers

Competences:

 Formulate proposals for the elaboration of projects and PGA


 Set the criteria for the orientation, tutorial action, evaluation and recovery
 Promote investigation and training of teachers
 Choose the representatives for the School Council
 Know the candidates to Headmaster
 Analyze and value the functioning of the center, school performance and results
 Inform about the organizational and functioning rules
 Know the resolution of conflicts
 Propose measures for the improvement of the coexistence
Article 131-139. Management team

Members: Headmaster + Secretary + Head of Studies

Competences of the Headmaster:

 Represent
 Direct and coordinate the activities
 Pedagogical direction, promote innovation…
 Ensure the fulfillment of the rules
 Boost coexistence, conflict resolution and apply disciplinary measures
 Boost collaboration with families and institutions
 Help in internal and external evaluations
 Preside the Teaching Staff and School Council
 Propose the members of the Management Team to the Administration

Requirements of the Headmaster:

+5 years as a state worker

Have been a teacher for +5 years

Be part of that same public school for +1 year

Present the Management project with objectives, acting lines and evaluation